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Lesson 3.

3 Division of Polynomials and Remainder and Factor theorem

A. Synthetic Division
Synthetic Division is a quick method of dividing polynomials. It can be used when the divisor is of the form x c

Find the quotient and remainder using synthetic division. x2 5x 4 1. x 1

4x2 3 2. x 5

Lesson 3.3 Division of Polynomials and Remainder and Factor theorem

x 4 x3 x 2 x 2 3. x2

6 x 4 10 x3 5 x 2 x 1 2 4. x 3

Lesson 3.3 Division of Polynomials and Remainder and Factor theorem

Use synthetic division to determine whether x c is a factor of the given polynomial. 1.


4 x 3 5x 2 8; x 3

2.

4 x 4 15x 2 4; x 2

Lesson 3.3 Division of Polynomials and Remainder and Factor theorem

A. The Remainder Theorem


Use the remainder theorem to find the remainder when f(x) is divided by x c . Then use the Factor Theorem to determine whether x c is a factor of f(x). 1.
f x 4 x 3 5x 2 8; x 3

2. f x 2 x 6 18x 4 x 2 9; x 3