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# 8.

## Cartesian Coordinate System

and Straight Lines

Section A

## 1. Suppose the equation of the family of straight lines is

F : (2 + k ) x − (1 + 2k ) y + (4 + 5k ) = 0 , where k is any constant.
(a) Find the fixed point that all the straight lines in the family pass through.
(b) If L is a line in F such that it has equal intercepts on both axes, find the
equation of L.
(5 marks)

## 2. In the figure, the slope and x-intercept of L are m and 6

respectively.
(a) Express the equation of L in normal form.
(b) If the distance from (−1, 4) to the line is 8, find the two
possible values of m.

(5 marks)

## 3. In ∆ABC , A = (6, 8), B = (−1, 3) and C = (3, −3) .

(a) Find the area of ∆ABC .
(b) Find the lengths of AB and AC. (Express your answers in
surd form if necessary.)
(c) Hence find ∠BAC . Give the answer correct to 1 decimal
place.

(6 marks)

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4. Given that A = (1, 4), B = (−3, 0) and C = (5, –2). AP is an altitude of ∆ABC .

## (a) Find the equation of AP.

(b) The three altitudes of ∆ABC meet at the orthocenter. Find the coordinates
of the orthocenter of ∆ABC .
(7 marks)

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Section B

x+2
5. (a) Solve the equation = 1.
1 − 2x
(4 marks)
(b) In the figure, L1 passes through (−2, 3) with a positive slope m.
The equation of L2 is 2 x + y − 4 = 0 . The acute angle between L1 and
L2 is 45° .

## (i) Find the value of m.

(ii) Hence find the point of intersection of L1 and L2 .
(5 marks)
(c) Find the area bounded by L1 , L2 and the x-
axis.

(3 marks)

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6. Given two lines, L1 : 2 x + y − 8 = 0 and L2 : x − y − 1 = 0 . L3 is a straight line
with x-intercept = −6 and y-intercept = 8.
(a) Find the equation of L3 .
(2 marks)
(b) Write down the equation of the family of straight lines which pass through
the point of intersection of L1 and L2 .
(1 mark)
(c) Find the equation of L which passes through the point of intersection of L1 ,
L2 and is parallel to L3 .
(3 marks)
(d) Find the perpendicular distance between L and L3 .
(3 marks)
(e) Find the acute angle between L and L1 .