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CJUS 2030 Winter Session 2010 Study Guide EXAM 2

1. A situation in which police officers only trust other police officers and do not aid in the investigation of wrongdoing by other officers is called the: blue curtain 2. A study conducted by James David in Texas and Oklahoma revealed that arrest rates for men and women police officers are: almost identical 3. A tort is a: public wrong 4. According to John Firman, the research director for the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), the most common restriction on hiring applicants for police service with a history of drug use within the recent past is 10 years for hard drugs and 5 years free from marijuana. 5. According to research, what is the leading problem among police officers? Marital problems 6. According to research, what subgroup was more likely to use constructive coping relating to stress? African Americans 7. According to the authors definition of police corruption, which of the following would be an example of police corruption? Taking bribes 8. According to the BJS, 35% of local police departments provide college tuition reimbursement to their officers. 9. After the conditional offer of employment to a potential police candidate, the final stage of the selection process is: psychological and physical 10. Any police-initiated activity that relies on a persons race or ethnic background rather than on behavior as a basis for identifying that individual as being involved in criminal activity is called biased-based policing. 11. In 1996, the New York City Police Department (NYPD) and the NYPD Patrolmans Benevolent Association (PBA), responding to the fact that 26 NYPD officers had committed suicide in the previous two years, created the Police Organization Providing Peer Assitance (POPPA) to address the problems of police 12. Mary Hageman says that the pressure of being on duty 24 hours a day leads to stress and that the police learn to cope with that stress by: becoming emotionally detached from their work

and citizens they are paid to protect.

13. Most federal law enforcement agencies require this education requirement: Bachelors degree 14. Ninety-eight percent of police shootings involve: male officers and male offenders 15. Officer Brown believes his role is keeping the peace and preserving the social order, yet he is very careful not to violate the constitutional rights of individuals. According to Broderick, he would be considered a/an: idealist 16. Officer Green believes that it is impossible to achieve the goals and objectives of the police department and concentrates his efforts on the concept of police loyalty and the mutual support of his fellow officers. According to Broderick, he would be considered a: realist 17. Officer White concentrates her efforts on helping people in trouble, rather than on keeping society safe. According to Broderick, she would be considered a/an: optimist 18. Robert Lillys research concluded that the majority of police calls are in reference to: information 19. Section 1983 of Title 42 of the U.S. Code was originally enacted by Congress as a means of enforcing the 14th Amendment guarantee of rights to the newly freed slaves. 20. Select the correct answer regarding arrests and the police screening process: Most

departments reject applicants with an adult or juvenile criminal record.

21. Select the correct answer regarding police age requirements. Must be at least 18, some states

require 21.
22. The academic studies of women on patrol indicate that: 23. The American Institute of Stress ranked police work: among the top 10 most stressful jobs in

24. The book Black in Blue found that black police officers suffered from double marginality. 25. The code of silence is often referred to as the blue curtain or blue veil.

CJUS 2030 Winter Session 2010 Study Guide EXAM 2 26. The first police training school was developed by: August Vollmer 27. The Knapp Commission was a(n): commission formed to investigate NYC police corruption in the 1990s.
28. The Smalltown Police Department uses social service agencies to provide counseling for minor offenders. According to James Q. Wilson, it would be considered a service department. 29. The stress produced by elements inherent in the quasi-military character of the police service, such as adjusting to changing tours of duty, odd working hours, and working holidays, is classified as: personal stress 30. The typical police officer of today is better educated than previous generations of police officers. 31. The U.S. Census Bureau predicts that by 2050 minority populations will be 49.9% of the population. 32. 33. Title __VII___ of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was designed to prohibit all job discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. 34. What act was enacted with the goal of assisting local governments in reducing the incidence of crime by increasing the effectiveness, fairness, and coordination of law enforcement and the criminal justice system? Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 35. What does researcher Hrand Saxenian say is the single most important criterion in the police selection process? maturity 36. What is considered a loyalty test given to rookie officers by the training officer and other officers? Giving drink to officer on duty 37. What percent of the largest U.S. cities have established some form of citizen review board in which the citizens actively participate? 27% 38. What selection process can be used to examine a candidates characteristics that might be otherwise difficult to assess, including poise, presence, and communication skills? Oral board 39. Which is not indicative of the police personality? Trust 40. Which of the following is not one of the possible causes for the acceptance of women in police departments in the late 1960s and early 1970s, according to Samuel Walker? 41. Which of the following is not an argument against citizen review? 42. Which of the following is not one of Brodericks police operational styles? Dreamers 43. Which of the following is not one of the factors that may influence police discretion as indicated by research findings? (DO--characteristics of crime, relationship between alleged criminal and

victim, relationship between police and the criminal or victim, department policies)
44. Which of the following is not one of the four general categories of police stress discovered by researchers? Command stress 45. Which of the following is not one of the major factors Herbert Jacob says causes the police to exercise discretion? Time of day 46. Which of the following is not one of the reasons police exercise discretion? Geographic area of

47. Which of the following is part of the federal governments imminent danger standard for use of deadly force? Prisoner attempting to escape from a high security system 48. Who coined the term the working personality of the police? Jerome Skolnick 49. Who was the researcher who conducted the classic study of the police subculture in Gary, Indiana? William Westley 50. Why was the Knapp Commission created? In response to a series of articles by the New York

Times on police corruption in NYC. 51. 13% of sworn personnel in local police departments are Hispanic.