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5.

Trigonometric Functions of General Angles

Solutions

1. Since the equation has equal roots, 1 + sin θ + cos θ + sin θ cos θ
=
∴ ∆=0 sin θ + sin 2 θ
(1 + sin θ ) + cos θ (1 + sin θ )
i.e. (4 cosθ ) 2 − 4(2)(3 sin θ ) = 0 =
sin θ (1 + sin θ )
16 cos 2 θ − 24 sin θ = 0
1 + cos θ
2(1 − sin 2 θ ) − 3 sin θ = 0 =
sin θ
2 sin 2 θ + 3 sin θ − 2 = 0 1 cos θ
= +
(2 sin θ − 1)(sin θ + 2) = 0 sin θ sin θ
1 = cos ecθ + cot θ
sin θ = or sin θ = −2 (rejected)
2 = R.H.S.
π 5π
θ = or
6 6 4. (a) 9 cos 2 x + 4 sin x + 5 sin 2 x
= 9(1 − sin 2 x) + 4 sin x + 5 sin 2 x
2. Maximum value of f ( x) = 8 = 9 − 9 sin 2 x + 4 sin x + 5 sin 2 x
b = 9 − 4 sin x + 4 sin 2 x
∴ a+ =8
3 + 2(−1) = 10 − 1 + 4 sin x − 4 sin 2 x
a + b = 8  (1)
= 10 − (1 − 4 sin x + 4 sin 2 x)
Minimum value of f ( x) = 0
= 10 − (1 − 2 sin x) 2
b
a+ =0 ∴ a = 10 and b = −2
3 + 2(1)
b
a + = 0  (2) 2
5 (b)
4 9 cos 2 x + 4 sin x + 5 sin 2 x
b=8 2
(1) − (2): 5 = (by (a))
b = 10  (3) 10 − (1 − 2 sin x) 2
Maximum value of the function
Substitute (3) into (1):
2
a + 10 = 8 =
10 − [1 − 2(−1)]2
a =−2
=2
Minimum value of the function
3. L.H.S. 2
1 + sin θ + cos θ =
=   1 
2

1 + sin θ − cos θ 10 − 1 − 2 
1 + sin θ + cos θ 1 + sin θ + cos θ   2 
= •
1 + sin θ − cos θ 1 + sin θ + cos θ 1
=
(1 + sin θ ) 2 + 2(1 + sin θ ) cos θ + cos 2 θ 5
=
(1 + sin θ ) 2 − cos 2 θ
1 + 2 sin θ + sin 2 θ + 2 cosθ + 2 sin θ cosθ + cos 2 θ
=
1 + 2 sin θ + sin 2 θ − cos 2 θ
2 + 2 sin θ + 2 cos θ + 2 sin θ cos θ
=
2 sin θ + 2 sin 2 θ
5. (a)

9
x π 
(b) cos  −  + 2 sin 2 x = 0
2 4
x π 
cos  −  = −2 sin 2 x
2 4
From the graph, there are 3 solutions for the
given equation.

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