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ABGs

Normal values
pH: 7.35-7.45. cutoff 7.40 PCO2: 36-44, cutoff 40 mmHg PO2: >60 mmHg HCO3: 22-26, cutoff 24

Metabolic Acidosis: o Respiratory compensation for every bicarbonate lost 1.2 mmHg of CO2 will be lost. (1.2) Metabolic Alkalosis: o Respiratory compensation, for every bicarbonate increased, 0.7 mmHg of CO2 is retained. (0.7) Respiratory Acidosis: (1,4) o Metabolic compensation: Acute: For every CO2 retained, 1 bicarbonate is gained. Chronic: same except 4 bicarbonate are gained Respiratory Alkalosis: (2,4) o Metabolic compensation: Acute: For every CO2 lost 1, 2 bicarbonate are lost Chronic: For every CO2 lost 4 bicarbonate are lost Anion Gap: o Na= - (HCO3- + Cl-) o 7-11