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excel program used to design timber structures....from purlins to posts...

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Milano

BSCE-5 Timber Excel Program

*note:the boxes in yellow should be inputed by the designer,while blue ones are computed by the program.=)

DESIGN OF PURLINS

DATA: LOADINGS:

Type of wood: pahutan Wind Pressure 0.96 kPa

Bending and Tension(Fb) 13.80 MPa Minimum Roof Live Load 0.80 kPa

Shear(Fv) 1.34 MPa GI roofing 0.15 kPa

Compression(Fc) 8.14 MPa Residential Live Load 2.00 kPa

Modulus of Elasticity(E) 9100.00 MPa

Relative Density(G) 0.55

Specific Gravity 5.40 kN/m3 SPACING:

Purlins 0.40 m

Truss 2.75 m

Floor Joist 0.40 m

W nt

W n2

θ W DL+LL

Span 3.73 m 50 x 150 mm

Height 2.00 m I= 1.41E+07 mm4

Theta, θ; 28.23

LOADINGS:

Live load 0.32 Kn/m

Roofing 0.06 Kn/m

Purlin weight 0.04 Kn/m

W DL+LL 0.42 Kn/m

Load Combinations:

Condition 1: DL + LL

W DL+LL = 0.37 kN/m governs!!

Condition 2: DL + LL + WL

W DL+LL+WL= 0.22 kN/m LOAD COMBINATION:

Windward:

Pn = 1.3(sinq - 0.5)P 0.11 kN/m

Leeward:

MOMENTS: Pn = -0.5P -0.48 kN/m

Mn = Mx = 1/8(W nLx2) 0.64 Kn-m

(WW) W n1 = Pn(Spacing) 0.04 kN/m

Mt = My = 1/12(W nLy2) 0.12 Kn-m (LW) W n1 = Pn(Spacing) -0.19

W n2 = WDL+LL(cosq) 0.37 kN/m

W nt = WDL+LL(sinq) 0.20 kN/m

SHEAR:

W N = Wn1 + Wn2 0.41 kN/m

Vx = (1/2)W nLx 0.69 Kn W t = Wnt 0.20 kN/m

6 Mx 6 My

To be safe, Fb > Fact = 2

+ 2 = 5.40 Kn-m < 13.80 Mpa

bh b h

it is safe!=)

3Vx 3Vy

To be safe, Fv > Fvact = + = 0.18 Kn < 1.34 Mpa

2bh 2bh

it is safe!=)

Yallow = L/360 = 7.64 mm

it is safe!=)

DESIGN OF TRUSS

TRIAL DIMENSION:

75 x 200 mm

I= 5.00E+07 mm4

Loadings:

GI roofing = 1.74 Kn

Wt. of Purlins = 0.11 Kn

Min. Roof LL = 9.3 Kn

total = 11.16 Kn

Weight of truss:

Overall Length of Truss = 44.52 m

Weight of Truss = 3.6 Kn

TOTAL 14.76 Kn

Windward 0.607

wind load = 1.28 Kn/m

fx = 0.15 Kn 1.283

fy = 0.28 Kn θ

1.130

Leeward

wind load = -5.58 Kn/m

fx = 0.66 Kn

fy = 1.23 Kn

4.92

Ceiling Load = 0 Kn/m θ

2.64

Forces Due to DL + LL

7.38 KN

3.690 Kn 3.69 Kn

3.690 Kn 3.690 Kn

3.69

3.69 Kn

ceiling load

0.8

0.8

7.45 m

0.95

Forces Due to Wind Load

0.28

0.81 0.28

v

J

0.1517 0.66

0.28 K 0.28

v

0.1517 I

L 0.66

0.28 0.28

H v

A G

B C D E F

Reactions due to DL + LL

Summary of Bar Forces:

AH 1.40 0.55 0.36 0.91

HI 1.40 -9.53 -0.13 -9.65

IJ 1.40 -9.15 -0.07 -9.22

JK 1.40 -9.15 -0.98 -10.1

KL 1.40 -9.53 -0.95 -10.5

LG 1.40 0.55 -0.59 -0.04

Bottom ChordS

AB 1.24 -0.97 -0.50 -1.47

BC 1.24 3.24 2.71 5.95

CD 1.24 8.42 3.00 11.42

DE 1.24 8.42 2.17 10.59

EF 1.24 3.24 1.35 4.59

FG 1.24 -0.97 1.20 0.23

Verticals

BH 0.64 -10.68 -0.56 -11.2

CI 1.27 -2.69 -0.10 -2.8

DJ 1.91 0.50 -0.46 0.0

EK 1.27 -2.69 -0.38 -3.1

FL 0.64 -10.68 -0.26 -10.9

Diagonals

HC 1.40 5.78 0.39 6.17

ID 1.78 -0.22 -0.22 -0.44

KD 1.78 -0.22 0.93 0.70

LE 1.40 5.78 0.90 6.68

Stresses Length

Top Chord -9.526 1.395

Bottom chord 8.419 1.240

Vertical -10.680 / -0.560 0.640

Diagonal 5.780 / 0.390 1.395

TRIAL DIMENSION:

75 x 200 mm

I= 5.00E+07 mm4

P= -9.526 Kn

L= 1395.00 mm

L/d = 18.6

.5

π E

= 10.72 since L/d>K and L/d>11 it is long column

K =

4 6 fc

To be safe:

Fc >= fc

π2 E

Fc = 2

L

36

d

Fc = 7.21

fc = P/A = 0.64 < 7.21 it is safe!=)

TRIAL DIMENSION:

75 x 200 mm

I= 5.00E+07 mm4

P= 8.419 Kn

L= 1.24 mm

L/d = 0.02

.5

π E

= 10.72 since L/d<K and L/d<11 it is short column

K =

4 6 fc

To be safe:

Fc >= fc

π2 E

Fc = 2

L

36

d

Fc = 9126784.44

fc = P/A = 0.56 < 9126784 it is safe!=)

DESIGN OF Verticals

TRIAL DIMENSION:

75 x 200 mm

I= 5.00E+07 mm4

P= -10.680 / -0.560 Kn

L= 0.64 mm

L/d = 0.01

.5

π E

= 10.72 since L/d<K and L/d<11 it is short column

K =

4 6 fc

To be safe:

Fc >= fc

π2 E

Fc = 2

L

36

d

Fc = 3.43E+07

fc = P/A = 0.71 < 3.43.E+07 it is safe!=)

Fb >= ft

Fb = 13.80 MPa

P

ft =

(3 / 5) Ag= 0.06 < 13.80 it is safe!=)

DESIGN OF Diagonals

TRIAL DIMENSION:

75 x 200 mm

I= 5.00E+07 mm4

P= 5.780 / 0.390 Kn

L= 1.40 mm

L/d = 0.02

.5

π E

= 10.72 since L/d<K and L/d<11 it is short column

K =

4 6 fc

To be safe:

Fc >= fc

π2 E

Fc = 2

L

36

d

Fc = 7.21E+06

fc = P/A = 0.39 < 7.21.E+06 it is safe!=)

Fb >= ft

Fb = 13.80 MPa

P

ft =

(3 / 5) Ag= 0.04 < 13.80 it is safe!=)

DESIGN OF POST

At Truss supports

DL + LL WL DL + LL + WL

A -26.7 -0.66 -27.36

B -26.7 -0.28 -26.98

At Girder Supports -9.98 0 -9.98 4P= Interior posts carries a max of

4 girders

4P= ### Kn

200 x 200 mm

I= 1.33E+08 mm4

Weight of Column = 0.68 Kn

L/d= 15.75

.5

π E

K =

= 10.72

4 6 fc

since L/d > K and L/d > 11 it is long column.

To be safe:

Fc >= fc

Fc = 8.14 Mpa

fc = P/A

= 2.75 Mpa

(+) Windward (-) Leeward

4.23

2.00 m

3.73 m

kn

0.66

rt column

rt column

rt column

CARMEL B. SABADO CE-164 PROF.Allan E. Milano

BSCE-5 Timber Excel Program

*note:the boxes in yellow should be inputed by the designer,while blue ones are computed by the program.=)

DESIGN OF T & G

Residential Live Load 2.00 kPa 25 x 100 mm

Specific Gravity 5.40 kN/m3 I= 2.08E+06 mm4

Modulus of Elasticity 9100.00 MPa

0.03

0.4 m

LOADINGS:

Dead Load (Weight of T&G) = Area X S.G. = 0.01 kN/m

Live Load (Residential LL) = 0.2 kN/m

W DL+LL = 0.21 kN/m

VMAX = wL/2 = 0.04 kN

Fact = 6Mmax/bh2

= 0.10

Fb= 13.80 ****Since Fact is less than Fallowable, it is safe=)

Fvact = (3/2)(Vmax/bh)

= 0.03

Fv= 1.34 ****Since Fvact is less than Fvallowable, it is safe=)

Yallow = L/360 = 1.11111 mm

****Since Yact is less than Yallowable, it is safe=)

DATA:

Specific Gravity = 7.26 kN/m3

Modulus of Elasticity = 14600.0 MPa

Length of joist = 2.75 m

Joist Spacing = 0.50 m

Residential Live Load = 2.00 kPa

TRIAL DIMENSION:

50 x 175 mm

I= 2.23E+07 mm4

Floor Joist 0.18 m

0.50 m

0.05 m

Dead Loads:

Load carried by the T&G = 0.09 Kn/m

Live Load:

Floor LL = 1 Kn/m

VMAX = wL/2 = 1.59 Kn

Fact = 6Mmax/bh2

= 4.275 Mpa

Fb= 13.80 Mpa ****Since Fact is less than Fallowable, it is safe=)

Fvact = (3/2)(Vmax/bh)

= 0.27208 Mpa

Fv= 1.34 Mpa ****Since Fact is less than Fallowable, it is safe=)

Yallow = L/360 = 7.64 mm

****Since Yact is less than Yallowable, it is safe=)

CARMEL B. SABADO CE-164 PROF.Allan E. Milano

BSCE-5 Timber Excel Program

*note:the boxes in yellow should be inputed by the designer,while blue ones are computed by the program.=)

DESIGN OF GIRDER

DATA: TRIAL DIMENSION:

Specific Gravity = 5.40 kN/m 3

150 x 300 mm

Modulus of Elasticity = 9100.00 MPa I= 3.38E+08 mm4

Length of Girder = 2.75 MPa Weight of the girder: = Area X Specific Gravity

Joist Spacing = 0.40 m = 0.24 kn-m

Residential Live Load = 2.00 kPa

Weight

of girder

2.75 m

9.98 kn 9.98 kn

Vmax = 9.98 kn

Fact = 6Mmax/bh2

= 3.79 Mpa

Fb= 13.80 Mpa ****Since Fact is less than Fallowable, it is safe=)

Fvact = (3/2)(Vmax/bh)

= 0.33 Mpa

Fv= 1.34 Mpa ****Since Fact is less than Fallowable, it is safe=)

5wl 4 Pa(3L − 4a 2 ) PL3

Yactual = + + -2.03E+00 mm

384 EI 24 EI 48 EI

Yallow = L/360 7.64 mm

****Since Yact is less than Yallowable, it is safe

DESIGN OF STAIRS

DESIGN OF TREAD

50 x 200 mm Weight of Tread = 0.05 Kn

I= 3.33E+07 mm4 Live Load = 0.4 Kn

TOTAL = 0.45 Kn

in mm = 1100

Analytical Model:

w= 0.45 Kn

1.1 m

VMAX = wL/2 = 0.25 Kn

Fact = 6Mmax/bh2

= 0.21 Kn

Fb= 13.80 Kn ****Since Fact is less than Fallowable, it is safe=)

Fvact = (3/2)(Vmax/bh)

= 0.04 Kn

Fv= 1.34 Kn ****Since Fact is less than Fallowable, it is safe=)

Yact = (5/384)(WLn4/EI) = 0.0285 mm

Yallow = L/360 = 0 mm

****since this deflection is alrady in mm, it is very neglegible

DESIGN OF CARRIAGE

TRIAL DIMENSION:

50 x 200 mm

I= 3.33E+07 mm4

Load carried by the tread

= 0.45 Kn

Theta, θ = 36.87

Length of Carriage = 4.5 m

Weigth of Carriage = 0.05 Kn

Analytical Model:

2.7

m

Theta, θ = 36.87

3.6 m

w= 0.41 Kn/m

L= 4.50 m

concrete landing

0.45 0.04

0.05

VMAX = wL/2 = 0.91 Kn

Fact = 6Mmax/bh2

= 12.34 Kn

Fb= 13.80 Kn ****Since Fact is less than Fallowable, it is safe

Fvact = (3/2)(Vmax/bh)

= 0.14 Kn

Fv= 1.34 Kn ****Since Fact is less than Fallowable, it is safe

Yallow = L/360 = 12.5 ****Since Yact is more than Yallowable, not safe

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