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LOGII P

UZZ [\$

If you've never solved a logic puzzle before, this introduction

wiil show you how. We'll take you step by step

through two

tips along the

simple logic puzzles, and give you some solving way.

i

logic p,.,zrl" is a test ofyour

abihLy to think clearly You

don'r need dictionaries or other reference books to solve a logic

puzzle, just a pencil and plenty of common sense'

-

Usualiy, a logic

For exanple. you might

exotic pet,

puzzle asks you to match up sets of things'

be told lhat four men each own an

and to solve the puzzle you'd -match up each man's

first nime \ /ith his last name and his kind of pet. You figrrr:e

out how to mat h them up by studying a list ofclues, like llama doesnt belong to Duane."

In order to make solving

*Ihe

fa-ster and easier, experienced logic

puzzlers use a solving

deduced. They've found

white, neatly organized, helps

grid to record the information they've that seeing the inforrnation in black and

them make furiher deductions.

lhere are two kinds of solving grids you'll find most often:

the "crosshatch" grid

and the "fiIl-in" grid. Sometimes you can't

tell.which kind will work best until you've spent a lot of time

trying to solve the puzzle with the wrong ki^d. In Dell logia

Puzzles, we figure

for each puzzle,

out which kind of grid is the most useful

page. Sometimes

and we print it on the same

we'll even give you both

look at a typical

kinds if we think it will help. Let's

puzzle that works best with a crosshatch grid.

PET OWNERS

Each of four men owns a different species

the following clues, can you frgure out

.F rom

each man's full name

of exotic

pet.

and what kind of

1, Mr

Engels

pet he owns?

(whose pet is named Sparky), Abner, and Mr.

Foster all belong to a club for owners of unusual pets.

2. The iguana

3. Neither the

4. The llama doesn't belong to

i6n't owrred by either Chuck or Duane.

jackal nor the king

cobra is owned by Mr. Foster.

Duane (whose pet is named

Waggles).

5: Abner,

6. Bruce and Mr. Foster are neighbors.

7. Mr. Halera is afraid of iguanas.

And heret the crosshatch grid:

who doesn't own the king cobra, isn't Mr. Grint€r.

in the intersections of'Abner" and "Gunter," and "Abner" and

"King cobra."

Irlolelrl-r r3r I

rHr#r;Erglilel5l

.m-rml-n-''

lAb*,

Txl-lTiITTTiT-]

En fri-rtt+t

|r,1,:.,Hfl1-l

FFTffi

i

Ifyou werc care)ess. you mighl witho'.rt *rinking put an X into !-

the

intersection of 'Gunted and

fiing cobra' Does Mr. Gunter{

own the king cobra? Well, maybe he dnes and maybe he doeso't. i

bul clue 5

carefirlly

a wrong conclusion now, you'lJ be confilsed later on.

really doesnt say anl'thing

1

dot (meaning :yes') in the I

we can -l

ll

we can se at a glance lhat Abner isn't Mr. Engels, Mr. I

Foster, or Mr. Cunl,er. We can make a deduction: Abner must t

Now

be Mr. Halew. We'tl pr-rt a large

intersection of 'Abner"

also put )Cs

ar|d

and -Halera." And that meals

in rhe intarsecl ions of fialeqa

and "Bruce." 'Chuck,"

to lhe grid, be sure ln',

-'Duare."

|\$fam

(9

lnls l(

'6

-

x

I

I

ffi

Bruce

X

F:*FF+]T

Chuck

Duane

X

X

That was a fairlv simple deduction,

puzzle you'll need to make some

i.i"ti

Go through

grid wherever you

but in order to solve this

deductions that are a little

the rest of the clues,and. pu-t Xs into ihe

can. You'll end up with this:

I4t's look first at clue 1. From it we can see that !{bner isrit Mr. Engels or Mr. Foster. We record this information in the

pr-rtting an X rmeaning -no", in the square at

solving grid by

the intersection of "Abner" and "Engels," anil another X at the intersection of "Abner- and 'Foster." Now let's look at clue 5. From it we learn that Abner doesn't

ovfir the king cobra, and that Alner isn't Mr. Gunt€r

,6

DELL LOGIC PUZZLES February 1995

Put

Xs

Sometimes, with a very easy puzzle. just putting the informaQori

in the srid is enoush

in the grid

is

enough

putzle'i a bit

to make

to make ttre

solution

the solurion

lall oul-

fall out

to you

to

you This

lhts

harder, though, and at first glance th9r9 dTsn't

to mal<e any more deduclions'

seem to be enoueh inforrn;tion

But the information is there; little- Take a pencil and fill

you reail on.

"

Mr.

yotr just have to work witb it a

in the rest of the gnd yourself as

Haleqr doesrft own thd iguana. Since Abner is Mr'

.

.

Halevy, that meansAbner doesn,t

ring infornation

lll

jl"l

one ro

is

919:

Bruce

Voih!

own the iguana

ana

;tglru"u.

iguina i"

either,

,,Abner,

dot

right?

Put an X in the int€rsection of

ready to make another deduction: the

u"j yo?i"

"*"""a-tu

and X's t;he

erid. 0.;;"f;

from one section of the grid'to anotherl as

"asy

an imporranr srep in solving, ald ir's an

overtook,) isn't Mr. Foster, so Mr_

Foster doesn't own the iguana.

owns the llama_

while the llamat owner

""-"

-".r, ifrr,,.,"i

Another deduction: Mr. Foster

Mr. Foster is either Chuck or Duane,

is either Abner or Chuck. Since both ar" tfr"

be Chuck who is Mr. Foster and owns the.llama.

Now

pel. by

Abner Haler,l s per can only

eliminaLion, must be the ldng

intersection of "Halely;

be rhejackal, and Duane.s

and ,,Jackal,"

aia tfr" X"

iguana, and

;;;;

a dot at the

that go rvith it.

-Ald

now you

Duane owns the

whjch.one is Mr.

seem to be stuck. Bruce owns the

l.ing-cobra, but you can.t tell f;

Engels and which one is Mr. Gunter. ls th"ere

missed? Why, yes: Mr.

Engels.pet

anlanrng ln the clues you ve

rs-named Sparky fclue

l/, while Duaoe's pel is narned Waeeie"

Engels. As you solve i6gic

ne;d to combi"" f;;;

i*;

{clue 4). so Duane canr be Mr.

puzzles, you'll learn that you often

two or more clues to mal<e a deduction.

_So

Engels

owns thc isuana.

Chuck Foster owns the llama, Duane

cobra, and Abner

Glunter o*"" tf,? U"?

Haler.y owns the jackcl.

enough to

At rhis point you know

solve Eost of rhe puzzles

grids.

you

may

wanl to

.""t oi tti"

" purrf". *irf, nti_in

m thls magazine that have crosshatch

.

plunge into solving now, and come back to the

introduclion gnds. lt you

when you're ready to t_ackle rt

do, be aure !o stan with the easier puzzles at the

magazine. Don,t try l,o swan_dive bpfore you,ve

beginning ofthe learned to swlm

,Now

ctoesn

let's,look at

a.similar puzzle where a crosshatrh grid

t work very wcli.

MORE PET OWNERS

Doris and three other women each exotic pel,. From the following clues,

woman s tuU name she owns rone owns

a kangaroor?

own a different species of

can you figure out cach

lonp is Ms. Hankerr and what kind of pel

1, All four-Alice, Ms- Eiping, Ms, Florin, and the ibels

gvne;-belgng to a clutr for owners of unusual pets.

2. The leopard

3. The jaguar doesn't belong

"

dioesn,t belone to Beite.

to Alice.

4. Ms. btiuer, *ft" a""*i

Chloe.

5*rr iil" f*o*a, jives noxr door to

5. Bette, who isn't Ms. Florin, doesn.r, own the ibex.

6. Ms. Esping doesn't own r_he iazuat.

And here's the fill-in gr-id:

First name

Last name

Pal

It doesn't look as helpful as the crosshatch grid, docs it? And

yell,e lt.Eee^thal the puzzlc

ryl,,rynrre

youd

practically solves itselfon a fill_in

crosshatch grid for this puzzle,

rl.you tned lo use a

Just get tfus lar and no further:

AIice

Bette

Chlo€

Doris

o

X

-9

I

(9

I

X

6

E

Jaguar

Kanqaroo

Leopard

X

Here's a hot_tip:

Very often, the way to break into a

we

start by put[ing

puzzle

is to find a list ofall the people invotved-

that has a fill-in grid

There s one in clue I. so

rn clue I into a different column ofthe srid:

each woman named

First name

Last name

Pet

A[ice

'Espinq ffoin

i6"X

Fill in the.rest of the grid yourself as

O)i s"o by

fio"i"."

doesn't belong to Alice (clue B) or Ms. Efping (ctue

looking at ou.€rid

we can see it must leilonito U".

-Bette is neither Ms.

she

f'lorin nor the ibex's owner (clue 5), so

must be Ms. Espin!.

The leopard doesn t belong ro Betle Esping {clue 2), so it be-

to Alice, and by elimiration Lhe kangaroo beiongs to Bette

longb

Esping.

.

.Alice,

is

Florin

^l

nd

{::.ruoe

Alice

ryl6_

ns rhe leopard, isn'L

Ms. Glover {clue

4}, so

shp

M".

Glover isn't Chloe (clue 4), so she is Doris, and Chloe is Ms.

Ms. Hanker. and Ms. Clover is the ibex.s o*n"r.

-

ll

:k

_6q,

Bette. Esping owns thc kangaroo,

Dorjs Glover owns the ibex, and

I lorln owns the jagrrar,

Hairl€r owns the leoDard.

Before.we 6nish up our inlroduction, here are a few more

introduction carefully, and make sure you

sor!,1n9 llps:

A puzzles

you'll need to solve

understand what you're trying

/rro pets,

one, youll

to figure

out. If each person Las

for example. and yolr assumrr each person has onlv

end up with your solving grid in a muddte!

introduoion somelimeJhas a piece of information

the puzzle. For example, the introduction

seating chart al

a dinner party might

tell you thar no husband was seated next to his own wiie. Oirl

miss lhosc important

clues.

agajn, one at a lime. Have

you really used every bit of informal_ion thal_ can be soueezed

out of each one?

lfyoure stuck. go over the ciues

Another way to get

unstuck-though it,s more wo.k_is to

say, ttat Alfred is Mr. Greene,

original grid.) lfyou

make an asshmption. A.ssume,

and see where that leads. (MaJ<e

a

out lo be

up a second solving grid on

piecc.ofscratch paper for this. Thcn ifyour assumption turns

urong, you can go back to your

end up with

aller all. And if

a contradiction. yorj know Alfred isn.t"Mr. Greene

you end

up w.ith a complete answer with no

solved the puzzlei Somelimes rhe

tough five-star puzzle is by ndking and

on[! way to solve a

qlspro!1ng assumpl,ions.

But experienced solvers know that the most effective way b

get unstuck is to put the puzi,le

olber puzzles. and come back to rhe

aside for a while. Go on to

sticky one an hour,

a

day.

or a wcek farer. When you try the puzzle again with a cleir

mind. youll

ll you need

probably see things you didnl no-ce th9 first rime.

a hint, turn to the solution and read il one line

until you reach a deduction you didn't think J

conlinue solving

at a time, just

Then 6top r"ading, go back to lhe puzzle. and

lrom thal, point. Since Del/ lngic ptuzl*s gives

complcrc steD-_ 1-

^uih h.lp

a"

f

by-step solulions for each puzzle, you can get as

you neFd tnts way. at any staqe in your solyine.

lf yotr think you've found , sol"ton to a puzz]o lhat doesn.r

mal,ch ours, carefully check

it against each clue in the puzzle.

you've overlookcd a subtle

Almost always, you'll find lhat

Enough introducrions -it's time to start

s;lving!

And

we sin_

cerely hope you enjoy this issuc of Dp11 Logic

puzzles.

I

ii

I

ll

BRAIN PICKERS BY CHRIS PERTON

"Brain Pickers" is an annual quiz tournament for high school

teams from around the state. This year's winning team was

from Mark Twain High School, and consisted of two young

women-Andrea and Monica-and two young men-Ran-

Andrea

Monica

Randall

Thomas

Fine arts

History

Literature

(d

(! Y

o

o

.g

a

*

dall and Thomas. Their last nuures are Brennan, Garcra'

Hardy, and McKay, and ea-ch has a differelt academic spe-

cialty (fine arts, history, literature, or science). Can you

march each teammate's full name with his or her specialty?

Solution ts on page 5 ).

l. Monica and McKay are seniors, the science expert is a

junior, and Andrea is a soPhomore.

2. Randall (who isn't Brennan) isn't strong in history.

3. Ms. Garcia isn't a senior.

The young wordpn specialize in fine ans and

5. The literature €xpert isn't Brennan.

'JUST iAY BIIIS BY HUMPHREY DUDLEY

This morning's mail brought four bills, three for utilities-

electricity, telephone, and water-and one for my account at Frack's department stoie. Each was for a different amount- \$2!, \$30, \$40, or \$6G-and I paid them with checks num-

bered 604 though 607. Can you reconstruct 'my register by matching each check number with the amount the check and which bill I paid with it'l

Solution is on page

1. Check #605 isn't for \$60.

#604

(s

2. The checR to Frack's is for more money than checki

#604, which in tum is for. more than the check to the' telephone company

I

.

 #605 3. #606 #607 1

The check for the electric bill is for twice as much as

check #60?.

The \$40 check has a higher number than the check for

the water bill.

DELL LOGIC PUZZLES FebtuarY 1995

FRUITS AND VEGETAETES

BY ALEX KNIGHT

Two men (Damon and Harry) and two women (E<lith and

Molly) met yesterday afternoon at the local produce inarket.

Each was buying a different kind of fruit (apricots, can-

l.

No one bought both nectarines ana ipinach.'

2. Neither Damon

broccoli.

nor Molly bought eirher zucchini

3.

A man bought both cantaloupes and green peppers.

5. No one bought both apricots and zucchini.

* IOST AND FOUND BY IDA J. MASON

While rushing to get ready for the first day ofschool, the four Holsum childreu (Karen, Larry, Molly, and Norman) each lost a different necessary item (a box of cray,ons, a pencil, a

ruler, and a pair of scissors). After a frantic search, each item

l.

2.

3.

4.

The box of crayons (which isn't Karen's item) wasn't

found under the table.

The ruler (which doesn't belong to Molly) didn'r tum

up behind the bar.

The four children are: Molly, Norman. rhe child who

lost the box of crayons, and the child who found his or her ilem behind lhe bar.

The item found in the cupboard (which doesn't belong

lo Larry) wasn't the ruler or the scissors.

*

taloupes, limes, or nectarines) and a different kind of vese-

table t broccoli. green pepper'.

Solution is on page 51 .

spinach. or zucchini t. Can y-ou

find each one's purchases?

*

was found in a different spot in the kitchen (behind the bar,

in the cupboard, in the refrigerator, and ulder the table). Can

you link each child with the item he or she lost, and where

gach item was found?

Solution is on page 5l .

THE EAR OF THE BEHOLDER BY CHRIS PERTON

Five co-workers were discussing their favorite types of music over lunch recently. It tumed out that each ofthe three women

(Agnes, Gayle, and Linda) and two men (Brian and Jef|) has

a different favorite kind of music (classical, country western, rap, rock and roll, or show music), aod each prefers to hea[ it

THE

S.O.F.T.E. TOUCH BY JEAN ROWELL

[,ast spring, the councils of the neightroring towns Stabney

and Ofwell began promoting the Stabney and Ofwell Friend-

ly Tourism Extravaganza. Each of the five Stabney council lnembers (Abner, Betty, Carla, Devin, and Ellie) teamed up

with one of the Ofwell council members (Lana, Mavis, Nor-

ton, Osgood, and Paddy) to present a different idea for a

DELL LOGIC PUZZLES February 1995

**

in a different way (on CDs, LPs, or tapes, on the radio, or

live). lnst names are Dryer, F4nshaw, Nevins, Quigley, and Willis. Can you match each person's full name with his or her musical preferences?

Solution ts on page 51.

l. Jeff (who isn't Quigley) likes rap music best.

2. The two who prefer their music live and on tape are

Agnes and Ms. Nevins in some order.

3. Quigley never listens to tapes or CDs.

Neither Gayle Willis nor the man who loves classical music owns a radio.

5. Agnes (who isn't Dryer) favors country westem music,

6. Linda doesn't own any kpes.

'7.

The one who prefers rock and roll never lislens to it live,

promotion gimmick (a camera raffle, free film

motel discount coupons, free postcards, or ftee sunblock) thejoint council meeting. Can you matcheach pair of

rirembers with their idea, and find the order in which the teams made their presentations?

Solution is on page 5

1. Devin and Norton were paircd; they didn't give the

presentation.

2. Paddy and his partner were fourth to present an

3. Ellie's team spoke immediately after Lana's, but

time before the pair that proposed motel

coupons.

A I-ana (whose team didn't come up with the idea having free raffles for caineras) spoke sometlme

than Osgood and his partner.

5. Carla was on the second team to speak.

6. Free sunblock wasn't the first idea presented-' but.it

Presented immediately before Abner and his pal

spoke, which was sometime bdfore one team

mended giving free postcards of the cities'

t'

rt

il

/as

rcr

m:

WIGS AND MAKEUP BY SCOTT MARTEY

The Snoobville Community Theater is presenting that classic 1920s drawing room comedy Poor ButtedT:t, each Friday and

Saturday night at 8:00 p.m. The cast includes three women-

Belle, Diane, and Hillary-and two men-{laude and Fritz

--'each ofwhom must be wigged and made up before the play begins. The theater has a wig stylist and a makeup artist

l.

.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

No performer, of course, is assigned to be wigged and

made up at the same time.

Since Belle, Fritz, and Hillary are olr stage as the curtain rises, they must & ready by the 8:00 curtain. (Claude

and Diane, who don't appear until about a halfhour into

the play, needn't be ready by 8:0O.)

Belle gets made up before she gets wigged, and the same

is true of at least one man.

Only one of the five performers, a man, doesn't haye to

wait at all between his time slots.

Hillary is finished with her wig and makeup before any

of the others.

No one has to wait longer than 20 minutes from the end

of his or her first time slot to rhe beginning of the

second.

POINTS OF VIEW BY ALEX KNIGHT

Two men-Julius and Toby-and two women-Dixie and

Mercedes-hiked together to the top ofPanorama peak. Once

al the summil. each brought out his or her camera and took a photo of the view. The four friends took their photos at the sam€ time, but each was facing in a different direction (north,

 J. Hedgerow Hill isn't to the north of Panorama peak. 2. Toby, and the hiker photographing Vista Vale faced nonh and east in some order. 3. Mercbdes and the hiker photographing Goblin Grove faced south and west in some order. 4. Julius stood wirh his back ro Robinel River. 5. Dixie and one of the men faced rn opposite directions.

Direction

Sight '

**

working backstage to assist the performers in getting ready.

Each performer has been assigned one ten-minute time slot with the wig stylisr and another ten-minute time slor with the makeup artist. The time slots begin at 7:20,'1:3O,7:40,7:50,

and 8:00. Can you reconstruct the wig arld makeup schedule?

Solution is on page 5l .

7:20

7:30

7:40

7:50

8:00

wig

Makeup

east, south, or west) in order to get

(Goblin Grove, Hedgerow Hill, Robinet River, or Vista Vale)

natural wonder

into the shot. Can you match each hiker with the direction he

DELL LOGIC P UZZLES February 1995

ll

PIECE OF THE PIE BY HUMPHREY DUDLEY

Two men-Len and Ozzie-and two women-Magnolia and

Nell-went out for pizza last night. They ordered a pizz^ to

share, and among them they ate all eight slices. Each ordered something to drink (two ordered colas, one ordered milk, and

DIVE INTO STOCKS BY CHRIS PERTON

Ms. Rhodes decided last year to begin investing in the stock market. After doing some research and seeking advice from herfriends, she decided that the bestway to leam was tojump right in and buy a few shares. She purchased one hundred shares in five different companies (BMS, JEP. LKB, VlP, and

XYZ), each at a different purchaSing price (\$10, \$20, \$.30,

1. :The stock that Ms. Rhodes purchased for \$10 isn't the

qne that lost 157o.

**

one ordered a glass of wine). Can you match each person's

full name (last names are Piney, Quilteq Rogers, and Sloane)

with the number of slices he or she ate and the drink he or she

ordered?

Solution is on page 52.

l. Everyone had at least one slice.

I

2. The two cola drinkers ate lgss than half the pizza b-

tween them. I

"-r

3.

Magnolia had exactly two more slices than Rogers did.

4. ln had exactly one more slice than Piney did.

5. Mr. Sloane had at least as many slices as the wine drinker did.

\$40, and \$50). After owning them for a year, she what she had. Thre€ stocks had increased in value (bv

25/o, and 454o), and two had decreased (by 157o and 35

Can you find out how much each stock was worth when

Rhodes purchased it, and lhe percentage by which each

changed over the course of the year?Solution is on page

BMS

C\J

o

dtil

\$lc!

tr)

c

'

s

(r)

 2. XYZ (which she didn't purchase for \$30) and the \$50 JEP stock both lost money. ]LKB 3. JEP increased by 57o. VIP xYz 4. The \$20 stock (which wasn't LKB) increased by 4sEo. 45"/" 5. Ms. Rhodes purchased VIP at \$40. 25Y" up 5% up 15% down down .12 DELL LOGIC PUZZLES February 1995

d

b,

):

s.

le'

3.

BAGEIS FOR BREAKFAST

BY MARK T. ZEGARELTI

Five people (Adrienne, David, Glen, Lianna, and Steve) were

already in line at 7 a.m. when The Holesome Bagel Shop

opened its doors. Each ordered a differenl rype of bagel (egg,

onion, pumpemickel, raisin cinnamon, and whole wheat).

Lianna was served just before the person who ordered the egg bagel, and just after Z€zel.

Karros didn't order the pumpemickel bagel.

t. One customer was servedjust before andjust after Glen

and Steve, in some order.

The person who ordered the whote wheat bagel was servedjust before Adrienne (who isn't Bogard), andjust

after Marciulionis.

5. The person who ordered the raisin cinnamon bagel was

served sometime before the one who ordered the onion

bagel.

First

Second

Third

Fourth

Fifth

Ess

Onion

R"iai"

"m"r*

Whole wheat

Bogard

Karros

Marciulionis

Niles

Zezel

o

c

o

(E

c

4)

c (d

.g

o)

q)

a

***

Can you find out the full name o-f each customer (last names are Bogard. Karros. Marciulionis. Niles, and Zezel). lhe rype

of bagel each ordered, and the order in which they were

served?

Solution is on page 53.

o. Niles was served sometime before either Glen or the

person who ordered pump€rnickel, but not both of them,

Y

o)

(n

Order

(g

)<

.2 c

s

(g

3

z

First name Last name

o)

N

o

N

(')

c')

ul

c

o

E

(U

'6

.s

'6

E

(tr

o

3

_qt

o

3

Bagel

DELL LOGIC PUZZLES February 1995

r3

)

I

BIZARRE TREK BY RICH SONES

The Federation Starship Boobyprize iE approaching a new star that is orbited by five planets: Arrth, Kudo, Ort, Ranus, and Velcron. Each planet is inhabited by a different species of life (the Coneheads-, Gnatites, Pachydermi, Slimese, and

Turtillians). each of which has a differcnt distinctive charac-

***

ter hait (impud€nce, laziness, orneriness, Prsnicketiness, or sullenness). The relative masses of the five planets' in some

order, are l, 3, 5, 7, and I l. Can you put the planets in order from first (nearest the star) to fifth (farthest from the star)'

and match each with its relative mass, species, and trait?

Solution is on page 53.

l. Amh (which isn't thd smatlest of the planets) is less than half the size<