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: Chandra Kanth. K : chandrakanth.k@live.com

AUTO CAD TRAINING 3 - Dimensioning DIMENSION STYLE: Dimensioning is the process of adding measurement annotation to a drawing. You can create dimensions for a variety of object types in many orientations. The basic types of dimensioning are Linear Radial (radius, diameter and jogged) Angular Ordinate Arc Length

Linear dimensions can be horizontal, vertical, aligned, rotated, baseline, or continued (chained). Some examples are shown in the illustration.

Note: To simplify drawing organization and dimension scaling, it is recommended that you create dimensions on layouts rather than in model space.

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Auto CAD Training 3. Dimensioning

Here is a list of the parts of a dimension along with their descriptions. Dimensions have several distinct elements: dimension text, dimension lines, arrowheads, and extension lines.

Dimension text is a text string that usually indicates the measurement value. The text can also include prefixes, suffixes, and tolerances. A dimension line indicates the direction and extent of a dimension. For angular dimensions, the dimension line is an arc. Arrowheads, also called symbols of termination, are displayed at each end of the dimension line. You can specify different sizes and shapes for arrowheads or tick marks. Extension lines, also called projection lines or witness lines, extend from the feature to the dimension line. A center mark is a small cross that marks the center of a circle or arc. Centerlines are broken lines that mark the center of a circle or arc.

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Auto CAD Training 3. Dimensioning

DIMENSION STYLES: You can specify the size of dimensions in your drawing. How you set dimension size depends on the method you use to lay out and plot drawings. Dimension scale affects the size of the dimension geometry relative to the objects in the drawing. Dimension scale affects sizes, such as text height and arrowhead size, and offsets, such as the extension line origin offset. You should set these sizes and offsets to values that represent their actual plotted size. Dimension scale does not apply the overall scale factor to tolerances or measured lengths, coordinates, or angles. Setting dimension scale depends on how you lay out your drawing. There are three methods used to create dimensions in a drawing layout: Dimension in model space for plotting in model space. This is the traditional method used with single-view drawings. To create dimensions that are scaled correctly for plotting, set the DIMSCALE system variable to the inverse of the intended plot scale. For example, if the plot scale is 1/4, set DIMSCALE to 4. Dimension in model space for plotting in paper space. This was the preferred method for complex, multiple-view drawings prior to AutoCAD 2002. Use this method when the dimensions in a drawing need to be referenced by other drawings (xrefs) or when creating isometric dimensions in 3D isometric views. To prevent the dimensions in one layout viewport from being displayed in other layout viewports, create a dimensioning layer for each layout viewport that is frozen in all other layout viewports. To create dimensions that are scaled automatically for display in a paper space layout, set the DIMSCALE system variable to 0. Dimension in layouts. This is the simplest dimensioning method. Dimensions are created in paper space by selecting model space objects or by specifying object snap locations on model space objects. By default, associatively between paper space dimensions and model space objects are maintained. No additional scaling is required for dimensions created in a paper space layout: DIMLFAC and DIMSCALE do not need to be changed from their default value of 1.0000. Note: When you dimension model space objects in paper space using associative dimensions, dimension values for the display scale of each viewport are automatically adjusted. This adjustment is combined with the current setting for DIMLFAC and is reported by the LIST command as a dimension style override. For no associative dimensions, you must set DIMLFAC manually. Note: See the 1 - Beginning file for the Steps to create a Dimension Style.

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