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Literary Elements Terminology Study Guide DIRECTIONS: Matching: Please fill in the blanks with the terms that

fit best with the definitions. You will use each term only once per section. Section One: Elements and Techniques of Writing Literature Antagonist Climax Dialect Irony Motivation Third-Person POV Satire Authors Style Conflict Exposition Verbal Irony Paradox Omniscient POV Setting Characterization Connotation Falling Action Dramatic Irony Plot Protagonist Theme Direct Characterization Denotation Flashback Situational Irony Point-of-View (POV) Resolution Tone Indirect Characterization Diction Foreshadowing Mood First-Person POV Rising Action

1. ____________________ An expression that is contradictory to its literal meaning 2. ____________________ An authors choice of words 3. ____________________ An attitude a writer takes toward a subject, e.g. sarcastic, sincere, etc. 4. ____________________ An atmosphere or feeling the writer creates, e.g. spooky, bright, etc. 5. ____________________ Conversation, scene or event that happened before the current part of the story 6. ____________________ To show beforehand; foretell with hints or clues 7. ____________________ The character(s) or forces that oppose the main character 8. ____________________ A POV that is narrated by someone who is also a character in the story and uses pronouns such as I, me, and we 9. ____________________ The time and place of a story, play, or poem 10. ____________________ A struggle between opposing characters or forces 11. ____________________ The dictionary definition of a word 12. ____________________ The contrast between what is said and what is meant, e.g. sarcasm 13. ____________________ The beginning of a story where the setting and characters are introduced 14. ____________________ Techniques used by writers to develop specific character traits 15. ____________________ The specific and individual way a writer uses language; their voice 16. ____________________ A statement that is contradictory, but which actually contains some basic truth e.g. It was the best of times; it was the worst of times 17. ____________________ The contrast between what the character thinks to be true and what the reader knows to be true, e.g. The movie viewer knows that the killer is in the house 18. ____________________ The series of events in a story 19. ____________________ The reasons a character behaves in a certain way 20. ____________________ When the narrator is someone outside of the story and uses pronouns such as he, she, they, them, etc. 21. ____________________ The central/main character in a story 22. ____________________ A way of speaking that is characteristic of a certain geographical area or a group of people

23. ____________________ The contrast between what happens and what was expected, e.g. a fire at a fire station 24. ____________________ A literary technique in which ideas or customs are ridiculed for the purpose of improving society 25. ____________________ The series of events, conflicts, and complications that lead to the climax of a story 26. ____________________ The dictionary definition of a word 27. ____________________ Events that occur after the climax of a story 28. ____________________ The main idea in a work of literature; the truth that is revealed about life 29. ____________________ When the author tells you directly what a character is like 30. ____________________ The point of highest suspense, excitement, or interest in a story 31. ____________________ The perspective from which a story is narrated 32. ____________________ The moment in which the conflict ends and the outcome of the action is clear 33. ____________________ An all-knowing narrator that can read the minds and thoughts of any character 34. ____________________ When the author tells you what a character is like through their words or actions Section Two A: Types of Figurative Language Figurative Language Idiom Oxymoron Alliteration Hyperbole Personification Allusion Imagery Simile Analogy Metaphor Symbol Assonance Onomatopoeia

1. ____________________ A comparison between two unlike things using a word such as like, as, than, etc. 2. ____________________ An exaggerated statement used to heighten effect, e.g. Ive told you a million times! 3. ____________________ An imaginative comparison between two unlike things in which one thing is said to be another, e.g. he has a heart of stone 4. ____________________ The repetition of consonant sounds in words that are close together, e.g. tumultuous tide 5. ____________________ The use of words whose sounds imitate or suggest their meaning, e.g. buzz, boom 6. ____________________ A phrase in which the words contradict each other, e.g. a deafening silence 7. ____________________ A reference to something or someone, usually literary, historical, or religious 8. ____________________ All language that communicates ideas beyond the ordinary, literal meaning of words 9. ____________________ A figure of speech in which an object or animal is spoken of as if it had human traits 10. ____________________ A person, place, thing or event that has meaning in itself and stands for something else 11. ____________________ An expression peculiar to a particular language that means something different from the literal meaning of the words, e.g. hold your tongue 12. ____________________ A comparison made between two things to show how they are alike; authors use these to help the reader understand difficult ideas or concepts 13. ____________________ The repetition of vowel sounds, e.g. smooth move 14. ____________________ Words and phrases that create sensory experiences

Section Two B: Applying Knowledge of Figurative Language

Use the terms from the word bank above to label the following examples of figurative language. Remember to choose carefully because you will use each term only once. 15. ____________________ the dead leaves danced in the wind 16. ____________________ I must confess that in my quest I felt depressed and restless 17. ____________________ hiss, splat, tick-tock 18. ____________________ Love is the wild card of existence 19. ____________________ It was not a mere man he was holding, but a giant; or a block of granite. The pull was

20. ____________________ The summer sun slid down behind the ridge 21. ____________________ Icy, sweet, tart / Lemon-yellow like the sun / Quenches summer thirst 22. ____________________ A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush, time flies 23. ____________________ The silence was deafening 24. ____________________ I wandered lonely as a cloud 25. In mythology, the Phoenix is a bird that is immortal, but dies in a self-built pyre every 500 or 600 years and is then reborn from the ashes. Many authors use this as a ____________________ of rebirth and/or immortality. 26. In Taylor Swifts Love Song she sings Romeo, save me, theyre trying to tell me how to feel and Marry me, Juliet, youll never have to be alone. These are examples of ____________________s to Shakespeare. 27. When Mrs. Terry uses a hamburger to teach the parts of an essay, she is using a(n) ____________________. 28. The lines and excerpts above are all examples of ____________________ .

Part Three: Genres of Literature Fiction Fiction in Verse Legend Science Fiction Autobiography Drama Folklore Mystery Short Story Essay Fable Historical Fiction Mythology Tall Tale Narrative Nonfiction Fairy Tale Horror Poetry Nonfiction Speech Fantasy Humor Realistic Fiction Biography

1. ____________________ A work of fiction that is too short to support subplots 2. ____________________ Factual information presented in a format which tells a story 3. ____________________ Fiction dealing with the solution of a crime or the unraveling of secrets 4. ____________________ Story about fairies or other magical creatures 5. ____________________ A short literary composition that reflects the authors outlook or makes a point 6. ____________________ Story based on impact of actual, imagined, or potential science, usually set in the future or on other planets 7. ____________________ Broad category for informational text dealing with an actual, real-life subject 8. ____________________ Fiction with strange or otherworldly settings or characters; fiction which invites suspension of reality 9. ____________________ Fiction full of fun, fancy, and excitement; meant to entertain; can be found in all genres

10. ____________________ A fictional story that could actually happen and is true to life 11. ____________________ Legend or traditional narrative, often based in part on historical events, that reveals human behavior and natural phenomena by its symbolism; often related to the gods 12. ____________________ Narration demonstrating a useful truth, especially in which animals speak as humans 13. ____________________ Story, sometimes of a national or folk hero, which has a basis in fact but also imaginative 14. ____________________ Fiction in which events evoke a feeling of fear or dread in both the characters and reader 15. ____________________ Stories composed in verse or prose, usually for theatrical performance 16. ____________________ Full-length novels in which the narrative is presented in verse form 17. ____________________ Story with fictional characters and events in a historical setting 18. ____________________ A narrative about a persons life written by that person 19. ____________________ A narrative about a persons life, written by someone other than the su bject 20. ____________________ Public address or discourse 21. ____________________ Verse and rhythmic writing with imagery that creates emotional responses 22. ____________________ Humorous story with blatant exaggerations, swaggering heroes who do the impossible 23. ____________________ The songs, stories, myths and proverbs of a people as handed down by word of mouth 24. ____________________ Narrative literary works whose content is produced by the imagination and is not necessarily based on fact