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Answer key

Unit 25 Exercise 1 a. Am / supposed to sign b. Is supposed to take c. Is supposed to study Exercise 2 a. Used to ride b. Is used to studying c. are / used to dancing d. Used to write e. Used to watch Exercise 3 1. a 2. b 3. b 4. a

d. are / supposed to do e. Was supposed to arrive f. Is / supposed to be

f. g. h. i.

Is used to playing Used to hang out Isnt used to going out Used to be

5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

b b b a b

Unit 26 Exercise 1 a. The policeman who gave me directions was friendly. b. I have a class which begins at 8 oclock. c. Golf was invented in Scotland, which is a part of Britain. d. The waitress who served us dinner was very polite. e. A lion, which is a mammal, lives in Africa. / A lion is a mammal which lives in Africa. f. I talked to the girl whose car had broken down in front of the shop. g. Im going to check the date when the meeting will happen. Exercise 2 a) Einstein, who was a great physicist, was Jewish. He was born in Germany in 1897. He developed an important theory, which is called the theory of relativity. He moved to the USA in 1935 to escape from the Nazis who took over power in Germany. He continued to work in the USA where he died in 1955. b) Shakespeare, who was a writer, was born in Strafford-on-Avon in 1567, which is a small town in the west of England. Shakespeare wrote many plays which are still performed today. He spent much of his life in London where he worked in a theater as a writer and actor. Unit 27 Exercise 1 a. well be playing; b. the meeting will have finished; c. youll still be working; d. shell have traveled; e. will you be seeing; f. Will have cleaned/ will have finished/ will be arriving;

g. Ill have graduated/ I will be looking/ will be going/ Ill not have completed/ Ill also have worked; h. Ill be staying/ Ill have been/ Youll definitely have seen; Unit 28 Exercise 1 a. I wish it were not cold today. / I wish it were hotter. / I wish it were hot today. b. I wish I had had vacation last year. c. I wish I could have fun this weekend. I wish I would not have to study. d. I wish I lived in a big house/mansion. / I wish I didnt live in a small house. e. I wish I could sleep more tomorrow. / I wish I could wake up late tomorrow. / I wish I could stay in bed. Exercise 2 a. for b. from c. of d. with e. in Exercise 3 a. Give up b. Got/gotten over c. Looked after d. Put off e. Make up Unit 29 Exercise 1 a. may; b. must; c. Would; d. cant; e. might; f. Can; g. Could; h. may; i. Would;

f. g. h. i. j.

for about against at on

f. g. h. i.

Found out Broke up Took off Come up

j. must; k. might not; l. should; m. May; n. Could; o. shouldnt; p. shouldnt; q. must; r. cant;

s. should; t. couldnt; u. Can; v. might; w. must; x. should; y. may; z. can.

Exercise 2 a. May she go to the party? b. May I use your car tonight? c. Must they go before the sunset? d. Do you think I should feel better in two hours? e. Might it rain tonight? f. Can Annie do it well? g. Could Paul ice-skate when he was three? Exercise 3 A: Many people take personality tests before they get married. Does this mean that people with different personalities shouldnt to get married? B: No, not at all. In fact, people with very different personalities can had (have) very good relationships. A: Why do people take the tests then? B: With the test results, couples (are) able to learn about possible trouble areas in their relationships. A: Can you give us an example?

B: Lets say a couple is looking for an apartment. The woman prefers to move into a modern apartment. Shed not rather (would rather not) spend time fixing up a place. Her boyfriend would rather to fix up a charming old place. One is a thinker, very analytical. The other is a dreamer. A: People like that must have tremendous problems. B: But they also have tremendous possibilities, in this relationship, the thinker mights (might) become more imaginative. The dreamer will can (be able to) become more analytical. A: When people are very different, what should they avoid doing? B: They must not to try to change their partners. This will destroy the relationship. Instead, they ought to appreciating (appreciate) their differences. Unit 30 Exercise 1 a. Any b. Some c. Any Exercise 2 a. somebody b. anybody c. anywhere Exercise 3 a. to visit / visiting b. to borrow c. wearing / to wear d. taking Unit 31 Exercise 1 1. was studying/arrived 2. was/sent (was sending) 3. was buying 4. were waiting/started 5. was talking/prepared (was preparing) 6. was leaving/was speaking 7. was giving Unit 32 Exercise 1 a. had run b. hadnt taken c. had arranged d. had saved e. hadnt slept f. had you ordered g. had forgotten h. had started i. had lived

d. No e. Some f. Some

g. Some/no h. no

d. anything e. anything f. anybody/anything

g. somewhere h. anything i. nothing

e. f. g. h.

to receive opening meeting finishing

i. playing / to play j. having

8. was sitting/was observing 9. was having/rang 10. were jogging/saw 11. were having/were watching 12. went/was serving 13. was looking/was holding 14. were walking 15. was sitting

16. was combing/called 17. was listening/was playing 18. was standing 19. fell/was lying 20. was coming/broke 21. reached

j. had eaten k. had listened l. had left m. had finished n. had been o. had met p. had forgotten q. had studied r. hadnt rained

s. hadnt paid t. hadnt done u. hadnt eaten v. hadnt brought w. hadnt visited x. hadnt met y. hadnt had

Exercise 2

a. started / had finished b. had talked / felt c. had repaired / sold Unit 33 Exercise 1 a. has been driving b. has been acting / has fallen c. hasnt been d. have been e. has been speaking f. have been fighting Exercise 2 a. have you been learning b. have you smoked c. have been working d. for e. How long have you been living Unit 34 Exercise 1 a. Had been sleeping b. Had been waiting c. Had been looking for d. Hadnt been walking Exercise 2 a. Had already started b. Had been doing c. Had been Unit 35 Exercise 1 a. I will go; b. would buy; c. had had; d. studies; e. would steal; f. would have built;

d. had left / arrived e. came / had taken f. had put / had

g. had tidied / went

g. has lost h. has been practicing / has won i. has fixed j. has made k. has got(gotten)

l. has been waiting m. has been n. has been painting / hasnt finished o. has read

f. has been playing for two hours g. has been doing h. have been wearing i. have known j. has been attending/for

k. hashated l. have read m. have been waiting/for n. have been listening o. have been a member

e. f. g. h.

Had she been learning Had been singing Had been driving Had been helping

i. Hadnt been working j. Had been cycling

d. Had arranged e. Had been driving f. Had been repairing

g. Had read h. Had already fed

g. h. i. j. k. l.

had; wont answer; get; had been; would have seen; doesnt rain;

m. would speak; n. would help; o. gave; p. will ask.

Exercise 2 a. he had missed/ he would have been; b. I would have forgotten/ you hadnt reminded; c. I had had/ I would have sent; d. we would have enjoyed/ the weather had been; e. It would have been/ I had walked; f. I were/ would go; g. I had been. Unit 36

Exercise 1 a. Corn is grown in the United States. b. Gorgonzola cheese is being produced in Italy. c. The Mona Lisa was painted by Leonardo da Vinci. d. Dynamite was invented by Nobel. e. The work has been done. f. The chair has been broken. g. A letter to Pauls sister will be written by John. / A letter will be written to Pauls sister by John. h. Skirts can be worn by the girls. i. That new car is going to be bought by Mr. Smith. j. Songs used to be composed by Daniel. k. My computer is being fixed. l. Where was her dress bought? m. An excellent meal is supposed to be cooked. Exercise 2 a. be made; b. be put; c. be checked;

d. be woken; e. be translated; f. be arrested;

g. be spent; h. be carried; i. be driven.

Exercise 3 a. has been redecorated b. were sent c. was completed / is equipped has been equipped d. was being repaired-was repaired / was given e. is received, it will be processed / will be sent. f. has been inspected-was inspected / has been found-was found / will be delivered Exercise 4 a. and/so b. and/so c. but d. because Exercise 5 1. b 2. b 3. c Exercise 6 a. Likewise b. Therefore c. After that d. In the same way e. In contrast f. Understandably g. For that reason h. Thus i. However

e. f. g. h.

and and or but

i. because of j. because

4. d 5. c 6. c

7. c

j. Happily k. Obviously l. Meanwhile m. Nevertheless n. Unfortunately o. Soon after that p. Despite that q. Sadly r. On the other hand

s. t. u. v. w. x. y.

That notwithstanding Fortunately Still Apparently Even so Similarly Whats more