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Converter Congurations

Anith Krishnan
College of Engineering, Kidangoor

August 6, 2013

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

Learning Objectives
The students should be able to list the factors that aect the choice of pulse number. choose the best converter conguration for the given pulse number.

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

Choice of Converter Conguration

The choice of converter conguration is made on the following requirements: 1. High pulse number, p

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

Choice of Converter Conguration

The choice of converter conguration is made on the following requirements: 1. High pulse number, p 2. Valve utilisation factor (VUF), possible
PIV Vd0

should be as low as

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

Choice of Converter Conguration

The choice of converter conguration is made on the following requirements: 1. High pulse number, p 2. Valve utilisation factor (VUF), possible 3.
Vd0 E PIV Vd0

should be as low as

should be as high as possible

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

Choice of Converter Conguration

The choice of converter conguration is made on the following requirements: 1. High pulse number, p 2. Valve utilisation factor (VUF), possible 3.
Vd0 E PIV Vd0

should be as low as

should be as high as possible

4. Transformer utilisation factor (TUF) should be as low as possible (nearer to unity)

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

Pulse Number
The number of pulsations or ripples of dc voltage per cycle of ac voltage is known as pulse number of a converter. p = qrs Higher pulse number results in

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

Pulse Number
The number of pulsations or ripples of dc voltage per cycle of ac voltage is known as pulse number of a converter. p = qrs Higher pulse number results in
lesser harmonics generated, both on ac side as well as dc side.

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

Pulse Number
The number of pulsations or ripples of dc voltage per cycle of ac voltage is known as pulse number of a converter. p = qrs Higher pulse number results in
lesser harmonics generated, both on ac side as well as dc side. higher output dc voltage level

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

Pulse Number
The number of pulsations or ripples of dc voltage per cycle of ac voltage is known as pulse number of a converter. p = qrs Higher pulse number results in
lesser harmonics generated, both on ac side as well as dc side. higher output dc voltage level easy design of lters

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

Pulse Number
The number of pulsations or ripples of dc voltage per cycle of ac voltage is known as pulse number of a converter. p = qrs Higher pulse number results in
lesser harmonics generated, both on ac side as well as dc side. higher output dc voltage level easy design of lters increase in the number of valves employed for conversion (increases cost)

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

Valve Utilisation Factor


Valve Utilisation Factor (VUF) is given by VUF = P IV Vd0 (1)

P IV is the Peak Inverse Voltage - low value preferred, given by 2Em if q is even (2) P IV = if q is odd 2Em cos 2q Vd0 is the average dc voltage when = 0 , and is given by Vd0 = sq Em sin q (3)

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

Valve Utilisation Factor


2 sq sin P IV q = Vd0 sq sin 2q if q is even (4) if q is odd

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

Vd0 E
d0 The ratio VE gives the ratio of average output dc voltage to the input rms ac voltage. It is always preferable to have this value as high as possible. Vd0 2qs = sin (5) E q

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

Transformer Utilisation Factor


TUF is dened as the ratio of transformer rating (of the valve side) to the dc output power. A low value of TUF is preferred. Pt TUF = (6) Vd0 Id The current rating of the transformer is given by Id It = r q The transformer rating is Em Em Id Pt = p It = p r 2q 2 Thus TUF =
Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

(7)

(8)

Pt = Vd0 Id 2q sin q

(9)
College of Engineering, Kidangoor

6 pulse converter congurations


Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 q 2 2 3 3 6 r 1 3 1 2 1 s 3 1 2 1 1 P IV /Vd0 Vd0 /E TUF

Table : Converter Conguration - 6 pulse

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

6 pulse converter congurations


Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 q 2 2 3 3 6 r 1 3 1 2 1 s 3 1 2 1 1 P IV /Vd0 1.047 Vd0 /E TUF

Table : Converter Conguration - 6 pulse

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

6 pulse converter congurations


Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 q 2 2 3 3 6 r 1 3 1 2 1 s 3 1 2 1 1 P IV /Vd0 1.047 3.142 Vd0 /E TUF

Table : Converter Conguration - 6 pulse

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

6 pulse converter congurations


Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 q 2 2 3 3 6 r 1 3 1 2 1 s 3 1 2 1 1 P IV /Vd0 1.047 3.142 1.047 Vd0 /E TUF

Table : Converter Conguration - 6 pulse

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

6 pulse converter congurations


Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 q 2 2 3 3 6 r 1 3 1 2 1 s 3 1 2 1 1 P IV /Vd0 1.047 3.142 1.047 2.094 Vd0 /E TUF

Table : Converter Conguration - 6 pulse

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

6 pulse converter congurations


Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 q 2 2 3 3 6 r 1 3 1 2 1 s 3 1 2 1 1 P IV /Vd0 1.047 3.142 1.047 2.094 2.094 Vd0 /E TUF

Table : Converter Conguration - 6 pulse

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

6 pulse converter congurations


Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 q 2 2 3 3 6 r 1 3 1 2 1 s 3 1 2 1 1 P IV /Vd0 1.047 3.142 1.047 2.094 2.094 Vd0 /E 2.700 TUF

Table : Converter Conguration - 6 pulse

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

6 pulse converter congurations


Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 q 2 2 3 3 6 r 1 3 1 2 1 s 3 1 2 1 1 P IV /Vd0 1.047 3.142 1.047 2.094 2.094 Vd0 /E 2.700 0.900 TUF

Table : Converter Conguration - 6 pulse

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

6 pulse converter congurations


Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 q 2 2 3 3 6 r 1 3 1 2 1 s 3 1 2 1 1 P IV /Vd0 1.047 3.142 1.047 2.094 2.094 Vd0 /E 2.700 0.900 2.340 TUF

Table : Converter Conguration - 6 pulse

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

6 pulse converter congurations


Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 q 2 2 3 3 6 r 1 3 1 2 1 s 3 1 2 1 1 P IV /Vd0 1.047 3.142 1.047 2.094 2.094 Vd0 /E 2.700 0.900 2.340 1.169 TUF

Table : Converter Conguration - 6 pulse

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

6 pulse converter congurations


Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 q 2 2 3 3 6 r 1 3 1 2 1 s 3 1 2 1 1 P IV /Vd0 1.047 3.142 1.047 2.094 2.094 Vd0 /E 2.700 0.900 2.340 1.169 1.350 TUF

Table : Converter Conguration - 6 pulse

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

6 pulse converter congurations


Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 q 2 2 3 3 6 r 1 3 1 2 1 s 3 1 2 1 1 P IV /Vd0 1.047 3.142 1.047 2.094 2.094 Vd0 /E 2.700 0.900 2.340 1.169 1.350 TUF 1.571

Table : Converter Conguration - 6 pulse

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

6 pulse converter congurations


Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 q 2 2 3 3 6 r 1 3 1 2 1 s 3 1 2 1 1 P IV /Vd0 1.047 3.142 1.047 2.094 2.094 Vd0 /E 2.700 0.900 2.340 1.169 1.350 TUF 1.571 1.571

Table : Converter Conguration - 6 pulse

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

6 pulse converter congurations


Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 q 2 2 3 3 6 r 1 3 1 2 1 s 3 1 2 1 1 P IV /Vd0 1.047 3.142 1.047 2.094 2.094 Vd0 /E 2.700 0.900 2.340 1.169 1.350 TUF 1.571 1.571 1.481

Table : Converter Conguration - 6 pulse

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

6 pulse converter congurations


Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 q 2 2 3 3 6 r 1 3 1 2 1 s 3 1 2 1 1 P IV /Vd0 1.047 3.142 1.047 2.094 2.094 Vd0 /E 2.700 0.900 2.340 1.169 1.350 TUF 1.571 1.571 1.481 1.481

Table : Converter Conguration - 6 pulse

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

6 pulse converter congurations


Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 q 2 2 3 3 6 r 1 3 1 2 1 s 3 1 2 1 1 P IV /Vd0 1.047 3.142 1.047 2.094 2.094 Vd0 /E 2.700 0.900 2.340 1.169 1.350 TUF 1.571 1.571 1.481 1.481 1.814

Table : Converter Conguration - 6 pulse

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor

6 pulse converter congurations


Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 q 2 2 3 3 6 r 1 3 1 2 1 s 3 1 2 1 1 P IV /Vd0 1.047 3.142 1.047 2.094 2.094 Vd0 /E 2.700 0.900 2.340 1.169 1.350 TUF 1.571 1.571 1.481 1.481 1.814

Table : Converter Conguration - 6 pulse

From the table it can be seen that sl. no. 1 and 3 are suitable, but TUF is better for sl. no. 3. Since 3 phase supply is used, the ease of connection is an added advantage in using sl. no. 3.
Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations College of Engineering, Kidangoor

6 pulse bridge converter

Figure : Graetz Circuit - 3 phase bridge converter

Anith Krishnan Converter Congurations

College of Engineering, Kidangoor