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Operator, Technical, Installation and Service Manual

NAVIGAT X MK 1 Mod. 10 SR 180-MK 1 Mod. 10


Digital Gyrocompass System 11 AUG 98 REV A
Stock No.056310
Printed in Germany

3-149 MK110ENG.P65

Head Office and Freight: Stueckenstrasse 1-3, D-22081 Hamburg, Germany Correspondence Address: P.O. Box 76 08 60, D-22058 Hamburg, Germany Tel. ++ 49 - 40 - 299 00-0, Fax ++ 49 - 40 299 00-298, Telex 2 15 202 a plat d, E-mail: HDR@GW.LITEF.DE

NAVIGATION .

AUTOMATION

Copyright C. PLATH, Hamburg 1998

This document contains proprietary information of C. PLATH in Hamburg, Germany. Any use, reproduction or publication of this manual or any portions thereof for purposes other than operation and maintenance by the recipient is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of C. PLATH. Subject to alteration without notice. * * * Die in diesem Handbuch enthaltenen Angaben sind Eigentum der Firma C. PLATH in Hamburg, Deutschland. Der Gebrauch, die Vervielfltigung oder die Verffentlichung dieses Handbuches in der Gesamtausgabe oder in Auszgen zu anderen Zwecken als der Bedienung und der Wartung durch den Empfnger, ist nur mit vorheriger schriftlicher Genehmigung der Firma C. PLATH gestattet. Technische nderungen vorbehalten. * * * Les donnes contenues dans cette brochure sont proprit de lentreprise C. PLATH de Hambourg. Toute utilisation, reproduction ou publication de cette brochure, soit en totalit, soit sous forme dextraits, toute autre fin que le service et lentretien du metriel par le destinataire, nest autorise quaprs accord crit de la socit C. PLATH. Sous rserve de modifications techniques. * * * Los datos que contiene este manual se refieren a la propiedad de la firma C. PLATH en Hamburgo. El uso, la reproduccion o la publicacion de este manual en su total o en parte para otros motivos que no sean ni de servicio ni de mantenimiento es prohibido sin un permiso escrito especial de la firma C. PLATH. Modificaciones tecnicas son reservadas.

NAVIGAT X MK 1 Mod. 10 / SR-180 MK 1 Mod. 10

056310
3-149 MK110ENG.P65

LIST OF CONTENTS
Chap./ Sect. 1 1.1 1.2 2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3.1 2.3.2 2.3.3 2.3.4 2.3.5 2.3.6 2.3.7 2.3.8 2.3.9 2.4 2.4.1 2.4.2 2.4.3 2.4.4 2.4.5 2.4.6 2.4.7 2.5 2.5.1 2.5.2 2.5.3 2.5.2 3 3.1 3.1.1 3.1.2 3.1.3 3.2 3.2.1 3.2.2 Page

DESCRIPTION Design and Main Features ..................................................................... 1-01 Technical Data ........................................................................................ 1-02 OPERATION Display and Control Elements ................................................................ 2-01 Operating Conditions ............................................................................. 2-01 Operation ................................................................................................ 2-02 Power-up Sequence ...................................................................... 2-02 Heading Reference Source Selection ........................................... 2-02 Display Illumination ........................................................................ 2-02 Confirm Alarm / Mute Alarm Buzzer .............................................. 2-02 Menu Operation ............................................................................. 2-03 Menu Structure .............................................................................. 2-04 Display Data Selection................................................................... 2-05 Optional Functions ......................................................................... 2-06 North Speed Error Correction ........................................................ 2-06 Manual Settings ..................................................................................... 2-07 Speed/Latitude Input for Automatic Error Correction .................... 2-07 Heading Difference Alarm Threshold ............................................ 2-07 Magnetic Variation ......................................................................... 2-08 North Speed Error Correction ........................................................ 2-08 Voyage Data Printer (Set. NAVIPRINT) ......................................... 2-08 Rate Of Turn Damping Time Constant / Alarm Threshold ............. 2-09 Manual Settings Overview .......................................................... 2-10 Setup Menu User Setup ...................................................................... 2-11 Date / Time .................................................................................... 2-11 Software Version ............................................................................ 2-11 Magnetic Compass Calibration Table ............................................ 2-11 User Setup Overview .................................................................. 2-12 ALARMS AND ERRORS Alarm System ......................................................................................... 3-01 Alarm Indication ............................................................................. 3-01 Alarm Relays ................................................................................. 3-02 Error List ........................................................................................ 3-02 Service Setup 2 ...................................................................................... 3-03 Access Code .................................................................................. 3-03 Gyrosphere Data ........................................................................... 3-03

Contents-I

NAVIGAT X MK 1 Mod. 10 / SR-180 MK 1 Mod. 10

056310
3-149 MK110ENG.P65

3.2.3 3.2.4 3.2.5 3.2.6 3.2.7 3.3 3.3.1 3.3.1 4 4.1 4.2 4.2.1 4.2.2 4.3 4.4 4.4.1 4.5 4.5.1 4.5.2 4.6 4.6.1 4.6.2 4.6.3 4.6.4 4.6.5 4.6.6 4.6.7 4.6.8 4.6.9 4.6.10 4.6.11 5 5.1 5.1.1 5.1.2 5.2 5.2.1 5.3 5.3.1 5.3.2 5.3.3 5.3.4

Op. Time Counter ........................................................................... 3-03 Data List ......................................................................................... 3-03 Error List ........................................................................................ 3-03 Masterboard Reset (reset MK 1) ................................................... 3-03 Service Setup 2 Overview .......................................................... 3-04 Locating Errors ....................................................................................... 3-05 Failure Indication (red LEDs) ......................................................... 3-05 Activity/Status Indication (green LEDs) ......................................... 3-06 INSTALLATION AND INITIALIZATION Installation of the Compass Housing ..................................................... 4-02 Electrical Connections ........................................................................... 4-02 The Connection Diagram ............................................................... 4-02 Connecting the Ship's Cables ....................................................... 4-03 Installation of the Gyrosphere ................................................................ 4-03 Basic System Configuration ................................................................... 4-03 Alignment Error Correction ............................................................ 4-04 Magnetic Compass Calibration .............................................................. 4-05 Determinging Correction Values .................................................... 4-05 Storing the Calibration Table .......................................................... 4-06 Service Setup 1 ...................................................................................... 4-07 Access Code .................................................................................. 4-07 Interface Configuration (Interface I/O) ........................................... 4-07 Analogue Rate Of Turn Output ...................................................... 4-09 Rudder Angle Feedback Inputs ..................................................... 4-09 System Type .................................................................................. 4-10 Alignment Error Correction Value .................................................. 4-10 Shaft Encoder Correction Angle .................................................... 4-10 Ext. Status Input ............................................................................ 4-11 Name of Gyro ................................................................................ 4-11 Test Mode ...................................................................................... 4-11 Service Setup 1 Overview .......................................................... 4-12 MAINTENANCE INFORMATION AND INSTRUCTIONS Maintenance Specifications ................................................................... 5-01 Annual Maintenance ...................................................................... 5-01 Five-Year Maintenance .................................................................. 5-01 Maintenance by Shipboard Personnel ................................................... 5-02 Removal of the Gyrosphere Container at Low Ambient Temperatures ....................................................... 5-02 Maintenance by Service Personnel ....................................................... 5-04 Gyrosphere Handling and Storage Instructions ............................ 5-04 Safety Warning .............................................................................. 5-04 Installation of the Gyroshpere ....................................................... 5-05 Removal of the Gyrosphere ........................................................... 5-15

Contents-II

NAVIGAT X MK 1 Mod. 10 / SR-180 MK 1 Mod. 10

056310
3-149 MK110ENG.P65

A A.1 A.2 A.3 A.4

TABLES Magnetic Compass Calibration Table .................................................... A-01 Standard Manual Settings ..................................................................... A-02 Basic Configuration Settings (Service-Setup 1) ................................... A-03 North Speed error Tables ...................................................................... A-04

Contents-III

NAVIGAT X MK 1 Mod. 10 / SR-180 MK 1 Mod. 10

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3-149 MK110ENG.P65

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Contents-IV

NAVIGAT X MK 1 Mod. 10 / SR-180 MK 1 Mod. 10

056310
3-149 MK110ENG.P65

1 1.1

DESCRIPTION Design and Main Features


NAVIGAT X Mk 1 / SR-180 Mk 1 is a microprocessor controlled gyrocompass system with integrated automatic north speed error correction. The system is type approved by the German Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH) and complies with IMO resolutions A.424 (IX) and A.574 (14) as well as DNV-W1 and ISO standard 8728. For use in high speed craft, an optimized system is available, which complies with IMO resolution A.821 (19) - HSC. C. PLATH's unique method of supporting the gyrosphere by means of mere buoyancy ensures north stabilization during short power failures. For example, after a three minute loss of power, no more than two degrees of deviation may be expected. Once power has been restored, the gyrocompass will return quickly to the correct heading without requiring the usual settling period. The combined effects of the twin rotors an the liquid damping system virtually eliminate latitude error. Heading is measured as a 12 bit absolute value by means of a digital shaft encoder. The high-speed follow-up system (> 100/sec.) ensures extremely accurate measurements of heading and rate of turn under all operating conditions. The system features an integrated TMC-function (magnetic compass transmission) and input interfaces for a second gyrocompass, speed log, position receiver and two rudder angle feedback units. The gyrocompass provides 12 independent serial data outputs to analogue or digital repeaters (including short-circuit-proof 24 VDC repeater power supply), RS 422 and NMEA sensor data outputs, a special NMEA Fast output interface (reduced dataset) and a NMEA Superfast output interface (adjustable baudrate, max 38400 baud). Furthermore, two 6 step/ heading outputs, an analogue rate of turn output and an interface for the voyage data printer NAVIPRINT are provided. Integrated monitoring and alarm functions for the supply powers, gyroscope temperatur and current and the follow-up system ensure secure and trouble-free operation of the system. The single unit design with a polyurethane hard foam housing of low weight allows the gyrocompass system to be installed on any bridge, from large yachts to the most capacious merchant vessels. If required, the integrated control and display unit may be installed at a remote location from the gyrocompass or an additional remote operating unit installed. As an option, a special "compass monitor" control unit is available, which provides additional independent monitoring functions and features a numerical keypad, which facilitates the operation of the system. An optional switch-over unit for twin gyrocompass systems provides for complete redundancy of all in- and output signals and thus ensures the independence of the individual compasses. Page 1-01

NAVIGAT X MK 1 Mod. 10 / SR-180 MK 1 Mod. 10

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3-149 MK110ENG.P65

1.2

Technical Data
heading display ............................................... 4-digit follow-up speed ............................................... > 100/s mean settling time ........................................... < 3 h freedom of roll and pitch ................................. 40 Accuracy standard system linear mean settle point error ................. 0.1 sec lat static error .............................................. 0.1 sec lat dynamic error ......................................... 0.4 sec lat max. deviation after power interruption of 3 min. .................................................. < 2 HSC-system (high speed craft) ...................... accuracies comply to IMO resolution A.821(19) - HSC Ambient Temperature Range operation ......................................................... -10 +55 C storage ............................................................ -25 +70 C (w/o supporting fluid) Power Supply supply voltage ................................................. 115/230 V~ 10%; including automatic switchover to 24 V emergency power supply in accordance with GMDSS rules for INMARSAT/SES terminals or .................................................. 24 VDC (18 - 36 V) Protection Grade ........................................... IP 23 in accordance with DIN 40050 Environmental Requirements and EMC ..... in accordance with IEC 945 Power Consumption DC AC

start-up ............................................................ 80 operation ......................................................... 45 each analogue repeater ................................... 7 each digital repeater ........................................ 7

W 125 VA W 75 VA W 7 VA W 7 VA

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NAVIGAT X MK 1 Mod. 10 / SR-180 MK 1 Mod. 10

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3-149 MK110ENG.P65

Data Outputs repeater outputs ....................................... 12 gyrocompass heading, magnetic compass heading, rate of turn, heading reference status; supply power 24 VDC, max. 7 W each data outputs NMEA .................................... 2 gyrocompass heading, magnetic compass heading, rate of turn, position, speed, heading reference status data outputs RS 422 .................................. 3 gyrocompass heading, magnetic compass heading, rate of turn, position, speed, heading reference status data output RS 422 FAST .......................... 1 gyrocompass heading, magnetic compass heading, rate of turn data output RS 422 SUPERFAST ............. 1 gyrocompass heading, magnetic compass heading, rate of turn, heading reference status 6 step/-outputs .......................................... 2 act. heading; 24 VDC, max. 18 W (12 70 VDC with ext. power supply) analogue rate of turn output ...................... 1 0.1-999.9 mV//min, settable; max. 10V, 10 mA voyage data printer output ......................... 1 act. heading, rudder angles, date, time, heading reference, steering mode, speed, position Alarm and Status Outputs power failure / general device error alarm ...... potential-free contact; max. 30W, 1A; 125 V AC power supply ............................................. potential-free contact; max. 30W, 1A; 125 V AC power supply ............................................. potential-free contact; max. 30W, 1A; 125 V heading reference status (G1/G2/Mag) .......... potential-free contact; max. 30W, 1A; 125 V heading difference alarm ................................ potential-free contact; max. 30W, 1A; 125 V max ROT alarm ............................................... potential-free contact; max. 30W, 1A; 125 V watch alarm trigger output .............................. potential-free contact; max. 30W, 1A; 125 V

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NAVIGAT X MK 1 Mod. 10 / SR-180 MK 1 Mod. 10

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3-149 MK110ENG.P65

Data and Signal Inputs magnetic heading ........................................... fluxgate sensor, sin/cos type or electronic compass, NMEA 0183 or PLATH-format heading gyro 2 ................................................ NMEA 0183, PLATH-format, Lehmkuhl LR 20 or LR 40 position ............................................................ NMEA 0183 speed .............................................................. NMEA 0183 or 200 pulses/nm rudder angle .................................................... 2 independent rudder angles, analogue (feedback. potentiometer) steering mode ................................................. sel. switch status heading reference ext. (Gyro/Mag;G1/G2) ..... sel. switch status time const. ROT .............................................. sel. switch status ext. alarm acknowledge .................................. sel. switch status

Dimensions and Weight width ................................................... 404 mm height ................................................. 520 mm depth .................................................. 420 mm front plate control unit ................... 96 x96 mm weight ..................................................... 25 kg
404 420

520

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3-149 MK110ENG.P65

2 2.1

OPERATION Display and Control Elements


GYROCOMPASS
DISPLAY. DATA. GYRO. 1. HEADING. TRUE. 271.3. . ROT ..... 1.2 .. /MIN . CORR. . OFF..........

LCD screen
4 x 20 characters, alphanumerical

F1
MENU

F2

F3

control keys
SHIFT RESET
DIM

ENTER
DIM +

direct functions: Menu, , , Dim-, Dim+ via shift-key: F1, F2, F3, Reset, Enter

NAVIGAT X Mk 1 / SR-180 Mk 1 control and display unit

2.2

Operating conditions
Caution: After a cold start, the gyrocompass system requires a settling time of up to three hours before reliable heading data is produced. The gyrocompass system is to be in operation for at least three hours before leaving harbour. It is recommended that the gyrocompass system be switched off during long docking periods only. Caution: The permitted ambient temperature range for the operation of the gyrocompass system is -10 +55 C. At ambient temperatures below 0 C when the gyrocompass is not in operation, and below -10 C when the gyrocompass is in operation, the gyrosphere container is to be removed from the compass housing and stored at a place where the ambient temperature will not fall below 0 C. If no storage place is available where the ambient temperature will not fall below 0 C, the gyrosphere is to be removed from the gyrosphere container to prevent damage caused by frozen supporting fluid. The gyrosphere may be removed by personnel of an authorized C. PLATH service station only.

Page 2-01

NAVIGAT X MK 1 Mod. 10 / SR-180 MK 1 Mod. 10

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3-149 MK110ENG.P65

2.3
2.3.1

Operation
Power-up Sequence Energize the gyrocompass system.
.................... ... MKI . User . Panel... ... Version: ... 1.1 ... .... C. . P . L . A . T . H .... .................... ... NAVIGAT . X . MK.1 ... >F1 . GYRO . 1 .. 271.3.. . F2 . GYRO . 2 .. 271.2.. . F3 . MAGN.C. . 270.9.. . DIFF . G1/G2... 3.2.

1) 2) 3)

The control and display unit performs self-test and takes up operation. The control and display unit displays the masterboard status message. The gyrocompass system enters normal operational mode. The startup screen is displayed, showing heading data from the connected compasses and the heading difference alarm threshold.

2.3.2

Heading Reference Source Selection From the startup screen, the operator may select one of the available heading sources as the reference for the devices connected to the gyrocompass system (e.g. autopilot, repeaters etc.). Internal Selection (standard)

4 1 Press keys simultaneously to select gyro 1. 4 2 Press keys simultaneously to select gyro 2 (if available). 4 3 Press keys simultaneously to select magnetic compass (if available).
External Selection (optional) Use the external selector switch to select the heading reference. Note: 2.3.3 Heading reference selection is permitted in manual steering mode only. If steering in autopilot mode, source selection is disabled. Press key. The display becomes brighter. Press key. The display becomes darker.

Display Illumination

6 5
2.3.4

Confirm Alarm / Mute Alarm Buzzer alarm, press keys to confirm the alarm and clear the alarm message 4 1 On from the display screen. The alarm buzzer is muted simultaneously. If the

45
Page 2-02

cause of an alarm is eliminated, a pending alarm message is automatically cleared from the display and the buzzer muted. On alarm, press keys to mute the alarm buzzer.

NAVIGAT X MK 1 Mod. 10 / SR-180 MK 1 Mod. 10

056310
3-149 MK110ENG.P65

2.3.5

Menu Operation The data display screens and the manual settings, user and service setup modes are accessible via a multilevel operating menu.

entering / quitting the main menu


>F1 . GYRO . 1 .. 271.3.. . F2 . GYRO . 2 .. 271.2.. MENU / . F3 . MAGN.C. . 270.9.. . DIFF . G1/G2... 3.2. ..... MAIN . MENU ..... . F1 . DISPLAY . DATA.... . F2 . MANUAL . SETTINGS. . F3 . SETUP . MENU......

1/3 2 41 42 43 1 3/2

from startup screen, press to go to main menu screen. from main menu screen, press to return to startup screen.

higher menu level


F1

lower menu level


navigating the menu

F2

go to sub-menu

F3

return to next higher menu level go to next/previous screen on same menu level

MENU

selecting parameter settings


....MAN.SETTINGS .... ... SPEED. LAT. CORR... ......... ON.... .

flashing arrows: selection expected

2/3 46 2/3 6/5 46 45

show next/previous option select option and go to next line

entering data
....MAN.SETTINGS .... ............ ....... .MAGN..VAR.. .0.E.

flashing cursor: data input expected increase/decrease input value move cursor forward/back confirm input and go to next line clear input (value is set to zero)

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NAVIGAT X MK 1 Mod. 10 / SR-180 MK 1 Mod. 10

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3-149 MK110ENG.P65

2.3.6

Menu Structure

..... MAIN . MENU ...... . F1 . DISPLAY . DATA.... . F2 . MANUAL . SETTINGS. . F3 . SETUP . MENU......

DISPLAY DATA GYROCOMPASS MAG. COMPASS POSITION SPEED DATE/TIME MANUAL SETTINGS SPEED/LATITUDE HDG DIFF. ALARM MAGNETIC VARIATION NORTH SP.ERR.CORR SET.NAVIPRINT SETTINGS ROT

SERVICE SETUP
SERVICE SETUP 1 INTERFACE I/O NMEA SUPERFAST TxD NMEA FAST GYRO INPUT MAG HDG INP. SPEED INPUT POS INPUT SENS.D.M.OUTP ANALOG. ROT OUTP. FEEDBACK SIGNAL SYSTEM TYPE ALIGN ERR. CORR.

SETUP MENU USER SETUP DATE/TIME SOFTWARE VERSION MAG. C. CAL. TABLE

SHAFT COR. ANGLE EXT. STATUS IN NAME OF GYRO TEST MODE SERVICE SETUP 2 GYROSPHERE DATA OP. TIME COUNTER DATA LIST ERROR LIST RESET MK 1

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NAVIGAT X MK 1 Mod. 10 / SR-180 MK 1 Mod. 10

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3-149 MK110ENG.P65

2.3.7

Display Data Selection The "Display Data" menu provides access to the data display screens. The selected display screen remains active until the user selects a different screen or quits the display data menu.

Display data screens


DISPLAY. DATA. GYRO. 1. HEADING. TRUE. 271.3. . ROT ..... 1.2 . /MIN .. CORR. . OFF...........

Gyrocompass data
- gyrocompass heading - rate of turn - correction status (on / off)

32
DISPLAY. DATA. GYRO. 1. HEADING. MAGN. 270.9. MAGN.VAR...... 2.3 . E ....................

Magnetic compass data (M-System types only)


- magnetic compass heading - magnetic variation

32
DISPLAY. DATA. GYRO. 1. .... POSITION . AUTO.. ... LAT .. 44.09.46. N.. ... LON . 023.54.21. E..

Position data
- position data source (auto /man) - latitude - longitude

32
DISPLAY . DATA. GYRO. 1. ..... SPEED . AUTO ..... ....... 12.3 . kt ...... ....................

Speed
- speed data source (auto / man) - actual speed

32
DISPLAY . DATA. GYRO. 1. .. DATE . 23.01.98..... .. TIME .... 12.34 ..... ....................

Date / Time
- current date - current time

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NAVIGAT X MK 1 Mod. 10 / SR-180 MK 1 Mod. 10

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3-149 MK110ENG.P65

2.3.8

Optional Functions (available if relevant equipment installed) Ext. Alarm Acknowledge Mutes the alarm buzzer from a remote facility (e.g. a central alarm panel). The alarm message remains on the display screen until the alarm is confirmed. Turn Heading Display 180 Turns the heading display by 180 (e.g. for operation in ferries). Actuated by external selector switch. Analogue Rate of Turn Display Damping Turns damping of the analogue rate of turn output on/off. Actuated by external selector switch. Watch Alarm Trigger Output Activates the watch alarm trigger relais for 100 msec. Actuated by pressing any key on the control and display unit.

2.3.9

North Speed Error Correction The NAVIGAT X Mk 1 gyrocompass system provides automatic correction of the north speed error. If correction is active, the system permanently calculates the north speed error from the current speed and position and corrects the gyrocompass heading data accordingly. The north speed error arises from the combination of the ship's speed with the rotation of the earth. Depending upon the latitude and the vessel's speed and direction, the heading indicated by an uncorrected gyrocompass deviates from the true heading by the north speed error . The mathematical formula for the north speed error is: v cos hdg. sin = 904 cos

where:

v = speed (kts.) = latitude 904 = rotational speed of the earth (kts.)

As a reference, a set of error tables is provided at the back of this manual which give the north speed error of an uncorrected gyrocompass at different headings, speeds and latitudes.

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NAVIGAT X MK 1 Mod. 10 / SR-180 MK 1 Mod. 10

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3-149 MK110ENG.P65

2.4 2.4.1

Manual Settings Speed/Latitude Input for Automatic Error Correction input mode (speed/lat mode) Settings: speed mode man = auto = lat mode man = auto = manual speed input automatic speed input manual position input automatic position input

Function:

Selects between automatic/manual input of the actual speed and latitude respectively. In order for automatic north speed error correction to work, valid speed and latitude data must be available to the system. If possible, automatic data input should be used. If manual input mode is selected, no speed/position data is sent to the data outputs. manual input speed/latitude

Note:

Settings: Function: Note:

speed: 0 99.9 kts. latitude: 90:00.00 N 90:00.00 S Enters speed/position data manually. If speed and/or position are entered manually, the relevant data must be continuously updated according to the prevailing conditions. Manual speed input should be accurate to at least 1 kt., manual latitude input should be accurate to at least 1.

2.4.2

Heading Difference Alarm Threshold Settings: GY1/GY2 GY1/Mag GY2/Mag OFF = monitors gyro 1 / gyro 2 = monitors gyro 1 / magnetic compass = monitors gyro 2 / magnetic compass = no monitoring

alarm threshold: 0 99 Function: Selects the heading sources to be monitored and sets the heading difference alarm threshold. If the difference between the heading data from the monitored compasses exceeds the set threshold, the heading difference alarm relay is actuated. Simultaneously, an error message is displayed and an audible alarm given. The heading difference alarm function is not available if the system type is G.

Note:

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NAVIGAT X MK 1 Mod. 10 / SR-180 MK 1 Mod. 10

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3-149 MK110ENG.P65

2.4.3

Magnetic Variation Settings: Function: 99.9 W 99.9 E Sets the magnetic variation for the vessel's area of operation. The magnetic compass heading data is automatically corrected according to the set variation. The applicable value for the magnetic variation is to be taken from the sea chart relevant to the area in question. Check for the sea chart's date of issue and apply annual changes of the magnetic variation, if necessary. The setting of the magnetic variation is not available if the compass system type is G or GG.

Note:

2.4.4

North Speed Error Correction Settings: ON = automatic correction active OFF = no automatic correction Turns the automatic north speed error correction on or off. If automatic north speed error correction is active, the system permanently calculates the north speed error from the current speed and position and corrects the gyrocompass heading data accordingly. Automatic north speed error correction should be active at any time. If possible, automatic speed and position input should be used. If manual speed and/or position input is selected, the relevant data must be continuously updated according to the prevailing conditions. Manual speed input should be accurate to at least 1 kt., manual latitude input should be accurate to at least 1.

Function:

Note:

2.4.5

Voyage Data Printer (Set. NAVIPRINT) Settings: ON = output to printer active OFF = no output to printer paper feed speed: 60 mm/h / 150 mm/h / 600 mm/h heading scale: 30 / 180 rudder scale: 9 / 45 / 70 / OFF Function: Sets the parameters for the printout to a C. PLATH voyage data printer NAVIPRINT. "ON" turns on printing, using the set parameters for paper speed, heading and rudder scales. "OFF" turns off printing. The voyage data printer may be connected to different C. PLATH equipment (autopilots, compass systems, compass monitor, digital repeater). The printing parameters can only be set from the device the printer is directly connected to. After any interruption of power, the compass system's internal clock must be reset in the user setup, in order for time and date to appear correctly on the printout.

Note:

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NAVIGAT X MK 1 Mod. 10 / SR-180 MK 1 Mod. 10

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3-149 MK110ENG.P65

2.4.6

Rate Of Turn Damping Time Constant / Alarm Threshold (Settings ROT) damping time constant Settings: Function: 0 - 99 s Sets the damping time constant for the analogue rate-of-turn output. The larger the constant, the stronger sudden peaks of the output voltage are damped. Damping is turned on/off by an external selector switch. Damping is effective for the analogue rate of turn output only. The digital display and the serial outputs always put out undamped rate of turn data. alarm threshold Settings: Function: 0 6000/min Sets the threshold value for the maximum rate of turn alarm. If the actual rate of turn exceeds the set value, the rate of turn alarm relay is actuated. Simultaneously, an alarm message is displayed and an audible alarm given.

Note:

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NAVIGAT X MK 1 Mod. 10 / SR-180 MK 1 Mod. 10

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3-149 MK110ENG.P65

2.4.7

Manual Settings Overview

MAN.SETTINGS. GYRO. 1. . F1 . SPEED/LATITUDE.. . F2 . HDG . DIFF.ALARM.. . F3 . MAG. . VARIATION.

SPEED/LATITUDE SPEED/LAT MODE SPEED MODE


AUTO MAN

data input for automatic error correction

POSIT MODE
AUTO MAN

SPEED/LAT SET

32

0 99.9 kts. 90:00.00 N 90:00.00 S

HDG DIFF. ALARM


GY1/GY2 GY1/MAG GY2/MAG OFF 0 99

heading difference alarm threshold

MAGNETIC VARIATION
99.9 W 99.9 E
MAN.SETTINGS. GYRO. 1 F1 . NORTH . SP.ERR.CORR F2 . SET. . NAVIPRINT. F3 . SETTINGS. ROT

magnetic variation

NORTH SP.ERR.CORR
ON OFF

north speed error correction

SET. NAVIPRINT NAVIPRINT


ON OFF

settings for voyage data printer

PAP. SPD.
60 mm 150 mm 600 mm

HDG
30 180

RUD
9 45 70 OFF

SETTINGS ROT TIME CONST. ROT


0 99 sec.

time const. / alarm threshold rate of turn

MAX. VALUE ROT


0 9999/min

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3-149 MK110ENG.P65

2.5

Setup Menu User Setup


The "User Setup" menu provides acces to the internal clock, software version data and the magnetic compass calibration table.

2.5.1

Date/Time Settings: Day/Month/Year Hours/Minutes Sets the internal clock. Date and time information is accessible via the display data menu. If a voyage data printer NAVIPRINT is connected to the compass system, the internal clock provides the time reference for the printer. The internal clock is not backed up by a battery. After any interruption of power, date and time must be reset by the operator.

Function:

Note: 2.5.2

Software Version Function: Displays the version numbers of the control unit's and the masterboard's software respectively.

2.5.3

Magnetic Compass Calibration Table Settings: ON = calibration active OFF = no calibration heading display values: 0.0 359.9 correction values: -99.9 +99.9 Function: Selects between the calibrated/uncalibrated display of the magnetic compass heading and provides access to the magnetic compass calibration table. For a description of the magnetic compass calibration procedure, see section 4.5.

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2.5.4

User Setup Overview

..... USER . SETUP ..... . F1 . DATE/TIME....... . F2 . SOFTWARE. VERSION . F3 . MAG.C. . CAL.TABLE

DATE/TIME DATE
DD.MM.YY (day/month/year)

input date/time

TIME
HH:MM (hr./min.)

SOFTWARE VERSION
master board: NN.N display board: NN.N

display software version

MAG.C. CAL.TABLE
ON OFF ENTER VALUES entry #: 0 49 hdg. display: 0.0 359.9 corr. value: -99.9 +99.9

magnetic compass calibration table

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3 3.1

ALARMS AND ERRORS Alarm System


The system continuously monitors the function of the gyrocompass and the integrity of all input data.

3.1.1

Alarm Indication When the system detects an error, the alarm buzzer is actuated. An alarm message appears on the display, indicating the cause of the alarm. The user is prompted to confirm the alarm state.
... GYRO . 1 . FAILURE . ..... F1 . CONFIRM

keys to confirm the alarm and clear the alarm message from the dis4 1 Press play screen. The alarm buzzer is muted simultaneously. keys to mute the alarm buzzer. The alarm message remains on the 4 5 Press display screen until the alarm is confirmed. As soon as the cause of the alarm is eliminated, the corresponding alarm message is automatically cleared from the display and the buzzer muted simultaneously. Confirmation of an alarm does not clear the corresponding entry from the internal error list (see 3.1.3).
cause gyrosphere current <150 mA or >550 mA local compass: follow-up system failure second compass: no valid data from second gyrocompass receiving no valid data from magnetic compass receiving no valid data from position receiver receiving no valid data from speed log heading difference exceeds alarm threshold rate of turn exceeds alarm threshold

Note:

alarm message displayed FAILURE GYRO CURRENT GYRO FAILURE MAGN. COMPASS ERROR POSITION ERROR SPEED ERROR HDG. DIFF. ALARM MAX. ROT EXCEEDED

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3.1.2

Alarm Relays The gyrocompass system provides three alarm relays to signal a detected alarm state to external devices. When the system is energized and no alarm state is detected, the alarm relays are attracted , i.e. the relay contacts closed. If failure occurs in the compass which is currently selected as the heading reference, an alarm is given and relay K6 (power failure and general alarm) released. If the currently set heading difference threshold is exceeded, an alarm is given and relay K7 (hdg. diff. alarm) released. If the currently set max. rate of turn threshold is exceeded, an alarm is given and relay K4 (max. ROT alarm) released. A released alarm relay will attract again automatically when the cause of the alarm is eliminated.

3.1.3

Error List The gyrocompass system maintains a list of currently detected errors which is accessible via the service setup 2 menu.
... SERVICE . SETUP. 2 ERROR . LIST FAILURE . GYRO. 1 NUMBER . OF . ERRORS:. 01

If more than one error is detected, the error causes are indicated alternately in the third display line. The number of detected errors is displayed in the fourth display line. Confirmation of an alarm state does not clear the corresponding entry from the error list. Entries are cleared automatically from the list when the cause of a given error is eliminated.

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3.2

Service Setup 2
The "Service Setup 2" menu provides access to operational data that may be of importance when service or maintenance work is carried out. Additionally, the operator may initiate a masterboard reset.

3.2.1

Access Code In order to prevent inadvertent or unauthorized changes of the configuration settings, the service setup modes are protected by acces codes. To access the Service-Setup 2, enter 610.

3.2.2

Gyrosphere Data Function: Note: Displays the gyrosphere temperature, phase bridge voltage and gyrosphere current. Directly after power-up, the gyrosphere current should not exceed 550 mA. The current will gradually fall while the gyrosphere settles. Within 45 minutes after power-up, the gyrosphere current must have dropped below 300 mA. Failing this, the gyrosphere is defective and must be replaced.

3.2.3

Op. Time counter Function: Displays the operation time counter.

3.2.4

Data List Function: Displays a list of operational data.

3.2.5

Error List Function: Displays a list of currently detected errors. When the cause of a given error is eliminated, the corresponding entry is automatically cleared from the error list. Confirming an alarm state or muting the alarm buzzer does not clear the corresponding entry from the error list.

Note: 3.2.6

Masterboard Reset (reset Mk 1) Function: Initiates a reset (warm start) of the masterboard.

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3.2.7

Service Setup 2 Overview

... SERVICE . SETUP. 2. . F1 . GYROSPHERE. DATA . F2 . OP.TIME . COUNTER . F3 . DATA . LIST ......

GYROSPHERE DATA
display data

gyrosphere data operation time counter

OP. TIME COUNTER


display counter

32
... SERVICE . SETUP. 2. . F1 . ERROR . LIST . F2 . RESET . MK1

DATA LIST
display data

data list

ERROR LIST
display active errors

error list

RESET Mk 1
initiate reset

masterboard reset (warm start)

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3.3

Locating Errors
To facilitate servicing, the masterboard is equipped with LEDs indicating the activity and status of all in- and outputs, the presence of both external and internally generated supply voltages and short circuit or overload of the voltage outputs.

3.3.1

Failure Indication (red LEDs)


CR 60 CR 58

CR 131

CR 132 CR 85
CR 83 CR 82 CR 84

CR 130 CR 129 CR 128

CR 81 CR 79 CR 77 CR 75 CR 73 CR 71

CR 80 CR 78 CR 76 CR 74 CR 72 CR 70

NAVIGAT X Mk 1 masterboard: location of red LEDs

overload / short circuit indication 58 82 83 84 85 128 129 130 131 132 24 VDC out (TB 1.3/4) +12 VDC fluxgate (TB 3.16) +24 VDC switchboard (TB 3.22) +24 VDC switchboard (TB 3.23) +12 VDC control unit (J3) +12 VDC ext. control unit (Tb 4.9) +24 VDC compass monitor (Tb 4.3) -12 VDC out (Tb 4.24) +24 VDC cooling fan (J10) 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 serial repeater 1 serial repeater 2 serial repeater 3 serial repeater 4 serial repeater 5 serial repeater 6 serial repeater 7 serial repeater 8 serial repeater 9 serial repeater 10 serial repeater 11 serial repeater 12

+24 VDC 6 step/ outputs (Tb 7.19/26) 79 80 81 24 VDC power supply warning

60

24 VDC supply present - wrong polarity

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3.3.2

Activity/Status Indication (green LEDs)

CR 61 CR 53
CR 35 CR 36 CR 37 CR 38 CR 29 CR 31

CR 45 CR 46 CR 49 CR 50 CR 30 CR 150 CR 152 CR 1 CR 3 CR 5

CR 66 CR 69

CR 93 CR 94 CR 95 CR 99 CR 98 CR 97

CR 67 CR 2 CR 4 CR 6

CR 19 CR 17 CR 24 CR 23 CR 402 CR 401 CR 407 CR 408 CR 409

CR 20 CR 86 CR 18 CR 21 CR 22

CR 403 CR 404 CR 405 CR 406

NAVIGAT X Mk 1 masterboard: location of green LEDs

relay status indication 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 relay K1 (watch alarm acknowledge) attracted = acknowledge status active relay K2 (status G1/G2) attracted = gyro 2 active relay K3 (status gyro/magn.) attracted = magn. active relay K4 (max. ROT alarm) attracted = no alarm state relay K5 (status AC) attracted = AC power present relay K6 (power failure + general alarm) attracted = no alarm state relay K7 (hdg. diff. alarm) attracted = no alarm state relay K8 (status DC) attracted = DC power present relay K9 (status G1/G2 to switchboard) attracted = gyro 2 active

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receiving data from: 1 2 3 4 5 6 30 speed log (NMEA) position receiver magnetic compass (NMEA) 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 86 status indication 35 36 37 38 29 31 150 G1/G2 gyro 2 selected gyro/magn. magn. selected master/remote remote selected ROT damping time const. active auto/man man selected ext. status in status signal present ext. alarm ackn. signal present 6 step/ output activity 93 94 95 97 98 99 output 1 phase 3 active output 1 phase 2 active output 1 phase 1 active output 2 phase 3 active output 2 phase 2 active output 2 phase 1 active 45 46 49 50 53 61 66 67 69 152

sending data to: NMEA Superfast interface voyage data printer remote control + display unit compass monitor sensor data interface (TB 7.1/2) sensor data interface (TB 7.3/4)

unused
compass monitor remote control + display unit speed log (200 pulse/nm)

unused
NMEA Fast interface serial repeaters 112 power indication 115/230 VAC supply present 24 VDC supply present / polarity ok. +12 VDC present -12 VDC present +5 VDC present +24 VDC FU-motor present

FU-step-motor activity FU-motor phase active TB 8.6 FU-motor phase active TB 8.4 FU-motor phase active TB 8.3 FU-motor phase active TB 8.1

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INSTALLATION AND INITIALIZATION


The NAVIGAT X Mk 1 gyrocompass system comprises a compass housing complete with installed baseplate assembly, masterboard and control and display unit, a gyrosphere container, a gyrosphere and an installation and replacement parts kit.

The gyrosphere is contained in a shockproof box, which is packed in a transport container. This transport container is completely suitable for transport by air, sea, rail and road. Caution: The gyrosphere is always to be transported in an original transport container. Do not throw or drop the transport container. The transport container is to be transported in an upright position only. The gyrosphere may be installed by personnel of an authorized C. PLATH service station only. Until installation, the shockproof box containing the gyrosphere is to be stored in its original transport container. Upon installation, the gyrosphere is to be removed from the transport container in its shockproof box and is to be carried by hand directly to the place of installation. Caution: The shockproof box containing the gyrosphere is only to be transported by hand, and is to be handled with extreme care.

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4.1

Installation of the Compass Housing


The compass housing is to be attached to a level surface, e.g. a floor or console by means of six M10 bolts or welding studs (to be supplied by the shipyard). At the place of location of the compass, proper ventilation must be ensured and sufficient space provided for the housing to be opened and maintenance work to be carried out. The amount of space required, the attachment points and the position of the cable inlets are shown in the dimension drawing at the back of this manual. In the horizontal plane, the compass may be installed at any angle with respect to the vessel's longitudinal axis. Alignment error (i.e. the angle between the compass' and the vessel's longitudinal axis) is corrected electronically by setting the alignment error correction value in the service setup 1 (see 4.4.2).

4.2
4.2.1

Electrical Connections
The Connection Diagram Each gyrocompass system is supplied with an installation-specific connection diagram. The connection diagram provides the information needed to fit and connect all cables required by the gyrocompass system. All cables supplied by the manufacturer carry identification labels, as do all plug connectors. These identifications may also be found in the connection diagram.

4.2.2

Connecting the Ship's Cables Except for the AC power supply cables, all ship's cables are directly connected to terminals on the masterboard. Insert the ship's cables through the inlets at the sides of the compass housing. Remove the outer cable covers, draw back the cable shields and fasten the cables with clamps or cable bands to the threaded studs as shown in the dimension drawing at the back of this manual. To connect the individual wires, remove the terminal strips from their sockets. After wiring, fasten the strips to the sockets with their securing screws. All wires running inside the housing should be kept as short as possible. Avoid to lead wires from one side of the housing to the other. The data and signal inputs as well as the status outputs and connections to the operating units and the switchboard are located on the left hand side of the masterboard (TB2 TB4). The serial data outputs, the analogue rate of turn output and the repeater power supply connections are located on the right hand side of the masterboard (TB5 TB7).

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4.3

Installation of the Gyrosphere


Install the gyrosphere as described under 5.3.3. Note: The gyrosphere may be installed by personnel of an authorized C. PLATH service station only.

4.4

Basic System Configuration


When the ship's cables have been connected and the gyrosphere installed, the basic system configuration is to be carried out by setting the configuration parameters to the required values in the service setup 1 (see 4.6). To configure the system: 1) Go to the service setup 1 menu. 2) Select the required system type and heading reference selection mode (see 4.6.5). In twin gyrocompass systems, assign a compass ID (see 4.6.9). 3) Select the required data formats for all devices connected to the data inputs (see 4.6.2). Disable unused heading inputs (gyro and/or magnetic hdg. inputs in system types G, GM, or GG). 4) Select the required data output formats (see 4.6.2). 5) If required, set the parameters for the analogue rate of turn output and the rudder angle feedback and ext. status inputs. Note: Do not change the preset shaft correction angle in the service setup 1. The alignment error correction may be set to an approximate value at this point. The existing alignment error, however, must be exactly determined and corrected as described in the following section. 1) Select the required speed/latitude modes, north speed error correction, voyage data printer and rate of turn output settings in the manual settings menu. 2) Enter the current date and time in the user setup menu. Note: In twin gyrocompass systems, the individual compasses must be configured separately with identical parameters except for the compass ID.

To round off the configuration:

After configuration, function-check the complete system with all connected equipment in operation. Use the test mode in the service setup 1 to check the heading output to serial and 6 step/ repeaters and the analogue rate of turn output. In order to bring the gyrocompass system into a working state, the existing alignment error must now be determined and corrected as described in the following section. If required, correction values for the magnetic compass heading display may be determined and entered into the system's calibration table as described under 4.5.

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4.4.1

Alignment Error Correction In order to obtain correct heading data, the existing alignment error (i.e. the angle between the compass' and the vessel's longitudinal axes) must be determined and the required correction applied. Alignment error is 0 if the sides of the compass housing run exactly parallel to the vessel's longitudinal axis and the back of the housing points dead ahead. Alignment error correction is carried out electronically by setting the required correction value in the service setup 1. Caution: Before alignment error correction is carried out, the gyrocompass system is to be in continuous operation for at least 4 hours. 1) Note: Determine the existing alignment error. If bearing repeaters are used to determine the aligment error, these must be properly aligned to the vessel's longitudinal axis.

vessel's longitudinal axis compass orientation alignment error

correction value = -(alignment error)

... SERVICE . SETUP. 1 .. ALIGN . ERROR. CORR. .......+000.0

2) 3) Note:

In the service setup 1, select the align error correction sub-menu. Enter the required correction value. The correction value equals the alignment error with the sign reversed. After correction of the alignment error, the compass is to display the vessel's true heading to an accuracy of at least 0.5.

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4.5

Magnetic Compass Calibration


Because the function of fluxgate sensors and electronic compasses is not exactly linear, minor deviations may occur between the actual magnetic compass heading and the heading data transmitted by these devices. The gyrocompass system will automatically correct these deviations if a calibration table has been stored in the system's memory and calibration is activated in the user setup.

4.5.1

Determining Correction Values 1) 2) 3) Check that magnetic compass calibration is set to "OFF" in the user setup menu. Check that the magnetic variation is set correctly in the manual settings menu. Select manual steering mode. Compare at regular intervals the difference between the actual magnetic compass heading and the magnetic heading displayed on the gyrocompass' display. It is recommended to cover the full circle in steps of 10 (0, 10, ... , 350). Enter the observed display values in the magnetic compass calibration table at the back of this manual. Calculate the required correction value for each heading. The correction value is the offset which must be applied to a given display value in order to obtain the actual magnetic heading. e.g.: The actual magnetic heading is 0. The magnetic heading displayed on the gyrocompass' display is 0,8. The required correction value is -0,8.

4) 5)

. F1 . GYRO . 1 .... 0.0 . F2 . GYRO . 2 .... 0.0 >F3 . MAGN.C.... 0.8 . DIFF . G1/G2... 3.2
W

N E

magnetic compass heading

hdg. display NAVIGAT X Mk 1 (uncalibrated)

correction value

0 10

0,8

-0,8

0,9

S
20

determine correction values

Note:

The magnetic compass used as reference during the calibration procedure must be properly installed and adjusted. Use of the gyrocompass as a calibration reference (gyrocompass emulation) is not permitted!

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4.5.2

Storing the Calibration Table 1) In the user setup, select the magnetic compass calibration sub-menu.

magnetic compass heading

hdg. display NAVIGAT X Mk 1 (uncalibrated)

correction value

0 10 20

0,8 0,9
1,0

-0,8 -0,9
-1,0

..... USER . SETUP .. MAG.C.CAL.. TABLE .........ON . F1 . TO . ENTER . VALUES

41
enter heading/correction value pairs
..... USER . SETUP . MAG.C.CAL.TABLE. 00 ..... HEADING . 000.0 CORR. . VALUE.. -00.8

2) 3)

41 2/3 6/5 46 42 43

Press keys to go to the calibration table entry screen.

Enter heading/correction value pairs: increase / decrease value at cursor position move cursor forward / back confirm set value; when both heading and correction values have been confirmed, the entry is stored in the calibration table go to next table entry go to previous table entry clear entry from calibration table

45 + 46
Note:

The calibration table is stored in the system's permanent memory. If the complete set of table entries is to be altered (e.g. when a new magnetic heading sensor has been fitted), clear the old entries from the table first.

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4.6

Service Setup 1
The "Service Setup 1" menu provides access to the basic configuration settings.

4.6.1

Access Code In order to prevent inadvertent or unauthorized changes of the configuration settings, the service setup modes are protected by acces codes. To access the service setup 1, enter 600.

4.6.2

Interface Configuration (Interface I/O) NMEA Superfast Interface Baudrate (NMEA Superfast) Settings: 4800 baud 9600 baud 19200 baud 38400 baud NMEA-HCHDT = all available data; 4800 baud = all available data; 9600 baud = all available data; 19200 baud = all available data; 38400 baud = true hdg. derived from mag. hdg. only; 4800 baud

Function:

Selects the output baudrate of the NMEA Superfast interface. For special purposes, the NMEA-HCHDT mode is provided, in which the interface sends true heading data derived from the magnetic heading sensor input by applying magnetic variation and deviation (mag. hdg. calibration). The NMEA standard transmission baudrate is 4800 baud. Higher baudrates can only be used if supported by the receiving equipment.

Note:

NMEA Fast Interface Data Format (TxD NMEA Fast) Settings: NMEA = NMEA sentences; 4800 baud PLATH = Plath-format NMEA-HCHDT = NMEA true hdg. derived from mag. hdg. only; Selects the output data format of the NMEA Fast interface. The NMEA Fast interface sends a reduced set of data (heading, rate of turn and heading reference only) at an increased update rate. For special purposes, the NMEA-HCHDT mode is provided, in which the interface sends true heading data derived from the magnetic heading sensor input by applying magnetic variation and deviation (mag. hdg. calibration).

Function:

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Gyrocompass Data Input Format (Gyro Input) Settings: PLATH = LEHMKUHL LR 40 = LEHMKUHL LR 20 = NMEA HDT = OFF = Plath-format Lehmkuhl-LR 40-format Lehmkuhl-LR 20-format NMEA sentence $..HDT Interface disabled

Function: Note:

Selects the input data format of the gyrocompass interface. If no second gyrocompass is connected to the system, the gyrocompass interface must be set to OFF. Accordingly, the system type must be set to G or GM.

Magnetic Compass Data Input Format (Mag Hdg Inp.) Settings: SIN COS = NMEA HDM = PLATH-MAGN = OFF = fluxgate-sensor, sin/cos-type NMEA sentence $..HDM Plath-format Interface disabled

Function: Note:

Selects the input data format of the magnetic compass interface. If no magnetic compass is connected to the system, the magnetic compass interface must be set to OFF. Accordingly, the system type must be set to G or GG.

Speed Data Input Format (Speed Input) Settings: 200 Pulse/NM = NMEA-VHW = NMEA-VTG = NMEA-VBW = pulse log, 200 pulses/nm NMEA sentence $..VHW NMEA sentence $..VTG NMEA sentence $..VBW

Function: Note:

Selects the input data format of the speed interface. In order to receive speed data via the speed interface, speed mode "auto" must be selected in the manual settings menu.

Position Data Input Format (Pos Input) Settings: Function: Note: NMEA-GLL = NMEA sentence $..GLL NMEA-GGA = NMEA sentence $..GGA Selects the input data format of the position interface. In order to receive position data via the position interface, latitude mode "auto" must be selected in the manual settings menu.

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Sensor Data / Magnetic Heading Output Format (Sens. D. M. outp.) Settings: NMEA-HCHDM = NMEA sentence $..HDM NMEA-HCHDT = NMEA sentence $..HDT NMEA-HCHDG = NMEA sentence $..HDG Selects the magnetic heading output data format of the sensor data interfaces (NMEA and RS 422). If set to NMEA-HCHDT, the interface sends true heading derived from magnetic heading by applying magnetic variation and deviation (talkerID HC) as well as true heading from the gyrocompass (talker-ID HE). Receiving equipment must be able to discriminate between heading data sources by their talker-IDs.

Function: Note:

4.6.3

Analogue Rate Of Turn Output Settings: Function: Note: scale factor: 0.1 999.9 mV//min damping time constant: 0 99 sec. Sets the scale factor and the damping time constant for the analogue rate of turn output. The maximum output voltage of the analogue rate of turn output is limited to 10 V. The damping time constant may also be set in the manual settings menu.

4.6.4

Rudder Angle Feedback Inputs (Feedback signal) Settings: No. of rudders: 1/2 scale factor 1/2: 0.1 99.9 mV/ zero offset 1/2: -9.9 +9.9 Configures the rudder angle feedback inputs. If the number of rudders is set to 1, only the feedback signal from feedback input 1 is read. If the number of rudders is set to 2, feedback signals are read from both feedback inputs. The scale factor and zero-point offset can be set independently for both feedback inputs. The scale factors for C. PLATH rudder angle feedback units are: 49.7 mV/ for units with a rudder angle range of 45; 31.9 mV/ for units with a rudder angle range of 70.

Function:

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Note:

Feedback signals are only read to record the rudder angles using the voyage data printer NAVIPRINT. No rudder angle data is sent to the serial outputs. If the number of rudders is set to 2, NAVIPRINT automatically prints two rudder angle graphs next to each other.

4.6.5

System Type Settings: G= GM = GG = GGM = Int/G = Int/GG = Ext = NSD = Function: Note: single gyrocompass single gyro- and magnetic compass twin gyrocompass twin gyro- and magnetic compass internal switchover, single gyrocompass internal switchover, twin gyrocompass external switchover via selector switch internal switchover w. NSD-protocol evaluation

Selects the compass system type and the heading reference switchover mode. According to the system type settings, unused heading data inputs must be inactivated in the interface configuration. In twin gyrocompass systems, different compass IDs must be assigned to the individual compasses (see 4.6.6).

4.6.6

Alignment Error Correction Value Settings: Function: -180.0 +180.0 Sets the alignment error correction to the required value. Alignment error is 0 if the sides of the compass housing are running exactly parallel to the vessel's longitudinal axis and the back of the housing points dead ahead. The required correction value equals the alignment error with the sign reversed. After correction of the alignment error, the gyrocompass is to display the angle between the vessel's longitudinal axis and true north to 0.5.

Note:

4.6.7

Shaft Encoder Correction Angle Settings: Function: -180.0 +180.0 Sets the shaft encoder correction to the required value. The shaft encoder correction angle is set in the factory and must not be changed.

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Only when a complete baseplate assembly is to be exchanged, a new correction angle must be entered. Each baseplate carries a label indicating the required shaft encoder correction angle. 4.6.8 Ext. Status Input Settings: Function: Status LOG = log status Status HDG +180 = turn heading display by 180 Selects the function to be activated via the external status input. If set to LOG, the external status input reads the status signal from a pulse log. If set to HDG +180, the heading display can be turned by 180 using an external selector switch (e.g. for operation in ferries).

4.6.9

Name of Gyro Settings: Function: gyro ID: 1/2/3 Sets the compass' ID. The ID serves to identify the individual gyrocompasses in multicompass systems.

4.6.10 Test Mode Settings: rate of turn: -99.9/min +99.9/min scale factor: 0.1 99.9 mV heading: 0.0 359.9 The test mode serves to test the proper function of the analogue rate of turn output and of the serial and 6 step/ outputs. In test mode operation, an output voltage corresponding to the set rate of turn and scale factor is present at the analogue rate of turn output. After initiation of the test mode, the heading data sent to the serial and 6 step/ outputs moves from the actual to the set value with the set rate of turn. The test mode is activated once the user has set a value in the test mode sub-menu. The test mode is quit by leaving the test mode submenu. Note: The test mode provides a convenient method of setting the scale factor of an analogue rate of turn indicator: Set the rate of turn to a suitable value and adjust the scale factor until the rate of turn displayed on the indicator matches the set value.

Function:

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4.6.11 Service Setup 1 Overview


... SERVICE . SETUP. 1.. . F1 . INTERFACE. I/O... . F2 . ANALOG . ROT. OUTP. . F3 . FEEDBACK. SIGNAL

INTERFACE I/0 NMEA SUPERFAST


4800 Baud 9600 Baud 19200 Baud 38400 Baud NMEA-HCHDT

interface configuration

NMEA FAST
NMEA PLATH NMEA-HCHDT

GYRO INPUT
PLATH LEHMKUHL LR 40 LEHMKUHL LR 20 NMEA HDT OFF

MAG HDG INP.


SIN COS NMEA-HDM PLATH-MAGN OFF

SPEED INPUT
200 Pulse/NM NMEA-VHW NMEA-VTG NMEA-VBW

POS INPUT
NMEA-GLL NMEA-GGA

SENS.D.M.OUTP.
NMEA-HCHDM NMEA-HCHDT NMEA-HCHDG

ANALOG. ROT OUTP.


scale: 0.1 999.9 mV//min time const.: 0 99 sec.

analogue rate of turn output

contd. on next page

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contd. from previous page

... SERVICE . SETUP. 1.. . F1 . INTERFACE. I/O... . F2 . ANALOG . ROT. OUTP. . F3 . FEEDBACK. SIGNAL

FEEDBACK SIGNAL NO. OF RUDDERS


1/2

rudder angle feedback inputs

SET. RUDDER 1

32

scale: 0.1 99.9 mV/ offset: -9.9 +9.9

SET. RUDDER 2
scale: 0.1 99.9 mV/ offset: -9.9 +9.9

... SERVICE .SETUP .1 . .F1 .SYSTEM .TYPE ..... .F2 .ALIGN .ERR..CORR. .F3 .SHAFT.COR.ANGLE

SYSTEM TYPE
type G type GM type GG type GGM hdg. sel. INT/G hdg. sel. INT/GG hdg. sel. EXT hdg. sel. NSD

system type settings

32

ALIGN ERR. CORR.


-180.0 +180.0

alignment error correction angle shaft encoder correction angle

SHAFT COR. ANGLE


-180.0 +180.0

... SERVICE . SETUP. 1 . F1 . EXT. . STATUS. IN . F2 . NAME . OF . GYRO . F3 . TEST . MODE

EXT. STATUS IN
Stat. LOG Stat. HDG +180

function ext. status input

NAME OF GYRO
gyro ID.: 1/2/3

gyro ID test mode

TEST MODE
rate of turn: -999 +999/min scale: 0.1 999.9 mV//min heading: 0.0 359.9

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5 5.1

MAINTENANCE INFORMATION AND INSTRUCTIONS Maintenance Specifications


All maintenance work is to be carried out by an authorized C. PLATH service station, unless otherwise stated. Following any maintenance work, the complete gyrocompass system is to be function checked.

5.1.1

Annual Maintenace C. PLATH recommends that annually the gyrosphere container be opened, its internal surfaces and the gyrosphere be cleaned and the mercury, insulating fluid and supporting fluid be renewed. If necessary, the centering pin is to be renewed.

5.1.2

Five-Year Maintenance C. PLATH recommends that at intervals of a maximum of five years, the gyrosphere and the centering pin be renewed.

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5.2
5.2.1

Maintenance by Shipboard Personnel


Removal of the Gyrosphere Container at Low Ambient Temperatures At ambient temperatures below 0 C when the gyrocompass is not in operation, and below -10 C when the gyrocompass is in operation, the gyrosphere container is to be removed from the compass housing and stored at a place where the ambient temperature will not fall below 0 C. If no storage place is available where the ambient temperature will not fall below 0 C, the gyrosphere is to be removed from the gyrosphere container to prevent damage caused by frozen supporting fluid. The gyrosphere may be removed only by personnel of a C. PLATH-authorized service station. 1) 2) 3) De-energize the gyrocompass system. Wait at least 45 minutes for the gyroscopes to stop rotating. Unscrew the retaining screws of the compass housing door and take the door off the housing.

4)

Disconnect the grounding strap between door and housing. If the control and display unit is mounted in the door, unplug the unit's connector from the masterboard (plug connector J3). Place the door aside.

5)

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3-149 MK110ENG.P65

6)

Disconnect the plug from the socket on the gyrosphere container.

7)

Put both hands around the gyrosphere container, placing the thumbs on the rim of the bellows. Press together bellows and gyrosphere container. With the thumbs, turn the bellows to the right until the bayonet coupling disengages.

8)

9)

Lift the gyrosphere container out of the compass housing and carefully transport it to a suitable storage place.

10) Fit the door back on the compass housing and secure it with the retaining screws.

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5.3
5.3.1

Maintenance by Service Personnel


Gyrosphere Handling and Storage Instructions The gyrosphere is contained in a shockproof box, which is packed in a transport container. This transport container is completely suitable for transport by air, sea, rail and road. The gyrosphere is always to be stored in its original transport container. The storage temperature is to be between -25 C and +70 C. The humidity in the storage room is to be between 60% and 90%. The period of storage before the gyrosphere is taken into operation is not to exceed 12 months. Gyrospheres stored longer than 12 months before being taken into operation are to be tested by an authorized C. PLATH service station before installation. Caution: The gyrosphere is always to be transported in an original transport container. Do not throw or drop the transport container. The transport container is to be transported in an upright position only. Upon installation, the gyrosphere is to be removed from the transport container in its shockproof box and is to be carried by hand directly to the place of installation. Caution: The shockproof box containing the gyrosphere is only to be transported by hand, and is to be handled with extreme care.

5.3.2

Safety Warning Installation and removal of the gyrosphere includes the handling of mercury. The mercury together with insulating fluid is contained in a phial enclosed in a sealed box in the installation and replacement parts kit. Warning: Spilt mercury will evaporate and give off poisonous fumes. Spilt mercury is to be gathered up with the syringe provided in the installation and replacement parts kit and sealed in an empty phial. After installation of the gyrosphere, keep the empty phial in its box in the installation and replacement parts kit. After removal of the gyrosphere, return the phial with the used mercury and insulating fluid to C. PLATH for recycling.

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5.3.3

Installation of the Gyrosphere Note: At the place of installation, a clean and level work surface must be available. In addition to the parts provided in the installation and replacement parts kit, a 5 mm hexagon key, a medium-sized and a small screwdirver will be needed during the installation. For cleaning purposes, a lint-free cloth and alcohol are required. Caution: Do not use acetone or similar solvents. 1) 2) De-energize the gyrocompass system. Remove the gyrosphere container from its transport box and place it on the work surface.

3)

Unscrew the centering pin and place it aside (do not yet remove the protective cap from the pin).

4)

Disconnect and remove the plug connector from the base contact.

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3-149 MK110ENG.P65

5)

Unscrew the captive screws attaching the two halves of the gyroshere container.

6)

Remove the upper section of the gyrosphere container and place it upside down on the work surface. Caution: Do not damage the golden contact pins.

7)

Open the gyrosphere transport box, remove the top foam rubber pad and place it with the recess uppermost on the work surface. Remove the gyrosphere from the transport box and place it in the foam rubber pad.

8)

9)

Take the plastic bowl from the replacement parts kit and place it on the work surface.

10) Remove the protective sticker from the recess of the gyroshere. Placing a thumb in the recess, lift the gyrosphere out of the foam rubber pad and place it on the plastic bowl.

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11) Carefully wash the gyrosphere with alcohol and dry it with a lint-free cloth. Caution: do not use acetone or similar solvents. 12) Rinse the gyrosphere with fresh supporting fluid. Caution: The recess of the gyrosphere must be kept absolutely clean and dry. Do not use compressed air to dry the gyrosphere.

13) Take the box containing the phial of mercury and insulating fluid from the installation and replacement parts kit. Remove the phial from the box. Warning: Spilt mercury will evaporate and give off poisonous fumes. Spilt mercury is to be gathered up with the syringe provided in the installation and replacement parts kit and sealed in an empty phial.

14) Open the phial and pour the entire contents into the recess of the gyrosphere. The mercury is to form a single drop at the bottom of the recess. If necessary, take the syringe and cannula from the installation kit and gather the mercury in a single drop by gently pressing on it with the tip of the cannula. 15) Close the empty phial and put it back in its box. The phial is to be kept in the installation kit and will be needed to take up used mercury and insulating fluid during the removal of the gyrosphere.

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16) Carefully fill up the recess of the gyrosphere with supporting fluid. 17) Rinse the inside of the lower section of the gyrosphere container with supporting fluid. 18) Check that the drain plug is tightened firmly. Pour some supporting fluid into the gyrosphere container until the base contact is covered by the fluid.

19) Check that the quad ring lies correctly in its groove in the lower section of the gyrosphere container. Caution: When replacing a gyrosphere, always use a new quad ring.

20) Carefully remove the gyrosphere from the plastic bowl and place it into the container. 21) Rinse the inside of the upper section of the gyrosphere container with suppurting fluid.

22) Carefully fit the upper par t of the gyrosphere container to the lower part. The golden contact pins fit into grooves in the lower part of the container.

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23) Tighten the captive screws in a series of diagonal opposites.

24) Remove the outer end of the ventilation valve from its neck.

25) Fit the funnel into the hole for the centering pin. Fill up the gyrosphere container with supporting fluid until excess fluid exits from the valve neck. Remove the funnel from the gyrosphere container.

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26) Take off the protective cap from the centering pin and rinse the pin thoroughly with supporting fluid.

27) Screw in the centering pin and tighten it firmly by hand.

28) Draw up some supporting fluid with the syringe and inject it into the open end of the ventilation valve until the remaining air has exited the container (remaining air is visible through the translucent top of the container). Gently tilt the container, if necessary.

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29) Attach the free end of the ventilation valve to its neck. 30) Carefully dry the gyrosphere container with a lint-free cloth. 31) Connect the power cable to the centering pin and firmly tighten the terminal screw.

32) Insert the base plug connector through the hole in the lower section of the container. Lift the container to the shoulder, keeping it in a vertical position. Connect the plug to the base contact.

33) Place the container back on the work surface. 34) If replacing a gyrosphere, place the provided label with the new gyrosphere's serial number on the magnetic shield of the gyrosphere container.

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34) Unscrew the retaining screws of the compass housing door and take off the door from the housing

35) Disconnect the grounding strap between door and housing. If the operating and control unit is mounted in the door, disconnect the unit from the masterboard (plug connector J3). Place the door aside.

36) Gently turn the bellows, until the rubber tongue points towards the front of the housing.

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37) Place the gyrosphere container into the compass housing with the pointer located directly below the tongue of the bellows. 38) Put both hands around the container and lift it into the bellows. Turn the container to the left until the coupling engages.

39) While supporting the countainer with the palms, put the thumbs on the rim of the bellows and press together bellows and container. With the thumbs, turn the bellows to the left to lock the coupling.

40) Connect the plug to the socket on the gyrosphere container. 41) Put the door in front of the housing and connect the grounding strap. Connect the control and display unit to the masterboard (plug connector J3). 42) Fit the door on the housing and tighten the retaining screws.

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Function test 1) 2) Energize the gyrocompass system. In the service setup 2, select the gyrosphere data sub-menu. Observe the gyrosphere current: Directly after power-up, the gyrosphere current should not exceed 550 mA. The current will gradually fall while the gyrosphere settles. Within 45 minutes after power-up, the gyrosphere current must have dropped below 300 mA.
... GYROSPHERE. DATA . TEMPERATURE... 40. C . PH.BRIDGE..... 10 . mV . GYRO . CURR .... 234 . mA

After initial power-up, gyrosphere current must drop below 300 mA within 45 minutes.

If, after 45 minutes of operation, a gyrosphere current above 300 mA is displayed in the gyrosphere data sub-menu, measure the AC-voltage present across resistor R150 (1) on the masterboard. The voltage across R150 in mV equals the gyrosphere current in mA. Caution: If 45 minutes after power up, the gyrosphere current has not dropped below 300 mA, the gyrosphere is defective and must be replaced.

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5.3.4

Removal of the Gyrosphere 1) 2) 3) De-energize the gyrocompass system. Wait at least 45 minutes for the gyroscopes to stop rotating. Unscrew the retaining screws of the compass housing door and take the door off the housing.

4)

Disconnect the grounding strap between door and housing. If the control and display unit is mounted in the door, unplug the unit's connector from the masterboard (plug connector J3). Place the door aside.

5)

6)

Disconnect the plug from the socket on the gyrosphere container.

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7)

Put both hands around the gyrosphere container, placing the thumbs on the rim of the bellows. Press together bellows and gyrosphere container. With the thumbs, turn the bellows to the right until the bayonet coupling disengages.

8)

9)

Take the gyrosphere container out of the compass housing and lift it to the shoulder, keeping it in a vertical position. Disconnect the plug connector from to the base contact and pull the cable through the hole in the lower section of the container.

10) Place the container on the work surface 11) Take the plastic bowl from the installation and replacement parts kit and place it under the drain plug of the gyrosphere container.

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12) Unscrew the terminal screw in the centering pin. Remove the contact from the pin and tighten the screw.

13) Unscrew the centering pin and remove it from the gyrosphere container.

14) Wash and dry the centering pin. Put the protective cap on the tip of the pin.

15) Unscrew the drain plug and let the supporting fluid run into the bowl. Screw in and tighten the drain plug.

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16) Unscrew the captive screws attaching the two sections of the gyrosphere container.

17) Remove the upper section of the gyrosphere container and place it upside down on the work surface. Caution: Do not damage the golden contact pins.

18) Take the box containing the phial of mercury and insulating fluid from the installation and replacement parts kit. Remove the phial from the box and open it. Warning: Spilt mercury will evaporate and give off poisonous fumes. Spilt mercury is to be gathered up with the syringe provided in the installation and replacement parts kit and sealed in an empty phial.

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19) Insert the syringe with the cannula into the recess of the gyrosphere. Draw up the mercury and insulating fluid completely.

20) Inject the mercury and insulating fluid into the empty phial. 21) Placing a thumb in the recess of the gyrosphere, lift the gyrosphere out of the container and pour the remaining supporting fluid from the recess into the plastic bowl. 22) Place the gyrosphere back into the lower section of the gyrosphere container. 23) If there is any mercury left in the plastic bowl, take it up with the syringe and inject it into the phial.

24) Close the phial and put it back into the box. 25) Return the box with the phial to C. PLATH for recycling. Note: Used mercury and insulating fluid may not be reused. When replacing the gyrosphere, always use fresh mercury and insulating fluid.

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26) Discard the supporting fluid from the plastic bowl. Note: The supporting fluid is not poisonous. 27) Placing a thumb in the recess of the gyrosphere, lift the gyrosphere out of the gyrosphere container and place it in the plastic bowl.

28) Using a lint-free cloth and alcohol, carefully wash and dry the gyrosphere. Caution: Do not use acetone or similar solvents.

29) Thoroughly clean the contact surfaces of the gyrosphere with the stainless steel wool pad provided in the installation and replacement parts kit.

30) Seal the recess of the gyrosphere with a protective sticker. Stickers are included in the installation and replacement parts kit and with replacement gyrospheres. 31) Pack the gyrosphere in its shockproof box and pack the box in the original transport container.

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32) Discard the remaining supporting fluid from the lower section of the gyrosphere container. 33) Using a lint-free cloth and alcohol, thoroughly wash and dry the inside of the gyrosphere container. 34) Carefully fit the upper section of the gyrosphere container to the lower section. The golden contact pins fit into grooves in the lower section of the container. 35) Tighten the captive screws in a series of diagonal opposites. 36) Screw in the cetering pin and tighten it firmly by hand. 37) Pack the gyrosphere container in its original transport box. 38) Fit the door back on the compass housing and secure it with the retaining screws.

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A A1

TABLES Magnetic Compass Calibration Table


Use this table to note heading display and correction values during the calibration of the magnetic compass display (see 4.5).
magnetic compass heading mag. hdg. display NAVIGAT X MK 1 (uncalibrated) correction value magnetic compass heading mag. hdg. display NAVIGAT X MK 1 (uncalibrated) correction value

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170

180 190 200 210 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 290 300 310 320 330 340 350

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A2

Standard Manual Settings


Use this table to note the standard (preferred) settings of the parameters settable in the manual settings menu.

Speed/Latitude
speed mode position mode auto pos1 man man

Heading difference alarm monitor diff. between


diff. alarm threshold GY1/GY2 OFF ___ GY1/MAG GY2/MAG

North speed error correction


automatic correction ON OFF

Settings NAVIPRINT
output to printer paper feed speed heading scale rudder scale ON 60 mm/h 30 9 OFF OFF 150 mm/h 180 45 70 600 mm/h

Settings rate of turn


damping time constant max. ROT alarm threshold ___ sec. ___ /min

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A3

Basic Configuration Settings (Service Setup 1)


Interface I/O
NMEA Superfast send baudrate NMEA Fast send protocol gyrocompass input data format 4800 Baud 38400 Baud NMEA PLATH NMEA-HDT Sin Cos OFF 200 Pulse/NM NMEA-VTG NMEA-GLL NMEA-HCHDM 9600 Baud NMEA-HCHDT PLATH Lehmkuhl LR 20 OFF NMEA-HDM NMEA-VHW NMEA-VBW NMEA-GGA NMEA-HCHDT NMEA-HCHDG 19200 Baud NMEA-HCHDT Lehmkuhl LR 40 PLATH-Magn. Lehmkuhl LR 40

magnetic compass input data format speed input data format position input data format sensor data output mag. hdg. data format

Analogue rate of turn output


scale factor damping time const. ___ mV//min ___ sec.

Feedback signal
no. of rudders scale factor zero-offset 1 r.1: ___ mV//min r.1: ___ 2 r.2: ___ mV//min r.2: ___

System type system type


hdg. select mode G GGM INT/G NSD GM INT/GG GG EXT

Alignment error correction


correction value ___

Shaft encoder correction value


correction value ___

Ext. status in
status LOG HDG +180

Name of gyro
gyro ID 1 2 3

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A4

North Speed Error Tables


The tables give the north speed error of an uncorrected gyrocompass in degrees, i.e. the correction which must be applied to the gyrocompass heading in order to obtain true heading.
Lat. 0 30 45 0 60 70 80 90 Heading North South + + 5 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 10 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 15 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.0 20 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0 Speed (kts.) 25 1.6 1.4 1.1 0.8 0.5 0.3 0.0 30 1.9 1.6 1.3 1.0 0.7 0.3 0.0 35 2.2 1.9 1.6 1.1 0.8 0.4 0.0 40 2.5 2.2 1.8 1.3 0.9 0.4 0.0 45 2.9 2.5 2.0 1.4 1.0 0.5 0.0 50 3.2 2.7 2.2 1.6 1.1 0.6 0.0

360 180 180 330 150 210 315 135 225 300 120 240 290 110 250 280 100 260 270 90 270

0 30 45 30 60 70 80 90

360 180 180 330 150 210 315 135 225 300 120 240 290 110 250 280 100 260 270 90 270

0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0

0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.0

1.1 1.0 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.0

1.5 1.3 1.0 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.0

1.8 1.6 1.3 0.9 0.6 0.3 0.0

2.2 1.9 1.6 1.1 0.8 0.4 0.0

2.6 2.2 1.8 1.3 0.9 0.4 0.0

2.9 2.5 2.1 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0

3.3 2.9 2.3 1.6 1.1 0.6 0.0

3.7 3.2 2.6 1.8 1.3 0.6 0.0

0 30 45 40 60 70 80 90

360 180 180 330 150 210 315 135 225 300 120 240 290 110 250 280 100 260 270 90 270

0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0

0.8 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.0

1.2 1.1 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0

1.7 1.4 1.2 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.0

2.1 1.8 1.5 1.0 0.7 0.4 0.0

2.5 2.2 1.8 1.2 0.8 0.4 0.0

2.9 2.5 2.0 1.4 1.0 0.5 0.0

3.3 2.9 2.3 1.7 1.1 0.6 0.0

3.7 3.2 2.6 1.9 1.3 0.6 0.0

4.1 3.6 2.9 2.1 1.4 0.7 0.0

0 30 45 45 60 70 80 90

360 180 180 330 150 210 315 135 225 300 120 240 290 110 250 280 100 260 270 90 270

0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0

0.9 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.0

1.3 1.2 1.0 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.0

1.8 1.6 1.3 0.9 0.6 0.3 0.0

2.2 1.9 1.6 1.1 0.8 0.4 0.0

2.7 2.3 1.9 1.3 0.9 0.5 0.0

3.1 2.7 2.2 1.6 1.1 0.5 0.0

3.6 3.1 2.5 1.8 1.2 0.6 0.0

4.0 3.5 2.9 2.0 1.4 0.7 0.0

4.5 3.9 3.2 2.2 1.5 0.8 0.0

0 30 45 50 60 70 80 90

360 180 180 330 150 210 315 135 225 300 120 240 290 110 250 280 100 260 270 90 270

0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0

1.0 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.0

1.5 1.3 1.0 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.0

2.0 1.7 1.4 1.0 0.7 0.3 0.0

2.5 2.1 1.7 1.2 0.8 0.4 0.0

3.0 2.6 2.1 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0

3.5 3.0 2.4 1.7 1.2 0.6 0.0

3.9 3.4 2.8 2.0 1.3 0.7 0.0

4.4 3.8 3.1 2.2 1.5 0.8 0.0

4.9 4.3 3.5 2.5 1.7 0.9 0.0

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The tables give the north speed error of an uncorrected gyrocompass in degrees, i.e. the correction which must be applied to the gyrocompass heading in order to obtain true heading.

Lat. 0 30 45 55 60 70 80 90

Heading North South + + 5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 10 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0 15 1.7 1.4 1.2 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.0 20 2.2 1.9 1.6 1.1 0.8 0.4 0.0

Speed (kts.) 25 2.8 2.4 2.0 1.4 0.9 0.5 0.0 30 3.3 2.9 2.3 1.7 1.1 0.6 0.0 35 3.9 3.4 2.7 1.9 1.3 0.7 0.0 40 4.4 3.8 3.1 2.2 1.5 0.8 0.0 45 5.0 4.3 3.5 2.5 1.7 0.9 0.0 50 5.5 4.8 3.9 2.8 1.9 1.0 0.0

360 180 180 330 150 210 315 135 225 300 120 240 290 110 250 280 100 260 270 90 270

0 30 45 60 60 70 80 90

360 180 180 330 150 210 315 135 225 300 120 240 290 110 250 280 100 260 270 90 270

0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0

1.3 1.1 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0

1.9 1.6 1.3 1.0 0.7 0.3 0.0

2.5 2.2 1.8 1.3 0.9 0.4 0.0

3.2 2.7 2.2 1.6 1.1 0.6 0.0

3.8 3.3 2.7 1.9 1.3 0.7 0.0

4.4 3.8 3.1 2.2 1.5 0.8 0.0

5.1 4.4 3.6 2.5 1.7 0.9 0.0

5.7 4.9 4.0 2.9 2.0 1.0 0.0

6.4 5.5 4.5 3.2 2.2 1.1 0.0

0 30 45 65 60 70 80 90

360 180 180 330 150 210 315 135 225 300 120 240 290 110 250 280 100 260 270 90 270

0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.0

1.5 1.3 1.1 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.0

2.3 1.9 1.6 1.1 0.8 0.4 0.0

3.0 2.6 2.1 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0

3.8 3.2 2.7 1.9 1.3 0.7 0.0

4.5 3.9 3.2 2.3 1.5 0.8 0.0

5.3 4.6 3.7 2.6 1.8 0.9 0.0

6.0 5.2 4.2 3.0 2.1 1.0 0.0

6.8 5.9 4.8 3.4 2.3 1.2 0.0

7.5 6.5 5.3 3.8 2.6 1.3 0.0

0 30 45 68 60 70 80 90

360 180 180 330 150 210 315 135 225 300 120 240 290 110 250 280 100 260 270 90 270

0.8 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.0

1.7 1.5 1.2 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.0

2.5 2.2 1.8 1.3 0.9 0.4 0.0

3.4 2.9 2.4 1.7 1.2 0.6 0.0

4.2 3.7 3.0 2.1 1.4 0.7 0.0

5.1 4.4 3.6 2.5 1.7 0.9 0.0

5.9 5.1 4.2 3.0 2.0 1.0 0.0

6.8 5.9 4.8 3.4 2.3 1.2 0.0

7.6 6.6 5.4 3.8 2.6 1.3 0.0

8.5 7.3 6.0 4.2 2.9 1.5 0.0

0 30 45 70 60 70 80 90

360 180 180 330 150 210 315 135 225 300 120 240 290 110 250 280 100 260 270 90 270

0.9 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.0

1.9 1.6 1.3 0.9 0.6 0.3 0.0

2.8 2.4 2.0 1.4 1.0 0.5 0.0

3.7 3.2 2.6 1.9 1.3 0.6 0.0

4.6 4.0 3.3 2.3 1.6 0.8 0.0

5.6 4.8 3.9 2.8 1.9 1.0 0.0

6.5 5.6 4.6 3.2 2.2 1.1 0.0

7.4 6.4 5.2 3.7 2.5 1.3 0.0

8.4 7.2 5.9 4.2 2.9 1.4 0.0

9.3 8.1 6.6 4.6 3.2 1.6 0.0

Page A-05

NAVIGAT X MK 1 Mod. 10 / SR-180 MK 1 Mod. 10

056310
3-149 MK110ENG.P65

he tables give the north speed error of an uncorrected gyrocompass in degrees, i.e. the correction which must be applied to the gyrocompass heading in order to obtain true heading.
Lat. 0 30 45 72 60 70 80 90 Heading North South + + 5 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.0 10 2.1 1.8 1.5 1.0 0.7 0.4 0.0 15 3.1 2.7 2.2 1.5 1.1 0.5 0.0 20 4.1 3.6 2.9 2.1 1.4 0.7 0.0 Speed (kts.) 25 5.1 4.4 3.6 2.6 1.8 0.9 0.0 30 6.2 5.3 4.4 3.1 2.1 1.1 0.0 35 7.2 6.2 5.1 3.6 2.5 1.2 0.0 40 8.2 7.1 5.8 4.1 2.8 1.4 0.0 45 9.3 8.0 6.5 4.6 3.2 1.6 0.0 50 10.3 8.9 7.3 5.1 3.5 1.8 0.0

360 180 180 330 150 210 315 135 225 300 120 240 290 110 250 280 100 260 270 90 270

0 30 45 74 60 70 80 90

360 180 180 330 150 210 315 135 225 300 120 240 290 110 250 280 100 260 270 90 270

1.1 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0

2.3 2.0 1.6 1.1 0.8 0.4 0.0

3.5 3.0 2.4 1.7 1.2 0.6 0.0

4.6 4.0 3.3 2.3 1.6 0.8 0.0

5.8 5.0 4.1 2.9 2.0 1.0 0.0

6.9 6.0 4.9 3.5 2.4 1.2 0.0

8.1 7.0 5.7 4.0 2.8 1.4 0.0

9.2 8.0 6.5 4.6 3.1 1.6 0.0

10.4 11.6 9.0 7.3 5.2 3.5 1.8 0.0 10.0 8.2 5.8 3.9 2.0 0.0

0 30 45 76 60 70 80 90

360 180 180 330 150 210 315 135 225 300 120 240 290 110 250 280 100 260 270 90 270

1.3 1.1 0.9 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.0

2.6 2.3 1.9 1.3 0.9 0.5 0.0

3.9 3.4 2.8 2.0 1.3 0.7 0.0

5.2 4.5 3.7 2.6 1.8 0.9 0.0

6.6 5.7 4.6 3.3 2.2 1.1 0.0

7.9 6.8 5.6 3.9 2.7 1.4 0.0

9.2 8.0 6.5 4.6 3.1 1.6 0.0

10.5 11.9 13.2 9.1 7.4 5.2 3.6 1.8 0.0 10.3 11.4 8.4 5.9 4.0 2.0 0.0 9.3 6.6 4.5 2.3 0.0

0 30 45 78 60 70 80 90

360 180 180 330 150 210 315 135 225 300 120 240 290 110 250 280 100 260 270 90 270

1.5 1.3 1.1 0.8 0.5 0.3 0.0

3.0 2.6 2.2 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0

4.6 4.0 3.2 2.3 1.6 0.8 0.0

6.1 5.3 4.3 3.0 2.1 1.1 0.0

7.6 6.6 5.4 3.8 2.6 1.3 0.0

9.2 7.9 6.5 4.6 3.1 1.6 0.0

10.7 12.3 13.9 15.4 9.3 7.6 5.3 3.7 1.9 0.0 10.6 12.0 13.3 8.7 6.1 4.2 2.1 0.0 9.7 6.9 4.7 2.4 0.0 10.8 7.6 5.2 2.6 0.0

0 30 45 80 60 70 80 90

360 180 180 330 150 210 315 135 225 300 120 240 290 110 250 280 100 260 270 90 270

1.8 1.6 1.3 0.9 0.6 0.3 0.0

3.7 3.2 2.6 1.8 1.2 0.6 0.0

5.5 4.7 3.9 2.7 1.9 1.0 0.0

7.3 6.3 5.2 3.7 2.5 1.3 0.0

9.2 7.9 6.5 4.6 3.1 1.6 0.0

11.0 12.9 14.8 16.7 18.6 9.5 7.8 5.5 3.7 1.9 0.0 11.1 12.7 14.4 16.0 9.1 6.4 4.4 2.2 0.0 10.4 11.7 13.0 7.3 5.0 2.5 0.0 8.2 5.6 2.9 0.0 9.2 6.3 3.2 0.0

Page A-06

NAVIGAT X MK 1 Mod. 10 / SR-180 MK 1 Mod. 10

056310
3-149 MK110ENG.P65

he tables give the north speed error of an uncorrected gyrocompass in degrees, i.e. the correction which must be applied to the gyrocompass heading in order to obtain true heading.
Lat. 0 30 45 81 60 70 80 90 Heading North South + + 5 2.0 1.8 1.4 1.0 0.7 0.4 0.0 10 4.1 3.5 2.9 2.0 1.4 0.7 0.0 15 6.1 5.3 4.3 3.0 2.1 1.1 0.0 20 8.1 5.7 5.7 4.1 2.8 1.4 0.0 Speed (kts.) 25 30 35 40 45 50

360 180 180 330 150 210 315 135 225 300 120 240 290 110 250 280 100 260 270 90 270

10.2 12.2 14.3 16.4 18.6 20.7 7.0 7.2 5.1 3.5 1.8 0.0 10.6 12.4 14.2 16.6 17.8 8.6 6.1 4.2 2.1 0.0 10.1 11.5 13.0 14.5 7.1 4.9 2.5 0.0 8.1 5.6 2.8 0.0 9.2 6.2 3.2 0.0 10.2 6.9 3.5 0.0

0 30 45 82 60 70 80 90

360 180 180 330 150 210 315 135 225 300 120 240 290 110 250 280 100 260 270 90 270

2.3 2.0 1.6 1.1 0.8 0.4 0.0

4.6 3.9 3.2 2.3 1.6 0.8 0.0

6.8 5.9 4.8 3.4 2.3 1.2 0.0

9.1 7.9 6.5 4.6 3.1 1.6 0.0

11.5 13.8 16.2 18.5 21.0 23.4 9.9 8.1 5.7 3.9 2.0 0.0 11.9 13.9 16.0 18.0 20.1 9.7 6.8 4.7 2.4 0.0 11.3 13.0 14.7 16.3 8.0 5.5 2.8 0.0 9.1 6.2 3.2 0.0 10.3 11.5 7.0 3.6 0.0 7.8 4.0 0.0

0 30 45 83 60 70 80 90

360 180 180 330 150 210 315 135 225 300 120 240 290 110 250 280 100 260 270 90 270

2.6 2.3 1.8 1.3 0.9 0.5 0.0

5.2 4.5 3.7 2.6 1.8 0.9 0.0

7.8 6.8 5.5 3.9 2.7 1.4 0.0

10.5 13.1 15.8 18.5 21.3 24.1 27.0 9.0 7.4 5.2 3.6 1.8 0.0 11.3 13.6 16.0 18.3 20.7 23.1 9.2 6.5 4.5 2.3 0.0 11.1 13.0 14.9 16.8 18.7 7.8 5.3 2.7 0.0 9.1 6.2 3.2 0.0 10.5 11.8 13.1 7.1 3.6 0.0 8.0 4.1 0.0 8.9 4.5 0.0

0 30 45 84 60 70 80 90

360 180 180 330 150 210 315 135 225 300 120 240 290 110 250 280 100 260 270 90 270

3.0 2.6 2.1 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0

6.1 5.3 4.3 3.0 2.1 1.1 0.0

9.1 7.9 6.4 4.6 3.1 1.6 0.0

12.2 15.3 18.5 21.7 25.0 28.4 31.9 10.6 13.2 16.0 18.7 21.5 24.4 27.3 8.6 6.1 4.2 2.1 0.0 10.8 13.0 15.2 17.4 19.7 22.0 7.6 5.2 2.6 0.0 9.1 6.2 3.2 0.0 10.7 12.2 13.8 15.3 7.3 3.7 0.0 8.3 4.2 0.0 9.4 4.7 0.0 10.4 5.3 0.0

0 30 45 85 60 70 80 90

360 180 180 330 150 210 315 135 225 300 120 240 290 110 250 280 100 260 270 90 270

3.6 3.2 2.6 1.8 1.2 0.6 0.0

7.3 6.3 5.1 3.6 2.5 1.3 0.0

11.0 14.7 18.5 22.4 26.4 30.5 34.8 39.4 9.5 7.7 5.5 3.7 1.9 0.0 12.7 15.9 19.3 22.6 26.1 29.6 33.3 10.3 13.0 15.6 18.3 21.0 23.8 26.7 7.3 5.0 2.5 0.0 9.1 6.2 3.2 0.0 11.0 12.8 14.7 16.6 18.5 7.5 3.8 0.0 8.7 4.4 0.0 10.0 11.3 12.5 5.1 0.0 5.7 0.0 6.3 0.0

Page A-07

NAVIGAT X MK 1 Mod. 10 / SR-180 MK 1 Mod. 10

056310
3-149 MK110ENG.P65

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Page A-08