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HOW TO

Context
Focus
The subject matter of an exposition is usually a current and controversial issue in the media or society. These issues are usually openly discussed.

Expository writing is created in order to influence or persuade an audience Expository writing comes in several different forms, but essentially, the main aim of an exposition is to argue a specific point.

Features
The main features of an exposition include:
Strong organisation Supporting Facts (from reputable sources) Unity and consistency when arguing your point. Precision Smooth transition between points. Linking your opinions and ideas throughout your exposition. Your argument has clear direction, without unnecessary repetition or information. Appropriate language. Correct use of grammar, punctuation and spelling. References/Bibliography.

Roles
There are two main roles involved in expository writing; the writer and the audience. The writer assumes the role of the authority figure, in hopes that he or she can persuade or win over the audience.

Medium
Expository writing can be seen in most popular publications, such as; newspapers, magazines, debates, speeches, letters, etc.

Examples
Expositions can come in many different forms. Some popular examples of expository writing include: Argumentative Essay Political speech Letter to the Editor Discussion Debate

Form
Expository writing can be in either written or oral form.

Structure
Like Essays, expository writing has three key components: An introduction, a body and a conclusion. Introduction: The opening sentence of your exposition should be written in a way that grabs the audiences attention. The introduction should have a clear indication of the topic youre going to be talking about in your exposition. Give a short summary of each argument youre going to write about in your piece of writing. (About four topics) Conclude your introduction with a strong link back sentence, restating the opinion youre trying to convey.

Language
The language in expository writing is generally strong, consistent and persuasive, without the use of repetition or unnecessary detail. Connectives, conjunctions and noun groups are commonly used in expository writing as well as basic literary elements such as; verbs. These elements are important because they help to achieve consistency and flow, making your argument strong and coherent. Connectives (also known as linking words) help you to link together each idea you make in your exposition. Connectives help the reader to make the connection between one sentence and paragraph to the next. Below are some examples of connectives that you may choose to use in your own exposition: Furthermore In addition As opposed to Of equal importance More importantly Also It is clear that Obviously In addition Anyway Besides Certainly Evidently Finally Hence However Thus Indeed Likewise Nevertheless Now Otherwise Still Then Therefore Namely Meanwhile Clearly

Body: The body of your exposition is where you make your argument. This part of your exposition should include examples and supporting quotes in order to make your argument strong and consistent. Each paragraph must include a link back sentence which will help you to tie up any loose ends in your argument and also help to ensure the reader knows your personal opinion of the topic.

Conclusion: A well written, to-the-point conclusion is essential in expository writing. You must restate the main issue of your exposition in your conclusion. The end of your conclusion should be strong and convincing. Essentially, you want to end your exposition in a way that makes the audience agree with the points you have just made.

Conjunctions help to connect ideas between sentences. There are two forms of conjunction used in expository writing; Linking conjunctions and coordinating conjunctions. Linking conjunctions include words such as: and, so, but, or. These words should not be used at the beginning of any sentence, but within sentences to link ideas together. Coordinating conjunctions include words such as: While, although, since, even is, because*, after. Note* - The word because should not be used at the beginning of any sentence.

Nouns are the words use to name a person, animal, place, object or idea. The highlighted words in the sentences below are all nouns: Early last April, our friends bought a house. The dog ate his food. Noun Groups are used to define and describe the process. For example: The large black dog loved to play catch

Verbs are action words that talk about someone doing something. Good writers use strong, specific verbs in order to describe the actions of a character. Strong verbs can help paint a vivid picture for the reader, allowing the reader to really understand the point you may be trying to convey. Verbs are used in every sentence. Below are some examples of Verbs: Explaining Stand Put Read Sing Compete Examining Watching Playing Cleaning Whistling Shopping Eating Googling Blogging Thinking Colouring Cooking Winning Walking Run Sit Swim Drive Sleep Helping Singing Speak Talk Painting

What else you should know about Expository Writing


When youre writing your expository piece, you should keep in mind that the aim of your exposition is essentially to answer the following basic questions about a topic: Who What When Where How Why

Expositions should also be written in chronological order so that everything flows and makes sense to the audience. Your exposition could be written in order to give how to information to your audience, to compare and contrast ideas or to inform the audience about something. Its important to state exactly what the intention of your expository piece is so that the audience doesnt get confused.

Persuasive writing techniques


Expositions are created in order to argue a point, or persuade an audience about something. In order to make your ideas clear and coherent, you must use persuasive writing. The table below is filled with examples that you could use in your own exposition to make your opinions clear:

Persuasive Technique Emotive Language

Definition
Emotive language is language that has been used deliberately to create an emotional impact. Expert opinions are opinions of those who are experts of the topic youre arguing or discussing. Its important to ensure that these expert opinions come from reputable sources. A statement that is true. Facts are able to be proven and verified.

Example
Two young school children have been taken from their homes today after years of emotional and physical abuse.

Expert Opinion

According to Dr. Hepburn, a leading oncologist in Sydney; a cure for cancer has already been found.

Fact

Adelaide had some severe weather today, resulting in flash- flooding and power outages across the city.

Generalisation

Generalisation refers to general statements that have been made about something. Using words such as all cats, or no one are often used when generalising something.

Every school teacher must up their game to improve numeracy and literacy standards. We must all fight for equality.

Patriotic Appeal

Patriotic appeal is language that attempts to persuade the reader that all Australians would agree with the point youre trying to make.

Fellow Australians Overuse of drugs causing Aussie dementia deaths. Babies crying, children crying, adults crying Australias future is doomed, ruined, damned

Repetition

Repetition involves repeating words or phrases to prove your point.

Strong image representation

A good writer can paint a picture in the audiences mind in order to prove a point. If the audience is able to envision what youre discussing, your argument will be more convincing.

Strong language

Strong language involves the deliberate implementation of words in your piece of writing that are powerful and cause emotional effects.

A tragic car accident in the states north left four dead and one injured this afternoon.

To help you get started


Below, I have provided you with some examples that you could use to write your exposition. You do not have to choose one of these topics, but if youre having trouble coming up with something, these examples are a great foundation. Vegetables are healthier than fruit Shakespeare is outdated and should not be taught in schools. Strict school uniforms keep students focused on their education. Standardised tests do not accurately measure literacy and numeracy levels in schools. Australia should be a republic. Smoking should be banned in Australia. School should start later in the day. X is better than Y. (for example, Lady Gaga is better than Justin Bieber) Sugar is more addictive than illegal drugs. Schools should focus more on The playground equipment in the local park is in danger of collapsing Ipads should be used in schools by all students. PE should be compulsory through to year 12. Tea is healthier than Coffee. Cats are better pets than dogs. Australians needs a new Prime Minister in order to save the country.

Write clearly and be consistent. Use appropriate language to make your point clear. Do not use statements such as: In my exposition, I will be talking about or I think that Remain in third person at all times. Use strong opening sentences and even stronger link back sentences. Make it clear to the reader what the intention of your expository piece is. Use reputable sources and expert opinions, not those found on internet sites such as Wikipedia or Facebook. Remember to proof read your work to check for any errors or structural issues. Draft, draft, draft then draft some more. Read your work out loud to fine tune any sentences that may not flow. Remember, your aim is to convince or persuade your audience so always proof read your work several times, because a piece of writing with spelling and grammatical errors is less convincing than one that is coherent.

Good luck