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# 9th September Calculator Techniques for the Casio FX-991ES Unravelled

In solving engineering problems, engineers usually don't have the luxury of time. Most situations demand immediate results. The price of falling behind schedule is typically costly and at worst, fatal to human life. Therefore, every precautionary measure must be taken to speed up the calculations an engineer makes. Below I introduce methods to tackle problems speedily with the use of a Casio calculator. For algebraic problems where you need to find the exact value of a dependent or independent variable, just use the CALC or Mode 5 functions. For definite differentiation and integration problems, simply use the d/dx and integral operators in the COMP mode. For models that follow the differential equation: dP/dx=kt and models that follow a geometric function(i.e. A*B^x). -Simply go to Mode 3 (STAT) 5 e^x -For geometric functions Mode 3 (STAT) 6 A*B^x -(Why? Because the solution to the D.E. dP/dx=kt is an exponential function e^x. When we know the boundary conditions, we can input them for regression.) Example: I arrive at an urban area where I plan to set up cell sites that could satisfy the locale's needs for 10 years. The population is 200. 2 years later, the population has increased to 1000. I assume a basic exponential model. How many cells should I plan for if I alot a Grade of Service of 0.02 corresponding to 1000 people per cell? Mode 3 5 X 0 2 Y 200 1000

## 10 - Shift - 1 - 7 - 5 = 625000/1000 = 625 Therefore, I have to plan for 625 cells.

For models following an arithmetic progression or linear relationship, -Simply go to Mode 3 (STAT) 2 A+B*X -(Again, this is because the nature of arithmetic progression is repeated addition. With the STAT function, we can do regression given sufficient data.) Example:

I have a 105 kohm resistor at 30 degrees Celsius in an airconditioned room. Its temperature increases to 47 degrees Celsius after I take it out on a hot summers day, thereby increasing its resistance by 700 ohms (positive temperature coefficient). What would be its resistance when I take it to the living room where there is no airconditioning at 37 degrees Celsius?

## 37 - Shift - 1 - 7 - 5 = 105288 ohms or 105.3 kohms.

For approximations and functions where the limit is to be taken, the TABLE function can be used. For finding the angle between 2 vectors, we can use Mode 8 (VECTOR). This is a bit simple and obvious but I think its worth mentioning here: In our vector analysis course we remember that: dotproduct(A,B)=abs(A)*abs(B)cos(theta) therefore: theta=arccos(dotproduct(A,B)/(abs(A)*abs(B))); We simply just have to provide the values for vectors A and B. Posted 9th September by Justin Spencer Mamaradlo
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