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HOW WOULD YOU

EXPLAIN PERSONS HAVING CRUSH ON YOU? ANSWER:


P1: GIRLS WHO HAVE

CRUSH ON ME TEND TO KISS ME AT MY COMMAND P2: WHEN YOUR GRANDMOTHER AND ME MET, SHE INTENTIONALLY KISSED ME C: YOUR GRANDMOTHER HAS A CRUSH ON ME

Meditation:
battling internal struggle. questions

Position - BODY:
to survey the

work with Searching for answers

1. 2. 3.

Lover of pleasure Lover of success Lover of wisdom: philla

love

sophia
Wisdom

Greek (Pythagoras): men could be divided into 3 types

WHAT WILL

HAPPEN TO THE WORLD IF NO ONE WILL ASK A QUESTION? ULTIMATE QUESTION IN LIFE?

Santiago, Alma; Logic: The Art of Reasoning, 4th

Edition, Redman Printing Press, 2006. Babor, Eddie; Logic: The Philosophical Discipline of Correct Thinking, C & E Publishing, 2003 Cruz, Corazon; Introduction to Logic, 4th Edition, National Bookstore, 2008 Buenaflor, Lionel; The Art of Critical Thinking: Logic for Filipino Students, Books Atbp., Publishing Corp., 2004

To see is to believe. Your friend gave you these 2 plates and it

just so happened that this will be your first time to see such foods. Your friend maintained that plate B is the real food. How would you know that the other is not real? What are your grounds that made you claim on such assertion? OUTPUT (10 POINTS)

GREEKS Awed by the world of nature Offering: endless variety of activity:


bodily things both living and non-living.

A world inspired wonder admiration: responding to an invitation to inquire why things are the way they are.

SPECULATIONS: Absence of technology


To support our ignorance: We create myths

to guess what the world

out of

is made

WHAT WOULD YOU DEMAND? CHANGES THAT DEMAND

EXPLANATION! TRANSITION THAT TAKES PLACE?


From ignorance to science!

Universal Science: encompassing the

totality of reality Rejects:


myth, hearsay and

wishful thinking.
Makes conclusion

using:
empirical evidence.

What is real? What is the difference

between appearance and reality --the unreal and real? Result of conditioned education: relying on appearance Unobservable entities: We can see things made of matter, such as book or a chair, but we cannot see the underlying matter itself. (E.g. fruit) Although we can experience in our minds thoughts, ideas, desires and fantasies, we cannot observe or experience the mind itself which is having these thoughts, ideas, and desires. Consistency, comprehensibility, simplicity, and comprehensiveness are crucial in ascertaining reality.

In making moral decisions,

should we consider only our own good (egoism) or the good of others (altruism)
Subjectivism: morality exists only in the eye of the beholder Objectivists: morality exists independently of what anyone thinks is right or wrong.
Utilitarianism: greatest pleasure

or happiness for the greatest number Jeremy Bentham: quantitative in the evaluation of pleasure John Stuart Mill: qualitative approach

To determine the valid sources of

knowledge and truths so as not to be deluded. It asks the questions: What is knowledge? What is truth? Empiricists: General ideas are formed from the examination of particular facts --induction. (assumptions) Knowledge through sense experience Three oranges in a crate. Rationalists: There exist a general law to which particular facts can be understood --deduction. Real knowledge is based on logic, laws, methods that reason develops. All lasers are optical devices. Some lasers are surgical instruments. Therefore, some optical devices are surgical instruments. Pragmatists: Value in use in relation to its potential consequence is the real test of truth and meaning.

Detecting faulty arguments

whether it is valid or invalid in daily discourse. Aristotle on truth: Agreement of knowledge with reality Truth exists when the minds mental representations (ideas) correspond with things in the objective world.

TRUTH

CLAIMS?
masarap

magmahal, nagmamahal ako, samakatuwid masarap ako!


God is love, but love is blind. Therefore, God is

blind!

kung may rabis ang laway mo..


handa akong

maulol, MAHALIKAN LANG KITA bagsak mo

sana ulan ka at lupa ako,


para kung ayaw mot sa gusto, sakin ang

Tae ka ba?
Di kasi kita matiis at magawang tapakan.

Tapos na ba ang exam mo?


Para ako naman sagutin mo.

para kang libag,


pilit kitang inaalis pero balik ka pa rin ng

balik

kulangot ka ba??
hard to get ka kasi ..

Politiko ka ba?
Boto kasi parents ko sayo!

Utot ka ba?
Ang hirap mo kasing pakawalan!

DIVISION OF LOGIC

SIMPLE APPREHENSION 2. JUDGMENT 3. REASONING


1.

SIMPLE

APPREHENSION (Intuitionism) 1. intellect grasps the essence of something. 2. Apprehension (capture):

Thing is held mentally.

3. Simple:

without any affirmation or denial about it.

JUDGMENT

Mental

operation that pronounces:


the identity or

non-identity between two ideas.

REASONING A mental act

that proceeds from the previously known truth to a new truth.

SIMPLE APPREHENSION:

JUDGMENT:
REASONING:

Capacity to produce feelings that

are pleasant Plato: beauty is identical with the good Aristotle: beauty is symmetry, proportion,:
organic order of parts in a united

whole.

Beauty helps us to rise from

purely physical existence into the realm of intellect and spirit. Gadamer: our tastes and judgments regarding beauty work in connection with:
ones own personal experience

and culture.

WHAT WOMEN WANT If God is omniscient, FUTURE? If he knows the future: UNFOLD EXACTLY TO HIS FOREKNOWLEDGE OTHERWISE: IGNORANT! IF ITS A NECESSITY = FREEDOM?

CONCLUSION seems to be: Either God is omniscient but immoral, or he is benevolent but ignorant?

Man World

School Work

Death

MARX
Loss of Meaning Framework: loss & gain Recovery? Thesis: Bourgeois (Capitalist) State Capitalist Workers Meaning in life: free time Businessmen Exploitation/ Suffering

Antithesis: revolution
Synthesis: Communist Society No Private Ownership

SOCIAL PHILOSOPHY

Class Structure Alienation/ separation Worker to the product/ activities Religion: Opium

Parts: Replaceable

ceaseless search for the ultimate meaning of life. PROBLEMS THAT NEEDED SUBSTANTIAL ANSWERS

LOGICAL (problems of reasoning) ETHICAL (problems of morality) EPISTEMOLOGICAL (problems of truth) THEOLOGICAL (problems of God) SOCIAL (problems of the society) AESTHETICAL (problems of art and beauty)

BRANCHES IN PHILOSOPHY