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ELECTRON CONFIGURATION

THE PROCESS OF ARRANGING THE ELECTRONS AROUND THE NUCLEUS OF AN ATOM

We can write the correct electron


configuration by following the mnemonic device. Where designated by: s p d f

WRITING ELECTRON CONFIGURATION


Steps: 1. Look for the atomic number of the element. 2. Write the atomic number & the symbol of the element. (atomic number is written as a subscript before the symbol, ex. 1H) 3. Distribute the electrons.

EXAMPLES:
1. Write the E.C. of Hydrogen. (A.N. = 1)
1H

Number of electron in the sublevel

1 Principal Energy Level Sublevel

2. Write the E.C. of Lithium.

Li = 1s

2 2s1

3. Write the E. C. of Oxygen.

O = 1s 2s 2p
2 2

EXERCISES: Write the E.C. of the following elements.

1.Neon

ANSWER:

Neon = 10Ne
2 1s 2 2s 6 2p

EXERCISES: Write the E.C. of the following elements.

2.Silicon

ANSWER:

Silicon= 14Si
2 1s 2 2s 6 2p 2 2 3s 3p

EXERCISES: Write the E.C. of the following elements.

3. Magnesium

ANSWER:

Magnesium = 12Mg
2 1s 2 2s 6 2p 2 3s

EXERCISES: Write the E.C. of the following elements.

4.Phosphorus

ANSWER:

Phosphorus = 15P
2 1s 2 2s 6 2p 2 3s 3 3p

EXERCISES: Write the E.C. of the following elements.

5. Argon

ANSWER:

Argon= 18Ar
2 1s 2 2s 6 2 2p 3s 6 3p

EXERCISES: Write the E.C. of the following elements.

6.Scandium

ANSWER:
Scandium = 21Sc
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d1

EXERCISES: Write the E.C. of the following elements.

7.Manganese

ANSWER: MANGANESE = 25Mn

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d5

EXERCISES: Write the E.C. of the following elements.

Nitrogen

ANSWER:

Nitrogen = 7N
2 1s 2 2s 3 2p

Examples:
2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d5 4s1 Cr 1s 24 2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s1 Cu 1s 29

THE END