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PH2201 Classical Mechanics: Homework 2 1.

A system with two degrees of freedom, x and y , has the Lagrangian 1 2 + y 2) + 2 0 (x2 + y 2 ) + xy L= 1 2 (x Find the oscillations of the system [3 marks ]. 2. Two particles of mass m separated by constant distance d can move freely on the surface [both sideways and up and down] of an inclined plane which makes an angle with the surface of the oor. A sketch of the system can be seen above. Assume that gravity acts on the particles. Using only Cartesian coordinates in this problem, a) Write the Lagrangian for the particles [1 mark ]. b) Write the equations of constraint, which are two [1 mark ]. c) Obtain an expression for the two Lagrange multipliers 1 and 2 [1 mark ]. d) Get the equations of motions for the Cartesian coordinates of the two particles [1 mark ]. 3. Lets say our Lagrangian L(qi , ..., qn , q 1 , ..., q 2 , t) depends on n independent generalized coordinates q1 , ..., qn . If we transform the coordinates to another set of independent coordinates s1 , ...sn by the transformation equations qi = qi (s1 , ..., sn ), for i = 1, ..., n show that we still obtain the Euler-Lagrange equations of motian for the si coordinates d L L = , for i = 1, ..., n dt s i si [3 marks]. Turn in on Tuesday, 8th of October at 1:30 p.m. at the latest. 1