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Here are some tips for finding faults in the Horizontal section of a TV –

-If high voltage supply is absent and no burning symptoms are seen than check main ps
for open or ps dead as per circuit . fuse , limit resistance , bridge , smps oscillator , output
transistor , protection circuit getting error signal or malfunction in protection circuit .
If heating or burning is seen than check for short circuit , Either in load circuit or ps
components short . Disconnect load circuit from ps circuit . If you have variac or series , than
apply power through them . if ps is ok . than check load circuit for short circuit by resistance
method without switching power on . diodes short , out put transistor short , shirt filter
capacitor .
If power supply is available , compare it with normal voltage ( in regulated circuits measure
voltage on M Filter ) there are three possibilities
1 –Voltage is high .
2 –Voltage is normal .
3 – Voltage is low ( with parts heating )
According to voltage you can adopt different path .
1- Voltage high – high voltage on the supply line indicates that horizontal section is not
operating and consuming power . So voltage is high . this is due to either oscillators signal
failure or some fault in the driver or out put stage of horizontal section of TV . for that check
reverse voltage on the base of driver transistor . If you do not get voltage there, go to horizontal
oscillator stage. Check as per circuit diagram – supply failure, or oscillator circuit components
faulty or problem in oscillator signal feed back or time constant components or frequency
generating micro-controller .
If reverse voltage is available on base of h- driver transistor than go straight to base of h- out
put stage transistor . If reverse voltage is not available than check circuit between base of h-
driver and base of h-out put , by measuring voltage you can locate possible fault ( see master
key for tr.) . limit resistance open , transistor faulty , driver transformer faulty , other parts
faulty .
If voltage is available on base of h-out put stage – than measure voltages of the transistor and
compare with normal voltage and decide possible faulty part with the help of master key . limit
resistance open , transistor open , eht primary open , other components faulty .
2- Voltage is normal – if supply Voltage of h- section is normal this indicates that horizontal
section is consuming power , major part of it is good , fault is in the power supply lines
generated in the horizontal section . so check as per circuit diagram parts used in the supply
lines coming out from horizontal out put stage . If all the supply lines are normal and reach
their respective sections , than set is have multy faults, be care full . you have to repair many
faults one by one .
3- Voltage is low – if this symptom is associated with parts heating , immediately shut down the
set . check sections for high consumption . Disconnect base of h – out put tr , if voltage remains
low The possible reasons may be –
1- direct short on the supply line – check parts connected between supply line and ground line
for short . Resistance check of parts for short will locate faulty part .
By disconnecting base of h- out put voltage becomes normal , than possible reasons are -
1- Indirect short - sections running on power line generated in the horizontal out put has short
or eht transformer itself short. Disconnect all lines running on h –out section and start set with
less power if symptoms remains the eht trans former is faulty . Connect each line one by one.
When symptom reappears check last connected line for faults
2- signal frequency or phase are not correct , check h- driver and oscillator circuits for change
in value of the components . CRO may help very quickly at this place. Compare normal signal
with fault time wave form. Search faulty part where first time signal changes from normal
signal , on signal path , go from in to out on the path.
Tips for other faults –

-Raster width less – low power , weak driver or out put stages , parts on the signal path to
H-YOKE check for weak , or mismatch .

- V- line – parts on the signal path to H-YOKE – check for open .

- Picture non linear horizontally – supply faulty , linearity control not set or faulty , parts in
h- driver and output weak or change in value or mismatch yoke and eht .

- Horizontal sync-loss - picture or h- bar runs horizontally – first set h – frequency if this do not
solve problem but if picture stops for any part of time , check sync separator , afc sections as per
circuit diagram for any fault which can stop sync pulses . if picture can not be controlled for any
time than check oscillator time control parts .

- Picture ‘s right on the left . letters as seen in the mirror . invert wires of h – yoke coil .

- Arcing in the eht wire or pt neck – clean any dirt on these parts . if no improvement replace eht ,
also check abl line parts .pt neck broken .