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Tiffani Bennett October 24, 2013 ELED 300

Learning to implement knowledge gained from useful information presented to you in the appropriate setting is a major part of becoming an effective teacher. It is one thing to learn something new and consider it a great idea; however it is another to use the knowledge gained and apply it in the classroom or in your everyday life. After having read and reviewed TExES competencies 7 and 9 along with chapters seven through eleven of the book titled, Learning and Teaching Research-based Methods by Eggen and Kauchak, I am excited and eager to discuss some ways that I will implement the following things in my classroom and why they are important to me: Cooperative learning (Jigsaw), Direct Instruction, Assessing Learning in Lecture Discussions, Specifying Learning Objectives, and the importance of Inquiry Strategies. Cooperative Learning (Jigsaw) While exploring chapter seven, the idea of cooperative learning really stood out to me. Often times, we think that we just want to see how well one student can perform on his or her own and we miss the fact that some of our students greatest performances take place while working together. Working together prepares students for so many things in the real world especially in school. Cooperative learning strategies do not cease as students grow older, it actually increases. So, as effective teachers, it is our job to educate students as well as prepare them for the next steps. One strategy used to promote cooperative learning is called Jigsaw. I really enjoy the idea of this strategy because it holds students accountable. Jigsaw is a cooperative learning strategy that assigns students to groups and asks each student to become an expert on one aspect or part of an organized body of knowledge. (Kauchak & Eggen p. 222) I have personally used this strategy in college this semester and I believe that it has been a great way to keep me on task and make sure that I am knowledgeable of the material that I am required to present to my group. This will be the same with younger students. Kids

Tiffani Bennett October 24, 2013 ELED 300 are very impressionable and do not want to let their peers down or be the one that their peers are disappointed in, so they are more likely to do their work and do it well; Hence, the accountability factor. I plan to use this strategy with my students and make it fun. I think that this could be really fun for the younger grades because you could have them become experts on something like a butterfly. If we were learning the life cycle of the butterfly, you could have each student in a group become the expert on each stage. I think that the students would have fun with that and it would be a great way to allow students to be social, which is something they enjoy.

Direct Instruction Direct instruction, I discovered is a great strategy to use in the classroom. After looking over Chapter 8 and what the authors had to say about direct instruction, I have now been educated on how essential direct instruction is to a lesson or learning environment. Direct instruction is a teaching strategy in which the teacher presents well-defined knowledge and skills and explicitly guides the learning process. This is so important for the classroom. Without direct instruction, students will have no knowledge of what is going on or what it is that the teacher wants them to learn. Direct instruction provides the teacher with an opportunity to model for students what it is that they want them to gain from something. Direct instruction is both goal oriented and focused and aligned. As we learned in previous chapters, it is important for teachers to set goals because if you do not know where you are going in your instruction, you cannot expect your students to know where you want them to be. Direct instruction gives you an opportunity to set goals and focus on the material you want to present and align it so that your students will understand. Ive learned that direct instruction does not necessarily mean that a teacher gets up and lectures and expects the students to be familiar with the material. Direct instruction consists of a teacher actively guiding students through a particular lesson and leads to observational learning. I plan on using this strategy a lot with my future students, especially when

Tiffani Bennett October 24, 2013 ELED 300 presenting them with new material. Of course we want to see what our students are capable of, but we have to lead them to places we want them go first. Thus direct instruction would be a great strategy to allow for that. Assessing Learning in Lecture Discussions Assessment is a huge part of teaching. As teachers we always want to see just where our students are and how well they are or are not progressing. Assessing students knowledge during discussion is a great stress free way to assess students. I think that it allows for students not to feel the pressure of preparing for specific questions on a written exam, it allows you to see how well your students cooperate with others. This is also a way for students to develop listening, communication, and respectfulness skills. One of the ways in which I reach kids best is through discussion and informing them about things. It usually leads to deriving at the light bulb moment and I really enjoy this. I plan to implement this the same way. Assessing during lecture discussions is also a great way to plan for formal assessments but assessing during lecture allows you to gain knowledge of what questions the students may have. When you get those questions, you can easily ask the class those same questions later during a more formal assessment.

Specifying Learning Objectives This topic is important to me because I really value organization. I feel that it is extremely important for teachers to know what it is that they want their students to know about. You cannot create an objective before you know what you want to teach. Specifying learning objectives consists or getting your lesson and your plan for delivery in order. When you have decided on your learning objectives, that is when your organization should come in and you should have planned to teach directly toward the objectives. As I stated before, you cannot expect your students to perform and go in the

Tiffani Bennett October 24, 2013 ELED 300 direction that you desire if you do not first identify what it is that you want them to learn. As a future teacher, I plan to maintain my organizational habits and identify my objectives appropriately so that students have an opportunity to gain the knowledge that they need from my lessons.

The Importance of Inquiry Strategies Inquiry strategies, another form of problem-based instruction, actively involve students in learning activities designed to answer questions about how the world operates. (p. 355 Kauchack & Eggen) I appreciate this strategy because not only does it involve requiring students to think analytically and be involved, but it also allows for a way to make things relatable. Who doesnt learn better when there are things involved that the learner can relate to? I think this strategy is so great for the classroom. This strategy is great for increasing motivation as well. When teaching, you want to model and give students direction, but you also want to give them an opportunity to make discoveries of their own. Inquiry strategies will allow for this in that, you can have the students use conversation about prior knowledge to come to conclusions about a topic at hand. For instance, if I want to talk to my students about bike safety and wearing a helmet, we could then discuss the best safety equipment brand to use. This would allow for students to talk about what they have at home, or what the sales person said when they purchased the safety equipment, etc. It is very important for teachers to maintain variety in the classroom. One way that teachers can accomplish this is by using these strategies that I discussed here. All of these strategies allow for and require different things of learners and will keep students engaged and learning the material if done properly. I am looking forward to getting in the classroom and utilizing these strategies to make for a great classroom environment and learning experience for my students.

Tiffani Bennett October 24, 2013 ELED 300

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