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7.

Compound Angles
Solutions

Section A π 2π
2θ = 2nπ ± or 2nπ ± , where n is an integer
2 3
tan α + tan β = −6 π π
1. θ = nπ ± or nπ ±
4 3
tan α tan β = −3
tan α + tan β
(a) tan(α + β ) = L.H.S. = 2 cos A cos B cos( A + B) − cos 2 ( A + B )
1 − tan α tan β 3.
−6 = cos( A + B)[2 cos A cos B − cos( A + B)]
=
1 − (−3) = cos( A + B)(2 cos A cos B − cos A cos B +
3 sin A sin B)
=−
2 = cos( A + B)(cos A cos B + sin A sin B )
= cos( A + B) cos( A − B )
tan 2α + tan 2 β 1
(b) = { cos[( A + B ) + ( A − B )] +
2 tan α 2 tan β 2
= +
1 − tan α 1 − tan 2 β
2 cos[( A + B ) − ( A − B )]}
2 tan α − 2 tan α tan 2 β − 2 tan β − 2 tan β tan 2 α 1
= = (cos 2 A + cos 2 B)
1 − tan 2 α − tan 2 β + tan 2 α tan 2 β 2
2[(tan α + tan β ) − tan α tan β (tan α + tan β )] 1
= = (2 cos 2 A − 1 + 1 − 2 sin 2 B )
1 − [(tan α + tan β ) 2 − 2 tan α tan β ] + tan 2 α tan 2 β 2
2[−6 − (−3)(−6)] 1
= = (2 cos 2 A − 2 sin 2 B )
1 − [(−6) 2 − 2(−3)] + (−3) 2 2
− 48 = cos 2 A − sin 2 B
=
− 32 = R.H.S.
3
=
2 sin θ cosθ
4. (a) tan θ + cot θ = +
cosθ sin θ
1 sin 2 θ + cos 2 θ
2. cosθ cos 3θ + =0 =
2 sin θ cosθ
1 1
cos θ cos 3θ = − =
2 1
sin 2θ
1 1 2
[cos(θ + 3θ ) + cos(θ − 3θ )] = −
2 2 2
=
cos 4θ + cos 2θ = −1 sin 2θ
2 cos 2 2θ − 1 + cos 2θ = −1 sin θ cosθ
tan θ − cot θ = −
cos 2θ (2 cos 2θ + 1) = 0 cosθ sin θ
1 sin 2 θ − cos 2 θ
cos 2θ = 0 or − =
2 sin θ cosθ
− (cos2 θ − sin 2 θ )
=
1 2
sin θ
2
2 cos 2θ
=−
sin 2θ

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2 (ii) 3 cos 2θ + 4 sin 2θ = 5 cosθ
=−
sin 2θ 5 cos(2θ − α ) = 5csoθ
cos 2θ cos(2θ − α ) = cosθ
2
=− 2θ − α = 360°n ± θ
tan 2θ
2θ = 360°n + α + θ or
(b) tan x − tan 15° = cot x + cot 15° 360°n + α − θ
tan x − cot x = tan 15° + cot 15° θ = 360°n + 53.13° or
2 2 120°n + 17.71° (2 d.p.)
− = (by (a))
tan 2 x sin 30°
where n is integer.
1
tan 2 x = −
2
8
2 x ≈ 180°n + (−26.565°) (c) y =
3 cosθ + 4 sin θ + 11
x = 90°n − 13.28° (2 d.p.) where n is an 8
integer =
5 cos(θ − α ) + 11
(i) If θ can take any real values,
Section B
8 8
≤ y≤
5(1) + 11 5(−1) + 11
5. (a) 3 cosθ + 4 sin θ = r cos(θ − α )
1 4
= r cosθ cosα + r sin θ sin α ≤y≤
2 3
∴ r cosα = 3 (1)
(ii) If α ≤ θ ≤ 30° + α
r cosα = 4(2)
∴ 0 ≤ θ −α ≤ 30°
( 2) 4
: tan α = 3
(1) 3 1 ≥ cos(θ − α ) ≥
2
(1) 2 + (2) 2 :
 3
r 2 cos 2 α + r 2 sin 2 α = 25 5(1) + 11 ≥ 5 cos(θ − α ) + 11 ≥ 5  + 11
 2 
r 2 = 25  
8 8
r =5 ≤ y≤
∴ 5(1) + 11  3
5  + 11
 2 
(b) (i) 3 cosθ + 4 sin θ = 2  
1 16
5 cos(θ − α ) = 2 ≤ y≤
2 5 3 + 22
2
cos(θ − α ) =
5
θ − α ≈ 360°n ± 66.422°
θ = 360°n ± 66.422° + α
θ = 360°n + 119.55° or
360°n − 13.29° (2 d.p.)

where n is integer.

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