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Chapter 4 Cell Structure Review 9/5 Name____________________

1. A distinctive feature of eukaryotes is the organization of tightly packaged chromosomal DNA with proteins into a membrane-bound structure called a: A. nucleolus. B. cell. C. nucleus. D. plasma membrane. 2. The semi-fluid matrix that surrounds organelles in a cell is called the: A. cytoplasm. B. stroma. C. nucleoplasm. D. ribosome. 3. The organelle that can collect, package, modify, and transport molecules is called the: A. vesicle. B. plasma membrane. C. mitochondria. D. Golgi apparatus. 4. Microfilaments such as actin, microtubules, and the intermediate filaments form the cell-supporting structure called the: A. nucleus. B. cytoplasm. C. plasma membrane. D. cytoskeleton. 5. Small cells function more effectively, because as cells become larger their surface area to volume ratio: A. is squared. B. increases. C. is cubed. D. stays the same. E. decreases. 6. Organelles that breakdown hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen are: A. peroxisomes. B. lysosomes. C. liposomes. D. vacuoles. E. plastids. 7. A circular molecule of DNA devoid of any histone proteins describes the chromosome of a (an): A. insects B. yeasts C. flowering plants D. protozoa E. bacteria 8. Who first described cells? A. Leeuwenhoek B. Golgi C. Linnaeus D. Hooke E. Darwin

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9. . Schleiden and Schwann stated the "cell theory," which in its modern form says: A. all organisms are composed of one or more cells, all cells arise spontaneously and all cells vary in size and shape. B. all organisms are composed of one or more cells, all cells are the smallest living things and all cells arise by division of other cells. C. all organisms are composed of one or more cells, all cells require oxygen and all cells arise by division of other cells. D. all cells will arise spontaneously, all cells require oxygen and all cells are composed of one or more cells. 10. Ribosomes are made up of: A. only DNA molecules. B. protein and RNA. C. only protein molecules. D. DNA and RNA. E. only RNA molecules. 11. The "X" shaped chromosomal hereditary material can be packaged in this organelle in eukaryotic cells but not in prokaryotic cells. This organelle is the: A. nucleoid. B. nucleus. C. ribosomes. D. mitochondria. E. chloroplast. 12. Prokaryotic cell movement is attributed to: A. pili. B. cytoskeleton proteins. C. capsules. D. flagella. E. ribosomes. 13. Plant cells often have a large membrane-bound sac that is used for storing water and other substances called a: A. nucleus. B. central vacuole. C. Golgi body. D. chloroplast. E. centriole. 14. This cellular structure lacks a membrane: A. Golgi body B. nucleoid C. endoplasmic reticulum D. nucleus E. microbody 15. The cytoplasmic space in eukaryotic cells is occupied by many diverse membrane-bound structures with specific cellular functions called: A. organelles. B. receptors. C. cilia. D. chromosomes. E. flagella.

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16. The eukaryotic organelle that is directly involved in the transport of proteins synthesized on the surface of the rough ER is called the: A. mitochondrion. B. vacuole. C. smooth ER. D. Golgi body. E. nucleus. 17. In eukaryotes, mitochondria are the organelles primarily involved in: A. energy release/capture. B. lipid synthesis. C. export of enzymes. D. protein synthesis. E. phospholipid assembly 18. Nuclear pores permit the passage of all the following except: A. RNA only outward. B. proteins inward and outward. C. DNA molecules only outward. 19. The nucleolus is the site of: A. protein synthesis. B. chromosome replication. C. ribosome assembly. D. lipid synthesis. E. uncoiling and unraveling of chromosomes. 20. Mitochondria and chloroplasts are the other organelles besides the nucleus that contain: A. channels. B. pores. C. pigments. D. plasma membranes. E. DNA. 21. The organelle involved in the oxygen-requiring process by which the energy harvested from macromolecules is used to generate ATP is the: A. nucleus. B. chloroplasts. C. ER. D. mitochondria. E. lysosome. 22. Cilia and flagella of eukaryotic cells are composed of: A. actin filaments in a 9 + 2 arrangement. B. microtubules in a 9 + 2 arrangement. C. protein fibers in a helical arrangement. D. nine triplets of microtubules in a circle. 23. The distinctive feature of chloroplasts is that they contain a green pigment called: A. Gram stain. B. chlorophyll. C. hemoglobin. D. chromatin. E. keratin.

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24. A team of researchers is studying the external structures on the dorsal (back) surface of a spider mite. The spider mite seems to be the habitat of an even smaller mite, which is approximately 0.05mm. While they can see the dorsal surface of the spider mite with their naked eye, they cannot see the mite clearly. The researchers are writing a grant to provide support for a microscope to use to study these new mites. They need to purchase a microscope with a high magnification to observe the new mites on their habitat. It is not necessary for them to observe living mites. Based on the information given, what type of microscope would you suggest? A. transmission electron microscope B. scanning electron microscope C. dissecting microscope D. binocular compound light microscope

25. Plants, fungi and bacterial all have: A. cell walls B. nuclei C. mitochondria D. chloroplasts E. lysosomes 26. Your research project involves characterizing the expression pattern of a nuclear pore protein. After using immunohistochemistry to fluorescently label the protein, you decide that you would like to capture the data as a 3-D image. Which microscope should you use? A. phase-contrast microscope B. scanning electron microscope C. confocal microscope D. fluorescence microscope 27. During which cellular process do all three forms of RNA associate? A. ribosome assembly B. chromatin formation C. formation of the nucleolus D. protein synthesis 28. If the function of centrioles was impaired in a cell, it could not: A. make ATP. B. produce lysosomes. C. divide. D. synthesize proteins. E. conduct photosynthesis. 29. A cuboidal shaped cell with six sides is 1mm X 1mm X 1mm. What are the volume and the surface area of the cell? A. 1mm3 - 6mm2 B. 3mm3 - 3mm2 C. 1mm3 - 3mm2 D. 3mm3 - 1mm2