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Niecole Averion English 114A Holly Batty December 3, 2013

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A Home Far Away From Home Animal rights and animal welfare has been an ongoing controversial issue in todays society. The countless issues that happen to deal with animals vary from vivisection to a schools mascot. Many people argue that animals should not be kept in preservation and supervision under humans, but to live free in their natural environment. Zoos and aquariums are a prime example of animal captivation that deal with animal rights and welfare. With the numerous animal theme parks around the world, animals are taken from their habitats and put into captivation just for show and money. Though people believe that zoos and aquariums are unethical, the educate along with provide information that can better our understanding be conducted for research, conserve the animals, and give appreciation. Since going to the zoo/aquariums are considered entertainment, many schools go to animal theme parks for entertaining the children as well as educating them about wild/marine animals. Learning about animals can be one subject, but being able to touch and see them is another story. In The Role of Zoos and Aquariums in Education for Sustainable Future, Most zoos and aquariums have education staff and trained volunteers who provide education programs for school groups and general visitors; animal demonstrations routinely convey education or conservation messages; and interpretation and education

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are an integral part of zoo and aquarium exhibits. Zoos and aquariums are well suited to such a playful approach to adult education. Adults are also benefiting from the animal theme parks, they too learn new things about animals they did not know before. FaZoos and aquariums give information that can be conducted in research for a better understanding of the animal. For humans to prevent extinction, we need to be able to have access to them and how they live. Animal theme parks can help educate kids and people, but not all of them aim to educate. The parks that do, have well educated staff and volunteers that will teach others. Zoos and aquariums are a great way to be able to interact with animals and further research as to what we need to know about them. In Keeping Marine Mammals Captive in Theme Parks Promotes Conservation it discusses, These studies have led to improvements in diagnosing and treating diseases; techniques for anesthesia and surgery; tests for toxic substances and their effects on wild marine mammals; and advancements in diet, vitamin supplementation, and neonatal feeding. There is a lot we do not know about marine life and how it is in the ocean, and aquariums enables us to understand what humans are doing to make it dangerous for marine life to exist. Aquariums play a big role because marine biologists can monitor the health of the marine animals and learn the responses an animals has on human technology. ! ! The information that is gained from having the animals in the parks can help the endan-

gered and soon-to-be endangered animals from becoming highly endangered or extinct. Animals that live in the zoos/aquariums are kept living healthy and on a diets as if they lived in the wild. They are taken care of and well kept in captivity; their needs are met. Have areas that are for them that are also well kept and t their natural way of living. In Zoo Animal Welfare it discuss-

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es, On average, animals live much longer in zoos that in nature. Zoo animals are probably the longest living animals in captivity, as agricultural and laboratory animals mostly have a limited lifetime. They are living longer because there is no animal hunting them or having death fights with other animals. People may argue that it is in a wild animals nature to fight for survival, but if that species is endangered what is the point? Might as well have them kept safe and taken care of in a zoo/aquarium rather than being killed out in the wild. Adding on, .animal, and in general, animals in zoos appear to physically suffer less than animals in nature through veterinary care and medicines, including pain killers. The animals in the zoo are treated like infants with much care and medicine if anything goes wrong. If the animals get hurt, there are veterinarians to help the animal that is in need. Not only will the veterinarian help, but also help right when it happens, rather than letting the animal suffer as if they lived in the wild. They do not need to fight for territory nor kill another animal to eat. Conserving animals is one thing, and appreciating them is another. When you go into an animal theme park, you do not expect to learn so many things about many different animals. You can relate to more animals than you think, which gives you more of an appreciation for them. In Animals Have Rich Emotional Lives and Consciousness, Catherine Sheldrick explains about African elephants, Each one is ... a unique individual with its own unique personality. They can be happy or sad, volatile or placid. They display envy, jealousy, throw tantrums and are fiercely competitive, and they can develop hang-ups which are reflected in behaviour.

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Like humans, they have countless emotions; especially feeling the death of a loved one. Humans have such strong emotions when it comes to a death of a loved one, that we relate to African elephants more than we think we do. When you see the animals through the glasses of the zoos/ aquariums, you can almost look into their eyes (if they visible and not hiding) and somehow feel a connection. On a day to day basis, we are not able to go and look a chimpanzee right in the eye because they are a wild animal, but when you go to the zoo, you get the chance to have that interaction with them. Furthermore, Bekoff explains, ! If you're labeled as a cheater in a pack of wolves or a pack of coyotes or a group of chimpanzees, you're going to have a lot of trouble getting other individuals to interact with you.Cows hold grudges and nurture friendships too. North African meerkats forfeit their own safety to stay beside wounded family members who would otherwise have to face death alone. Stronger rats sometimes even let the weaker ones win when they play at wrestling. Animals basically have an unofficial code that they live with, and (somewhat) like humans we too have codes that we go by. When you learn this in the zoos/ aquariums you just feel more intertwined with the animals because of the fact that they are not that wild. Yes, we do not know exactly how they feel and why they are acting the way they are acting, but by the assumptions by biologists, it is okay to say that they are living a heartier life at the zoo than in the wild. Animal supervision and preservation under humans is an argumentative subject in which there are many pros and cons on both sides. In one side, the animals are treated correctly and fairly, the other side is that they are taken away from their home and are mistreated. And the

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more animals are being endangered and becoming extinct raises the question in which should we keep them in captive, so they do not go extinct? The answer is yes. There are all the reasons why zoos and aquariums are a safe place for animals to be living. Their needs are met, veterinarians are there for medical attention, and fed regularly where they do not need to hunt for their food. To be able to help the animals we need to know what there is we can do so they can live longer, educate many, and appreciate them. ! Works Cited ! Mannina, George. "Keeping Marine Mammals Captive in Theme Parks Promotes Conservation." Endangered Oceans. Ed. Louise I. Gerdes. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2004. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. from "testimony before the Subcommittee on Fisheries Conservation, Wildlife, and Oceans, Committee on Resources, U.S. House of Representatives." 2001. Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 31 Oct. 2013. Packer, Jan, and Roy Ballantyne. "The Role Of Zoos And Aquariums In Education For A Sustainable Future." New Directions For Adult & Continuing Education 127 (2010): 25-34. Academic Search Premier. Web. 31 Oct. 2013. Robertson, Ross. "Animals Have Rich Emotional Lives and Consciousness." The Rights of Animals. Ed. Debra A. Miller. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2009. Current Controversies. Rpt. from "Do Animals Have Souls?" What Is Enlightenment? 2006. Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 31 Oct. 2013.

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Wickins-Dra!ilov, Dita. "Zoo Animal Welfare." Journal Of Agricultural & Environmental Ethics 19.1 (2006): 27-36. OmniFile Full Text Mega (H.W. Wilson). Web. 26 Nov. 2013.