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RENR1185-03 May 2003

PUMP or MOTOR FLUID CONDITIONER SPRING

FLUID POWER SYMBOLS


BASIC COMPONENT SYMBOLS
MAIN AUX.

CONTROL VALVES

RESTRICTION

LINE RESTRICTION (FIXED)

2-SECTION PUMP

PUMP: VARIABLE and PRESSURE COMPENSATED

VARIABILITY

22

SPRING (ADJUSTABLE)

LINE RESTRICTION (VARIABLE)

PRESSURE COMPENSATION

HYDRAULIC PNEUMATIC ENERGY TRIANGLES

LINE RESTRICTION
VARIABLE and PRESSURE COMPENSATED

ATTACHMENT

VALVES
VALVE ENVELOPES VALVE PORTS

ONE POSITION

TWO POSITION

THREE POSITION

TWO-WAY

THREE-WAY

FOUR-WAY

CONTROL VALVES

CHECK VALVES

19

29

23

24

25

26

AB

AB

P T NORMAL POSITION

P T SHIFTED POSITION

INFINITE POSITION

BASIC SYMBOL

SPRING LOADED

MEASUREMENT
a5 a4 a3 a2 a1
PRESSURE TEMPERATURE FLOW UNIDIRECTIONAL

ROTATING SHAFTS

BIDIRECTIONAL

15
A1 A2 A3 A4 A5

FLUID STORAGE RESERVOIRS

P2 LS

M312, M315 and M318 Wheeled Excavators Hydraulic System


b5 b4 b3 b2 b1

VENTED

PRESSURIZED

RETURN ABOVE FLUID LEVEL

RETURN BELOW FLUID LEVEL

COMBINATION CONTROLS

B1

B2

B3

B4

B5

SOLENOID

T1

SOLENOID or MANUAL

SOLENOID and PILOT

SOLENOID and PILOT or MANUAL

SERVO

THERMAL

DETENT

8AL1020-UP 6TL410-634 7ML860-1214 6ES229-UP 8SS1-UP

MANUAL CONTROL SYMBOLS

PUSH-PULL LEVER

MANUAL SHUTOFF

GENERAL MANUAL

PUSH BUTTON

PEDAL

SPRING

PILOT CONTROL SYMBOLS


RELEASED PRESSURE REMOTE SUPPLY PRESSURE

EXTERNAL RETURN

INTERNAL RETURN

SIMPLIFIED

COMPLETE

INTERNAL SUPPLY PRESSURE

ACCUMULATORS

CROSSING AND JOINING LINES

HYDRAULIC AND PNEUMATIC CYLINDERS

SPRING LOADED

GAS CHARGED

LINES CROSSING

LINES JOINING

SINGLE ACTING

DOUBLE ACTING

HYDRAULIC PUMPS
FIXED DISPLACEMENT VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT NON-COMPENSATED

HYDRAULIC MOTORS
FIXED DISPLACEMENT VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT NON-COMPENSATED

INTERNAL PASSAGEWAYS
INFINITE POSITIONING THREE POSITION TWO POSITION

UNIDIRECTIONAL

UNIDIRECTIONAL
CROSS FLOW

BIDIRECTIONAL

BIDIRECTIONAL

FLOW IN ONE DIRECTION

PARALLEL FLOW

FLOW ALLOWED IN EITHER DIRECTION

MAIN CONTROL VALVE

16

2003 Caterpillar All Rights Reserved

Printed in U.S.A.

Electrical Symbols Table


6 36 4 34 14 20 21 30 35 37

Hydraulic Symbols (Electrical)

STANDARD COMPONENTS Item No. Component Item No. Component

G
2

M
Electric Motor

61

47

48

49 66

4A

3A

2A

1A

T1/2

H 6A 5A T4 PST 3T P

62

64

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34

Stabilizer Solenoid Valve Steering Valve Swing Motor Stick Cylinder Bucket Cylinder Boom Cylinder Stabilizer Cylinder Wheel Brake Oscillating Axle Accumulator Oscillating Axle Cylinder Steering Cylinder Travel Brake Valve Bottom Swivel Brake Light Pressure Switch Attachment Control Valve Main Control Valve Travel Motor Wheel Brakes Accumulator Main Relief Valve Low Brake Pressure Switch Wheel Brake Valve Implement/Travel Signal Limiter Valve Stick Control Valve Travel Control Valve Bucket Control Valve Boom Control Valve Transmission Top Swivel Dozer/Stabilizer Control Valve Implement/Travel AEC Pressure Switch Downshift Inhibitor Dozer/Stabilizer Pilot Control Valve Oscillating Axle/Operating Brake Valve Stick/Swing Pilot Control Valve

Blade Solenoid Valve Governor Actuator Main Pump Swing Pump Swing Charge Filter Oil Cooler Swing Brake Solenoid Valve Travel Activation Solenoid Valve Implement Activation Solenoid Valve Pilot Manifold Pilot Oil Filter Steering Flow Control Valve Return Oil Manifold Brake/Pilot Pump Steering/Cooling Pump Engine Swing Charge Pump Pilot/Transmission Drain Oil Screen Main/Swing Pump Drain Oil Screen Return Oil Filter Creeper Speed Solenoid Valve Swing Pump Pressure Reducing Valve Swing AEC Pressure Switch Main Pump Pressure Reducing Valve Pilot Accumulator Pilot Pressure Relief Valve Pressure Tap Block
44

46

Pressure Switch
43

Pressure Switch (Adjustable)

Temperature Switch

Electrical Wire

Electrical Symbols (Electrical)


40

3 46 59 66 12 13 7 18 10

Pressure Symbol

Temperature Symbol

Level Symbol

Flow Symbol

Wire Number Identification Codes Electrical Schematic Example


Current Standard
Harness identification code This example indicates wire 135 in harness "AG". Wire Circuit Number Identification Wire Color

Hydraulic Schematic Example


Current Standard

60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67

325-AG135 PK-14 325-PK


Circuit Identification Number Wire Color Wire Gauge

Previous Standard
g01004706
17 31

Wire

Wire Color

65

11

325-PK-14
B A

Pilot Manifold

50

Circuit Number Identification

Wire Gauge
(EXAMPLE VALVE)

16 Page, DGM

60

RENR1185-03

35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59

Travel Pilot Control Valve Boom/Bucket Pilot Control Valve Low Transmission Clutch Pressure Switch Trnsm Shift/Parking Brake Control Valve Transmission Clutch Accumulator Blade Cylinder

62 8

Transducer (Fluid)

Transducer (Gas / Air)

Generator

45

LINE PATTERNS
1
L R

Main Connector Line Pilot / Load Sensing Pressure Drain / Return Lines

36 4 34 14 20 21

9
L

Component Group

6
Attachment
30 37 35

7
8 8

Air Line
T U

CALLOUTS
YY

2 62 8

Taps (Pressure, Sampling,Sensor) by letter Components by number


44 45 5

AB

10

10

52

46
T

MC
43
6 5 1 3 2 4 0

60

11
A B

12 13
B1 L A' B' G B2 Br

15

16

40

3 46 18 10

b5

B5

A5

b4

B4

A4

b3

B3

A3

b2

B2

A2

b1

B1

A1

59

66 12 13 7

18 14

19

19

17

18 20
T A' d D B' Br N

22 21 26

P X X1

E K

27
17
B J M 2 5 1 4 6 3

28

LS

a5

a4

a3

a2

a1

31

29 23 30 32 33

24

25
T

11

P2 P1

MT

31

B K

36 37 38
1 2 1 3 2 4

35 34

STANDARD COMPONENTS Item No. Component Item No. Component

8 8
MC

39

A B

40
T

41
T P T P T P T P

RENR1185-03

16 Page, B/W, DGM

42
L P M B R T1 T2 X Z Y2 Y3 Y1 Fa Fe

47 44
A4 A3 A2

48
A1

49

51
P

52
A

43 45
T1 PS R T2 B F A6 M6 T3 A5 M5 T4 SP PST C E A D

46

50
T1/2

MB

53
Qmax Qmin

61

62 63 64 66 65

58
A

59

57

54

55

56

X1

X2

MA

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34

Stabilizer Solenoid Valve Steering Valve Swing Motor Stick Cylinder Bucket Cylinder Boom Cylinder Stabilizer Cylinder Wheel Brake Oscillating Axle Accumulator Oscillating Axle Cylinder Steering Cylinder Travel Brake Valve Bottom Swivel Brake Light Pressure Switch Attachment Control Valve Main Control Valve Travel Motor Wheel Brakes Accumulator Main Relief Valve Low Brake Pressure Switch Wheel Brake Valve Implement/Travel Signal Limiter Valve Stick Control Valve Travel Control Valve Bucket Control Valve Boom Control Valve Transmission Top Swivel Dozer/Stabilizer Control Valve Implement/Travel AEC Pressure Switch Downshift Inhibitor Dozer/Stabilizer Pilot Control Valve Oscillating Axle/Operating Brake Valve Stick/Swing Pilot Control Valve

35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67

Travel Pilot Control Valve Boom/Bucket Pilot Control Valve Low Transmission Clutch Pressure Switch Trnsm Shift/Parking Brake Control Valve Transmission Clutch Accumulator Blade Cylinder Blade Solenoid Valve Governor Actuator Main Pump Swing Pump Swing Charge Filter Oil Cooler Swing Brake Solenoid Valve Travel Activation Solenoid Valve Implement Activation Solenoid Valve Pilot Manifold Pilot Oil Filter Steering Flow Control Valve Return Oil Manifold Brake/Pilot Pump Steering/Cooling Pump Engine Swing Charge Pump Pilot/Transmission Drain Oil Screen Main/Swing Pump Drain Oil Screen Return Oil Filter Creeper Speed Solenoid Valve Swing Pump Pressure Reducing Valve Swing AEC Pressure Switch Main Pump Pressure Reducing Valve Pilot Accumulator Pilot Pressure Relief Valve Pressure Tap Block

M1

MA

67 60
PUMP Ls PILOT PROP P PROP SW STEERING WHEEL BRAKE BRAKE SW AUX

g01004706

THIS SCHEMATIC IS FOR THE M312, M315 and M318 WHEELED EXCAVATORS
Part #: 129-0083
Components are shown installed on a fully operable machine with the key and engine off and transmission shifter in neutral.

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