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Honors Chemistry

Name ___Aisha Fong________ Period ___ Date ______/______/______

U n i t 3 : T y p e s o f R e a c t i o n s

ReactionPredictionand Observations
For the following reactions, in your lab notebook a) Predict the products of the reaction and balance the equation. b) Describe the observations you would make while the reaction proceeded. c) Determine the type of reaction. If it is a redox reaction, determine what is oxidized and reduced. Eg) solid copper is added to silver nitrate solution Equation: Cu(s) + 2AgNO3 2Ag + Cu(NO3)2 (aq) BEFORE: copper is a brownish shiny metal, silver nitrate is colorless and clear solution AFTER: copper appears to disappear; crystals of shiny silver metal appear; the solution color turns to blue/green (due to the presence of Cu 2+ ions) TYPE: Single Replacement/ Redox Cu is oxidized and Ag + is reduced; 2 electrons were transferred. 1. A solution of copper (II) chloride is electrolyzed. Observe the two electrodes. Equation: CuCl2(aq)Cu(s)Cl2(g) Before: After: Type: Clear, blue solution Chlorine gas bubbles produced, copper precipitate formed Decomposition (If applicable: oxidized? Cl 2 reduced? Cu)

2. Zinc metal and iodine solid are mixed and react in the presence of water (water is not a reactant) Teacher demo Equation: Zn(s(+I2(s)ZnI2(aq) Before: After: Grey zinc powder, grey iodine pellets Yellow liquid

Type: Combination synthesis (If applicable: oxidized? Zn reduced? I 2)

3. Zinc iodide solution is electrolyzed. In a petri dish, dissolve a small amount of zinc iodide in 20 mL distilled water. Electrolyze the solution with the cork with 2 pins and the battery. After observing, add in 3 drops of starch solution.

Equation: ZnI2Zn(s)+I2(aq) Before: After: Type: Yellow liquid Zinc powder formed around one electrode Decomposition (If applicable: oxidized? I2 reduced? Zn)

4. Sodium metal is added to water. Teacher Demonstration Equation: 2Na(s) + 2H2O(l)2NaOH(s)+H2(g) Before: After: silver sodium added to clear water hydrogen gas and light produced

Type: single replacement (If applicable: oxidized?____Na__ reduced? __H____) Test for Gases For each of the following test, make additional observations of what provides a positive test for the gas produced. 5. Magnesium metal is added to hydrochloric acid. Sand a piece of magnesium metal. In a medium size test tube, add 2 cm of hydrochloric acid and the magnesium metal. Use your finger to close the top of the test tube while your partner lights a wooden splint. Quickly place the burning splint into the test tube without touching the liquid. Equation: 2Mg(s) + 2HCl(aq)2MgCl(aq) +H2(g) Before: After: silver magnesium solid and clear liquid hydrochloric acid the flame on the splint went out when placed into the test tube

Type: single replacement (If applicable: oxidized?___H___ reduced? ___Mg___) Test for Hydrogen gas put the flame in the test tube and see if it makes a popping noise and if it goes out Combustion reaction for hydrogen gas: 2H2(g)+O2(g)2H2O(l)

6. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) decomposes. Add some drops of potassium iodide solution to about 2cm deep hydrogen peroxide in a test tube . Equation: H2O2(l)2H2O(l)+O2(g)

Before: After: Type:

solid white potassium iodide and clear liquid hydrogen peroxide oxygen gas produced, turned orange/yellow liquid decomposition (If applicable: oxidized?__H____ reduced? __O 2____)

Test for oxygen gas _____place flame near gas, oxygen should increase the amount of bubbles_________

7. Solid copper (II) carbonate is heated and one of the resulting products is bubbled through limewater. (Teacher Demonstration). Equation: CO2(g)+Ca(OH)2(l)H2O(l)+CaCO3(s) Before: After: Type: clear limewater white precipitate and gas formed in limewater ___decomposition_____ (If applicable: oxidized?__Ca___ reduced? ___C___)

Test for carbon dioxide gas: Put a flame near the gas and the flame should go out if there is CO2 (g)