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Strut-and-Tie Model of a deep beam | Note of Studying Structural Engineering

http://studystructural.wordpress.com/2012/12/01/stm-deep-beam/

01 Saturday DEC2012 POSTEDBY NANGAOINCASESTUDIES 4COMMENTS

Tags concretestructure,geometricmethod,SAP2000,Strutand Tie,truss As About Idiscussed theseads inthisblogarticleStrutand tieAtoZ,STMisausefulmethodintheanalysisoftheDregionsinconcretestructures.Todayscase studyisusingSTMtodesignadeepbeam.ThiscaseisfromProf.JamesK.WightspaperStrutand tiemodelfordeepbeamdesign.Firstofall,I repeatedtheSTMmodelofProf.Wight,butconvertedalltheEnglishunitsintometricunits.Itisapracticeforme.Secondly,IchooseadierentSTM modelandtrytogureaboutwhetherthissimplertriangleSTMmodelcouldwork.Thirdly,Iusedtraditionalbeamtheorytodesignthisdeepbeam andcomparedtheresultwiththeSTMmodels.ThecalculationisbasedonChinesecodeGB500102010.Finally,IusedSAP2000toanalyzethesame deepbeamandmadeacomparisonwithresultsofSTM.

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29/10/2013 11:09 AM

Strut-and-Tie Model of a deep beam | Note of Studying Structural Engineering

http://studystructural.wordpress.com/2012/12/01/stm-deep-beam/

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29/10/2013 11:09 AM

Strut-and-Tie Model of a deep beam | Note of Studying Structural Engineering

http://studystructural.wordpress.com/2012/12/01/stm-deep-beam/

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29/10/2013 11:09 AM

Strut-and-Tie Model of a deep beam | Note of Studying Structural Engineering

http://studystructural.wordpress.com/2012/12/01/stm-deep-beam/

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29/10/2013 11:09 AM

Strut-and-Tie Model of a deep beam | Note of Studying Structural Engineering

http://studystructural.wordpress.com/2012/12/01/stm-deep-beam/

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29/10/2013 11:09 AM

Strut-and-Tie Model of a deep beam | Note of Studying Structural Engineering

http://studystructural.wordpress.com/2012/12/01/stm-deep-beam/

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29/10/2013 11:09 AM

Strut-and-Tie Model of a deep beam | Note of Studying Structural Engineering

http://studystructural.wordpress.com/2012/12/01/stm-deep-beam/

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29/10/2013 11:09 AM

Strut-and-Tie Model of a deep beam | Note of Studying Structural Engineering

http://studystructural.wordpress.com/2012/12/01/stm-deep-beam/

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29/10/2013 11:09 AM

Strut-and-Tie Model of a deep beam | Note of Studying Structural Engineering

http://studystructural.wordpress.com/2012/12/01/stm-deep-beam/

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29/10/2013 11:09 AM

Strut-and-Tie Model of a deep beam | Note of Studying Structural Engineering

http://studystructural.wordpress.com/2012/12/01/stm-deep-beam/

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29/10/2013 11:09 AM

Strut-and-Tie Model of a deep beam | Note of Studying Structural Engineering

http://studystructural.wordpress.com/2012/12/01/stm-deep-beam/

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29/10/2013 11:09 AM

Strut-and-Tie Model of a deep beam | Note of Studying Structural Engineering

http://studystructural.wordpress.com/2012/12/01/stm-deep-beam/

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29/10/2013 11:09 AM

Strut-and-Tie Model of a deep beam | Note of Studying Structural Engineering

http://studystructural.wordpress.com/2012/12/01/stm-deep-beam/

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29/10/2013 11:09 AM

Strut-and-Tie Model of a deep beam | Note of Studying Structural Engineering

http://studystructural.wordpress.com/2012/12/01/stm-deep-beam/

ComparedwithformerSTMmodel,thelongitudinalreinforcementisabitlarger,buttheverticalreinforcementinthismodelismuchsmall.However, therearesomeissues.Theinclinedangleisverysmallandisveryneartothelowerlimit.Consideringthedecreaseintheamountofreinforcement andthesmallerinclinedangle,maybeabettersolutionistomaketheheightofthebeamalittlehigher.Thus,theanglecouldbeabitbiggerandthe amountofreinforcementwillnotincreasesignicantly.

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29/10/2013 11:09 AM

Strut-and-Tie Model of a deep beam | Note of Studying Structural Engineering

http://studystructural.wordpress.com/2012/12/01/stm-deep-beam/

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29/10/2013 11:09 AM

Strut-and-Tie Model of a deep beam | Note of Studying Structural Engineering

http://studystructural.wordpress.com/2012/12/01/stm-deep-beam/

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29/10/2013 11:09 AM

Strut-and-Tie Model of a deep beam | Note of Studying Structural Engineering

http://studystructural.wordpress.com/2012/12/01/stm-deep-beam/

ComparedwithSTMmodels,thelongitudinalreinforcementissimilar.However,therequiredamountofverticalreinforcementismuchlarger.The traditionalbeamtheoryismuchmoreconservativeinthesheardesignofSTMmodels.

Therequiredamountoflongitudinalreinforcementintheleftpartislargerthantherightpart.OnlytherstSTMmodelreectsthischaracteristic. ThesecondSTMmodelandthecalculationbasedonGB500102010hasthesamerequiredamountofreinforcementinthewholespan.Thus,Prof. WightsSTMmodelismorerational.

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Strut-and-Tie Model of a deep beam | Note of Studying Structural Engineering

http://studystructural.wordpress.com/2012/12/01/stm-deep-beam/

Inthisimage,wecanseethetwozoneswhichrequiredlargeramountofverticalreinforcement.TheyarethelocationsofStrutsinSTMmodels.Also, theTie34inProf.Wightsmodelisreectedinthisimage.

Wecanseethetwobottleshapedconcretestrutsveryclearly.Thestressintheleftstrutislargerthantherightstrut.Thiscorrespondswiththe analysisoftheSTMmodel. References: Wight,J.K.,andParraMontesinos,G.Strutand tie modelfordeepbeamdesign,ACIConcreteInternational,Vol.25,No.5,2003,pp.6370 Wight,J.K.KeynoteDevelopmentoftheStrutand TieMethod forAppendixAoftheBuildingCode (ACI31808),2008

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1. said:Manuellvarez 20121201at19:39
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Strut-and-Tie Model of a deep beam | Note of Studying Structural Engineering

http://studystructural.wordpress.com/2012/12/01/stm-deep-beam/

Greatwork,thanksforsharing. Ihavesomeinformationaboutstructures,foundationsandgeotechnicalworks:http://manuelalvarezlopez.blogspot.com.es/p/estructuras.html REPLY 2. Pingback:StrutandtieAtoZNoteofStudyingStructuralEngineering 3. said:Nurzhan 20130509at23:37 Greatwork.Thankyou.Itisreallyhelpful. REPLY 4. said:sameer 20130511at12:33 sir, Itwasreallygreat.ItwillbemyCardialpleasuretohavechatwithyouovercertainthings.Itriedtondyouonfbviayouremailbutcould not..soirequestyouheretoaddmeasyourfriendonfacebook..myemailgoeslikesameerulbashir@yahoo.com.Youcanalsowhatsappmeif youcanmanage.myno.is00919596539972. REPLY

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