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Civil Rights Concept Wheel

Who/What: Rosa Parks, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the Women's Political Council (WPC), and the African American community

How: The African American community boycotted the Montgomery bus system and refused to ride city buses.

Did what: Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man What is the event and how did these elements influenced the outcome of the event?

Why: To protest against segregated seating on buses

In Montgomery, Alabama African Americans were required by law to sit in the back half of the buses and had to give up seats to any white people if the front half of the bus was full. On December 1, 1955 Rosa Parks was coming home from work and refused to give up her seat to a white person when the front half of the bus was full which ended with her arrest and a $10 fine. Her arrest resulted in the circulation of flyers, by the Womens Political Council, to boycott the bus system starting on December 5, 1955 and is regarded as the first large-scale demonstration against segregation in the U.S.

When: December 1, 1955 through December 20, 1956

Where: Montgomery, Alabama