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I.E.S-(OBJ) 1997 1 of 15 ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING PAPER-I 1. If the energy gap
I.E.S-(OBJ) 1997
1 of 15
ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
PAPER-I
1. If the energy gap of semiconductor is 1.1
eV, then it would be
d.
Higher specific gravity compared to
iron
a. Opaque to the visible light
6. As per Curie-Weiss law, the magnetic
susceptibility of a material varies as
b. Transparent to the visible light
-2
a.
T
c. Transparent to the ultraviolet radiation
b.
1/T
d. Opaque to the infrared radiation
c.
T
2. The skin depth of copper is found to be 66
μ m at 1 MHz at a certain temperature. At
the same temperature and at 2 MHz, the
skin depth would be approximately
2
d.
T
7. When subjected to alternating electrical
stresses, an insulating material may be
characterized by a complex dielectric
a.
47 μ m
'
"
constant
∈ − j ∈ . The dielectric losses in
b.
33 μ m
r
r
such
materials
when
subjected
to
c.
92 μ m
alternating
electric
stress
will
be
d.
122 μ m
proportional to
"
3. With increasing temperature, the electrical
conductivity would
a.
r
) 1/2
(
'2
"2
b.
∈ +∈
a.
as
intrinsic semiconductors
Increase
in
metals
well
as
in
r
r
"2
c.
r
b.
Increase
in
metals
but
decrease
in
'2
"2
d.
∈ r +∈ r
intrinsic semiconductors
c.
Decrease
in
metals
but
increase
in
intrinsic semiconductors
8. Yttrium-iron garnet (Y 2 Fe 5 O 12 ) is a soft
magnetic material suitable for use in
applications involving
d.
as
intrinsic semiconductors
Decrease
in
metals
well
as
in
a. Direct current
b. Ac of 50 to 60 Hz
4. Which one of the following statements is
correct?
c. Ac of a few kHz
a. All electrostrictive materials are
piezoelectric, and all piezoelectric
materials are electrostrictive
d. Ac of a few hundred MHz
9. An air-cored inductance is a
a. Linear circuit element because
its
b. Piezoelectric materials are a subset of
electrostrictive materials
reactance varies linearly with
frequency
c. Electrostrictive materials are a subset
of piezoelectric materials
b. Linear circuit element because its
current varies linearly with voltage at
d. Piezoelectricity and electrostriction are
two totally independent properties of
materials
a
fixed frequency
5. Ferrites have
c. Non-linear circuit element in view of
the possible magnetic saturation of the
air core
a. Low copper loss
b. Low eddy current loss
d. Non-linear circuit element in view of
the equation v = l (di/dt) involving
differentiation
c. Low resistively
10. Consider the following statements:

In the case of a superconductor,

1. The magnetic flux density is zero.

2. The relative permeability is high.

3. Diamagnetism is large.

4. Transition

temperature

varies

isotopic mass.

with

Of these statements

a. 1 and 2 are correct

b. 2, 3 and 4 are correct

c. 1, 3 and 4 are correct

d. 2 and 4 are correct

11. The resistance of a metallic wire would

a. Increase

as

increases

the operating frequency

b. Decrease as the operating frequency increases

c. Remain unaffected on increasing the operating frequency

d. Initially increase up to a certain value of the operating frequency and then decrease with increase in operating frequency

12. Of the various capacitances associated with a junction transistor, the gain-band width product is affected to a maximum extent by

a. Base-collector parasitic capacitance

b. Base-collector

space

charge

layer

capacitance

c. Base-emitter

capacitance

space

charge

layer

d. Base-emitter diffusion capacitance

13. The modulation of effective base width by collector voltage is known as Early Effect. Hence reverse collector voltage

a. Increases both alpha and beta

b. Decrease both alpha and beta

c. Increases alpha but decreases beta

d. Decreases beta but increases alpha

14. The ON voltage and forward break over voltage of an SCR depend on the

a. Gate current alone

b. Band gap of the semiconductor alone

c. Gate current and the semiconductor band gap respectively

d. Semiconductor band gap and the gate current respectively

15.

16.

2 of 15

An N-channel JFET has ‘I DS whose value is

a. Maximum for V GS = 0, and maximum for V GS = negative and large

b. Minimum for V GS = 0, and maximum for V GS = negative and large

c. Maximum for V GS = 0, and minimum for V GS = positive and large

d. Minimum for V GS = 0, and maximum for V GS = positive and large

Which of the following characteristics of a silicon p-n junction diode make it suitable for use as an ideal diode?

1. It has very low saturation current.

17.

18.

19.

2. It has a high value of forward cut-in voltage

3. It can withstand large reverse voltage.

4. When compared with germanium

diodes, silicon diodes show a lower degree of temperature dependence under reverse bise conditions. Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

a. 1 and 2

b. 1,2,3 and 4

c. 2,3 and 4

d. 1 And 3

An incremental model of a solid state deceive is one which represents the

a. A property of the device at the desired operating point

b. Dc

all

property

of

the

device

at

operating points

c. Complete ac and dc behavior of the device at all operating points

d. Ac

all

property

of

the

device

at

operating points

For a bipolar junction transistor, if the current amplification factor and cut-off-

frequency in the CB mode are

cut-off

frequency in the CE mode is equal to

a.

b.

c.

d.

Consider the following statements:

f α

CB

respectively,

f α

f α

f α

CB

CB

CB

α CB

.

/

α CB

(1

α

BC

)

/ (1

α

CB

f α

CB

)

then

the

α

BC

and

The threshold voltage of a MOSFET can be lowered by

1. Using a thinner gate oxide.

2. Reducing the substrate concentration.

3. Increasing the substrate concentration.

a. 3 alone is correct

b. 1 and 2 are correct

c. 1 and 3 are correct

d. 2 alone is correct

20. Which one of the following statements regarding the two-transistor model of the p-n-p-n four layer device is correct?

a. It explains only the turn ON portion of the device characteristic

b. It explains only the turn OFF portion of the device characteristic

c. It explains only the negative region portion of the device characteristic

d. It explains all the regions of the device characteristics

21. Consider the following steps:

1. Etching

2. Exposure to uv radiation

3. Stripping

4. Developing.

After a wafer has been coated with photo resist, the correct sequence of these steps in photolithography is:

a. 2,4,3,1

b. 2,4,1,3

c. 4,2,1,3

d. 4,2,3,1

22. Consider the following statements:

When compared to metal wires, optical fibers

1. Have large bandwidth.

2. Are more immune to electromagnetic interference.

3. Are better suited for operation at high power level.

Of these statement

a. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

b. 1 and 3 are correct

c. 1 and 3 are correct

d. 2 and 3 are correct

23. The Thevenin equivalent of the network

with a

shown

in Fig.

I

is

10 V in series

3 of 15 resistance of 2Ω . If now, a resistance of 3Ω is connected across AB as shown in Fig. II, the Thevenin equivalent of the modified network across AB will be

equivalent of the modified network across AB will be a. 10 V in series with 1.2

a. 10 V in series with 1.2 Ω resistance

b. 6 V in series with 1.2 Ω resistance

c. 10 V in series with 5 Ω resistance

d. 6 V in series with 5 Ω resistance

24. A certain network consists of two ideal voltage sources and a large number of ideal resistors. The power consumed in one of the resistors is 4W when either of the two sources is active and the other is replaced by a short circuit .The power consumed by the same resistor when both the sources are simultaneously active would be

a.

Zero or 16 W

b.

4 W or 8 W

c.

Zero or 8 W

d.

8 W or 16 W

25. the circuit shown in the figure, the

In

effective resistance faced by the voltage

source is

the In effective resistance faced by the voltage source is a. 1 Ω b. 2 Ω

a. 1 Ω

b. 2 Ω

c. 3 Ω

d. 3.3 Ω

26. The graph of a network has six branches with three tree branches. The MINIMUM number of equation required for the solution of the network is

a. 2

b. 3

c. 4

d. 5

the figure. one

possible tree is formed by the branches

27. In the graph

shown in

4 of 15 4,5,6,7. Then one possible fundamental cut set is the left of port
4 of 15
4,5,6,7. Then one possible fundamental cut
set is
the left of port 2, the V T and Z T will be
respectively
Z
Z
+ Z
11
g
Z
a. 1,2,3,8
12
b.
V
=
VZ
;
=−
Z
Z
T
g
T
22
12
Z
+ Z
b. 1,2,5,6
11
g
c. 1,2,6,8
Z V
Z Z
21
g
12
21
c. V
=
;
ZZ =−
d. 1,2,3,7,8
T
T
22
Z
+
Z
ZZ
+
11
g
11
g
28.
The circuit shown in the figure is to be
scaled to an impedance level of 5k Ω and a
resonant frequency of 5M rad/s. Which
one .of the following is a correct set of
element values for the scaled circuit?
Z V
Z Z
12
g
12
21
d. V
=
;
ZZ =−
T
T
22
Z
+
Z
ZZ
+
11
g
11
g
32.
Frequency
response
of
the
function
Ts( ) = ( s + t ) / ( s + 2)
exhibits
a
maximum
phase
at
a
frequency
(in
radian/sec)
a.
0
1
b.
2
a.
2.5Ω,0.2 mH , 200 pF
c.
2
b.
5k Ω,0.2 mH , 200 μ F
d.
c.
5k Ω, 0.2 mH ,200 μ F
33.
d.
5k Ω,0.1 mH ,0.4 μ F
29.
In a parallel RLC circuit, if L = 4H, C =
0.25 F and R = 40Ω, then the value of Q at
resonance will be
In the network shown in the figure, the
switch ‘S’ is closed and a steady state is
attained. If the switch is opened at t = 0,
then the current i (t) through the inductor
will be
a. 1
b. 10
c. 20
d. 40
30.
A series RLC circuit is excited by an ac
voltage v(t) = 1 sin t. It L = 10H and C =
0.1 F, then the peak value of the voltage
across R will be
a. Cos 50 t A
b. 2A
c. 2 cos 100 t A
a. 0.707
d. 2 sin 50 t A
b. 1
34.
c. 1.414
d. Indeterminate as the value R is not
given
31.
Two two-port network shown in the figure
is characterized by the impedance
parameters Z 11 . Z 12 . Z 21 and Z 22 . for the
equivalent Thevenin’s source looking to
A series RL circuit initially relaxed. A step
voltage is applied to the circuit. If τ is the
time constant of the circuit, the voltage
across R and L will be the same at time t
equal to
a.
τ log
2
e
1
b.
τ log
e
2

a. V

T

=

11

VZ

g

;

a. V T = 11 VZ g ; T Z =− 22 Z 12
a. V T = 11 VZ g ; T Z =− 22 Z 12

T

Z

=−

22

a. V T = 11 VZ g ; T Z =− 22 Z 12
a. V T = 11 VZ g ; T Z =− 22 Z 12

Z

12

τ

1

τ

2

1

2

35.

The pole-zero pattern of a particular filter is shown in the figure. It is that of a/an

filter is shown in the figure. It is that of a/an a. Low-pass filter b. High-pass

a. Low-pass filter

b. High-pass filter

c. Band-pass filter

d. All-pass filter

 

36.

A resistance coil possesses residual self- inductance and capacitance apart from its resistance. Taking into consideration all three, the impedance across the coil is given by

 

R

 

a.

(

)

sL + R sC +

1

 

(

R sL

+

)

)

 

b.

(

sC R sL

+

+ 1

 

R

 

c.

(

s L R + sC

)

d.

sC

 

(

R

)

+ sL sC + 1

37.

The total power consumed in the circuit shown in the figure is

total power consumed in the circuit shown in the figure is a. 10 V   b.

a. 10 V

 

b. 12 V

c. 16 V

d. 20 V

38.

In the circuit shown in the figure, If I = 2, then the value of the battery voltage V will be

5 of 15

2, then the value of the battery voltage V will be 5 of 15 a. 5

a. 5 V

b. 3 V

c. 2 V

d. 1 V

39. The effective resistance between the terminals A and B in the circuit shown in the figure is:

terminals A and B in the circuit shown in the figure is: a. R b. R

a.

R

b.

R -1

c.

R/2

d.

6

11 R

40. network

The

shown

in

the

figure

represents a

network The shown in the figure represents a a. Band-pass filter b. Low-pass filter c. High-pass

a. Band-pass filter

b. Low-pass filter

c. High-pass filter

d. Band-stop filter

41. In active filter circuits, inductances are avoided mainly because they

associated with some

a. Are

always

resistance

b. Are

bulky

and

Miniaturization

unsuitable

for.

c. Are non-linear in nature

d. Saturate quickly

42. The magnitude response of a normalized Butterworth low-pass filter is

c.

1 log

e

d.

log

e

a. Liner starting with the values of unity at zero frequency and 0.707 at. the cut- off frequency

b. Non-liner all through but with values of unity at zero frequency and 0.707 at the cut-off frequency

c. Linear up to the cut-off frequency and non-linear thereafter

d. Non-linear up to the cut-off frequency

43.

and linear thereafter

The driving-point impedance function of a reactive network is:

()

Z s

(

s s

2 +

9 )

Consider

the

following

circuits

in

this

regard:

the following circuits in this regard: 44. The first second Foster forms will be as in
the following circuits in this regard: 44. The first second Foster forms will be as in
the following circuits in this regard: 44. The first second Foster forms will be as in
the following circuits in this regard: 44. The first second Foster forms will be as in

44.

The first second Foster forms will be as in figure

a. I and III respectively

b. II and IV respectively

c. I and II respectively

d. III and IV respectively

Which of the following pairs are correctly matched?

with

1.

Brune’s

realization

Realization

ideal transformer.

45.

46.

47.

6 of 15

2. Cauer realization

3. Bott-Duffin

reali

Ladder

realization.

Realization

with

non-ideal transformer.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

a. 1, 2 and 3

b. 2 and 3

c. 1 and 3

d. 1 and 2

The polynomial

Ps = s 1 s ++123s s + is

() (

)(

2

)(

)(

)

a. Hurwitz, but not strict Hurwitz

b. Not Hurwitz

c. Strict Hurwitz

d. Anti-Hurwitz

The poles and zeros of a driving-point function of a network are simple and interlace on the negative real axis with a pole closest to the origin. It can be realized

a. By an LC network

b. As an RC driving-point impedance

c. As an RC driving-point admittance

d. Only by an RLC network

Which of the following circuits would be valid for a simple circuit consisting of R and C and whose state equation is given by

dV

dt

1.

would be valid for a simple circuit consisting of R and C and whose state equation

2.

would be valid for a simple circuit consisting of R and C and whose state equation

3.

would be valid for a simple circuit consisting of R and C and whose state equation

4.

=

(

s

2

+

4

)(

s

2

+

16

)

c

2

= −

1.25

( )

V t

c

c 2 = − 1.25 ( ) V t c
c 2 = − 1.25 ( ) V t c
7 of 15 a. 2 b. 1 c. Zero d. –1 Select the correct answer
7 of 15
a. 2
b. 1
c. Zero
d. –1
Select the correct answer using the codes
given below:
50. Which of the following represent a stable
system?
1. Impulse
response
of
the
system
a. 1 and 4
decreases exponentially.
b. 1 and 2
c. 3 and 4
2. Area within the impulse response is
finite.
d. 2 and 3
48.
Which one of the following state-space
models is the correct representation of the
physical system described by the
differential equation
3. Eigen values of the system are positive
and real.
4. Roots of the characteristic equation of
the system are real and negative.
Select the correct answer using the codes
given below:
++=
6
yt
()
8
ut ?
()
2
dt
dt
a. 1 and 4
b. 1 and 3
⎡⎤ ⎡
xt
&
()
01
⎤⎡⎤ ⎡⎤
xt
()
0
1
1
u t
()
⎢⎥ & = ⎢
⎥⎢⎥ + ⎢⎥
c. 2, 3 and 4
xt
()
64 −
xt
()
8
⎣⎦ ⎣
⎦⎣⎦ ⎣⎦
2
2
a.
d. 1, 2 and 4.
()
t
x 1 ⎤
y t
()
=
[
1
0
]
x
() t
2
51. Match list-I with list-II and select the
correct answer using the codes given
below the Lists:
List I
⎡⎤ ⎡
xt
&
()
10
⎤⎡
xt
()
⎤ ⎡⎤ 0
1
1
u t
()
⎢⎥ = ⎢
⎥⎢
⎥ + ⎢⎥
A.
xt
&
()
64 −
xt
()
⎣⎦ ⎣
⎦⎣
⎦ ⎣⎦ 8
1
2
b.
x
() t
1
y t
()
=
[
1
0
]
x
() t
2
⎡⎤ ⎡
xt
&
()
01
⎤⎡⎤ ⎡⎤
xt
()
0
B.
1
1
=
u
() t
⎢⎥ ⎢
⎥⎢⎥ + ⎢⎥
xt
&
()
64 −
xt
()
8
⎣⎦ ⎣
⎦⎣⎦ ⎣⎦
2
2
c.
x
() t
() t =
[
0 1
]
1
y
x
() t
2
⎡⎤ ⎡
xt
&
()
01
⎤⎡⎤ ⎡⎤
xt
()
0
C.
1
1
=
u
() t
⎢⎥ ⎢
⎥⎢⎥ + ⎢⎥
xt
&
()
46 −
xt
()
8
⎣⎦ ⎣
⎦⎣⎦ ⎣⎦
2
2
d.
x
() t
y
() t =
[
1 0
]
1
x
() t
2
49.
The system described by the difference
equation
D.
yn()− 21yn(
−+)
yn( − 2)= xn()− xn( −1)
has y ( n ) = 0 and n < 0 . If x ( n ) = δ ( n )
then y (2) will be

d y t

2

()

d y t 2 () () dy t

()

dy t

List II 1. vt ( ) = ut ( + 1 )   2. vt

List II

1.

vt( ) = ut( +1)

 

2.

vt( ) = ut( ) 2ut( −+1)

2ut( −−2) 2ut( −+3)

3.

vt( ) = ut( −−1) ut( 3)

4.

a 0 vt( ) =−δ (

t

1)

A

B

C

D

a.

3

4

2

1

b.

3

4

1

2

c.

4

3

2

1

d.

4

3

1

2

52. Match’ List-I (Source of signal) with List- Il (Type of signal) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists:

List I

A. Output of a signal generator

B. Error signal from a synchro

C. Output of a J-K flip-flap

D. Signal received by radar

List II

1. Modulated

2. Digital

3. Analog

4. Stochastic

A

B

C

D

a. 1

3

2

4

b. 3

1

2

4

c. 3

1

4

2

d. 1

3

4

2

53. The amplitude of the first odd harmonic of the square wave shown in the figure is equal to

harmonic of the square wave shown in the figure is equal to a. b. c. d.

a.

b.

c.

d.

4V

π

2 V

3 π

V

π

0

8 of 15

54. A periodic triangular wave is shown in the figure. Its Fourier components will consist only of

in the figure. Its Fourier components will consist only of a. All cosine terms b. All

a. All cosine terms

b. All sine terms

c. Odd cosine terms

d. Odd sine terms

55. Which one of the following is. the correct Fourier transform of the unit step signal

()

u t

1

for t

0

= ⎨

 

0

for t

<

0

a. πδ ( w )

b.

c.

1

j w

1

1

56. The Fourier transform of

v

() t

= cos wt is given by

0

1

2

1

2

1

2

1

2

57. g (tG)

Fourier

transform pair, then according to the duality property of Fourier transforms

If

( f )

represents

a

(

jw + πδ w

)

d.

(

jw + πδ w

2

d. ( jw + πδ w 2 )
d. ( jw + πδ w 2 )

)

a.

Vt = δ f f

0

( )

(

a. Vt = δ f − f 0 ( ) ( )
a. Vt = δ f − f 0 ( ) ( )
a. Vt = δ f − f 0 ( ) ( )

)

b.

Vf = δ f + f

0

(

)

(

b. Vf = δ f + f 0 ( ) ( )
b. Vf = δ f + f 0 ( ) ( )
b. Vf = δ f + f 0 ( ) ( )
b. Vf = δ f + f 0 ( ) ( )

)

c.

Vf =

(

)

c. Vf = ( ) ⎡ δ f −− f δ f + f ⎤ ⎦
c. Vf = ( ) ⎡ δ f −− f δ f + f ⎤ ⎦

δ f −−f δ f + f

(

0

)(

0

)

c. Vf = ( ) ⎡ δ f −− f δ f + f ⎤ ⎦
c. Vf = ( ) ⎡ δ f −− f δ f + f ⎤ ⎦
c. Vf = ( ) ⎡ δ f −− f δ f + f ⎤ ⎦
c. Vf = ( ) ⎡ δ f −− f δ f + f ⎤ ⎦
c. Vf = ( ) ⎡ δ f −− f δ f + f ⎤ ⎦
c. Vf = ( ) ⎡ δ f −− f δ f + f ⎤ ⎦
d. Vf = ⎡δ f −+f δ f + f ⎤ ( ) ( )(
d.
Vf = ⎡δ f −+f δ f + f ⎤
(
)
(
)(
)
0
0
d. Vf = ⎡δ f −+f δ f + f ⎤ ( ) ( )( )
d. Vf = ⎡δ f −+f δ f + f ⎤ ( ) ( )( )
d. Vf = ⎡δ f −+f δ f + f ⎤ ( ) ( )( )
d. Vf = ⎡δ f −+f δ f + f ⎤ ( ) ( )( )
d. Vf = ⎡δ f −+f δ f + f ⎤ ( ) ( )( )
d. Vf = ⎡δ f −+f δ f + f ⎤ ( ) ( )( )
d. Vf = ⎡δ f −+f δ f + f ⎤ ( ) ( )( )
d. Vf = ⎡δ f −+f δ f + f ⎤ ( ) ( )( )
d. Vf = ⎡δ f −+f δ f + f ⎤ ( ) ( )( )
9 of 15 100 a. G(t) g(f) c. b. G(t) g*(f) 1 d. c. G(t)
9 of 15
100
a.
G(t)
g(f)
c.
b.
G(t)
g*(f)
1
d.
c.
G(t)
g(-f)
d.
G(t)
g* (-f)
58.
If
x (f) and its first derivative are Laplace
62. Given that F(z) and G (z) are the one-sided
Z transforms of discrete time functions f
(nT) and g (nT), the transform of
transformable and the Laplace transform
of
f
( )(
kT g nT
− kT
)
is given by
X
(t) is X(s), then
L im x f
(
)
is given by
k
= 0
t
→ 0
a.
Lim
sX s
(
)
f (
)( )
− n
a. ∑
nT g nT z
s
→∞
n = 0
b.
L im
sX s
(
)
s → 0
n
n
b. ∑
f
()
nT z
g nT z
()
X
()
s
n
=
0
n
=
0
c.
Lim
s →∞
s
− k
c. ∑
f
( )(
kT g nT kT z
)
X
() s
k =−∞
d. Lim
s
→ 0
s
− k
d. ∑
f (
nT kT g nT z
)( )
59.
If δ ( t ) denotes a unit impulse, then the
k =−∞
2
d
δ
() t
63. Match List I (
x n
[ ])
with List II
(
x z
[ ])
Laplace transform of
will be
2
dt
a.
1
and select the correct answer using the
codes given below the lists:
2
List I
b.
s
n
c.
S
A.
au n
[
]
− 2
d.
s
n −
2
B.
a
un −
[
2 ]
60.
The unit step response of a system is given
jn
n
C.
a a
2 −α
t
by (1
)()
u t
. It impulse responses is:
n
D.
na u n
[
]
−α
t
a.
e ut
( )
List II
α t
b.
α
e ut
( )
az
1.
1
α t
c.
e ut
( )
α
− j
ze
2.
α t
d.
− e ut
α
( )
− j
ze
− a
61.
Given that
z
3.
()
− 10
t
ht
= 10
e
ut
()
,
and e ( t ) = sin10tu ( t ) .
z − a
− 1
The Laplace transform of the signal
Z
4.
z
a
f
() t =
∫ 1
ht −τ e τ dτ
(
)
(
)
is given by
0
A
B
C
D
10
a.
3
2
4
1
a.
b.
2
3
4
1
(
s )
c.
3
4
2
1
10
+
10
b.
1
4
2
3
64. Which one of the following represents the
impulse response of a system defined bt

(

)(

2

s +10 s +100

( ) ( 2 s + 10 s + 100 )
( ) ( 2 s + 10 s + 100 )

)

(

s

)(

+1 s

2 +100

)

(

s

)(

+10 s

2 +100

)

(

z a

) 2

(

s

2

+ )

100

d.

10 of 15 () − Hz = z m ? d. ∈ F 0 a.
10 of 15
()
Hz
=
z
m ?
d. ∈ F
0
a.
un[ − m ]
70. Poisson’s equation for an inhomogeneous
medium is:
b.
δ [n − m ]
2
a. ∈∇ V ) =−ρ
c.
δ [m ]
b. ∇.(∈∇ V ) = −ρ
d.
δ [m − n ]
2
c. ∇ ∈ V =−ρ
(
)
65. The
autocorrelation
function
R τ
(
)
d. ∇.(∇∈ V ) =−ρ
x
satisfies
which
one
of
the
following
properties?
a. R
(
τ =− R −τ
)
(
)
x
x
b.
R
(
τ = R −τ
)
(
)
x
x
c. R
(
τ ≥ R
)
(0)
71. A 75 ohm transmission line is to be
terminated in two resistive loads R 1 and R 2
such that the standing patterns in the two
cases have the same SWR. To obtain the
desired result, the values of R 1 and R 2 (in
ohms) should be
x
x
a. 250 and 200 respectively
d.
R
(
τ ≥
)
1
x
b. 225 and 25 respectively
66. The autocorrelation function
R τ
(
)
of the
c. 100 and 150 respectively
x
signal X ( t ) = V sin wt is given by
d. 50 and 125 respectively
a. 1/ 2V
2 cos wτ
b.
V
2 cos wτ
2
2
c. V
cos wτ
72. The input impedance of a loss-less
transmission line is ‘100 ohms when
terminated in a short-circuit, and 64 ohms
when terminated in an open circuit. The
characteristic impedance of the line is
2
2
d. 2V
cos wτ
a. 80 Ω
67. An infinite
plane Z
=
10
m carries a
b. 164 Ω
uniformly distributed charge of density 2n
c. 36 Ω
C/m 2 . The electric field intensity at the
origin is
d. 64 Ω
73. One end of a loss-less transmission line of
3
b. 2
and characteristic impedance
r
c.
− a nV m
2
/
R
0 is short-circuited, and the other end is
z
R . The impedance
0
λ
68. An electric charge of 100 coulombs is
enclosed in a sphere of radius 100 m. The
electric displacement density (in
coulomb/m 2 ) D is
8
terminated in
R
0 is:
a. Zero
a. 0.0833
b. R
0
b. 0.833
c. R
0 / 2
c. 1.666
d. 10
d. Infinite
69. If an isolated conducting sphere in air has
74. quarter
For
a
transmission
line
wavelength ideal
01 characteristic
radius =
1 its capacitance will be
4π∈
0
impedance 50 ohms and load impedance
100 ohms, the input impedance will be
a. Zero
a. 25 Ω
b. 1F
b. 50 Ω
c. 4π F
c. 100 Ω

a. 0.2

a nV m

z

r

/

a. 0.2 a nV m z r /
a. 0.2 a nV m z r /

r

a nV m

z

r a nV m z / length 8 λ

/

length

8 λ

d.

36

r

π aV m

z

d. − 36 r π aV m z / terminated in
d. − 36 r π aV m z / terminated in

/

terminated

in

measured

at

away

from

the

end

11 of 15

75. For two identical antennas A and B spaced λ / 4 apart as shown in the figure, it is possible to have null radiation along the array axis on the right side of B by having an excitation arrangement such that

side of B by having an excitation arrangement such that a. The phase of current in

a. The phase of current in antenna B lags behind that of antenna A by π / 2 radians

b. Currents in the antennas are in phase

c. The phase of current in antenna A lags behind that of antenna B by it π / 2 radians

d. Current in the antennas are out of phase by π it radians

76. Consider the following statements about the maximum usable frequency for radio communication between two specified points by reflection from an ionosphere layer:

1. It is equal to the critical frequency.

2. It is more than the critical frequency.

3. It depends upon the distance between the two points.

the

4. It

ionosphere layer. Of these statements

a. 1 and 4 are correct

b. 1, 3, and 4 are correct

c. 2 and 3 are correct

d. 2, 3 and 4 are correct

77. Which one of the following statements

to the equation

depends

upon

the

height

of

DOES

NOT

pertain

r

. B = 0

?

a. are magnetic fields

b. Magnetic field is perpendicular to the electric field

no sinks and sources for

There

b.

c.

I

I

2

0

3

0

1/2

79. Which

one

of

the

following

sets

of

equations

is

independent

in

Maxwell’s

equations?

a. The two curl equations

b. The two divergence equations

c. Both the curl and divergence equations

d. The two curl equations combined with the continuity equation

80. The effective area of a transmitting antenna is one square meter, the effective area of the receiving antenna is 0.9 square meter and the wavelength is 0.03 m. If the distance between the transmitter and receiver is 100 m and the power transmitted is 100 W, then the power received will be

a. 1 W

b. 10 W

c. 30 W

d. 40 W

81. In order to radiate 100 W from a circular loop of circumference equal to 0.1λ , the current required will be

a. 10 A

b. 100 A

c. 200 A

d. 400 A

82. If u is the velocity of propagation in an unbounded medium, u p , and u g are the phase and group velocities in a guide filled with a medium, having the same permittivity as that of the unbounded

medium, then u, u p , and

a. uu = u

2

p

b. uu = u

g

2

u

g

are related as

c. Single magnetic pole. cannot exist

d. B is solenoidal

78. If a current elements of a yew small length

c. uu = u

d. (

2

p

g

)(

uu

uu

p

g

)

2

= u

and carrying a current

total average power

r into free space,

P

83. In the case of a cubic cavity resonator, the

degenerate modes would include

then

P

r

will, be proportional to

a.

TM , TE

111

011

and TE

101

d. 150 Ω

a.

I

0

I e

0

jwt

radiates a

d.

I

0

12 of 15 b. TM , TE and TE 89. 011 010 111 c. TM
12 of 15
b. TM , TE
and
TE
89.
011
010
111
c. TM , TE
and
TE
110
012
102
d. TM
' TE
and
TE
110
011
101
84.
In a. hollow rectangular waveguide, the
phase velocity
A transmitter in free space radiates a mean
power of ‘P’ Watts’ uniformly in all
directions At a distance ‘d’ sufficiently far
from the source, in order that the radiated
field is considered as plane, the electric
field ‘E’ should be related to ‘P’ and ‘d’ as
a.
Eα Pd
a. Increases with increasing frequency
P
b. Decreases with increasing frequency
b.
E
α
d
c. Is independent of frequency
c.
Eα Pd
d. Will vary with frequency depending
upon the frequency range
P
d.
85.
A hollow cubic cavity resonator has a
dominant resonant frequency of 10 GHz
The length of each side is
α
E d
r
90.
If
H
=
0.2cos(
wt = β x a
)
A/m is the
z
a. 3cm
3
b.
2 cm
magnetic field of a wave in free space,
then the average power passing through a
circle of radius 5cm in the x = 1 plane will
be approximately
a. 30 mW
c.
2 cm
b. 60 mW
3
d.
c. 120 mW
2
d. 150 mW
86.
A dominant mode waveguide, not
terminated in its characteristic
impendence, is excited with a 10 GHz
signal. If ‘d’ is the distance between two
successive minima of the standing wave in
the guide, then
91.
An attenuator drops a 10 V signal to 50mV
in an experiment. The loss in decibels is
a. – 40 dB
b. – 46 dB
c. – 55 dB.
a. D = 1.5 cm
d. – 60 dB
b. D is less then 1.5 cm
92.
c. D is greater than 1.5 cm
d. D = 3 cm
87.
In a rectangular waveguide, with a= 2b, if
the cut-off frequency for TE 20 mode is 16
GHz, then the cut-off frequency for the
TM 11 mode wilt be
A moving coil instrument has a resistance
of 10 ohms and takes 40 mA to produce
full-scale deflection. The shunt resistance
required to convert this instrument for use
as an ammeter of range 0 to 2 A is:
a. 0.1021 Ω
b. 0.2041 Ω
a. 32 GHz
c. 0.2561 Ω
b. 8 GHz
d. 0.4210 Ω
93.
c. 4
3 GHz
d. 8
5 GHz
88.
Evanescent mode attention in a waveguide
depends upon the
Which one of the following measuring
instruments would consume the LOWEST
power from the source during
measurement?
a. Permanent magnet moving coil
a. Conductivity of the dielectric filling
the waveguide
b. Electronic millimeter
c. Electrostatic instrument
b. Operating frequency
d. Moving iron instrument
c. Conductivity of the guide walls
94.
d. Standing waves in the guide
The use of thermocouple meters for ac
measurement leads to a meter scale which
is
13 of 15 a. Linear a. Greater than 100 kHz b. Square law b. Equal
13 of 15
a. Linear
a. Greater than 100 kHz
b. Square law
b. Equal to 100kHz
c. Logarithmic
c. Equal to 10 kHz
d. Exponential
d. Less than 10 kHz
95. A dynamometer type of wattmeter is
connected in an ac circuit. The power
indicated by the wattmeter is the
100. In the circuit shown in the figure, if the
voltmeter
and
the
ammeter
are
interchanged,
it
is
likely
to
result
in
damage to
a. rms power
b. Average power
c. Peak power
d. Instantaneous power
96. In terms of LMTQ system of dimensional
parameters, the dimension of ‘permittivity’
can be expressed as
3
12
2
a.
L
M TQ
a. Both the instruments
b. The ammeter
1
12
2
b.
LM TQ
c. The voltmeter
2
11
c.
L MT Q
d. Neither of these instruments
2
12
2
d.
L
M TQ
97. The D’ Arsonval meter movement can be
converted into an audio frequency ac
ammeter by adding to it a
a. Thermocouple
101. A special voltmeter can be devised which
can measure the amplitude of a signal at
two points in a circuit and simultaneously
measure the phase difference between the
voltage waveform at these two points.
Such a meter would be a
b. Rectifier
a. Phase meter
c. Chopper
b. Waveform meter
d. Transducer
c. Vector voltmeter
98. With reference to ‘random error’ in
measurement, the standard deviation σ
can be expressed, in terms of deviation of
any individual observation from the mean
of the group ‘d m ’ and the number of
observations in the group ‘n’ as
d. Digital voltmeter
102. An instrument needs an amplifier to
amplify pulses of one microsecond
duration. This amplifier must have a
bandwidth of at least
a. 10 kHz
dm
a. σ= ∑
b. 10 MHz
n
c. 1 kHz
2
d m
d. 1 MHz
b. σ= ∑
n
2
d m
c. σ=
n − 1
2
d m
d. σ=
0.6745 ∑
n − 1
99. The time base of a high frequency CRO
whose screen diameter is 10 cm is set at 10
μ sce/cm. The lowest frequency of the
signal that can be fully displayed on this
CRO for measurement and analysis with
great accuracy is
103. A diode peak reading VTVM and a
thermocouple meter are connected across
the output of an amplitude modulator
circuit. In the absence of modulation, both
the meters read 10 V. When a sinusoidal
AM is applied, the VTVM reads 15 V. The
reading of the thermocouple meter in. this
case will, be
a. 10 V
b. 12.5 V
c. 14.1 V
d. 15 V

104.

The

input impedance of a CRO is I M ohm

in parallel with 10pF. If the CRO is required to display pulse using a 10:1 attenuator, the attenuator will have to use a

a. 9 M ohm resistor

 

b. 1.11 pF capacitor

c. Parallel combination of 9 M ohm resistor and 1.11 pF capacitor

d. Series combination of 9 M ohm resistor and 1.11 pF capacitor

105.

The

dynamic characteristics of capacitive

transducers are similar to those of a

 

a. Low-pass filter

 

b. High-pass filter

c. Notch filter

 

d. Band-stop filter

 

106.

Which one of the following detectors is generally used in ac bridges for audio frequency range?

a. Ac voltmeter

 

b. CRO

c. Headphones

d. Vibration galvanometer.

 

107.

The

most

useful

transducer

for

displacement sensing with excellent sensitivity linearity and resolution is

a. An incremental encoder

 

b. An absolute encoder

 

c. A LVDT

 

d. A strain gauge

 

108.

A 24 mm long conductor has a resistance of 128 ohms if the change in resistance is 13.3 ohms and the change in length is 1.6

under tersion, the gauge factor of the conductor will be approximately

mm

a. 1.2

b. 1.6

c. 2.1

d. 2.6

109.

The

temperature coefficient of resistance

for a Hermiston is

a. Low and negative

b. Low and positive

c. High and negative

14 of 15

d.

High and positive

110. variable reluctance type tachometer has

A

150 teeth on the rotor. The counter records

13,500 pulses per second. The rotational speed is

a. 4800 rpm

b. 5400 rpm

c. 6000 rpm

d. 7200 rpm

111. A linear displacement transducer of the digital type generally used

a. Straight binary code

b. BCD

c. Gray code

d. Hexadecimal code

112. For measuring temperature below 20 K with high accuracy, the most useful instrument is

a.

An optical pyrometer

b.

A thermistor-based thermometer

c.

Ga As pn-junction diode thermometer

d.

Platinum resistance thermometer

113. low pressure of the order of 10 -6 mm of

If

Hg is to be measured, the instrument of choice would be

a.

Compound pressure gauge

b.

Thermocouple vacuum gauge

c.

Pirani gauge

d.

Ionization type vacuum gauge

114. digital displacement indicator based on

A

a

linear voltage differential transformer

(LVDT) transducer and A/D conversion used a LVDT with a sensitivity of 1 m V/mm. If the smallest displacement to be measured is 0.1mm and the maximum displacement of the LVDT core is 10 cm, then the digital display required for the instrument has to be

a. 2

digit type

b. 2

1 2 digit type

c. 3

digit type

d. 3

1 2 digit type

115. Assertion A: FM/FM radio telemetry system is suitable in situations where the data consists of a small number of channels of low frequency range.

Reason R : The restriction in the number of channels is due to the fact that the data is continuously transmitted

a. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

b. Both A and Rare true but R is NOT correct explanation of A

c. A is true but R is false

d. A is false but R is true

116. Assertion A: High power transistors are invariably made of silicon.

Reason R: Silicon is a direct band gap

semiconductor.

a. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

b. Both A and Rare true but R is NOT correct explanation of A

c. A is true but R is false

d. A is false but R is true

117. Assertion A: If a semiconductor is placed in a transverse magnetic field B, and an electric field E is applied across its other two faces, then it would produce an electric current ‘I’ in the direction perpendicular to both B and E.

Reason R: Hall coefficient is proportional

to the mobility of change carriers in the

semiconductor.

a. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

b. Both A and Rare true but R is NOT correct explanation of A

c. A is true but R is false

d. A is false but R is true

118. Assertion A: Considering two p-n-p and n-p-n transistors of identical construction as far as shape, size and doping are concerned, the n-p-n transistor will have a better frequency response.

Reason R: The electron mobility is higher than that of the hole mobility.

a. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

15 of 15

b. Both A and Rare true but R is NOT correct explanation of A

c. A is true but R is false

d. A is false but R is true

119. Assertion A: For the same voltage source connected to the series connection of coils shown in Fig. I, the current indicated in the ammeter in Fig. II will be less.

current indicated in the ammeter in Fig. II will be less. Reason R: When the coil
current indicated in the ammeter in Fig. II will be less. Reason R: When the coil

Reason R: When the coil connection is reversed, the mutual inductance direction is changed.

a. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

b. Both A and Rare true but R is NOT correct explanation of A

c. A is true but R is false

d. A is false but R is true

120. Assertion A: The total emf induced in a

circuit is equal to the time rate .of change of the total magnetic flux linking the

circuit.

Reason R: The induced current in a loop is always so directed as to produce a flux opposing the change in the flux density.

a. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

b. Both A and Rare true but R is NOT correct explanation of A

c. A is true but R is false

d. A is false but R is true

I.E.S-(OBJ) 1998 1 of 16 ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING PAPER-I 1. Let h(t) be the
I.E.S-(OBJ) 1998
1 of 16
ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
PAPER-I
1.
Let h(t) be the response of a linear system
to unit impulse δ(t). Consider the
following statements in this regard:
1
a.
H
(
s
)
=
2
s
+
4
s
+
4
1
b.
H
(
s
)
=
1. If the system is causal, h (t) = 0 for t
2
s
+
5
s
+
4
<0.
1
2. If the system is time variable, then the
response or the system to an input of δ
(t - T) is h (t - T) for all values of the
constant T.
c.
H
(
s
)
=
2
s
+
4.5
s
+
4
1
d.
H
(
s
)
=
2
s
+
5
s
+
4
3. If the system is non - dynamic, then h
(t) is of the form A δ (t), where the
constant A depends on the system.
5.
Of these statements
A periodic voltage having the Fourier
series v (t) = 1 + 4 sin ωt + 2 cos ωt volts
is applied across a one - ohm resistor. The
power dissipated in the one – ohm resistor
is
a. 1 and 2 are correct
a. 1W
b. 1 and 3 are correct
b. 11W
c. 2 and 3 are correct
c. 21W
d. 1, 2 and 3 are correct
d. 24.5W
2.
Which one of the following systems is non
linear[ y (t) output ; x (t) = input]
6.
Let F (ω) be the Fourier transform of a
function f(t) ; then F(0) is
a. yt( ) = 2 xt( −−13) xt( − 2) + xt( − 3)
a.
f
( t ) dt
b. yt() = 5 xt()
−∞
2
c. yt( ) = 21xt( −−) xt( − 2) − xt( − 4)
b.
1 f
( )
t
1
dt
−∞
d. yt( ) = 2 xt( ) + 3.6
( )
2
c.
1tf
t 1 dt
−∞
3.
Which one of the following difference
equations is non-recursive? [Y (k) = output
; u (k) = input]
d.
tf ( t ) dt
−∞
7.
a.
yk( + 2) + 2 yk( +−13) yk( ) = uk( + I )
Given that the Fourier transform of f (t) is
f( jω), which of the following pairs of
b.
yk( ++1)
yk( ) = uk( ++1)
2uk( ) + uk(
−1)
functions of time and the corresponding
Fourier transforms are correctly matched?
(
)
12
ω
1.
f t
+
2
e
F j
(
ω
)
c.
yk( ++1) yk( ) = uk( ++1) uk( ) + uk( − I )
2.
f (−0.5t )
2
Fj(−2 ω)
t
1
3.
d.
yk( ++1)
yk( ) = uk( ++1)
3uk( ) + uk(
− I )
f t dt
( )
F j
(
ω
)
+
πδ ω
(
)
−∞
j
ω
4.
Of the following transfer functions of
second order linear time invariant
systems, the under damped system is
represented by
Select the correct answer using the codes
given below:
Codes:
a.
1 and 2
2 of 16 b. 1 and 3 12. c. 2 and 3 d. 1,2 and
2 of 16
b. 1 and 3
12.
c. 2 and 3
d. 1,2 and 3
If a (n) is the response of a linear, time
invariant, discrete -time system to a unit
step input, then the response of the same
system to a unit impulse input is
8.
The impulse response of a single - pole
system would approach a non-zero
constant as t→∞ if and only if the pole is
located in the s-plane
d
a.
b.
na ( n )
a.
On the negative real axis
c. an( ) − an(
−1)
b.
At the origin
d. an(
+12) −
an( ) +−an(
1)
c.
On the positive real axis
d.
On the imaginary axis
(
)
(
1
2
13.
If
the function
Hz
=+
1
1.5
z
z
)
t
(
)
(
2
)
9.
If
x
(t)
and
dx ( t ) are
dt
Laplace
and
Hz =
z +1.5 z −1
then
2
transformable and
lim
x(t) exists, then
t →∞
a. The poles and zeros of the functions
will be the same.
lim x(t) is equal to
t →∞
b. The poles of the functions will be
identical but not zeros.
a. lim sX(S)
t →∞
b. lim
sX(S)
c. The zeros of the functions will be
identical but not the poles.
t → 0
X
( S )
d. Neither the poles. Nor the zeros of the
two functions will be identical
c. lim
t →∞
s
14.
The spectral density of a random signal is
X
( S )
given by πδ⎡ ⎣
(
ww−+δ ww+
)
(
)
d. lim
0
0
⎤ ⎦
t → 0
s
The
auto
-
correlation
function
of
the
10.
If f 1 (t) and f 2 (t) are duration - limited
signals such that
signal is
f 1 (t) ≠ 0 for 1< t < 3 = 0 elsewhere
f 2 (t) ≠ 0 for 5< t < 7 = 0 elsewhere
Then the convolution of f 1 (t) and f 2 (t) is
zero everywhere except for
c.
cos ⎡ w − w
(
)
τ ⎤
0
d.
sin ⎡
( w − w
)
τ ⎤
a. 1 < t < 7
0
b. 3 < t < 5
15.
The auto - correlation of a wide - sense
e − τ
2|
|
c. 5 < t < 21
stationary random process is given by
.The peak value of the spectral density is
d. 6 < t < 10
a. 2
11.
The impulse response of a causal, linear
time - invariant, continuous - time system
is h (t). The output y (t) of the same system
to an input x (t), where (t) = 0 for t < -2, is
b. 1
c. 1/2
e
d. e
a.
t h τ × td−τ
()
(
)
τ
16.
The covariance function,
C
(
τ ,
)
of
a
0
x
b.
t h τ
()
×
(
tdτ τ
)
stationary stochastic process, x(t), is said
to be positive definite. This means that
2
t − 2
)
h
() τ
× tdτ τ
(
a.
C
(
τ
c.
)
0 for all τ
x
2
t + 2
b.
() τ
(
)
C
(
τ
)
≥ 0
d.
h
× tdτ τ
x
−∞
0
c.
C
()exp(
τ
jdωτ
)
τ
0
x
−∞

dn

a n

(

)

a.

cos w τ

0

b.

sin w τ

0

3 of 16 d. C (0) ≥ 0 x 17. The depth of penetration or
3 of 16
d. C
(0)
≥ 0
x
17.
The depth of penetration or skin depth for
an electromagnetic field of frequency ‘f in
conductor of resistively ρ and
permeability μ is
a
a.
Inversely proportional to ρ and f and
directly proportional to μ .
a. Zero
q
b.
N
2
b.
Directly proportional to ρ and in
versely proportional to f and μ .
4
π R
2
q
c.
2 N
c.
Directly proportional to f and inversely
proportional to ρ and μ
4
π R
2
q
d.
2 N
d.
Inversely proportional to ρ and μ
and directly proportional to f
4
π R
18.
An
isolated sphere in air has a radius equal
to
1/4π ∈
0 meter, its capacitance will be
a. π F
b. 1F
22. Consider an arbitrary distribution of
conducting bodies in a charge - free space.
According to the uniqueness theorem,
which of following are required to be
specified in order that the field is uniquely
determined everywhere?
c. 4π F
1. Total charge on each conductor.
1
2. Potential at each conductor surface.
d.
F
4
π
19.
The displacement flux density at a point on
3. Potential at some of the conductors and
total charge on the remainder.
the
surface
of
a
perfect
conductor
is
r
Daa= 2 3ˆ
(
ˆ
)
C/m 2 and is pointing away
4. Total charge as well as potential
gradient on each conductor surface.
from the surface. The surface charge
density at the at point (C/m 2 ) will be
Select the correct answer using the codes
given below:
Codes:
a. 2
a. 1 and 3
b. -2
b. 2 and 4
c. 4
c. 1,2 and 3
d. -4
d. 1, 2,3and 4
20.
The torque (in N - m) acting on a circular
current loop of radius I mm, in the xy -
plane, connected at the origin and with
current 0.1
A flowing
in
the sense of
increasing φ in a magnetic field
− 5 (
B =
10
2 ˆ
a
−+
2 ˆˆ
aa
)
Wb/m 2 is:
x
y
z
23. A transmission line of characteristic
impedance Z 0 = 50 ohms, phase velocity
v p = 2×10 8 m/s, and length l = 1m is
terminated by a load Z L = (30-j40) ohms.
The input impedance of the lime for a
frequency of 100 MHz will be
− 12 (
a. −×
2
10
2 ˆ
a
2 ˆˆ
aa
+
)
a. (30 + j40) ohms
x
y
z
b. (30 – j40) ohms
− 12
b. 2
×
10
π a
(
ˆ
+
a ˆ
)
x
y
c. (50 + j40) ohms
− 12
c. 10
π
d. (50 – j40) ohms
− 12
d. − 10
π
21.
The given figure shows the surface charge
distribution of q coulombs/m 2 . What is the
force on a unit charge placed the centre of
circle?
24. A line of characteristic impedance z 0
ohms, phase velocity v p = 2×10 8 m/s and
length l = 2m is terminated by a load
impedance z L ohms. The reflection
coefficients at the input end and load end
4 of 16 Γ 28. The ratio of the directivity of an end - fire
4 of 16
Γ
28.
The ratio of the directivity of an end - fire
antenna to that of a broad - side antenna is
Γ R
a. 2
for a frequency of 50 MHz will be
b. 3
a.
1
c. 4
b.
-1
d. 5
c.
−1
29.
d.
2
In an isotropic inhomogeneous dielectric
medium, free of charges and currents, ‘the
25.
Consider a conducting cylinder along the
r
wave equation for electric field having
z-axis in a uniform field
E = xE
ˆ
as shown
harmonic time dependence of exp( jω t ) is
x
in the given figure. The P- component of
electric field strength in the region outside
the cylinder is given by (a = radius of
cylinder surface)
2
given by (
k 2
= ω μ ∈
)
:
r
r
∇∈
2
a.
∇ 2
E
++=
kE
0
r
r
r
2
b.
∇ 2
E
+∇∈ ∈ E + kE = 0
(
)
r
r
∇∈⎞
2
c.
∇ 2
E +∇
E
+
+
kE
=
0
⎝ ⎜
⎟ ⎠
r
r
r
∇∈
2
d.
∇ 2
E E
+
kE
=
0
2
a
a.
E
+ 1
E
cos
φ
= ⎜
ρ
2
x
ρ
30.
A uniform plane wave is incident from
free space (z < 0) normally on an isotropic
2
a
b.
E
+ 1
E
sin
φ
= ⎜
ρ
2
x
ρ
perfect dielectric medium (z > 0),
characterized by the permittivity matrix
(
2
2
c.
E ρ =
ρ
+
aE
)
sin
φ
400
x
[
]
=∈
090
and
μ = μ
2
0 ⎢
0
ρ 2
+ a
d.
E
E
x sin
φ
= ⎜
004 ⎥ ⎦
ρ
⎣ ⎢
2
ρ 2
a
The electric field of the incident wave is
26.
A point charge ‘q’ is situated at a distance
‘d’ from the centre of a grounded
conducting sphere of radius ‘R’ (d > R).
The value of the image charge is ‘q’ at a
distance ‘b’ from the centre. The quantities
‘q’ and ‘b’ will be respectively
= E
cos
(
ω t − β za ˆ
)
y where
E 1
0
ω = 3×10
9 π
and β = 10π . The electric
field of the transmitted wave
E
is given
1
by
2
a. – (R/d) q and R 2 /d
a.
E
( cos
ωt − β za
)
ˆ
0
x
3
b. – (R 2 /d) q and d 2 /R
2
E
c. (R/d) q and R 2 /d
b.
3
d. – (R/d)q and d 2 /R
1
27.
The intensity of radiation of a dipole
depends strongly on frequency. If, at a
frequency f, the intensity of radiation is ‘I’,
then at a frequency of f/2, the intensity will
be
c.
E
( cos
ωt − β za
)
ˆ
0
y
2
1
d.
E
cos
(
ωt − 3 β za
)
ˆ
0
y
2
31.
For transmission of ware from a dielectric
a. I/2
medium of permittivity
∈ 1 into a dielectric
b. I/4
medium of lower permittivity
(
∈ >∈
)
21
2
c. I/8
θ (relative
c
d. I/16
the critical angle of incidence
to the interface is given by

are respectively

Γ

1 and

Γ

R . The ratio

1

0

cos

( ωt

2

ˆ

β za

)

0 cos ( ω t − 2 ˆ β za ) x
0 cos ( ω t − 2 ˆ β za ) x

x

a. sin

1

b. cos

1

∈ 2 ∈ 1 ∈ 2 ∈ 1
2
1
2
1
∈ 1 2 c. tan − ∈ 1 ⎛∈ 2 ⎞ d. sin − 1
1
2
c. tan −
1
⎛∈
2 ⎞
d. sin −
1 ⎜
1 ⎠

32. For incidence from dielectric medium 1

(

1 )

on to dielectric medium

θ

p

, the

and the corresponding

(

2

2 )

Brewster angle

angle of transmission θ for

1

respectively.

a. 30° and 30°

b. 30° and 60°

c. 60° and 30°

d. 60° and 60°

1 = 3 will be

2

33. For the dominant mode, in a rectangular waveguide with breadth 10cm, the guide wavelength for a signal of 2.5 GHz will be

a. 12 cm

b. 15 cm

c. 18 cm

d. 20cm

34. The degenerate modes in a waveguide are characterized by

a. Same cut-off frequencies but different field distributions

field distributions

c. Different cut-off frequencies but same field distributions

d. Different cut-off frequencies and

different field distributions

35. For TM waves in a parallel plate waveguide, the minimum attenuation arising from imperfect conductors would occur at a frequency of ( f c is the cut-off frequency)

a. 3 f c b. 3 f c c. 2 f c
a. 3 f c
b.
3
f
c
c. 2 f
c

d.

2 f c
2 f
c

5 of 16

36. For a rectangular waveguide (a × b, a > b) to support only the TE 10 mode at wavelength λ . Which one of the following pairs of inequalities is to satisfied?

a. b < λ < 2b;

b. b < λ < 2b; λ < 2a

c. a < λ < 2a;

d. a < λ < 2a; λ < 2b

λ > 2a

λ > 2b

37. Which one of the following types of hollow cavity resonators of the same

surface area would have the highest Q factor?

a. Spherical cavity made of copper

b. Spherical cavity made of silver

c. Cylindrical cavity made of copper

d. Cylindrical cavity made of silver

38. The sinusoidal time - varying vector field

r

F =

2cos

(

ˆ

ωta30

)

x

+

2cos

(

)

ω ta−° 30 ˆ

y

a. Elliptically polarized

b. Circularly polarized

c. Linearly polarized

d. Unpolarized

39. For a uniform plane wave of frequency 10° Hz propagating in a good conductor, the field undergoes a change in phase by 2π radians over a distance of 1m. the field is attenuated by a factor of 1/e at a distance of

a.

1

2

π

π

m

c. π m

d. 2π m

40. The sum of two oppositely rotating circularly polarized, waves of equal amplitude will be

a. A circularly polarized wave

b. A linearly polarized wave

c. An elliptically polarized wave

d. An unpolarized wave

41. The ground wave gradually disappears as one moves away from the transmitter because of

b. Same

cut-off

frequencies

and

same

b.

1 m

a. Loss of line of sight conditions

b. Interference from the sky waves

c. single

Maximum

hop

distance

limitation

d. conductivity

Finite

of

the

earth’s

surface

42. The sensitivity of a voltmeter using 0 to 5 mA meter movement is

a. 50 ohm/volt

b. 100 ohm/volt

c. 200 ohm/volt

d. 500 ohm/volt

43. Two sinusoidal signals having the same amplitude and frequency are applied to tile X and Y inputs of a CRO. The observed Lissajous figure is a straight line. The phase shift between the two signals would be

a. Zero

b. 90 degrees

c. Either zero or 180 degrees

d. Either 90 degrees or 270 degrees

44. If a dynamometer type wattmeter is connected in an ac circuit, the power indicated by the wattmeter will be

a. Volt - ampere product

b. Average power

c. Peak power

d. Instantaneous power

45. DC voltage of the order a few mV can be measured accurately using a/an

a. Moving coil voltmeter

b. Null-balancing potentiometer

c. Moving iron voltmeter

d. Electrostatic voltmeter

46. On a voltage scale, zero dBM in a 600- ohm system would refer to

a. 1.732 V

b. 1.0V

c. 0. 7746 V

d. 0.5. V

47. The “accuracy’ of a measuring instrument is determined by the

a. Closeness of the value indicated by it to the correct value of the measured

b. Repeatability of the measured value

6 of 16

c. Speed with which the instrument’s reading approaches the final value

d. Least change in the value of the measured that could be detected by the instrument

48. Two resistors R 1 =36 ohm and R 2 =75 ohms, each having tolerance of ± 5% are connected in series. The value of the resultant resistance will be

a. 111±0 ohm

b. 111 ±2.778 ohm

c. l11±5.55ohm

d. 111 ±7.23

49. In the circuit shown, it is required that V 0 = V 1 the values of l, m, n are respectively. (x represents don’t care condition)

n are respectively. (x represents don’t care condition) a. 0,1,1 b. ∞ ,x, x c. x,

a. 0,1,1

b. ,x, x

c. x, ,x

d. 0,x,

50. Part of a digital phase meter is shown in

signals are

and

the figure,

( )

vt = V

R

R

sin

If

ωt

the

input

( )

Vt = V

p

p

sin

(

ωt

30

)

the reading of the meter will be

V p p sin ( ω t +° 30 ) the reading of the meter will

a. 30°

b. 330°

c. 150°

d. 210°

51. Consider the following statements in respect of the circuit shown in the given figure (assume ideal OP- AMP)

d. 210° 51. Consider the following statements in respect of the circuit shown in the given
1. The common mode input impedance is 1/2 MΩ 7 of 16 The value of
1. The common mode input impedance is
1/2 MΩ
7 of 16
The value of Z d for the bridge shown in the
figure to be balanced is
2. The differential mode input impedance
is 2 MΩ.
3. The differential mode gain is 50.
4. The common mode gain is zero.
Of these statements
a. 600
−40°
a. 1, 2, 3 and A are correct
b. 600
140°
b. 1, 2 and 3 are correct
c. 2, 3 and 4 are correct
c. 600
−140°
d. 1 and 4 are correct
d. 150
40°
52. A 3-bit weighted resistor DAC shown in
the figure has V R = 2V and R 1 /R = 2. For
an input of 100 the output will be
55.
For the ac bridge circuit shown in the
figure, at balance, the value of R d , L d and
Q d will be respectively:
a. – 2V
R
RR
ac
a.
a R
;
ω CR
b. – 4V
b
R
;
C
b
b
c
b
c. 2V
R
RR
b
ac
b.
R
;
;
ω CR
d. 4 V
b
b
R c
a C
b
53. In the given circuit, C 0 is the distributes
capacitance of the coil and C is the tuning
capacitor. If C = C 1 for the fundamental
frequency and C = C 2 for the second
harmonic, then the value of C 0 can be
expressed as
R
b
c.
R
;
RRC
;
ω CR
c
acb
bc
R
a
d.
R
b
56.
Wagner s earth devices are used in ac
bridge circuits to
a. Eliminate
the
effect
of
ear
the
capacitance
b. Eliminate
the
effect
of
inter-
component capacitances
C
− 2
C
1
2
c. Eliminate
th4
effect
of
stray
3
electrostatic fields
C
− 4
C
d. Shield the bridge elements