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Ecology Survivor

4th

What are Earths resources?


1. Earths natural resources are materials used by people; Earth provides what you need to survive 2. Some are air, soil, fresh water, rocks, coal, wind, petroleum (oil), natural gas, minerals, wildlife, lumber 3. Energy in these resources come from the sun

What types of resources exist on Earth?


1. Renew means to begin again. Renewable resources can be replaced, Examples: of renewable: Freshwater, Air, sun, 2. Nonrenewable resources cannot be replaced quickly, Examples: of nonrenewable: Petroleum , Coal, Natural gas 3. If a renewable resource is used too quickly it can become a nonrenewable resource, however The sun will never be used up no matter how fast people use it

How can we protect natural resources?


1. Ways to protect natural resources: Use bikes instead of cars to go to public places, Dont waste water by turning off the water when you arent using it; take shorter showers, Dont cut down trees, Reduce, reuse, and recycle! 2. You can recycle natural resources that you have conserved 3. Conserve natural resources! Conserve means to use something wisely, more efficiently, & at a reasonable rate. To conserve resources means taking care of them when we arent using them,

What are fossil fuels?


1. A Nonrenewable energy resource made from remains of plants and tiny animals that lived long ago 2. Fossil fuels are petroleum, coal, and natural gas. Power plants use the energy that fossil fuels release to produce electricity 3. When fossil fuels burn, they release a lot of energy which contributes to pollution

Natural Gas
1. Natural gas is a mixture of hydrocarbons that form gases. Methane, propane, and butane are examples of natural gas 2. Some natural gases are used for creating electrical energy some cars are able to run on these gases. Most natural gases are used for heating 3. Natural gas forms when tiny sea creatures die, their remains settle to the ocean floor, and are then buried by sediment

Petroleum
1. A mixture of hydrocarbons in the form of liquid. Separated into different products like gasoline, jet fuel, kerosene, diesel fuel. Forms the same way natural gas does! 2. Provide more than 40% of the worlds energy 3. Very valuable sometimes called black gold, Also known as crude oil

Coal
1. Was once the main source of energy in the US. Examples: peat, lignite, bituminous coal 2. A solid fossil fuel made from partly decayed plant material. Coal forms when swamp plants die, sink to the bottom of the swamp, and then decay. 3. Burning Coal is harmful to the environment

What is alternative energy?


1. A source of energy that is not a fossil fuel 2. Can be converted into usable energy; others are not as easy to use 3. Many scientists are searching for alternative energy sources

Types of Alternative energy


1. All energy sources have both benefits and problems. Examples: solar, hydroelectric, wind, chemical (fuel cells), geothermal, plants, nuclear, biomass, gasohol 2. Solar energy is when heat/light from the sun is turned into electricity 3. Nuclear energy released when atoms come together (fusion) or break apart (fission) 4. Hydroelectric produced from moving water 5. Chemical energy is released why hydrogen and oxygen react to form water. Fuel cells change chemical energy into electrical power