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Phylum Ctenophora

Comb Jellies

Phylulm Ctenophora

Phylum Ctenophora (Comb Bearers)

Defining Characteristics

Plates of fused cilia arranged in rows Adhesive prey capturing cells (colloblasts)

Comb jellies are delicate, transparent, non-stinging predators

Phylulm Ctenophora

Ctenophora Structure

Mirip dengan struktur Cnidaria Medusa

Memiliki tubuh yang sangat rapuh

Phylulm Ctenophora

Ctenophore Structure

Permukaan tubuhnya memliki 8 baris sisir seperti dayung Dayung sisir ini memiliki ribuan sillia untuk berenang

Phylulm Ctenophora

Indera Apikal

Indera apikal organ terletak pada permukaan aboral yang digunakan untuk mrngontrol sillia

Phylulm Ctenophora

Colloblasts

Tentakel digunakan untuk menangkap mangsa yang bersifat lengket

Colloblast discharge an adhesive thread which is sticky to the touch

Some spp. lack tentacles and the body is studded with


Phylulm Ctenophora

Digestion

Feed on plankton, other ctenophores and other Cnidarian jellies Gut extends through the entire body; mouth is at the oral end Anal pore is at the aboral end

Phylulm Ctenophora

Reproduction

Can rapidly regenerate lost or damaged parts

Usually hermaphrodites Developmental stage

Cydippid larva, this develops into an adult

Phylulm Ctenophora

Evolutionary history and Bioluminescence

Phylulm Ctenophora

Evolutionary History
Characteristic Developmental Stage Digestive System Nematocysts Colloblast Sexuality Musculature Ciliation Ctenophores
Cydippid Gastrovascular canals None Present Hermaphroditic

Cnidarians
Planula Gastrovascular canals Present None Gonochoristic

Within Mesoglea Within Gastrodermis Multiciliated cells Monociliated cells


Phylulm Ctenophora

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Ctenophore diversity

Most species live in the open ocean and are not well studied

New studies use submersibles and divers to collect specimens, eliminating specimen destruction by fast towed nets Order Lobata Order Beroida

Phylum Ctenophora

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Phylulm Ctenophora

Order Lobata

Order Lobata

Posses long tentacles throughout the lifecycle Retractile in nature

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Phylulm Ctenophora

Order Beroida

Order Beroida

Lack tentacles, or oral lobes Can consume prey substantially larger than itself

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Phylulm Ctenophora