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Lesson 2: The Internet and World WIde Web Lesson Questions and Vocabulary, pgs. 21 2!

Liliana Rojas

"o#plete the sentences belo$ as you re%ie$ the lesson. Sentence Starter &eople use the Internet to... What the Text Says Research in'or#ation, to shop, to go to school, to co##unicate $ith 'a#ily and 'riends, to read the daily ne$spaper, to #a(e airplane and hotel roo# reser%ations, and so on. )t $or(, at ho#e, and $hile tra%eling. "onnect $ith and co##unicate $ith anyone else in the $orld $ho also has Internet access

They use the Internet at... )nyone $ith access to the Internet can...

The birth o' the Internet ) co#puter net$or(ing project started by a is tied closely to... go%ern#ent di%ision called the )d%anced Research &rojects )gency *)R&)+. The goal $as to... "reate a net$or( that $ould allo$ scientists to share in'or#ation on #ilitary and scienti'ic research. ,-panding co#puter use in schools and $or(places. .e$ opportunities e%eryday to learn and research, to (eep in touch $ith distant 'riends and 'a#ily #e#bers, to stay in'or#ed about political de%elop#ents and #a(e %ie$s (no$n to go%ern#ent o''icials and to nurture relationship that bridge and brea( do$n national, ethnic, and cultural barriers in an increasingly interconnected $orld. /roup o' t$o or #ore co#puters lin(ed together Loose association o' thousands o' net$or(s and #illions o' co#puters across the $orld

The increased use o' the Internet is 'ueled by... The Internet is creating...

) net$or( is a... The Internet is a...

The beauty o' this That all brands, #odels, and #a(es o' co#puters net$or( o' net$or(s is... can co##unicate $ith each other 0o$ do $e "onnect $ith any net$or(ed co#puter any$here co##unicate across the in the $orld as long as you (no$ that address or Internet1 2ro# your (no$ ho$ to 'ind the address co#puter, you can...

.orris, 2314

Lesson 2: The Internet and World WIde Web Lesson Questions and Vocabulary, pgs. 21 2!

Liliana Rojas

"o#plete the sentences belo$ as you re%ie$ the lesson. T"&5I& is the... It is considered... ) host co#puter allo$s you to... )greed upon international standard 'or trans#itting data The language i' the Internet and supports nearly all Internet applications. ,nter an address and send it to another co#puter, 'ro# there the T"& protocol ta(es o%er and established a connection bet$een the t$o co#puters. 7ou open your $eb bro$ser and type the do#ain na#e into the bro$sers )ddress bo-

I' you $ant to access a co#pany6s co#puters that are connected to the Internet... 8o#e o' the #ore popular Internet ser%ices include... The Web is a... This progra#, 0TT&, beca#e...

9logs, chat roo#s, e #ail, 2T& *'ile trans'er protocol+, instant #essaging, #ailing list, and ne$s groups. 8ubset or an application that #a(es use o' the internet. The language co#puters $ould use to co##unicate hyperte-t docu#ent o%er the internet.

"lic(ing a lin(ed $ord or Trans'er you 'ro# one $eb page to another or to i#age... another part o' the sa#e $eb page. With the introduction o' )nd the $eb bro$ser that 'ollo$ed, the $eb :osaic... beca#e a co##unication tool 'or a #uch $ider audience. 7ou can send and recei%e Web pages o' the Internet because... When you enter a Web site address in your bro$ser... ;%er the internet because $eb ser%ers and $eb bro$sers both understand 0TT&. 2or instance, this sends an 0TT& co##and to the Web ser%er to tell it to locate and trans#it the installing special so't$are, any co#puter can beco#e a Web ser%er.

,%ery Web ser%er has... Its o$n I& address and #ost ha%e a do#ain na#e. The 'irst part o' a Web page address indicates... What protocol to use, and the second part speci'ic.

.orris, 2314

Lesson 2: The Internet and World WIde Web Lesson Questions and Vocabulary, pgs. 21 2!

Liliana Rojas

"o#plete the sentences belo$ as you re%ie$ the lesson. The second part speci'ies... 0T:L co#puter language deter#ines... 0yperte-t is a... ) Web page is nothing #ore than... The I& address or do#ain na#e $here resource is located. 0o$ $eb pages are 'or#atted hyperte-t a lin( to another location o'ten re'erred to as a hyperlin(. ) lin( to another location o'ten re'erred to as ) ordinary te-t page that is coded $ith 0T:L #ar(up tags and then displayed $ithin bro$ser.

:ar(up tags consist o'... ) set o' te-ts co##ands that are interpreted by the bro$ser.

Table 2-1: Top le%el do#ain na#e abbre%iations. TOP-LEVEL DOMAIN ABBREVIATIONS edu co# go% #il net org T PE O! OR"ANI#ATION

,ducational institutions "o##ercial businesses, co#panies, and organi<ation /o%ern#ent institutions, such as the IR8 :ilitary organi<ations, such as the =.8 )r#y .et$or( pro%ider )ssociations and organi<ations

*&age 2!+ What three ite#s deter#ine ho$ a Web page displays1

1 The type and %ersion o' the bro$ser displaying the Web page 2 The 0T:L #ar(up tags used to code the page 4 The users #onitor and #onitor resolutions

.orris, 2314

Lesson 2: The Internet and World WIde Web Lesson Questions and Vocabulary, pgs. 21 2!

Liliana Rojas

V$cab%lary: 2ind the page $here the $ord 'irst appears and its glossary de'inition.

Ter&
host node bro$ser

Pa'e N%&ber
22 22

"l$ssary De()n)t)$n
) node $here a host processer is located. 8o't$are progra# used to retrie%e docu#ents 'ro# the Internet The ability o' so't$are and hard$are on #ultiple #achines 'ro# #ultiple %endors to co##unicate #eaning'ully. The protocol used by L).s and W).s that has been adopted as a standard to connect hosts on the Internet. )n agreed upon 'or#at 'or trans#itting data bet$een t$o de%ices.

interoperability 24

T"&5I&: Trans#ission "ontrol &rotocol and Internet &rotocol protocol

24

24

host co#puter

24

) co#puter to $hich other co#puters are connected so that the host can #anage ti#e intensi%e co#puting tas(s Wor(s $ith the addressing sche#e The uni?ue na#e that identi'y ) net$or( o' ser%es lin(ed together by a co##on protocol, allo$ing access to #illions o' hyperte-t resources.

I& protocol do#ain na#e World Wide Web *WWW+

24 2> 2>

.orris, 2314

Lesson 2: The Internet and World WIde Web Lesson Questions and Vocabulary, pgs. 21 2!

Liliana Rojas

Ter&
0TT&: 0yperte-t Trans'er &rotocol

Pa'e N%&ber
2>

"l$ssary De()n)t)$n
"o##unicate protocol used to connect to ser%ers on the World Wide Web. The pri#ary 'unction o' 0TT& is to establish a connection $ith a Web ser%er and trans#it 0T:L pages to the users bro$ser. ) te-t based progra# used to create docu#ents to display in a bro$serA a series o' tags that are integrated into a te-t docu#ent and describe ho$ the te-t should be 'or#atted. ) co#puter that deli%ers *ser%e up+ Web pages. ,%ery $eb ser%er has an I& address and possibly a do#ain na#e. )n address 'or a resource or site on the World Wide Web. 9ro$sers use this address to located 'iles and other re#ote ser%ices ;bjects on a Web, $hen clic(ed, ta(e you to another location on the sa#e Web page or to other Web page ) short 'or# 'or $eblog, a personal journal published on the Web. )n area online $here you can chat $ith other #e#bers in real ti#e. , #ail 'eature that allo$s you to send and recei%e #essages $hile you and the contact are both logged on to the Internet.

0T:L: hyperte-t #ar(up language

2@

$eb ser%er

2@

=RL: =ni'or# Resource Locator

2B

hyperlin(

2!

blog

chat roo#

instant #essaging

.orris, 2314

Lesson 2: The Internet and World WIde Web Lesson Questions and Vocabulary, pgs. 21 2!

Liliana Rojas

Ter&
#ailing list

Pa'e N%&ber

"l$ssary De()n)t)$n
) group o' e #ail addresses that are used 'or easy and 'ast distribution o' in'or#ation to #ultiply e #ail addresses si#ultaneously )n online discussion group $here participants e-change #essages on a speci'ic topic. )lso called Web con'erencing is used to hold group #eeting or li%e presentations o%er the internet )n internet standard that allo$s users to do$nload and upload 'iles to and 'ro# other co#puters on the Internet.

ne$sgroup

online con'erencing

2T&: 'ile trans'er protocol

*&age 2>+ 2ill in the #issing parts o' the 'ollo$ing paragraph. :any people use the ter#s World Wide WebC or WebCCC 'or short, and InternetCC interchangeably. In reality, they are t$o di''erent things. The WebCCCCC is a subset or an applicationCCCCC that #a(es use o' the Internet CCCCC. The InternetCCCCC can ex)st *)th$%t the WebCCCCC but the WebCCCCC cann$t ex)st *)th$%t the InternetCCCCC.

.orris, 2314