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HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSE

EXPANSION FROM VEDA AND VEDIC LITERATURES

The Vedas have guided ancient Civilization for thousands of years as the principles of
modern science that is the Theory of relativity and theory of gravitation guiding the
present civilization. When the question about origin and evolution of Universe rises, we
can understand the fact that the scientific version of Vedas is different from that of the
modern science. The Cosmology of Vedas is different from modern cosmologies.
Cosmology is the branch of astronomy that deals with the structure and evolution of the
universe. BY

SAIKRISHNA GAJAVELLY, MBA


(Director of Yuva Foundation)

*JAI GURU DEV*


UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF

Dr. K.V. CHARI


FOUNDER OF TAPASVI
MEDITAION&YOGA REASERCH FOUNDATION

*JAI GURU DEV*


CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE NO.
CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION TO VEDIC AND
MODEREN CREATION OF UNIVERSE ………………………..1-10
CHAPTER 2
VEDIC CREATION OF UNIVERSE THEORIES MODELS …………….…… 11-12

CHAPTER 3
BRAHMA THEORY (X) MODEL …………………………..…..………………..13-47

CHAPTER 4
VISHNU THEORY (Y) MODEL ………………………..………………...…..….48-60

CHAPTER 5
SHIVA THEORY (Z) MODEL ……………………………………………..…….61-69

CHAPTER 6
EVOLUTION OF CREATION OF UNIVERSE FROM SRI YANTRA…….......70-97

CHAPTER 7
HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSE VEDIC PRINCIPLES …………………............98-99
Every culture in the world and most religions have their own description of the creation
of the universe, from where we came, and what we should do. Unfortunately, these are
often short and generalized versions that lack details. Thus, they are often given the same
regard as myths. However, there are descriptions that give more elaborate explanations of
how the cosmic creation fully manifested, which are found in the ancient Vedic and
Vedic Literatures of India, some of the oldest spiritual writings on the planet. These
descriptions provide details and answers that other versions leave out. Furthermore, these
Vedic descriptions often agree, and sometimes disagree, with the modern scientific
theories of creation, and offer some factors that science has yet to consider. The most
fundamental aspect of the Vedic Literature, RK Veda, represents the eternal, self-referral
dynamics of consciousness knowing itself. RK Veda is the oldest book of the human
race. It might have been composed many thousand years ago. The very structure of the
sounds of RK Veda (syllables, verses, chapters, and the gaps between each syllable,
verse, etc.) is the embodiment of the eternal dynamism and silence at the basis of the
infinite organizing power of Natural Law.

When ancient Indian literature declares that this universe had come out from the first
breath of God, it’s about the first vibration of that cosmic energy, the first explosion
(MAHA VISPHOTAM) the modern Big Bang theory

The vibrations of sound are eternal, so are the Vedas. These sound vibrations never
vanish; they would remain latent in space. Suitable stimulations manifest sound energy.
Ancient Indian seers through their efforts of penance produced the necessary vibrations.
They virtually tapped these eternal sound energies after visualizing them. They
systematized the knowledge and had bequeathed the same to posterity, as Veda mantras
with each sukta (a group of mantras) revealing about each aspect of cosmic energy.
THE FOLLOWING IS A THEORY FROM RIG VEDA ABOUT THE UNIVERSE.

The rough translation for the above Vedic Passage concerning the universe as follows:

“Then was not Non- existent nor existent: there was no realm of air, no sky beyond it".
What covered in and where and what gave shelter? Was water there, unfathomed depth of
water Death was not then, nor was there ought immortal: no sign was there, the day’s and
night’s divider. That one thing breathless breathed by its own nature; apart from it was
nothing whatsoever. Darkness was there; at first concealed in darkness this all was
indiscriminate chaos. All that existed then was void and formless; by the great power of
warmth was born that unit”.

RK VEDA MEANS VEDA OF "RK," KNOWLEDGE OF "RK"

The relationship between “Rrrrrr” and “K”


displays the collapse of dynamism to a
point.

This collapse displays decreasing


dynamism; that means increasing silence
until dynamism reaches its minimum value
at “K”, which displays maximum silence

From the structure of “Rk” it is clear that


maximum value of dynamism is displayed
by “R”, and maximum value of silence is
displayed by “K”.

The structure of “Rk”, as displayed by its


sound “Rk”, stands for collapse - collapse of
dynamism from infinity to a point.
The whole universe was at concentrated

R at one point or dot (BINDU). It is the

primordial seed of creation.

After a period of germination it

undergoes an explosion (SPHOTA)

resulting in the sound (NADA) of

creation.

(MAHA VISPHOTAM)
K

Modern Big bang theory postulates that 12 to 14 billion years ago, the portion of universe
we can see today was only a few millimeters across. It has since expanded from this hot
dense state into the vast and much cooler cosmos we currently inhabit.

Big bang is exactly similar to sacred Vedic BINDU SPHOTA (MAHA VISPHOTAM).
UNIVERSE
To create anything we require knowledge of making it; to crate a pot, we should have the
knowledge of making a pot; to cook food we require the knowledge of cooking; similarly
to create this cosmos, the knowledge that the creator had applied is Veda

Vedas are not any textbooks to teach knowledge. They are not even the ethics that are
usually taught by any religious texts. Sound is given prime importance in Vedas. For this
reason, Vedas are called Shrutis ((sound) that can only be heard or uttered).

Today, modern science considers this universe to be a Big Pack of energy. Energy is
identified or recognized by its vibrations. Every vibration is accompanied by sound.
Conversely through sound, vibrations can be created. That sound repository is Veda. But
Vedas are not the man made sounds. They exist in creation as cosmic vibrations. Vedas
are called “APAURUSHEYAM” meaning that they are not created by man. They are
hymns, which were perceived or seen by seers of yore. Hence Vedic seers were called as
“MANTRA DARSHTAS”

If sound waves are the vibrations, conversely vibrations should produce sound. It means
that every vibration has sound associated with it. Albert Einstein and other modern
scientists had described this universe as an embodiment of energy. We normally
recognize energy through vibrations. It means energy is manifested through vibrations
and vibrations in turn manifest sound.

As explained earlier, Vedas are called Shrutis. Since Vedas are infinite sound vibrations,
our seers have commanded us only to utter or hear Vedas and not to write them. Seers
had given them to us for our wellbeing. Vedic hyms connect human soul with cosmic
vibrations. It is for this reason; Indians had given great importance to sound.

Indian seers had discovered the cosmic laws and secrets and have transmitted them to us
through the Vedas. Infinite are Vedic vibes. The essence of Vedas in Pranava (Sound of
creation), the OMKAR. Sri Krishna says in Geeta “PANAVAHA SARVA VEDESHU”.
Cosmos and sound originated together. The sound of the first cosmic explosion
((BIGBANG) MAHA VISPHOTAM) and the eternal sound of minutest vibration is
“OMKAR”. It is called “NADA BRAHMA” (SOUND OF BRAHMA). Omkar is the
key to unlock immense cosmic potential. OMKAR is the engine for every activity,

whether cosmic or mundane. Omkar is the sound (Oooommmm) that exists in the
past, present and the future. Omkar is not just a letter or a symbol; it is the very essence
of cosmic vibrations. It is the sound of sounds and the sound of silence.

O
O
O
O
m
m
m
m

While the creation of the universe the expansion of the universe sound is OOOOMMM
Primal Energy is also the Great OM, "The Word," or even God, if you will. Thus, when
Hindus clasp their hands together and bow towards each
Other, they are saying, in effect, "The God within me greets the God within you."
“Where the sound of Om is experienced there is no ignorance.”
“Omkar is One, the universal force”
“In Om is the creation and the dissolution of Creation”
“ Omkar is the atman, the eternal self in you. Om is indivisible.”
GAYATRI

THE HEAD
OF THE
UNIVERSE

BRAHMA VISHNU
SHIVA
THE THE
CREATOR ADMINIST THE
OF THE RATOR DESTROYER
UNIVERSE OF THE OF THE
UNIVERSE UNIVERSE

THESE 3 GODS
ARE THE
STRUCTURE
OF THIS
UNIVERSE

MATA
GAYATHRI

HEAD OF THE
UNIVERSE
EXACTLY SIMILER IN BIG BANG THEORY
(MAHA VISPHOTAM)
VEDIC SCIENCE THEORIES
ACCORDING TO VEDIC SCIENCE
UNIVERSE CAN BE EXPLAINED BY THREE THEORIES
Let us expansion of universe Bigbang (MAHA VISPHOTAM) theories we are able to
explain creation of the universe in three theories these are:

Brahma (The creator Theory)


THEORY X

Vishnu (The administrator Theory)


THEORY Y

Shiva (The destroyer Theory)


THEORY Z
The duration of the existence of the universe is countless but not unlimited. It goes on
perpetually in a cyclic motion, like the creation state, and then no-creation state. In the
no-creation state (called Maha Pralaya) the creative energies and the forces remain in an
absolutely subtle and dormant state, and in the creation state they evolve in the form of
the universe as we see it today. There was no beginning of this ‘cycle of creation and
maha pralaya.’ It is eternal.

Later the cosmos also sees one true divine principle self-projecting as the divine word,
Vaak, 'birthing' the cosmos that we know, from the monistic Hiranyagarbha or Golden
Womb. The Hiranyagarbha is alternatively viewed as Brahma, the creator who was in
turn created by BRAHMA, or as Totality Creation Knowledge (Brahman) himself.

ATMA VA IDAMEKA EVAGRA ASIT


NANYAT KINCANA MISAT SA IKSATA
LOKAN NU SRIJA ITI

(Aitareya Upanishad1.1.1)

Before creation of the universe everything was situated within the Supreme Personality of
Godhead (Brahman), everything was contained within Him, nothing was at that time
separate. The jivas (individual souls, tatastha sakti) and even the external energy Maya
was still within Him. So that Lord then willed to manifest all the worlds through me

POWER IN THE CREATION:


Brahman inspires the power maya (the cosmic power in its absolute subtle form) which
evolves itself into the form of the universe and the souls begin to reside in the universe in
living form. Thus there are three entities involved in the creation of the universe. They
are: God (Gāyatrī ), all the souls BRAHMA, VISHNU and SHIVA, and the lifeless maya.
God is almighty and absolute-life-knowledge-Bliss. He is omnipresent in His Divine
personal form and has uncountable absolute virtues. Just like, He is all-Gracious, all-
beautiful, all-loving, all-charming, all-knowing, all-kind and all-forgiving to whoever
takes refuge in Him. Maya (the cosmic power) is a lifeless miraculous energy or power.
It has three characteristics or qualities called BRAHMA, VISHNU and SHIVA that appear
in every part of its creation. Souls, in the universe, are unlimited and are infinitesimal.

Maya is lifeless, so it is also

mindless. Life and mind

complement each other. A living

being cannot be without a mind

and the mind aspect can never

exist on its own. So both stay

together, never alone or separately.


/

Here ‘life’ means the living aspect

of a being, like a toad has life not a

pebble although they may look

alike

According to Vedic cosmology 19.252 billions years ago All the three: souls along with
their karmas, maya, and kal (time), stay in Brahman in an absolutely subtle form and in
an absolutely dormant state during maha pralaya. They are activated by the will of God.
After crtain subtle phases of evolution the first thing that comes into being is the endless
empty space.
TAITTIRIYA 2.1
STEP 1

O
From OM the five elements
O was came to be, 1st space
O
O
M
M
M
M

STEP 2

From Space came AIR


(VAYU)
STEP 3

From AIR came FIRE


(AGNI)
STEP 4

From FIRE came WATER


(JAL)

STEP 5

From WATER finally came


LAND (PRUTHVI)
VEDIC EXPLANATIONS OF BRAHMAN CREATION

In Rig Veda 10.121, the Hiranyagarbha-Sūkta.129 The hymn is phrased as a riddle,


asking the question ka, or “who?” in the last foot of each line, “who is the god whom we
should worship with the oblation?” (kasmai devāya havisā vidhema). The last line of the
hymn answers the question, “O Prajāpati, lord of progeny, no one but you embraces all
these creatures” (prajāpate na tvad etāny anyo viśvā jātāni pari tā babhūva). According
to this hymn, the hiranyagarbha (usually translated “the Golden Embryo”) was born
from the waters and contained everything (āpo he yad brhatīr viśvam āyan garbhan).30
This last word, garbha, is itself a rich word with a wide range of meanings: womb,
interior, embryo, or child.31 The image of the golden embryo embodies both the male
and female aspect of procreation:

The egg is both a female image (that which is fertilized by seed and which contains the
embryo that is like the yolk) and a male image (the testicles containing seed). Thus the
range of meanings may be seen as a continuum of androgynous birth images: seed (male
egg), womb (female egg), embryo, child.

Three key factors lead to Prajāpati’s first creation: the mind (manah), desire (kāma), and
heat (tapas), each of which is illustrated in RV 10.129.3d-4b:
tapasas tan mahinājāyataikem
kāmas tad agre sam avartatādhi
manaso retah prathamam yad āsīt
That one arose through the power of heat. Desire came upon that one in the beginning;
that was the first seed of mind.
Cosmologists are agreed that the universe began with a big bang. Direct evidence comes
from the fact that the universe is still expanding today, with clusters of galaxies flying
apart from each other at immense speeds. In the 1960s, it was discovered that the entire
universe is bathed in heat radiation, which is readily explained as the fading afterglow of
the great initial explosion. The radiation has travelled through space almost undisturbed
for billions of years, so it provides a snapshot of what the universe was like in its infancy.
By scrutinising the cosmic heat radiation in detail using satellites, scientists have been
able to pin down many of the universe's vital statistics to remarkable accuracy, for
example its age, now put at 13.72bn years.

Amazingly, it is possible to fleetingly re-create in the laboratory the physical conditions


that prevailed in the early universe. This is done using giant accelerator machines,
sometimes called atom smashers, to direct subatomic particles into head-on collisions at
enormous energies. By studying the aftermath, physicists have built up an accurate
picture of how matter would have behaved as early as a billionth of a second after the big
bang.

The word used for universe in Hindu Mythology is ‘Brahmanda’. This contains two
words ‘Brahma’ and ‘Anda’. The root word for Brahma is ‘Brha’ means expanding.
Anda means egg. Thus Brahmanda means expanding egg. This clearly tells that creation
of the universe is by expansion.which is supported by the above story in Matsyapurana.

The evolution of the Universe started with Tapah. In post - Vedic period ‘Tapah’ means
performance of ‘Tapas’, in deep forests to gain immense power. The Vedic meaning of
‘Tapah’ is ‘to heat’. Because of the heat, expansion took place and evolution of Universe
started with the creation of space, energy and matter. In this process of macronisation
enormous quantity of heat is produced which is causing further expansion of the universe.

MODERN VIEW:
Modern Science tells us that the universe started infinitely hot with a big bang. It cooled
down rapidly with the expansion.
As the golden embryo is born, so too duality is created in the cosmos. Among the various
actions attributed to Brahma, or Prajāpati, he is said to support the sky and measure out
the middle space: yena dyaur ugrā prthivī ca drlh ā
yena svah stabhitam yena nākah
yo antarikse rajaso vimānah
He by whom the awesome sky and earth were made firm,
by whom the dome of the sky was propped up, and the sun,
who measured out the middle realm of space (RV 10.121.5a-c).

It is this middle space (antari-ksa) that allows for structure in the cosmos: “The created
world has for its sign the three: Heaven and Earth (dyāvā-prthivī) and the mid-space
(antariksa) are the ternary by which the structure of the outer and inner world of man is
ruled.” mid-space “establishes the middle between the contraries which makes possible
the movement of thought and the seeing of images, both ascent and descent, between the
two poles.” The absence of being and non-being mentioned in the beginning of RV
10.129 is not distinguishable. Once this separation is made, the “One” can now perceive
duality, which is the first step in the creative process.

MODERN VIEW:

The epoch before about a billionth of a second, however, remains murky territory, with
plenty of scope for disagreement. A key cosmological observation that needs explaining
is the extraordinary large-scale uniformity of the universe, as manifested in the even
distribution of heat radiation across the sky. This suggests that the big bang erupted with
the same degree of vigour in all places and in all directions, quite unlike a conventional
explosion. The favoured explanation is that the universe abruptly leapt in size by a huge
factor during the first split second, thus smoothing everything out - a process dubbed
"inflation". Following inflation, the expansion persisted, but at a diminishing rate, as the
gravitational pull of all the cosmic material served as a brake. The inflationary theory
makes definite predictions about the geometry and rate of expansion of the universe,
predictions that seem to accord well with observations.

The universe is not, however, completely smooth, or we would not be here to observe it.
The cosmic heat radiation betrays tiny variations in temperature, reflecting slight
irregularities in the density of the primordial gases. The over-dense regions eventually
developed into the clusters of galaxies we see today. Nobody knows what caused these
irregularities, but they could be due to the effects of quantum physics operating during
the period of inflation. It is a remarkable thought that the structure of the universe on a
scale of hundreds of millions of light years could well be a manifestation of minute
quantum fluctuations, enormously distended and writ large in the sky.

hiranyagarbhah || samavartatāgre
bhūtasya jātah || patireka āsīt
In the beginning the Golden Embryo arose.
Once he was born, he was the one lord of creation (RV 121.1a-b).
eka id rājā || jagato babhūva
He became the one king of the world (RV 121.3b).
yasyeme || himavanto mahitvā
He who owns the snowy mountains (RV 121.4a).
yasyemāh || pradiśo yasya bāhū
Who has the quarters of the sky as his two arms (RV 121.4c).
prajāpate || na tvad etāny anyo
Prajāpati, no one but you… (RV 121.10a).
sa dādhāra prthivīm dyām utemām
He held in place the earth and this sky (RV 10.121.1).
yena dyaur ugrā prthivī ca drlh ā
He by whom the awesome sky and the earth were made firm (RV 10.121.5).

CAKRANASAH PARINAHAM PRTHIVYA


(RV VEDA 1.33.8)
It says “people who reside on the surface of the Earth’s circumference”

MADHYE SAMANTANDASYA BHUGOLO VYOMNI TISTHATI


(12th CH-32 sloka)
“In the midst of universe (BRAHMAANDA), the spherical earth stands firm in the
space”
Not only does Prajāpati (BRAHMAN) self-procreate in order to populate the cosmos, but
his own body becomes part of the cosmic system through sacrifice. Other Vedic texts
describe how the various body parts of the god compose the universe in the macrocosm,
and the sacrificial altar in the microcosm.42 This is reminiscent of the Vedic Purus a, or
the “Cosmic Man,” worshipped in Rig Veda 10.90, the Purusa-Sūkta. The opening of that
hymn describes this primordial man:
saharaśīrsa purusah
sahasrāksah sahasrapāt
sa būmim viśvato vrtvā
aty atisthad daśāngulam
The Man has a thousand heads,
a thousand eyes, a thousand feet.
He pervaded the earth on all sides and
extended beyond it as far as ten fingers (RV 10.90.1)

Prajāpati is described in the same way in Rig Veda 10.121 as he “who has the quarters of
the sky as his two arms.” (yastemāh pradiśo yasya bāhū). This line can be interpreted as
being a direct reference to Purus a, and this is the understanding in the
ŚatapathBrāhmana, in which the “vital airs” composed Purus a, who is said to become
Prajāpati and also Agni. The dismemberment of the primordial god continues the process
of disintegration that began with the birth of the Hiran yagarbha.
The most important position in the foot is the beginning, the second being the end: “The
pāda [foot] beginning is the strongest position not only for rhythmic but also for phonetic
hints at the name of the deity being praised.

RV 10.121.Out of twenty-five feet, twenty begin with a reference to the god, two end
with a reference, and there are eleven other references throughout. These include the one
name, Prajāpati, two references to the embryo (garbhah), four references to “the One”
(ekah) one personal pronoun (sah), twenty-one relative pronouns grouped by case (yah,
yasya, yena, yam), eight interrogative pronouns (all in the repeated foot, kasmai devāya
havisa vidhema, at the end of each verse), seven forms of the verb jan, and two forms of
patih.

It is obvious from examining the hymn that these thematic references also function as
phonetic features. They create rhymes and repetitions in almost every line. For example,
the first three feet of the second verse all have yasya in the same position, not only
thematically, but also metrically and syntactically:
ya ātmadā baladā yasya viśvā
upāsate praśisam yasya devāh
yasya chāyāmrtam yasya mrtyuh
who gives life, who gives strength,
whose command all the gods, his own, obey;
his shadow is immortality—and death (RV 10.121.2a-c).
Again, in the first three feet of verse four, yasya is at the beginning of each foot:
yasyeme himavanto mahitvā
yasya samudram rasayā sahāhuh
yasyemāh pradiśo yasya bāhū
He who through his power owns these snowy mountains,
and the ocean together with the river Rasā, they say;
In the second and third foot of verse nine, yah and jajāna frame the foot:
yo vā divam satyadharmā jajāna
yaś cāpaś candrā brhatīr jajāna
He who fathered the earth and created the sky, whose laws are true,
who created the high, shining waters (RV 10.121.9b-c).

IMMEDIATELY
MOUNTAINS OWNS UP

IMMEDIATELY RIVERS
STARTED RUNNING

Who has the quarters of the sky as his two arms (RV 10.121.4a-c).

EARTH BELOW IS SKY


IS OVER HIS HEAD

OCEANS AND ISLANDS AND SUN MOON AND DESERTS SAND


SEAS WATER SHEDS STAND UP FROM AIR
sa imamllokan-asrijata
ambho maricirmaramapah
ado-ambhah parena divam
dyauh pratistha-anttariksam maricayah
prithivi maro ya adhastatta apah
Aietharey Upanishad 1.2
He created all the worlds - Ambahas (Tapah, Janah, Mahah and Svarga lokas - upper
planets), Maricayah (the middle planets in the region of the sun, moon, stars which we in
the middle earth planet can see. Mara refers to the earth, the planet where sh ort life spans
are normal) and Apah (the seven lower planets - Atala, Vitala, Sutala, Talatala, Rasatala,
Mahatala & Patala).

The most important concept of the Vedas is the triparticle division of the Universe into
Prthivi (earth), Antariks’a (inter phase) and Dyau (heaven). Each of them is called a
‘Loka’.

Thus the Universe is ‘Triloka’. Prthivi means broad and extended, Antariks’a means
existing between, Dyau means bright. The S’atapatha Brahmana 7.1.2.23 says :

‘‘These lokas were together in the beginning, Earth and heaven then separated and the
space between them becomes Antariks’a’’.

Tittiriya upanisad. 1.3.1. says :


‘‘Antariks’a is the junction of Prthivi and Dyau ’’. The most sacred Gayatri mantra is Om
Bhur Bhuvah Swah This clearly mentioned the three lokas.

These lokas were formed not because the universe was divided into three, but because it
was divided into two with an interphase. Scientists are divided on this. Gibbs considers
the interphase as an imaginary plane dividing the two phases. Guggenheim considers the
interphase to be a separate phase and assigns all the properties to an inter phase that a
phase can have.
3rd WORLD or LOKA
“Plane of God” and the
Gods, also called Kâranaloka,
the “causal plane”

SECOND WORLD
Antarloka,
The subtle, or astral, plane

1st BHËLOKA, “Earth plane,”


mûlâdhâra chakra

SECOND WORLD
Antarloka’s
Netherworld:
NARAKA

NARAKALOKA (7 hellish planes of lower consciousness):


1) Put (atala chakra), -2) Avîchi (vitala chakra), -3) Saµhâta (sutala
chakra), -4) Tâmisra (talâtala chakra), -5) Âijîsha (rasâtala chakra),
-6) Ku∂mala (mahâtala chakra), -7) Kâkola (pâtâla chakra)
“PANCA MAHABHUTAMAYASYTRARAGANA PANJARE MAHILGOLAH”
“Pancha Sidhanthika 13Ch-sloka)”
The “spherical” Earth that is made up of Pancha Bhuta (Five elements) is hanging in the
space, studded by twinkling stars like an iron ball hanging in a cage.

EXACTLY IN MODERN VIEW


“The qualities of Truthfulness, confidence, and hard work (Tapas), combined with belief
in Universal Order (Rta), God (Brahma), prayer and charity uphold the Earth. May this
Earth, the product of our past, present and future, provide wide opportunities for us.”
(Atharva veda 12.1)

Brahma Create This Navagrahas by his TAPAS (Tapas), combined with belief in Universal Order
(Rta), Pictures - Images of the Nine Planets. Nava Grahas are the nine planets which are having
an influence in human beings. Navagrahas are Lord Surya, Chandra, Kuja (Mangal), Budha, Guru
(Brihaspati), Sukhra, Sani, Rahu and Ketu.
“The earth that has heights, and slopes, and great plains, that supports the plants of
manifold virtue, free from the pressure that comes from the midst of men, she shall
spread out for us, and fit. herself for us!”

“The earth upon which the sea, and the rivers and the waters, upon which food and the
tribes of men have
arisen, upon which this breathing, moving life exists, shall afford us precedence in
drinking”

(Atharva veda 12.2 and 3.)


Then gravity began to predominate and the basic structure of uncountable galaxies and
their clusters (as scientists know) were gradually formed. The ‘already existing motion’
in the space now made it looks like the galaxies were moving away from each other. The
speed of this motion of the space varied in different areas of this visible universe but with
a perfectly controlled synchronization.

All the things in this world moving and working orderly with the pleasure of
Brahma by his Tapas
TO PROVE HIS (BRAHMAN) EXISTENCE, HE STARTED CREATING
OF JEEVA ANIMALS IN THIS WORLD
tamabhyatapat tasyabhitaptasya mukham
nirabhidyata yathandam mukhadyak
vaco 'gnih nasike nirabhidyetam nasikabhyam
pranah pranad-vayug aksini nirabhidyetam
aksibhyam caksiscaksisa adityah
karnau nirabhidyetam karnabhyam srotam
srotrad disah tvag nirabhidyata tvaco lomanyo
lomabhya osadhivanaspatayah hrdayam
nirabhidyata hrdayanmano manasascascacanddramah
nabhirnabhidyata nabhya apanah apananmrtyah
sisnam nirabhidyata sisnad retah retasa apah
Aietharey Upanishad 1.1.4
The Lord deeply thought upon the form of Hiranyagarbha Purusha, as He thought in this
way there burst forth from that golden egg a mouth. From that mouth came speech, from
speech it's guardian deity, Agni, came. Then came two nostrils and with them came prana
- breath and it's guardian Vayu. Two eyes next came with their guardians, the sun. Then
two ears along with hearing, and it's subtle guardian of the ether. Next came skin, the
hairs of that skin being herbs and trees. B-boom, b-boom came the pounding of the heart,
from the heart came the mind, and the mind's guardian deity, the moon. The navel and the
out-going breath next came with it's guardian deity - death. The generative organ
appeared, and from this organ semen came forth along with it's guardian deity, the water
based god, Prajapati.

1ST JEEVA ANIMAL BORN IN WATER

ta eta devatah srista asmin


mahatyarnave prapatamstama-sanaya
pipasabhyam anvavarjjat
ta enamabruvannayatanam nah prajanihi
yasmin pratisthita annamadameti Aietharey Upanishad 1.2.1

Being created by the Lord, these guardian deities fell head first into the ocean of birth and
death full of sufferings. Now the Lord subjected that Hiranyagarbha Purusha to hunger
and thirst. The guardian deities then approached the Lord saying, "O creator, please give
us an abode where we can reside and eat food."
devemani ca panca mahabhutani prithivi vayurakasa
apo-joytim-shityetanimani ca ksudramisraniva bijani
itaranmi cetarani ca andajani ca jarujani
ca svedajanicodbhijjani ca asva gavah pusu
sa hastino yadkincedam prani jangamanca patatrica
yaccha sthavaram

those born form an egg and those born from a womb, those born from sweat and those
born of a sprout, of horses, cows, men, elephants, those that walk and those that fly, all
moving and non-moving beings.

1.2.2

The 1st animal Born in


Water, that have mixed
modules from that came
other animals
“From Brahman to all these creatures large and small that move that
move upon the earth and fly above”
LET US STARTED CREATING OF HUMAN BEINGS
AIETHAREY UPANISHAD
1.2.3

tabhyah purusamanayat ta abravan asukrtam vateti


puruso vava sukrta to abravit yathayatanam pravisateti

The Lord then led up a human being before them to which they said, "O well done. This
form is just right for us to be established." The Lord then told them to enter into that body
and take up their respective places of residence.

1.2.4

agnirvag bhutva mukham pravisat


vayuh prano bhutva nasike pravisat
adityascaksurbhutva aksini pravisad
disah srotram bhutva jarnau
pravisan ausadhivanaspatayo-lomani
bhutva tvadham pravisan chandrama
mano bhurva hrdayam pravisad
mrtyarapano bhutva nabhim pravisad
apo reto bhutva sisnam pravisan

The fire-god, Agni, representing speech, then entered the mouth. Vayu, the life giving
breath then entered the nostrils. The bright sun god Surya representing sight, entered the
eyes. The Dik-devatas, the prajapatis from all directions representing hearing, entered the
ears. The deities of herbs and trees as haris entered the skin. The moon-god Candra, lord
of the mind, entered the heart. The god of death, Yama, entered into the navel
representing out-going breath. Varuna Ojas, the water god representing semen entered the
generative organ.

1.2.5

tamasanaya-pipase abrutatmavabhyamabhi-prajanihiti
sa te abravidetassveva vam
devatasvabhajamyetasu bhaginyau karomiti
tasmad yasyai kasyai ca devatayai havir-grihyate
bhaginyavevesyamasanaya-pipase bhavatah
Now hunger and thirst personified prayed to the Lord, "Where can we reside, please find
a place for us." The Lord then said, "You shall be shared among all of these
aforementioned deities, in this way whichever respective deity receives an offering,
hunger and thirst can partake of it.

1.3.1

sa iksateme nu lokasca lokapalasca,


annamebhyah sriji iti

The Lord, Supreme Creator of all, then though, Now I have created the universe and the
demigods (guardian deities), let Me now create food for them.

1.3.2

so 'po 'bhyatapat tabhyoabhitaptabhyo


murtirajayata ya vai sa
murtirajayatannam vai tad

Contemplating for some time, looking at the waters, then up from the waters came a
form. Indeed, that form that was produced from the waters was to be food.

1.3.3

tadenad sristam parag-tyajighamsat


tadvaca ajighriksat
tan-nasaknodvaca grihitum sa
yad-hainad-vacagrihai-shyad-abhivyahritya
haivannamatrapsyat

Having been created, it tried to run away. Speech tried to capture it, but was not able to
grasp it. If speech had of grasped it then just by the utterance of food one would be
satisfied.
1.3.4

tadprabebajighriksat
tannasaknot pranena gribitum sa yadhainat
pranenagrahaisyadabhipranya haivannam trapsyat

The human form then tried to capture 'it's food' by breath, but he was not able to grasp it
by breath, for if he had of grasped it be breath alone, then merely by the scent of food one
would be satisfied.

1.3.5-1.3.9

tac caksusta ajighriksat tan nasaknoccaksusa grihitum


sa yad hainaccaksisagrahaisyad dristva
haivannamatra psipat
tad-shortrenagighriksat tannasaknoc-cotreba grihitum sa
yad-hainah-srotrenagrahaisyaca-srutva haivannamatrapsyat tatvaca-ajighriksat
tannasaknot tvaca grihitum sa yad-hainat tvaca grahaisyat
spristva haivann-amatrapsyat tanmnasa-ajighriksat
tannasaknot-manasa grihitum sa yad-hainanmanasagrahaisyat
tannasanotsisnena grihitum sa yad-hainat-sisnenagrahaisyad
visrijya haivannamatrapsyat

The being then tried to grasp it with his sight but couldn't. If he had then just by the sight
of food one would have been satisfied. The being then tried to grasp his food with
hearing, but he was not able to do so. If he had then simply by hearing food one would
have been satisfied. The being then tried to grasp the food with it's skin but could not. If
he had then simply by touching food one would be satisfied. The being then tried to grasp
the food with the min but was unable to do so. If he had of then just by thinking of food
one would be satisfied. The being then tried to grasp the food with it's generative organ,
prodding it, but could not grasp it. If this were possible then just by discharge or emission
of food one would have been satisfied.

1.3.10

tadapanenajighrisat tadavayat
saiso 'nnasya graho yadvayuannayurva
esa yadvayuh

Then the being sought to grasp the food by the apana - digestive breath. Taking the food
through the mouth with the help of the digestive air, and taking the food down to the
stomach, the food was consumed. Proving that it is the digestive air (apana) that
consumes food; and so the apana is the principle cause in sustaining one's life by the
intake of food.

1.3.11

sa iksata katham nvidam madrite syadutu


sa iksata katarena prapadya iti
sa iksata yadi vacabhivyahritam
yadi pranenabhipranitam
yadi caksisa dristam
yadi srotrena srntam,
yadi tvaca spristam
yadi manasa dhyatam
yady apanenabhyapanitam
yadi sisnena visristamatha ko 'ham iti

The Lord then thought to Himself, "How can this being live without Me?" Again He
thought, "Through what shall I enter into this gross body?" Again the Lord thought to
Himself, "If speech talk, if nostrils breaths, if the eyes see, if the ears hear, if the skin
feels, if the mind thinks, if the apana vayu digests, and if the generative organ emits, then
what am I?"
1.3.12

sa etam eva simanam vidaryaitaya


dvara prapadyata saisa vidritirnam
dvastadetannandanam tasya traya
avasathastrayah svapnah
ayamavasatho 'yamavasatho 'yamavasatheti

So then the Lord opened the Brahma Randhra in the skull and entered into that opening.
This opening is known as vidriti; the place of bliss or delight (nandana). For the Lord
there are three palces which are dwelling places within that of waking, dreaming, and
deep sleep, deluded in all those three covered states.

1.3.13

sa jato bhutany abhivyai-ksat kimihanyam vavadisaditi,


sa etam eva purusam brahma tatamamapasya-didamadarsam iti

Thus having manifest Himself within the body of a being, the Lord then made the jiva
soul active and naturally the body and senses became conscious of their respective
objects. The tiny jiva soul (individual soul) in bondage being puffed up by false ego acted
himself as the Lord of the body, the Lord in the form of Paramatma (supersoul or
witness) who is actually Lord of the body, saw the tiny soul bewildered thinking himself
as being independent from the Lord. There are however some aware souls who on
realization of the Supersoul exclaim that there is another who is superior, all pervading,
Brahman I see him now.

1.3.14

tasmadidandro-nama idandro ha vai nama


tamidandram santam-indra ityacaksate paroksena
paroksapriyaiva hi devah paroksapriya iva hi devah

Knowing Him indirectly some call Him Indra (He who is beyond the range of the senses -
idam drah). Yes, surely His name is Indra, for those wise devotees cryptically call Him
Indra for they are fond of such cryptic puzzles.
2.1.1

puruse ha va ayamadito garbho bhavati


yadetadretah tad etad sarvebhyo '...gebhyastejah
sambhutamatmanyevatmanam vibharti
tad yada striyam sinchati-athaitadjanayati
tadasya prathamam janma

In this being, the individual soul (jiva) first enters repeated births in the form of an
embryo. The individual soul left his previous situation with desires to fulfill in this world,
and now through the semen of the male, is injected into a womb of a woman during her
flowering period (ovulation). This is one's first birth.

2.1.2

tat striya atmabhuyam gacchati


yatha svamangam tatha
tasmadenam na hinasti
sasyaitamatmanamatra gatam bhavayati

The embryo grows in the womb of the woman and she looks after it just as she does one
of her very own limbs. She carefully nourishes this embryo that she has received from her
husband.

2.1.3

sa bhavayitri bhavayitavya bhavati


tam stri garbham vibharti
so 'gra eva kumaram janmano 'gre adhibhavayati
sa yat kumaram janmano 'gre 'dhibhavayaryarmanameva
tad bhavayatyesam lokanam santatya
evam santata hime lokastadasya dvitiyam janma

The wife, being the caretaker of her husband's embryo, is naturally nourished and cared
for by the husband. The wife bears the child in her womb and the husband bestows
cherishing care on the child in the womb and after birth. While the father nourishes the
child from birth onwards, he also looks after his own well-being, for the continuaation of
the growing progeny. In this way progeny is continued on the earth. After some time the
son gets his sacred thread. This is one's second birth.

2.1.4

so 'syayamatma punyebhyah karmabhyah pratidhiyate


athasyayamitara atma krtakrtyah
vayogatah praiti sa itah prayanneva punarjayate
tadasya tritiyam janma

Now the son, whose prototype is the father, is commissioned by the father to perform the
samskara ceremonies and spiritual activities in the absence of the father. After this the
worthy son (putra) has accomplished his father's rites, the father having attained old age,
the father passes away and is born again. This is one's third birth.

2.1.5

taduktamrisninah-garbhe nu sannanvesa
mavedamaham devanam janimani visva
satam ma pura ayasiraraksannadhah
syeno javasa niradiyamiti
garbha eva etat-shayano vamadeva-evamvuvaca

In regard to this, it is stated by a great seer: "While I was confined in my mother's womb
I knew well all the many births I had taken. A hundred iron citadels confined me. But
somehow by the causeless mercy of the Supreme Lord, I again came in contact with my
spiritual master that I had previously had in another birth. And now with the swiftness of
a hawk, I flew forth" - Thus Rsi Vamadeva declared even while lying in the womb of his
mother.
2.1.6

sa evam vidvanasmah sarira-bhedadurdhvam


utcramya-musmin svarge loke sarvan
kamanaptva-amrtahsamabhavat samabhavat

Realizing his predicament Rishi Vamadeva gave up all further materialistic desires,
desiring only the lotus feet of the Lord. When finally his present body's dissolution came,
he attained to the Vaikunthas, the abode of transcendental bliss, and resumed his normal
eternal constitutional blissful body free from three fold sufferings of this world.

3.1.1

ko 'yamatmeti vayamupasmahe
katarah satma yena va rupam pasyati
yena ca sabdam srinoti
yena va gandhanajighrati
yena va vacam vyakaroti
yena va svadu casvaduca vijanati

Who is that Lord whom we worship? Out of the two souls residing in the body, who is
that witness who is worshipped by us? The tiny jiva soul observes to see if he is the same
as that Lord by seeing Whom one sees, by Whom one hears or by Whom one smells or
talks about. Or by how one discriminates between the bitter and the sweet. Are we one?

3.1.2

yadetaddhrdayam manascaited sanjnanam vijnanam


prajnanam medha dristirdhritirmatirmanisa
jutih smritih samkalpah craturasuh kamo vasa iti
sarvanyevaitani prajnanasya namadheyani bhavanti

So we see that which is the heart and mind cannot also be the soul, perception,
discrimination, intelligence, wisdom, insight, steadfastness, thought, thoughtfulness,
impulse, memory, conception, purpose, life, desire, and control - all these are attributes of
the entity within the body whose nature is Brahman, but they are not He, nor He, they.
Brahma created this creature to all forms beads, birds flying, human beings and man kind
speaking, hearing and all powers are the stored upon them and my orders.
The essence of all being is consciousness, consciousness is brought.

“THE 1ST PLACED WAS GRANTED TO MAN KIND IN MY KNOWLEDGE IS


PLACE IN HIS MIND. MAN WAS ANIMAL UNTIL DIVINE KNOWLEDGE IS
PLACED IN HIS MIND”
3.1.3

esa brahmaisa indra esa prajapatirete


sarve devemani ca panca mahabhutani prithivi vayurakasa
apo-joytim-shityetanimani ca ksudramisraniva bijani
itaranmi cetarani ca andajani ca jarujani
ca svedajanicodbhijjani ca asva gavah pusu
sa hastino yadkincedam prani jangamanca patatrica
yaccha sthavaram sarvam tat prajnanetram prajnane
pratisthitam prajnanetro lokah
prajna pratistha prajnanam brahma

He who is the underlying unseen, the Lord of hosts of demigods


and humans alike. Who has put into motion the five great
elements, earth, water, fire, air and ether, mixed with the modes of
nature, each and every living entity down to the smallest organism,
those born form an egg and those born from a womb, those born
from sweat and those born of a sprout, of horses, cows, men,
elephants, those that walk and those that fly, all moving and non-
moving beings. Know that the omniscient Personality of Godhead
Who is the source of the impersonal Brahma has manifest all these
different animate and inanimate objects through His power of
Brahman. For the Lord is the source of the spiritual and material
worlds everything eminates from Him, knowing this one can go to
Him. Let us faith fully serving and lovely lovely lovely.
Its cycle run from our ordinary day and night to day and night of the BRAHMA. 8.64
billio years long, longer than the age of the earth or the sun and about half the time since
the “BIG BANG”

The age of the universe according to Vedic cosmology is 19.252 billion years.

The present sub cycle started 3.893 millions years age a figure amazing close to the
moderen estimating.

Latest reserch claims the oldest meteorites to be about 4.56 billion years old. Vedic
BRAHMA creation, cosmology claims that a Maha Yuga is 4.32 billions years .

Brahma creates each world cycle is subdivided into four YUGAS or world ages, Krita,
Treta, Dwapara and Kali.
1.SATYA YUGA: (Krita Yuga) : 1,728,000 Human years

(ALREADY PAST)

2.TRETA YUGA: 1,296728,000 Human years.

(ALREADY PAST)

3.DWAPA RA YUGA: 864,000 Human years.

(ALREADY PAST)

4.KALI YUGA: 432,000 Human years.

(5,111 Human Yers have passed 426,890 years remained )

KALI YUGA started in 3,102 B.C: current Year 2009


correspondings to Kaliyuga year 5,111

Brahma’s Life is divided by one thousend cycles (MAHA


YUGA or the GREAT YEAR).

Mahayuga, during which life including the human race


appears and than disappears, has 71 divisions each made or
14 manvantara (1000 years).

Each maha Yuga lasts for 4,320,000 years.


CYCLES OF TIME

The life span of Brahma is 120 divine years (MAHA KALPAMU). Everyday, Brahma
creates 14 Manus one after the other, who in turn create and regulate the world. Thus,
there are fourteen generations of Manu in one day (KALPAMU) of Brahma.

Each manu’s life (Manuvantaramu) consists of 71 quartets of eras. Each quartet is


composed of four eras: Krita, Trata, Dwapara and Kali.

When Manu perishes at the end of his life, Brahma creates the next manu and the cycle
continues until all fourteen manus and the universe perish by the end of the day of
Brahman.
UNIVERSE LIFE CYCLE
TRETHA
Dwapara YUGA
Maturity Yuga

KRETHA
YUGA DWAPARA
YUGA

Growth Tretha Yuga


KALI
YUGA
Decline
KaliYuga

Introduction
Kretha Yuga
Before the world, before the sky, before space, there was nothing but ocean: a flat, rolling
lake that lapped the edges of emptiness and the void beyond. Floating on the water was a
giant water-snake: Ananta, Serpent-King. In his coils, eyes closed, undisturbed, lay the Lord
Vishnu. God, asleep. Water, snake, god: nothing moved. Stillness . . . perfection....

Then in the deepest recesses of the world, a sound began. A slow gathering, a humming, a
throbbing. It grew and pulsed and filled the emptiness: a power, an urge, a throbbing itch of
energy.

It billowed and gathered into a single echoing syllable, folding in on itself endlessly,
endlessly,
like a beating heart: OM . . . OM ... OM ...
Lord Vishnu opened his eyes. It was time. The world was ready to be born. He looked out
over the calm waters. In that moment, a lotus flower took shape before him. In it sat Brahma
the Creator,

The Lord Vishnu's servant. He bowed his head, and waited to hear Lord Vishnu's will.

'It is time, Brahma. Time for the world. Time to begin your work. In that single lotus
flower is all you need. Create a world that will live forever, till I declare the end of
time itself. Begin.'

As he spoke, a huge wind gathered. The ocean cowered. The Serpent-King, and Lord Vishnu
with him, disappeared from sight. Alone, Brahma's lotus-boat tossed in the churning sea.

Brahma raised his arms, and the wind died. The sea fell back and was calm again. He stood
up, and with a sweep of his arms divided the lotus into three parts. The first part was heaven,
the next earth and the next sky. In a single moment, the world had begun. Brahma clothed
the new earth with plants: grass, trees, flowers, vegetables and fruit. To them he
gave the sense of touch. Then he created animals and insects - large and small, in land, sea
and air, some with fur, some with feathers, some with shells, some with scales; large and
small, fierce and timid, fast and slow. To them, as well as the sense of touch, he gave sight,
smell, hearing - and above all, the power of movement.

At once the world filled with flurry and bustle. With crashing of branches, clatter of hooves,
swishing and swooping, flailing and flapping, the new creatures set off to find homes.
Trumpeting, braying, whistling, chattering, squealing, they ran and wriggled and hopped and
flew into every corner of creation.

The Rigveda says: Vishnu can travel in three strides. The first stride is the Earth. The
second stride is the visible sky. The third stride cannot be seen by men and is the heaven
where the gods and the righteous dead live. (This feature of three strides also appears in
the story of his avatar Vamana called Trivikrama.) The Sanskrit for "to stride" is the root
kram; its reduplicated perfect tense is chakram (guņa grade) or chakra (zero-grade), and
in the Rigveda he is called by epithets such as vi-chakra-māņas = "he who has made 3
strides". The Sanskrit word chakra also means "wheel". That may have suggested the
idea of Vishnu carrying a chakra

According to S'atapatha Brahmana, The Supreme Soul, The self-existent Lord Created
the waters and deposited in them a seed, which became golden egg in which He himself
was born as Brahma, the progenitor of all the worlds. He was called ‘Narayana’ as ‘Nara’
(water) was the place of his movement. Afterwards it became the name of Visnu.

Thus in the Vedas the active creator ‘Hiranya Garbha’ became a golden egg in
Brahmanas. The second theme of creation in Hindu Mythology is that the Universe is
described as an egg, the source of which is obviously Rgveda. According to this long ago
when all things animate and inanimate were lost in one dreadful ocean there appeared an
egg, the source of the seed of all creatures. Lying in this egg was Brahma.

He is mentioned as ‘Svayambhu Vis’vakarma’ in ‘‘Moola Stambha’’.


In Bhagavata he is ‘Visnu’. In ‘‘S’vetas’vataropanishad’’ he is ‘S'iva’.
S’ATAPATHA BRAHMANA 11.1.6.1
‘‘Apah were indeed Salila earlier. Desire arose in it. They labored. From that heat arose.
From heat golden egg was born. Golden egg was swimming in that for a year’’. The
production of enormous quantity of heat during macronisation was described by Vyasa
Maharshi as ‘Virat Rupa’ Surrounded by innumerable flames.

BIG BANG:

The basic principle for Big-Bang Model is the law of conservation of energy that is
energy can neither be created nor destroyed. This principle demands that before the
moment of creation all the mass-energy of the universe should be concentrated in a point.
This point is called singularity because its density becomes infinity. Modern Science tells
us that the universe started infinitely hot with a big bang. It cooled down rapidly with the
expansion
Lord Visnu was shown as holding chakra in the hand. Chakra is a wheel. As Lord Visnu
was identified with the Universe. We can easily understand that cakra represents rotation
of the Universe.

EXPERIMENTAL EVIDENCE:
Borga Nodland and John P. Ralston found that polarized light from galaxies shows
evidence of rotation. They published their results in Scientific American, July 1997.
Some scientists do not accept this analysis yet Nodland and Ralston maintained the
position that their analysis is correct. This is a clear evidence that the Universe is rotating
like a wheel.
MODERN VIEW:
Modern scientists considered the universe to resemble the surface of the sphere because
the universe is of uniform density, isotropic and closed. According to Big Bang model,
there should be same amount of matter and antimatter in the universe. But so far
scientists found no evidence of antimatter dominated regions in the universe. Also why is
that in a proposed uniform universe distribution of matter and antimatter is asymmetric?

Vishnu's consort is Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth. Maya is the samvit (the primary
intelligence) of Vishnu, while the other five attributes emerge from this samvit and hence
Maya is his ahamata, activity, or Vishnu's Power. This power of god, Maya, is
personified and is called Maya, Vishnumaya, or Mahamaya, and She is said to manifest
Herself in, 1) kriyāshakti, (Creative Activity) and 2) bhütishakti (Creation) of Universe.
Hence this world cannot part with his creativity i.e., ahamta, which is a feminine form
and is called Maya.

Vishnu is also associated with Bhudevi or Prithvi, the earth goddess; Tulsi; Ganga,
goddess of river Ganges and also Saraswati, goddess of learning. In the Brahma Vaivarta
Purana, verses 2.6.13-95 it is described that Vishnu has three wives, who constantly
quarrel with each other, so that eventually, he keeps only Lakshmi, giving Ganga to
Shiva and Saraswati to Brahma.

Vishnu is always to be depicted holding the four attributes associated with him, being:

1. A conch shell or Shankha, named "Panchajanya", held by the upper left hand,
which represents Vishnu's power to create and maintain the universe. The
Panchajanya represents the five elements or Panchabhoota - water, fire, air, earth
and sky or space. It also represents the five airs or Pranas that are within the body
and mind. The conch symbolizes that Vishnu is the primeval Divine sound of
creation and universal maintenance. it also represented as Om. In the Bhagavad
Gita, Krishna avatara states that of sound vibrations, 'He is Om'.
2. The chakra, a sharp-spinning discus-like weapon, named "Sudarshana", held by
the upper right hand, which symbolizes the purified spiritualized mind. The name
Sudarshana is derived from two words - Su, which means good, superior, and
Darshan, which means vision or Sight; together, it is "Superior Vision". The
chakra represents destruction of one's ego in the awakening and realization of the
souls original nature and god, burning away of spiritual ignorance and illusion,
and developing the higher spiritual vision and insight to realize god.

3. A mace or Gada, named "Kaumodaki", held by the lower left hand, symbolizes
Vishnu's divine power is the source all spiritual, mental and physical strength. It
also signifies Vishnu's power to destroy materialistic or demoniac tendencies
called anarthas; within the person's consciousness that hinders them from
reaching god. Vishnu's mace is the power of the Divine within us to spiritually
purify and uplift us from our materialistic bonds.

4. A lotus flower or Padma, held by the lower right hand, represents spiritual
liberation, Divine perfection, purity and the unfolding of Spiritual consciousness
within the individual. The lotus opening its petals in the light of the Sun is
indicative of the expansion and awakening of our long dormant, original spiritual
consciousness in the light of god. The lotus in Vishnu's hand symbolizes that god
is the power and source from which the universe and the individual soul emerges.
It represents Divine Truth or Satya, the originator of the rules of conduct or
Dharma, and Divine Vedic knowledge or jnana. The lotus also symbolizes that
Vishnu is the embodiment of spiritual perfection and purity. Also that He is the
wellspring of these qualities and that the individual soul must seek to awaken
these intrinsic Divine qualities from Vishnu by surrendering to and linking with
Him.
Whenever evil and oppression in the religion rises, Vishnu himself becomes incarnate in

Universe to protect it.

"yada Yada hi dharmasya glanirbhabati bharat


Abhyuthanam adharmasya tadatmanam srijamyaham
paritranaya sadhunam vinashaya cha dushkritam
dharam sansthapanarthaya sambhabami yuge yuge"

BAGAVAD GITHA

(When ever universe is filled with scum and malpractice rises, I am created to redeem the
good and destroy the evil-doers, to re-establish true universe in all ages)

Ten Avataras of Vishnu to Maintain This Universe and Protect The


Universe From Scum And Malpractice
The Puranas also describe each of the Dasavatara of Vishnu. Among these ten principal
avatars described, nine of them have occurred in the past and one will take place in the
future, at the end of Kali Yuga. In the commentary of creator Brahma in Vishnu
Sahasranamam, he refers to Vishnu as "Sahasrakoti Yuga Dharine", which means that
these incarnations take place in all Yugas in cosmic scales. The Bhagavad Gita mentions
their purpose as being to rejuvenate Dharma and vanquish negative forces as also to
display His divine pastimes in front of the conditioned/fallen souls. In almost all Hindu
denominations, Vishnu is either worshiped directly or in the form of his ten avatars, such
as Rama and Krishna.

There are ten avatars of Vishnu (dashavatara) commonly considered as the most
prominent:

1. Matsya, the fish.


2. Kurma, the turtle.
3. Varaha, the boar.
4. Narasimha, the Man-Lion (Nara = man, simha = lion).
5. Vamana, the Dwarf Brahmin (priest).
6. Parashurama, Rama with the axe, who appeared in the Treta Yuga.
7. Rama, Sri Ramachandra, the prince and king of Ayodhya.
8. Krishna (meaning 'dark coloured' or 'all attractive' or the Existence of Bliss,),
appeared in the Dwapara Yuga along with his brother Balarama. Balarama is
included as the eighth Dasavatara which list Krishna as the source of all avatars,
svayam bhagavan (this viewpoint is specific to Bhagavata, Gaudiya,
Vallabhacarya and Nimbarka sampradayas).
9. Buddha, the thinker. (See Gautama Buddha in Hinduism)
10. Kalki ("Eternity", or "time", or "The Destroyer of foulness"), who is expected to
appear at the end of Kali Yuga, the time period in which we currently exist.
Typhoon "NABI" (meaning "Navel" in Sanskrit... galactic center is called the Visnu Nabi
in the Vedas)

Ten Avataras of Vishnu to Maintain This Universe and Protect the Universe from
Scum And Malpractice
The names are generally derived from the anantakalyanagunas (meaning: infinite
auspicious attributes). Some names are:

• Achintya (Inomprehensible, beyond understanding)


• Acyutah (infallible)
• Ananta (endless, eternal, infinite)
• Damodara (having a rope (dama) around his belly (udara): a name of Krishna)
• Govinda (protector of the cows & brahmins; master of the senses: a name of
Krishna)
• Hari (one who takes away)
• Hayagriva (giver of knowledge)
• Jagannatha (Owner/Ruler of the world/universe)
• Janardana (One who is worshiped by people for Wealth)
• Kesava (slayer of Keshi, having long or much or handsome hair, from
Atharvaveda viii , 6 , 23)
• Krishna (born during the third epoch or yuga, his deeds range from cow
protection (go rakshya) to absolving the earth of load of sins)
• Madhava (relating to the season of spring)
• Madhusudana (he who destroyed the demon called Madhu)
• Narayana (said to mean "he who is the abode of nār (= ether)", i.e., the whole
world's shelter. Also means "The supreme Man who is the foundation of all men".
Another meaning is "He who lays in the water".
• Padmanabha (lotus-naveled one, from whose navel sprang the lotus which
contained Brahma, who created the universe)
• Perumal Name he is known in Tamil
• Purushottama - The Supereme Eternal Being
• Rama (born during the second epoch of yuga, his deeds primarily established the
ideal living principles of a man)
• Hrishikesh (Lord of the senses or Lord within the heart; "hri" root meaning the
heart)
• Satyanarayana (a combination of satya and Narayana meaning 'protector of truth')
• Souryarayan (the one who destroys the evil/sins and who comforts us) described
in Vishnu kautuvam.
• Sridhara (consort of Sri = Laxmi or Ultimate wealth)
• Siddhartha (one who attains perfection, birth name of Buddha avatar in the last
epoch of Kali Yuga)
• Sriman (the pride of Shri or Lakshmi); Often Sriman is combined with the name,
Narayana , to form a compound word, Sriman Narayana.
• Srinivasa (the abode of Shri) (also specifically referring to his form in the temple
at Tirupati). Also the form of Vishnu at Tirupati is well-known as Venkateswara.
• Trivikrama (Conqueror of the three worlds, as in Vamana avatara).
• Vishal (Immense, The Unstoppable One).
• Vamana (dwarfish, small or short in stature, a dwarf brahmana)
• Vāsudeva ( "All-Pervading god", with the long vowel A; it also means "the son of
Vasudeva", i.e Krishna)
• Shreesh (Husband of Goddess Lakshmi).
• Guruvayurappan Lord of Guruvayur(Temple made by Guru(Brihaspati) & Vayu
deva)

UNIVERSE IN A STRING:

In Vedas in SATA PATA BRAHMANA (8.7.3.10) it is said that sun and the entire
universe are connected in a string.

BAGAVAD GITA 7.7


BG 7.7: O conqueror of wealth, there is no truth superior to Me. Everything rests upon
Me, as pearls are strung on a thread.

As revealed by Lord Krishna, the whole cosmos from the gigantic star to the minutest
particle, everything is stringed. (Together). Today our modern scientists call its as super
string.

The influence of stars on the minutest particles or on an event on the earth had been
studied by Indian Jyohish Sastra (The Indian science of light, popularly called as
Astrology)

Ancient Indian knowledge recognized everything in the universe as one consciousness


and cultured our minds in that direction. There is huge literature to support this fact.
Modern science is also reaching the same conclusions.
. The significance of the Nataraja (Nataraj) sculpture is said to
be that Shiva is shown as the source of all movement within
the cosmos, represented by the arch of flames. The purpose of
the dance is to release men from illusion of the idea of the
"self" and of the physical world. The cosmic dance was
performed in Chidambaram in South India, called the center
of the universe by some Hindus. The gestures of the dance
represent Shiva's five activities, creation (symbolized by the
drum), protection (by the "fear not" hand gesture), destruction
(by the fire), embodiment (by the foot planted on the ground),
and release (by the foot held aloft).

As Nataraja (Sanskrit: Lord of Dance) Shiva represents


apocalypse and creation as he dances away the illusory world
of Maya transforming it into power and enlightenment.

SHIVA AS NATARAJA - THE


LORD OF DANCE

"Because You love the Burning -ground, I have made a


Burning-ground of my heart - That You, Dark One, hunter of
the Burning-ground, May dance Your eternal dance."

~ Bengali Hymn~
The symbolism of Siva Nataraja is religion, art and science merged as
one. In God's endless dance of creation, preservation, destruction and
paired graces is hidden a deep understanding of our universe. Aum
Namah Sivaya. Bhashya Nataraja, the King of Dance, has four arms. The
upper right hand holds the drum from which creation issues forth. The
lower right hand is raised in blessing, betokening preservation. The
upper left hand holds a flame, which is destruction, the dissolution of
form. The right leg, representing obscuring grace, stands upon
Apasmarapurusha, a soul temporarily earth-bound by its own sloth,
confusion and forgetfulness. The uplifted left leg is revealing grace,
which releases the mature soul from bondage. The lower left hand
gestures toward that holy foot in assurance that Siva's grace is the refuge
for everyone, the way to liberation. The circle of fire represents the
cosmos and especially consciousness. The all-devouring form looming
above is Mahakala, "Great Time." The cobra around Nataraja's waist is
kundalini shakti, the soul-impelling cosmic power resident within all.
Nataraja's dance is not just a symbol. It is taking place within each of us,
at the atomic level, this very moment. The Agamas proclaim, "The birth
of the world, its maintenance, its destruction, the soul's obscuration and
liberation are the five acts of His dance." Aum Namah Sivaya.

"O my Lord, Thy hand holding the sacred drum has made and ordered the heavens
and earth and other worlds and innumerable souls. Thy lifted hand protects both the
conscious and unconscious order of thy creation. All these worlds are transformed by
Thy hand bearing fire. Thy sacred foot, planted on the ground, gives an abode to the
tired soul struggling in the toils of causality. It is Thy lifted foot that grants eternal
bliss to those that approach Thee. These Five-Actions are indeed Thy Handiwork.."

~ Chidambara Mummani Kovai~


The Nataraja dances within the universe of illusion. The locks
of his hair stand out in many strands as he whirls around in his
dancing frenzy. His locks are decked with a crescent moon, a
skull, and are interspersed with the sacred river Ganges.

Shiva's unkempt hair, a symbol of a rejection of society, shows


him to be an ascetic. This contrasts with his role as a grhastha,
or householder, with his wife and family.

The fiery ring surrounding Shiva,


prahabhamandala, represents the
universe with all its illusion, suffering
and pain. The outer edge is fire the inner
edge the waters of the oceans. Many
Nataraja statues have multiple levels of
fire and water.

The goddess of the Ganges is here shown nesting in


Shiva's dreadlocks. The river Ganges that flows in
Nataraja's hair originally flowed in heaven. When the
heavenly Ganges was needed on earth, she was
unwilling to fall to earth because she realized that her
fall from heaven would be too much for the earth to
withstand. Shiva as Nataraja agreed to break the violent
power of the sacred Ganga's fall by catching her in his
tangled hair, breaking the fall with his hair on its way to
the Himalayas and Northern India.
The crescent moon in his matted hair keeps Kama, the
god of nightly love, alive. Through the waxing and the
waning of the moon Shiva creates different seasons and
rejuvenates life

Nataraja wears a snake coiled around his upper arms


and neck symbolizing the power he has over the
most deadly of creatures. Snakes are also used to
symbolize the Hindu dogma of reincarnation. Their
natural process of molting or shedding their skin is
symbolic of the human souls transmigration of
bodies from one life to another.

In the back right hand Shiva often holds an hour


glass shaped drum or damaru. The drum represents
the rhythmic sound to which Nataraja dances and
ceaselessly recreates the universe.

The front right hand is in the abhaya-mudra (the


"fear not" gesture, made by holding the palm
outward with fingers pointing up).
The back left hand carries agni (fire) in a vessel or in his
hand. The flames represent the destructive energy with
which Nataraja dances at the end of each cosmic age,
cleansing sins and removing illusion.

The front left hand is across the chest in the gahahasta


(elephant trunk) pose, with the wrist limp and the
fingers pointed downward toward the uplifted foot.

His uplifted left foot, grants eternal bliss to those


who approach him. The other foot treads firmly
upon the dwarf of ignorance, allowing the birth of
knowledge.

Nataraja dances above the body of the demon,


Apasmara, whom he has killed; in this role he is
called Natesa. Apasmara, the dwarf demon,
represents the ignorance of teaching that all
opposites (for example good and evil) are false.
PHYSICAL ATTRIBUTES

A. Ganga : Just as the sun is the focal point of the solar


system and the soul that of the body, the focal point of divine
consciousness (chaitanya) in every object and pure particles
(pavitrakas) is ga-aum. The flow from which ga-aum
originates is gan gaha = Ganga. Ga-aum flows from Shiva's
head. This is called the descent of the Ganga from Shiva's
head. Since the river Ganga has a fraction of the principle of
the spiritual Ganga, no matter how polluted it becomes, its
purity is perpetually retained. Hence, when compared to any
other water in the world, the water from the Ganga is the
purest. This is realised not only by those who can perceive the
subtle dimension but also by scientific researchers.

B. Moon : Shiva adorns the chandra (moon) on His forehead. The point where the three frequencies -
affection (mamata), mercifulness (kshamashilata) and motherly love (vatsalya) originate is referred to as
the chandra (moon). Thus, one can conclude that chandrama (the moon principle) is the state in which the
three attributes of affection, mercifulness and motherly love are present.

C. Third eye : Shankar is three-eyed, i.e. He can perceive events of the past, present and future.According
to the science of Yoga the third eye means the Sushumna nadi (channel).

D. Serpent : One of the Names of Lord Shankar is Bhujanga-patihari. Bhujang means a serpent or pure
particles (pavitrakas), pati means the nurturer and hari means one with a garland around His neck.
Bhujangapatihari thus means the One who nurtures pure particles and wears them like a garland. Various
serpents represent groups of pure particles. Though externally they appear like serpents, internally they are
a kind of ladder. To make spiritual progress one has to climb up holding onto the tail of the serpent. Lord
Shankar adorns serpents at nine points on His body - one on the head, one around the neck, one on each
arm, one on each wrist, one around the waist and one on each thigh. This implies that His body is
comprised of pure particles or that serpent of pure particles play all over the body of Lord Shankar who has
the universe as His form.

Shiva is depicted as having three eyes. The two eyes on the right and left indicate His activity in the
physical world. The third eye in the centre of the forehead symbolizes knowledge (Gnana), and is thus
called the eye of wisdom or knowledge. The powerful gaze of Lord Shiva’s third eye annihilates evil, and is
the reason that evil-doers fear His is third eye.
MODERN SCIENCE PROVED SEPTEMBER 10, 2008, HT

The symbolism is strong. As scientists at the European Organization for Nuclear


Research (CERN) near Geneva smash subatomic particles in the world’s largest
experiment, Shiva, the destroyer, will be in close proximity.

On Wednesday, a powerful particle accelerator will use massive energy surges to


simulate the universe’s creation with the Big Bang. And it would not have been possible
without India, says Dr Amit Roy, director, Nuclear Science Centre, Delhi. “We’ve made
precision-made jacks on which the 27-km machine is resting.”

Over 100 Indian scientists from institutes like the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
and the Bhabha Atomic Energy Centre are involved in the Large Hardron Collider (LHC)
project.

The Department of Atomic Energy gifted a two-metre bronze statue of the Nataraja to
CERN on June 18, 2004 to celebrate the centre’s India connection.

{The statue of Nataraja, the Cosmic Dancer, Dr. Aymar, DG of


CERN, Dr. Anil Kakodkar, Chairman of the Indian Atomic
Energy Commission and Secretary to the Government of India.}

Indian Atomic Energy Commission boss Anil Kakodkar had


then said: “The Indian scientific community is part of the quest
for understanding the universe.”
{Related News: -}

Author Fritjof Capra first drew a parallel between Shiva’s dance


of creation and destruction and the dance of subatomic particles
in The Tao of Physics.

A plaque next to the statue quotes Capra: “Modern physics has shown that the rhythm of creation and
destruction is not only manifesting in the turn of the seasons and in the birth and death of living creatures,
but is also the very essence of inorganic matter. For modern physicists... Shiva’s dance is the dance of
subatomic matter.”
NATARAJU IS SCIENTIFIC TO UNIVERSE

Author Fritjof Capra first drew a parallel between Shiva’s dance of creation and
destruction and the dance of subatomic particles in The Tao of Physics.

A plaque next to the statue quotes Capra: “Modern physics has shown that the rhythm of
creation and destruction is not only manifest in the turn of the seasons and in the birth
and death of living creatures, but is also the very essence of inorganic matter. For modern
physicists... Shiva’s dance is the dance of subatomic matter.”

shiva’s dance represents the dynamic flow and ‘dance’ of the universe. The dancing
universe is a ceseless flow of energy going through an infinite variety of patterns, which
merge into one another in a dynamic universal interplay. His dance symbolizes the daily
rhythm of birth and death, and the cosmic cycles of creation and destruction. Shiva is a
reminder that the many forms in the world are maya (not constant, but ever-changing),
while He is eternally Real as He continually keeps creating and dissolving the forms in
the external flow of His dance.

The Eastern mystics have a dynamic view of the universe similar to that of modern
physics. The parallels of Eastern mysticism and modern physics become particularly
striking when sound is considered as a wave with a certain frequency, which changes
with the sound. Particles are also waves with frequencies proportional to their energies.
According to modern physics, each particle perpetually sings its song, and produces a
rhythmic ‘dance of energy in dense and subtle forms.’ Modern physicists use phrases
like the ‘dance of creation and destruction’ and ‘energy dance.’ The conception of
rhythm and dance emerge naturally when one tries to imagine the discharge of energies
going through the patterns that make up the particle world. Modern Physics and eastern
Mysticism, therefore, demonstrate that rhythm and motion are essential aspects of the
phenomenal universe. Another parallel is the understanding that all matter, whether here
on Earth or in outer space, is participating in a continual cosmic dance (Capra: 1975, 256-
259). Moreover, both of them agree on the idea of the emergent and convergent
universe. According to Eastern Mysticism, the world of maya (illusion) changes
perpetually, since the cosmic dance of Shiva is a rhythmic, dynamic dance. In the active
principle of the cosmic dance, the entire universe is in action, manifest and emerging,
while in its non-active principle the entire universe has converged into an unmanifest
essence. Similarly, modern physics has discovered the expanding universe as supported
by the kinetic of the Big Bang theory. And, presently the universe has been shown as
expanding, but at a slower rate than previously due to the changes in the gravitational
force. Moreover, the reverse phenomenon of the collapsing universe will take place at
some time in the future, when the gravitational pull will be greater than the receding
force, and then the universe will converge

Behind this dancing pose of Siva, there seems to be a hidden cosmic secret. These words are not said
by an ordinary person, but by a world renowned professor of nuclear physics, FRITJ OF CAPRA
The Trimurti (English: ‘three forms’; Sanskrit: trimūrti) is a concept in Hinduism "in
which the cosmic functions of creation, maintenance, and destruction are personified by
the forms of Brahma the creator, Vishnu the maintainer or preserver, and Shiva the
destroyer or transformer." These three deities have been called "the Hindu triad" or the
"Great Trinity". Of the three members of the Trimūrti,

MODERN STRING THEORY:

Modern science is yet to conclude that sub atomic particles like quark particles and lepton
particles are basic building block of the universe.

Reason for this is that scientists could unite three of the four fundamental forces of
interaction among subatomic particulars, they are:

1. Electro – magnetic forces


2. Strong nuclear force
3. Weak nuclear force GAYATRI
-E (FEMALE NEGATIVE ( - )
ENERGY

GAYATRI

+E +E
Brahma +E

Vishnu Shiva

-E
By uniting the three forces, scientists could study the behavior and properties of quark
and lepton particles. Yet they could not unite the fourth fundamental force i.e.
Gravitational force with the other three forces in studying the behavior pattern of
subatomic particles.

During last year of the 20th century, scientists have proposed a new theory called string
theory. According to that, quarks and leptons are not particles. They are the subtle
vibrating string with closed and open loops. The gigantic star and minutest quark string
are connected thorough a superstring. Hence the whole universe is being considered as
one unit by the most modern concepts of science. This theory facilitates the study of all
the four fundamental forces of interactions.

OPEN

CLOSE

Ancient Indian knowledge recognized everything in the universe as one consciousness


and cultured out minds in that direction. There is a huge literature to support this fact.
Modern science is also reaching the same conclusions.

VIBRATING STRING WITH CLOSED AND OPEN LOOPS

EVERYTHING IN THIS WORLD AT ONE POINT THAT’S

THEORY X,Y,Z = UNIVERSE (GAYATHRI)

THE GAYATHRI
MODERN AND VEDIC ALL UNIVERSE
THEORIES FROM GAYATRI SRI YANTRA

MODERN SCIENCE
Quantum theory deals with the small scale world of atoms and particles. The theory of
relativity covers the large-scale structure of the universe. Scientists are searching for a
complete and consistent theory that unifies quantum and relativity theories.

In 1900, Max Planck published his theory explaining the emission spectrum of black
bodies (Quantum theory)."quanta", comes from the Latin "quantus", for "how much". In
physics, quantum refers to an indivisible, and elementary entity.

The Planck length is 10-36 meters. (That is one meter divided by one followed by 36
zeros!) The Planck time is 10-43 seconds. (That is one second divided by one followed
by 43 zeros!)

NEED FOR A COSMIC FACTOR:

Albert Einstein, after his theory of special relativity (1905) and theory of general
relativity (1915), intuitively felt the need for cosmic factor and incorporated it in his
theory as cosmological constant. Later, he abandoned it due to its incompatibility with
physics.

“Results found in 2000, however, revealed that Einstein was probably right after all: the
cosmological constant not only exists, but dark energy probably makes up the largest
source of matter/ energy in the entire universe.”
BEFORE THE BIG BANG

Singularity: A point at which the space-time


curvature becomes infinite.

According to most scientists, the point of


singularity was the reality before the Big Bang.

This picture shows evolution of the universe from


the point of singularity.

AFTER THE BIG BANG

Elements that emerged after the Big Bang:

• Elementary particles
• Code/information
• Space
• Time
• Gravity
• Strong force
• Weak force
• Electromagnetic force
ELEMENTARY PARTICLES

• Yellow: electrons
• Red: protons
• Green: neutrons

Protons and neutrons are actually composite


particles, made up of quarks.
At quantum level, the particles are waves also.

SPACE
SCALES OF SPACE MEASUREMENT

10-36M = QUANTA/STRING
10-27M = NUCLEUS/PARTICLE
10-18M = ATOM
10-9M = MOLECULE
10-3M =ONE MILLIMETER
100M =ONE METER/MAN
103M =ONE KILOMETER
107M = EARTH’S DIAMETER
1015M = SOLAR SYSTEM
1018M = AVERAGE GALAXY
1027M = KNOWN UNIVERSE
TIME
Dictionary definition of time:

"A non-spatial linear continuum wherein events occur in an

apparently irreversible order”.

Time is currently defined via measurement. In 1967, the unit

of time, the second, was defined in terms of atomic time

rather than the motion of the earth. Specifically, a second

was defined as the duration of 9,192,631,770 cycles of

microwave light absorbed or emitted by the cesium-133

atoms.

SPACE-TIME

Einstein linked space and time into space-time or space-time


continuum.

In this picture, earth is depicted in two spatial dimensions X and


Y (the plane of the earth orbit) and a time dimension. It may be
noted that the orbit of the Earth is (almost) a circle in space, but
its worldline is a helix in spacetime.
GRAVITY
Newton discovered gravity and his law of universal gravitation
states that every object in the Universe attracts every other object
with a force directed along the line of centers of mass for the two
objects.

GRAVITY AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM

The following table compares gravity on earth (=1)


and other bodies in the solar system:
Sun = 27.9
Mercury = 0.37
Venus = 0.88
Earth = 1.00
Moon = 0.16
Mars = 0.38
Jupiter = 2.64
Saturn = 1.15
Uranus = 0.93
Neptune = 1.22
Pluto = 0.06

THREE NUCLEAR FORCES

Strong nuclear force tightly holds the protons together in the nucleus of an atom.

Weak nuclear force is responsible for the decay of some sub-atomic particles or
radioactivity.

Electromagnetism is the force that acts between electrically charged particles.


SYMMETRY AFTER THE BIG BANG

The symmetry broke when temperature of the universe lowered and a number of
completely different particles at low energies emerged. Similar symmetry will appear at
the end of the universe or at the time of Big crunch

NUCLEUS AND FIELD OF AN ATOM

An atom may be visualized as a ball shaped soccer field of several kilometers diameter
with the referees of the size of a mosquito in the center (as nucleus) and balls of similar
size moving in the field as electrons. The players are invisible!
GALAXIES FORMED IN THE UNIVERSE

This is a view of a cluster of


galaxies that may be called
observable or visible universe.
It is impossible to observe the
whole of the universe. The total
number of galaxies and clusters of
galaxies is not known.

OUR GALAXY-THE MILKY WAY


The Milky Way, is a large disk-shaped
spiral galaxy about 100,000 light years
in diameter and 3,000 light years in
thickness.
It contains about 3×1011 (300 billion)
stars and the sun is just one of them.This
is a view of a cluster of galaxies that
may be called observable or visible
universe.
It is impossible to observe the whole of
the universe. The total number of
galaxies and clusters of galaxies is not
known.
MOLECULE
Generally, a molecule is the smallest particle of a pure chemical
substance that still retains its composition and chemical properties A
molecule is a sufficiently stable, electrically neutral entity composed of
two or more atoms.
Water molecule
H2O An oxygen atom can bond with two hydrogen atoms to make a
molecule we call water.

COVALENT BOND OF ATOMS

A covalent bond is formed when the electron clouds of two atoms overlap. Where the
clouds overlap they are thicker, and their electric charge is stronger.
A group of atoms joined in this way is known as a molecule.
The number of covalent bonds which an atom can form depends on how many electrons
it has.

ENTROPY AND STATES OF GROSS MATTER (WATER)

According to the Laws of Thermodynamics, entropy, the measure of the


disorder in a closed system, and its direction -- toward increasing disorder --
cannot be reversed. Entropy is not purely a physics term. It can also be applied
to everything from gardens to societies.Here are pictures of water in three
forms.

• Gas
• Liquid
• Solid

Most liquids contract (get smaller) when they get colder. Water is different.
Water contracts until it reaches 40 C then it expands until it is solid. This
property is important for preservation of life under very low temperatures.
SUPERNOVA
When the star cools and its energy is reduced, it explodes and
throws away some atoms that combine to make molecules. The
picture here shows supernova like explosion.

Current theories connect the formation of the solar system with


supernova. The sun had, perhaps, two supernova like explosions.
The first one created the bodies Jupiter and beyond, and the second
one created bodies closer than Jupiter.

THE SOLAR SYSTEM


EARTH
Earth emerged as a ball of fire after supernova like explosion of the
sun.

Gradually, it cooled and had the proper climate, water and fertile
ground for life to survive and prosper

THE UNIVERSE AS ONE FIELD…


Cosmic Singularity=Zero to Infinite Potency of Consciousness and
Energy (ZIPCE)

 Field of particles (ZIPCE*Pn)


 Field of atoms (1…*An)
 Field of molecules (2…*Mn)
 Field of Brain (3…*Bn)
 Field of earth (4…*En)
 Field of solar system (5…*Sn)
 Field of galaxy (6…*Gn)
 Field of cluster of galaxy (7…*Cn)
 Field of universe (8…*Un)
 E=electron; N=neutron; P=proton

WAVE/PARTICLE DUALITY

The quantum theory has shown wave/particle duality of reality at sub-atomic level

This confirms the relevance of waves or non-matereial phenomenon in understanding the


reality.
VEDIC SCIENCE
The Sri Chakra or Shri Yantra is a yantra formed by nine interlocking triangles
that surround and radiate out from the bindu point, the junction point between the
physical universe and its unmanifest source. It represents Sri GAYATRI , the
goddess of abundance on all levels, in abstract geometric form. It also represents
Tripura Sundari, "the beauty of the three worlds." Four of the triangles points
upwards, representing Shiva or the Masculine. Five of these triangles point
downwards, representing Shakti or the Feminine. Thus the Sri Yantra also represents
the union of Masculine and Feminine Divine. Because it is composed of nine
triangles, it is known as the Navayoni Chakra.
Together the nine triangles are interlaced in such a way as to form 43 smaller triangles in a web symbolic
of the entire cosmos or a womb symbolic of creation. Together they express Advaita or non-duality. This
is surrounded by a lotus of eight petals, a lotus of sixteen petals, and an earth square resembling a temple
with four doors.

The Shri Chakra is also known as the nava chakra because it can also be seen as having nine levels.
"Nava" means "nine" in Sanskrit. Each level corresponds to a mudra, a yogini, and a specific form of the
deity Tripura Sundari along with her mantra. These levels starting from the outside or bottom layer are:

1. Trailokya Mohana or Bhupara, a square of three lines with four portals


2. Sarvasa Paripuraka, a sixteen-petal lotus
3. Sarva Sankshobahana, an eight-petal lotus
4. Sarva Saubhagyadayaka, composed of fourteen small triangles
5. Sarvarthasadhaka, composed of ten small triangles
6. Sarva Rakshakara, composed of ten small triangles
7. Sarva Rohahara, composed of eight small triangles
8. Sarva siddhi prada, composed of 1 small triangle
9. Sarvanandamaya, composed of a point or bindu

TRIANGLES OF CONCIOUSNESS AND ENERGY

The four triangles with apexes upwards (consciousness or Shiva triangles)

The five triangles with apexes downwards (energy or Shakti triangles).


HEXAGONS IN THE INNER CIRCLES

Intersections of lines of the nine triangles are called Chakras (circles)


although they appear as hexagons. The total number of blue and pink
areas is 89 which is the tenth Fibonacci number.

The total number of blue and pink areas remains 89 (43 blue
and 46 pink ). The pink areas represent the energy aspect and
the blue areas represent the energy aspect.

CIRCULAR VIEW OF SHRI YANTRA

COUNTED FROM OUTSIDE

1. Ground or earth
2. Three circles
3. Sixteen petals
4. Eight petals
5. Fourteen triangles
6. Outer ten triangles
7. Inner ten triangles
8. Eight triangles
9. Point and triangle
SIMPLER MODEL OF SHRI YANTRA
COUNTED FROM INSIDE OF CIRCULAR
FORM
Causal part
Chakra-1 = Singularity field
Subtle part
Chakra-2 = Particle field
Chakra-3 = Atom field
Chakra-4 = Matter field
Chakra-5 = Mind field
Gross part
Chakra-6 = Air field
Chakra-7 = Fire field
Chakra-8 = Water field
Chakra-9 = Earth field

CHAKRA-1: AFTER THE BIG BANG…

Spiritual symbolism:

1. Sada Shiva or cosmic consciousness;


2. Para Shakti or the supreme energy;
3. Iccha Shakti or the energy for creative desire;
4. Gyaan Shakti or the energy for knowledge;
5. Kriya Shakti or the energy for action.

Scientific symbolism:

1. consciousness
2. gravity
3. strong force
4. weak force
5. electromagnetic force
CHAKRA-2: AFTER THE BIG BANG…
ELEMENTS IN THE UNIVERSE AFTER THE BIG BANG:

• Elementary particles
• Space
• Time
• Gravity
• Strong force
• Weak force
• Electromagnetic force
• Code/information
• Consciousness (pink area)

CHAKRA-3 AND THE ATOMS

The third Chakra of Shri Yantra has ten energy areas. The two
additional areas in this Chakra are the symbols of:

• Nucleus of the atom, and


• The field of the atom

CHAKRA-4 AND THE MOLECULES

The fourth Chakra of Shri Yantra also has ten energy areas. Several

atoms join to make molecule and there is no additional physical

element.
CHAKRA-5 AND LIFE, SENSES, INTELLIGENCE, AND
CREATIVITY.
The fifth Chakra of Shri Yantra has fourteen areas. Additional areas in
this Chakra are the symbols of life, senses, intelligence, and creativity.

• Life, as we know, is everywhere on the earth. Over the last 3.7


billion years or so, living organisms on the earth have diversified
and adapted to almost every environment imaginable.
• There are five senses (sight, hearing, touch, smell, taste. Our
knowledge through senses is limited to nearby perceptible
objects. This knowledge is not always accurate.
• The term intelligence of animals is used for cognition. Level of
intelligence in different animals depends partly on the size of their
brain.

The word creativity conjures up visions of artistic endeavours, the


writing of literature and scientific inventions and discoveries.

CHAKRA-6 AND AIR

The sixth Chakra of Shri Yantra is symbol of air.Air is a name for the mixture
of gases present in the Earth's atmosphere. The amount of water vapor in the
air varies considerably depending on weather, climate, and altitude.
CHAKRA-7 AND FIRE
The seventh Chakra of Shri Yantra is symbol of fire. Fire is a
form of combustion. Linguistically, the word fire refers to the
combination of the brilliant glow and large amount of heat
released during a rapid, self-sustaining burning of combustible
fuel.

CHAKRA-8 AND WATER


The eighth Chakra of Shri Yantra is symbol of water. Water has three
states:

• Solid (ice or snowflakes),


• Liquid, and
• Gas.

CHAKRA-9 AND EARTH


S

The ninth Chakra of Shri Yantra is symbol of earth.


It is the largest of the solar system's terrestrial planets. Its single
natural satellite is the moon.
E
W

N
VEDIC SPIRITUAL SCIENCE

• Understanding the Unity of Cosmos, the Creator and the creation.


• Belief in and devotion to the Supreme Power (God, Supreme Spirit, Cosmic
Consciousness etc.)
• Correct interpretation of the reality of consciousness.

MODERN SCIENCE

In quantum theory, elementary particles behave sometimes as waves and sometimes as


particles.

This duality suggests that as waves the particles are connected to the field that contains
those waves but is non-manifest.

While the manifest reality of the universe is energy/matter, the non-manifest reality is
consciousness

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN VEDIC AND MODERN


SCIENCE

• Particle/wave
• Manifest/non-manifest reality
• Universe/cosmic consciousness
• Quanta/qualia
• Energy/consciousness
• Objective/subjective reality
• Brain/mind
• Scientific/spiritual knowledge
• Experimentation/meditation
CONSCIOUSNESS, CODE AND MIND…

• Duality implies connectivity.


• Particles and waves interchange information through some code.
• Brain-mind having the dual elements is able to interpret the code and connectivity
between the two sides of reality.
• Understanding the wave part of duality and consciousness is essential for
comprehending the non-manifest reality.

CONSCIOUSNESS?

Consciousness generally means a quality of the cognitive mind to understand the


subjectivity, self-awareness, will and the ability to perceive the relationship with each
other and with the environment.

"By `consciousness' I simply mean those subjective states of sentience or awareness that
begin when one awakes in the morning from a dreamless sleep and continue throughout
the day until one goes to sleep at night or falls into a coma, or dies, or otherwise
becomes, as one would say, `unconscious'."

LIFE AND CONSCIOUSNESS

Life, as we know, is only on the earth.

The source of life is the continuum of waves/particles at the quantum level that carry the
code of life. Those waves are present universally ever since the creation of the quantum
field in the universe.

At the level of galaxies, stars and other celestial bodies, the source of life is dormant due
to the absence of appropriate physical conditions. On the earth, however, the physical
conditions such as water, soil, climate, etc. were appropriate for emergence and evolution
of life.
Human mind-brain has a special feature that enables the processing of wave / particles
associated with life and consciousness through coding and decoding. Only the human
mind has the capability of self-awareness and even more, to attain the other levels of
consciousness.

EVOLUTION OF HUMAN BRAIN

THREE PARTS OF BRAIN


The neurologist paul maclean has proposed that our skull holds
not one brain, but three, each representing a distinct evolutionary
stratum that has formed upon the older layer before it.

• The neo-mammalian brain


• The limbic brain
• The reptilian brain (see the diagram).

It is interesting that many spiritual traditions taught the same idea


of three planes of consciousness and even three different brains.
SHRI YANTRA AND HUMAN BODY
Chakra-1 = Solid part
Chakra-2 = Liquid part
Chakra-3 = Fire and heat
Chakra-4 = Air and gases
Chakra-5 = Physical body
Chakra-6 = Life
Chakra-7 = Senses and cognitive mind
Chakra-8 = Intellect
Chakra-9 = Spiritual self

FUNCTIONS OF HUMAN BRAIN

• Ego/self awareness
• Intellect/learning and task performance
• Cognition/perceptions and sense control
• Life control/vital energy regulation
• Memory management
• Knowing/getting ideas and thinking
• Feeling/emotions, pleasure, pain etc.
• Willing/intentionality
• Body control
• coding/decoding and creativity
CONSCIOUSNESS AND MIND-BRAIN
0. Cosmic Consciousness (Source of creativity, ideas, code,
awareness, life etc.)
1-10. Brain (red) and consciousness (yellow) constitute the
mind (orange)
11-15. Senses and body (they connect the mind with
objects).
16. World of objects
17. Universe of matter, energy and time-space
18. Field of universe or dark energy.

LOCATION OF CONSCIOUSNESS IN BRAIN

The place of higher level consciousness in the


human brain is considered to be the cerebral
cortex. Its structure is different from the brain
of other animals.

Neural circuitry underlying human


consciousness includes both the advanced neo-
cortex and prototypical structures of the brain
stem.
CONSCIOUSNESS AND NEURONS

Neurons are the basic information processing


structures in the brain. Some scientists say that there
are a million billion synaptic connections through
which "information" flows that causes
consciousness. This would be possible only at wave
level inside the atoms of the neurons.

CONSCIOUSNESS AND MICROTUBULES


A new theory of the quantum mind-brain has emerged in
which the cores of microtubules inside neurons of the brain
perform the quantum-scale information processing and
conscious awareness. This theory is motivation by the fact
that neurons in the brain are too large for significant
quantum effects
.
Roger Penrose and Stuart Hameroff are the authors of this
theory.
PHASES OF HUMAN CONSCIOUSNESS

• Life consciousness,
• Sense consciousness,
• Self consciousness,
• Language consciousness,
• The rational consciousness,
• Social consciousness,
• Dream consciousness,
• Creative consciousness,
• Cosmic consciousness
BODY CHAKRAS AND CONSCIOUSNESS
Chakra-1 = Mulaadhaar(spine base) /Earth field
Chakra-2 = Svaadhisthan (genitals) /Water field
Chakra-3 = Manipur(naval) /Fire field
Chakra-4 = Anahat(heart) /Air field
Chakra-5 = Vishuddhi(throat) /Life field
Chakra-6 = Talu(palate) /Senses field
Chakra-7 = Agni(eyes) / Molecule field
Chakra-8 = Sahasraar(brain) /Atom field
Chakra-9 = Vyom(space) /Particle or quantum or cosmic
field

Chakra-1=Sun.
Chakra-
2=Mercury.
Chakra-3=Venus.
Chakra-4=Earth.
Chakra-5=Mars.
Chakra-6=Jupiter.
Chakra-7=Saturn.
Chakra-8=Uranus.
Chakra-
9=Neptune.