You are on page 1of 36

CARMEL B. SABADO CE-164 PROF.Allan E.

Milano
BSCE-5 Timber Excel Program
*note:the boxes in yellow should be inputed by the designer,while blue ones are computed by the program.=)

DESIGN OF PURLINS

DATA: LOADINGS:
Type of wood: pahutan Wind Pressure 0.96 kPa
Bending and Tension(Fb) 13.80 MPa Minimum Roof Live Load 0.80 kPa
Shear(Fv) 1.34 MPa GI roofing 0.15 kPa
Compression(Fc) 8.14 MPa Residential Live Load 2.00 kPa
Modulus of Elasticity(E) 9100.00 MPa
Relative Density(G) 0.55
Specific Gravity 5.40 kN/m3 SPACING:
Purlins 0.40 m
Truss 2.75 m
Floor Joist 0.40 m

W nt
W n2

θ W DL+LL

DATA: TRIAL DIMENSION:


Span 3.73 m 50 x 150 mm
Height 2.00 m I= 1.41E+07 mm4
Theta, θ; 28.23

LOADINGS:
Live load 0.32 Kn/m
Roofing 0.06 Kn/m
Purlin weight 0.04 Kn/m
W DL+LL 0.42 Kn/m

Load Combinations:
Condition 1: DL + LL
W DL+LL = 0.37 kN/m governs!!
Condition 2: DL + LL + WL
W DL+LL+WL= 0.22 kN/m LOAD COMBINATION:
Windward:
Pn = 1.3(sinq - 0.5)P 0.11 kN/m
Leeward:
MOMENTS: Pn = -0.5P -0.48 kN/m
Mn = Mx = 1/8(W nLx2) 0.64 Kn-m
(WW) W n1 = Pn(Spacing) 0.04 kN/m
Mt = My = 1/12(W nLy2) 0.12 Kn-m (LW) W n1 = Pn(Spacing) -0.19
W n2 = WDL+LL(cosq) 0.37 kN/m
W nt = WDL+LL(sinq) 0.20 kN/m
SHEAR:
W N = Wn1 + Wn2 0.41 kN/m
Vx = (1/2)W nLx 0.69 Kn W t = Wnt 0.20 kN/m

Vy = (1/2)W nLy 0.2 Kn

CHECK FOR BENDING:


6 Mx 6 My
To be safe, Fb > Fact = 2
+ 2 = 5.40 Kn-m < 13.80 Mpa
bh b h
it is safe!=)

CHECK FOR SHEAR;


3Vx 3Vy
To be safe, Fv > Fvact = + = 0.18 Kn < 1.34 Mpa
2bh 2bh
it is safe!=)

CHECK FOR DEFLECTION: ****To be safe, Yall > Yact

Yact = (5/384)(WLn4/EI) = 2.16 mm


Yallow = L/360 = 7.64 mm
it is safe!=)
DESIGN OF TRUSS

TRIAL DIMENSION:
75 x 200 mm
I= 5.00E+07 mm4

LOAD CARRIED BY THE TRUSS:

Loadings:
GI roofing = 1.74 Kn
Wt. of Purlins = 0.11 Kn
Min. Roof LL = 9.3 Kn
total = 11.16 Kn

Weight of truss:
Overall Length of Truss = 44.52 m
Weight of Truss = 3.6 Kn
TOTAL 14.76 Kn

Windward 0.607
wind load = 1.28 Kn/m
fx = 0.15 Kn 1.283
fy = 0.28 Kn θ

1.130

Leeward
wind load = -5.58 Kn/m
fx = 0.66 Kn
fy = 1.23 Kn
4.92

Load carried by the ceiling: 5.58


Ceiling Load = 0 Kn/m θ

2.64

Forces Due to DL + LL
7.38 KN
3.690 Kn 3.69 Kn

3.690 Kn 3.690 Kn

3.69
3.69 Kn
ceiling load

0.8
0.8

1.86 m 1.8625 m 1.86 m 1.8625 m 1.863 m 1.8625 m

7.45 m

0.95
Forces Due to Wind Load
0.28
0.81 0.28
v
J
0.1517 0.66
0.28 K 0.28
v
0.1517 I
L 0.66
0.28 0.28
H v

A G
B C D E F

Reactions due to DL + LL
Summary of Bar Forces:

Top Chords Length DL + LL WL DL + LL + WL


AH 1.40 0.55 0.36 0.91
HI 1.40 -9.53 -0.13 -9.65
IJ 1.40 -9.15 -0.07 -9.22
JK 1.40 -9.15 -0.98 -10.1
KL 1.40 -9.53 -0.95 -10.5
LG 1.40 0.55 -0.59 -0.04
Bottom ChordS
AB 1.24 -0.97 -0.50 -1.47
BC 1.24 3.24 2.71 5.95
CD 1.24 8.42 3.00 11.42
DE 1.24 8.42 2.17 10.59
EF 1.24 3.24 1.35 4.59
FG 1.24 -0.97 1.20 0.23
Verticals
BH 0.64 -10.68 -0.56 -11.2
CI 1.27 -2.69 -0.10 -2.8
DJ 1.91 0.50 -0.46 0.0
EK 1.27 -2.69 -0.38 -3.1
FL 0.64 -10.68 -0.26 -10.9
Diagonals
HC 1.40 5.78 0.39 6.17
ID 1.78 -0.22 -0.22 -0.44
KD 1.78 -0.22 0.93 0.70
LE 1.40 5.78 0.90 6.68

Design of Truss Members


Stresses Length
Top Chord -9.526 1.395
Bottom chord 8.419 1.240
Vertical -10.680 / -0.560 0.640
Diagonal 5.780 / 0.390 1.395

DESIGN OF Top Chord

TRIAL DIMENSION:
75 x 200 mm
I= 5.00E+07 mm4

P= -9.526 Kn
L= 1395.00 mm

L/d = 18.6

.5
π  E 
= 10.72 since L/d>K and L/d>11 it is long column
K =    

 4  6 fc 

To be safe:
Fc >= fc

π2 E
Fc = 2
L 
36 
d 
Fc = 7.21
fc = P/A = 0.64 < 7.21 it is safe!=)

Therefore use 75 x 200 mm for BOTTOM CHORD

DESIGN OF Bottom Chord

TRIAL DIMENSION:
75 x 200 mm
I= 5.00E+07 mm4

P= 8.419 Kn
L= 1.24 mm

L/d = 0.02
.5
π  E 
= 10.72 since L/d<K and L/d<11 it is short column
K =    

 4  6 fc 

To be safe:
Fc >= fc

π2 E
Fc = 2
L 
36 
d 
Fc = 9126784.44
fc = P/A = 0.56 < 9126784 it is safe!=)

Therefore use 75 x 200 mm for BOTTOM CHORD

DESIGN OF Verticals

TRIAL DIMENSION:
75 x 200 mm
I= 5.00E+07 mm4

P= -10.680 / -0.560 Kn
L= 0.64 mm

L/d = 0.01

.5
π  E 
= 10.72 since L/d<K and L/d<11 it is short column
K =    

 4  6 fc 

To be safe:
Fc >= fc

π2 E
Fc = 2
L 
36 
d 
Fc = 3.43E+07
fc = P/A = 0.71 < 3.43.E+07 it is safe!=)

Therefore use 75 x 200 mm for BOTTOM CHORD

Check for Stress Reversals: To be safe:

Fb >= ft

Fb = 13.80 MPa
P
ft =
(3 / 5) Ag= 0.06 < 13.80 it is safe!=)

Since Fb > Ft, Use 75 x 200 mm for VERTICALS

DESIGN OF Diagonals

TRIAL DIMENSION:
75 x 200 mm
I= 5.00E+07 mm4

P= 5.780 / 0.390 Kn
L= 1.40 mm

L/d = 0.02

.5
π  E 
= 10.72 since L/d<K and L/d<11 it is short column
K =    

 4  6 fc 

To be safe:
Fc >= fc

π2 E
Fc = 2
L 
36 
d 
Fc = 7.21E+06
fc = P/A = 0.39 < 7.21.E+06 it is safe!=)

Therefore use 75 x 200 mm for BOTTOM CHORD

Check for Stress Reversals: To be safe:

Fb >= ft

Fb = 13.80 MPa
P
ft =
(3 / 5) Ag= 0.04 < 13.80 it is safe!=)

Since Fb > Ft, Use 75 x 200 mm for VERTICALS


DESIGN OF POST

At Truss supports
DL + LL WL DL + LL + WL
A -26.7 -0.66 -27.36
B -26.7 -0.28 -26.98
At Girder Supports -9.98 0 -9.98 4P= Interior posts carries a max of
4 girders
4P= ### Kn

TRIAL DIMENSION: ### Kn


200 x 200 mm
I= 1.33E+08 mm4

Length of column = 3.15 m


Weight of Column = 0.68 Kn

L/d= 15.75
.5
 π  E 
K =    
 = 10.72
 4  6 fc 
since L/d > K and L/d > 11 it is long column.

To be safe:
Fc >= fc
Fc = 8.14 Mpa
fc = P/A
= 2.75 Mpa

Therefore use 200 x 200 mm for POST


(+) Windward (-) Leeward

4.23
2.00 m

3.73 m
kn

0.66
rt column

rt column
rt column
CARMEL B. SABADO CE-164 PROF.Allan E. Milano
BSCE-5 Timber Excel Program
*note:the boxes in yellow should be inputed by the designer,while blue ones are computed by the program.=)

DESIGN OF T & G

DATA: TRIAL DIMENSION:


Residential Live Load 2.00 kPa 25 x 100 mm
Specific Gravity 5.40 kN/m3 I= 2.08E+06 mm4
Modulus of Elasticity 9100.00 MPa

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

0.03

0.4 m

LOADINGS:
Dead Load (Weight of T&G) = Area X S.G. = 0.01 kN/m
Live Load (Residential LL) = 0.2 kN/m
W DL+LL = 0.21 kN/m

MMAX = (1/8)WL2 = 0 kN-m


VMAX = wL/2 = 0.04 kN

CHECK FOR BENDING: To be safe, Fb > Fact


Fact = 6Mmax/bh2
= 0.10
Fb= 13.80 ****Since Fact is less than Fallowable, it is safe=)

CHECK FOR SHEAR; To be safe, Fv > Fvact

Fvact = (3/2)(Vmax/bh)
= 0.03
Fv= 1.34 ****Since Fvact is less than Fvallowable, it is safe=)

CHECK FOR DEFLECTION: To be safe, Yall > Yact

Yact = (5/384)(WLn4/EI) = 0.00375 mm


Yallow = L/360 = 1.11111 mm
****Since Yact is less than Yallowable, it is safe=)

THEREFORE USE 25 x 100 T&G

DESIGN OF FLOOR JOISTS

DATA:
Specific Gravity = 7.26 kN/m3
Modulus of Elasticity = 14600.0 MPa
Length of joist = 2.75 m
Joist Spacing = 0.50 m
Residential Live Load = 2.00 kPa

TRIAL DIMENSION:
50 x 175 mm
I= 2.23E+07 mm4

SECTION A-A: T&G


Floor Joist 0.18 m

0.50 m

0.05 m

Dead Loads:

Weight of joist = Specific Gravity X Area of Joist = 0.06 Kn/m


Load carried by the T&G = 0.09 Kn/m

Live Load:
Floor LL = 1 Kn/m

WDL+LL = 1.15 Kn/m

MMAX = (1/8)WL2 = 1.09 Kn-m


VMAX = wL/2 = 1.59 Kn

CHECK FOR BENDING: To be safe, Fb > Fact

Fact = 6Mmax/bh2
= 4.275 Mpa
Fb= 13.80 Mpa ****Since Fact is less than Fallowable, it is safe=)

CHECK FOR SHEAR; To be safe, Fv > Fvact

Fvact = (3/2)(Vmax/bh)
= 0.27208 Mpa
Fv= 1.34 Mpa ****Since Fact is less than Fallowable, it is safe=)

CHECK FOR DEFLECTION: To be safe, Yall > Yact

Yact = (5/384)(WLn4/EI) = 2.64E+00 mm


Yallow = L/360 = 7.64 mm
****Since Yact is less than Yallowable, it is safe=)

THEREFORE USE 50 x 175 FLOOR JOISTS


CARMEL B. SABADO CE-164 PROF.Allan E. Milano
BSCE-5 Timber Excel Program
*note:the boxes in yellow should be inputed by the designer,while blue ones are computed by the program.=)

DESIGN OF GIRDER
DATA: TRIAL DIMENSION:
Specific Gravity = 5.40 kN/m 3
150 x 300 mm
Modulus of Elasticity = 9100.00 MPa I= 3.38E+08 mm4
Length of Girder = 2.75 MPa Weight of the girder: = Area X Specific Gravity
Joist Spacing = 0.40 m = 0.24 kn-m
Residential Live Load = 2.00 kPa

1.59 kn 3.17 3.17 kn 3.17 3.17 3.17 kn 1.59

0.40 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

Weight
of girder

2.75 m

9.98 kn 9.98 kn

CHECK FOR BENDING: Mmax = 8.54 kn-m


Vmax = 9.98 kn
Fact = 6Mmax/bh2
= 3.79 Mpa
Fb= 13.80 Mpa ****Since Fact is less than Fallowable, it is safe=)

CHECK FOR SHEAR;

Fvact = (3/2)(Vmax/bh)
= 0.33 Mpa
Fv= 1.34 Mpa ****Since Fact is less than Fallowable, it is safe=)

CHECK FOR DEFLECTION:


5wl 4 Pa(3L − 4a 2 ) PL3
Yactual = + + -2.03E+00 mm
384 EI 24 EI 48 EI
Yallow = L/360 7.64 mm
****Since Yact is less than Yallowable, it is safe
DESIGN OF STAIRS

DESIGN OF TREAD

TRIAL DIMENSION: Loadings:


50 x 200 mm Weight of Tread = 0.05 Kn
I= 3.33E+07 mm4 Live Load = 0.4 Kn
TOTAL = 0.45 Kn

WIDTH OF STAIRS= 1.1 m


in mm = 1100

Analytical Model:
w= 0.45 Kn

1.1 m

MMAX = (1/8)WL2 = 0.07 Kn-m


VMAX = wL/2 = 0.25 Kn

CHECK FOR BENDING: To be safe, Fb > Fact

Fact = 6Mmax/bh2
= 0.21 Kn
Fb= 13.80 Kn ****Since Fact is less than Fallowable, it is safe=)

CHECK FOR SHEAR; To be safe, Fv > Fvact

Fvact = (3/2)(Vmax/bh)
= 0.04 Kn
Fv= 1.34 Kn ****Since Fact is less than Fallowable, it is safe=)

CHECK FOR DEFLECTION:To be safe, Yall > Yact


Yact = (5/384)(WLn4/EI) = 0.0285 mm
Yallow = L/360 = 0 mm
****since this deflection is alrady in mm, it is very neglegible

THEREFORE USE 50 x 200 TREAD

DESIGN OF CARRIAGE

TRIAL DIMENSION:
50 x 200 mm
I= 3.33E+07 mm4

Considering the longest span of the stairs:

No. of Stairs = 18 @ 0.2 m


Load carried by the tread
= 0.45 Kn

Theta, θ = 36.87
Length of Carriage = 4.5 m
Weigth of Carriage = 0.05 Kn

Analytical Model:

2.7
m

Theta, θ = 36.87

3.6 m
w= 0.41 Kn/m

L= 4.50 m

concrete landing

Load by the Tread: Weight of Carriage:

0.36 0.27 0.03


0.45 0.04
0.05

MMAX = 1/2WL2 = 4.11 Kn-m


VMAX = wL/2 = 0.91 Kn

CHECK FOR BENDING: To be safe, Fb > Fact

Fact = 6Mmax/bh2
= 12.34 Kn
Fb= 13.80 Kn ****Since Fact is less than Fallowable, it is safe

CHECK FOR SHEAR; To be safe, Fv > Fvact

Fvact = (3/2)(Vmax/bh)
= 0.14 Kn
Fv= 1.34 Kn ****Since Fact is less than Fallowable, it is safe

CHECK FOR DEFLECTION:To be safe, Yall > Yact

Yact = (5/384)(WLn=4/EI) 4.70E+00


Yallow = L/360 = 12.5 ****Since Yact is more than Yallowable, not safe

THEREFORE USE 50 x 200 CARRIAGE