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¡Hola! Lesson1onBasicSpanish!

¡Hola!

Lesson1onBasicSpanish!

Lessonobjectives

Lessonobjectives 1 Introduction&Greetings
Lessonobjectives 1 Introduction&Greetings

1 Introduction&Greetings

Spanish–thelanguage

Spanish–thelanguage español 500Million:Secondmostnativelyspoken Officiallanguage:21countriesandEU

español

500Million:Secondmostnativelyspoken

Officiallanguage:21countriesandEU

Pronunciationguide

Pronunciationguide Somewordsarepronounceddifferentlyin SpanishascomparedtothatinEnglish

Somewordsarepronounceddifferentlyin

SpanishascomparedtothatinEnglish

Let'slookatsomepronunciationtipstohelpyou

gettheperfectSpanishaccent

Pronunciationtip

Pronunciationtip Let'slookat' español ' Theletter'a'ispronouncedas'aa'asin'father'

Let'slookat'español'

Theletter'a'ispronouncedas'aa'asin'father'

Didyounoticetheletter'ñ'inespañol?

ThisletterispeculiartoSpanish

Itispronouncedas'ny'likein'canyon'

Spanishspeakingcountries

Spanishspeakingcountries
Spanishspeakingcountries

CountriesandNationalities

CountriesandNationalities Country Nationality Spain/España México Guatemala Cuba Nicaragua CostaRica español,española

Country

Nationality

Spain/España

México

Guatemala

Cuba

Nicaragua

CostaRica

español,española

mexicano,mexicana

guatemalteco,guatemalteca

cubano,cubana

nicaragüense

costarricense

Pronunciationtip

Pronunciationtip Didyounoticethatthe' x 'in' mexicano 'is pronouncedas'h'

Didyounoticethatthe'x'in'mexicano'is

pronouncedas'h'

While'x'isusuallypronouncedas'x'in

'flexible';itispronouncedasathroaty'h'inthe

wordsMéxico,mexicanoandOaxaca(astate

inMexico)

Pronunciationtip

Pronunciationtip Didyounoticethesymbolon'u'in nicaragüense ? ' gü 'whenfollowedbyanothervowellikein

Didyounoticethesymbolon'u'innicaragüense?

''whenfollowedbyanothervowellikein

'güe',ispronouncedlike'Gw'inGwen

(eg:nicaragüense­>nicaragwense)

Grammartip

Grammartip Haveyounoticedthatsomenationalities havetwodifferentendings? Weusedifferentendingsformasculine(usually endwith

Haveyounoticedthatsomenationalities

havetwodifferentendings?

Weusedifferentendingsformasculine(usually

endwith

­o)andfeminine(usuallyendwith­a)objects

argentino=masculine|argentina=feminine

argentinos=masculine,pl.|argentinas=

feminine,pl.

Forpluralform,wejustaddan's'

Pronunciationtip

Pronunciationtip ' argentino 'ispronouncedas'ar h entino'

'argentino'ispronouncedas'arhentino'

InSpanish,'g'whenfollowedby'e'or'i',

ispronouncedlikeathroaty'h'

Grammartip

Grammartip Youmayhavenoticedthatnationalities arenotcapitalizedinSpanish(eg: argentino )?

Youmayhavenoticedthatnationalities

arenotcapitalizedinSpanish(eg:argentino)?

That´sbecauseinSpanish,althoughnamesof

countries

andcitiesarecapitalized,wordsderivedfrom

them(languages,nationalities)arenot

Sowhilethe'e'inEspañaiscapitalized,the'e'in

españolwouldnotbe

Movingon

Movingon Great!sonowyouknowsomekey pronunciationandgrammarpeculiarities! Remembertheseastheywouldhelpyou understand

Great!sonowyouknowsomekey

pronunciationandgrammarpeculiarities!

Remembertheseastheywouldhelpyou

understand

theSpanishaccentandthelanguage

Let'snowmoveontosomedelightfulgreetings

inSpanish

Greetings

Greetings Hi! ¡Hola! HisalwayssilentinSpanish( Oh­lah )

Hi!

Greetings Hi! ¡Hola! HisalwayssilentinSpanish( Oh­lah )

¡Hola!

HisalwayssilentinSpanish(Oh­lah)

GrammarTip:¡doubleexclamations!

GrammarTip:¡doubleexclamations! Didyounoticetheinvertedexclamationpoints with ¡Hola! ?

Didyounoticetheinvertedexclamationpoints

with¡Hola!?

Theupside­downorinvertedexclamation¡!points

areuniquetoSpanish

Thisistoensurethatwhenyou'rereading,you

can

telllongbeforetheendofasentencewhether

you're

dealingwithanexclamation!

Movingon

Movingon Now,let'slookatGoodmorning! Good= Buen day= día Although' día

Now,let'slookatGoodmorning!

Good=Buen

day=día

Although'día'literallytranslatesto'day',itis

usedas'morning'inthegreeting'goodmorning'

Grammartip

Grammartip InSpanish,nounstakeupeithermasculineor femininegender,forexample' Día 'ismasculine

InSpanish,nounstakeupeithermasculineor

femininegender,forexample'Día'ismasculine

Theadjectivesdescribingthesenounstherefore

alsoneedtoreflectthesamegender

Since'Día'ismasculinewewillusethemasculine

formof'good'

Hencewewilladdan'­o'attheendand

makeit'Bueno'

Didyounotice?

Didyounotice? Día hasan' i 'markedwithanaccent(' í ') Ifawordismarkedwithanaccent,then

Díahasan'i'markedwithanaccent('í')

Ifawordismarkedwithanaccent,then

thatsyllablereceivesthestress

Greetings

Greetings Goodmorning! ¡Buenosdías! Good= Bueno (singular,masculineform)

Goodmorning!

Greetings Goodmorning! ¡Buenosdías! Good= Bueno (singular,masculineform)

¡Buenosdías!

Good=Bueno

(singular,masculineform)

Grammartip

Grammartip Greetingssuchas‘Goodmorning’and‘Good afternoon’etc.alwaystakeuppluralforms

Greetingssuchas‘Goodmorning’and‘Good

afternoon’etc.alwaystakeuppluralforms

inSpanish.Henceweaddan's'afterboth

'Bueno'and'Día':

Goodmorning!=¡Buenosdías!

Greetings

Greetings Goodafternoon! Goodevening! ¡Buenastardes! Good= Buena (singular,feminine) Afternoon= Tarde (singularform)

Goodafternoon!

Goodevening!

Greetings Goodafternoon! Goodevening! ¡Buenastardes! Good= Buena (singular,feminine) Afternoon= Tarde (singularform)

¡Buenastardes!

Good=Buena(singular,feminine)

Afternoon=Tarde(singularform)

GrammarTip

GrammarTip Goodmorning!= ¡Buen os días! (masculine) But Goodafternoon!= ¡Buen as tardes! (feminine)

Goodmorning!=¡Buenosdías!

(masculine)

But

Goodafternoon!=¡Buenastardes!

(feminine)

Welearntthatadjectivestakemaleandfemale

formsdependingonthegenderofthesubject

SincedíasismasculineweusedBuenosand

tardesisfemininehenceweuseBuenas

Soremember!

Soremember! Goodmorning!= ¡Buenosdías! Goodafternoon!= ¡Buenastardes! Both día s and tardes are pluralhencean' s

Goodmorning!=¡Buenosdías!

Goodafternoon!=¡Buenastardes!

Bothdíasandtardesare

pluralhencean's'isadded

CulturallySpeaking

CulturallySpeaking Allthroughyourlessons,wewillgivesome keytipstoensureyounevermakea culturalfauxpas!

Allthroughyourlessons,wewillgivesome

keytipstoensureyounevermakea

culturalfauxpas!

CulturallySpeaking

CulturallySpeaking Goodafternoon!= ¡Buenastardes! Isusuallyusedfrom 3PM–7PM However,itisnotreallytimebound,good

Goodafternoon!=¡Buenastardes!

Isusuallyusedfrom3PM–7PM

However,itisnotreallytimebound,good

afternoon

isusuallyusedfromlunchtimetillitgetsdark

Expectlunchhourtobearound2or3PM!

Greetings

Greetings Goodnight! ¡Buenasnoches! Good= Buena (withsingular,femininesubjects) noches isfeminineandplural,hencewe

Goodnight!

Greetings Goodnight! ¡Buenasnoches! Good= Buena (withsingular,femininesubjects) noches isfeminineandplural,hencewe

¡Buenasnoches!

Good=Buena

(withsingular,femininesubjects)

nochesisfeminineandplural,hencewe

useBuenas

CulturallySpeaking

CulturallySpeaking Goodnight!= ¡Buenasnoches! JustlikeinEnglishwhereweoftenuse 'goodnight'tobidfarewell,'

Goodnight!=¡Buenasnoches!

JustlikeinEnglishwhereweoftenuse

'goodnight'tobidfarewell,'Buenas

noches'canalsobeusedtobidfarewell

Remember!Nochesisfeminineandplural

CulturallySpeaking:Greetingnorms

CulturallySpeaking:Greetingnorms Informally:justasmileand' ¡Hola! ', sometimesahandshakeifit’s abitmoreformal

Informally:justasmileand'¡Hola!',

sometimesahandshakeifit’s

abitmoreformal

Alighthugandakissortwoarecommon

forfriendsandfamily,especially

amongwomen

CulturallySpeaking:Greetingnorms

CulturallySpeaking:Greetingnorms Generally,shakinghandsisconsidered formal andisbettersuitedfor businessmeetings

Generally,shakinghandsisconsidered

formalandisbettersuitedfor

businessmeetings

Doyouremember?

Doyouremember? English Spanish Hi/Hello! Goodmorning! Goodafternoon/evening! Goodnight! ¡Hola! ¡Buenosdías!

English

Spanish

Hi/Hello!

Goodmorning!

Goodafternoon/evening!

Goodnight!

¡Hola!

¡Buenosdías!

¡Buenastardes!

¡Buenasnoches!

Cultureleaf

Cultureleaf Acultureleafeachlessontogiveyouatasteofthe peculiarities,eccentricitiesandtraditionsthatare the

Acultureleafeachlessontogiveyouatasteofthe

peculiarities,eccentricitiesandtraditionsthatare

the

bearersofthatculture

Wehopethatyoublendintheirenvironmentand

soakinalltheirgoodness!

Happylearning!

Cultureleaf:Soccer!

Cultureleaf:Soccer! Socceristhemost importantsport­prettymuch likeareligioninSpain Thetwosuccessfulfootballteams

Socceristhemost

importantsport­prettymuch

likeareligioninSpain

Thetwosuccessfulfootballteams

fromSpain:FCBarcelonaand

RealMadridarealso

fiercecompetitors

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Barcelona

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Real_Madrid_C.F.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Real_Madrid_C.F.

ThelogosarecopyrightofRealMadrid(http://www.realmadrid.es)andFCBarcelona

What’snext?

What’snext? Inthenextlessonwecontinuetolearnmore greetingsandbuildourvocabulary!

Inthenextlessonwecontinuetolearnmore

greetingsandbuildourvocabulary!

Credits

Credits Content TeamCultureAlley, OkairyZuniga,TomasaMerinoMartin Voiceover JorgeGarciaRay AboutSpanish

Content

TeamCultureAlley,

OkairyZuniga,TomasaMerinoMartin

Voiceover

JorgeGarciaRay

AboutSpanish

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_language

Images

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Tot­futbol

SeeyouattheAlley!

SeeyouattheAlley!

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