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Vakya Kripaya apni beemari ka haal bataay. Kripaya apni car ko thoda sa khiskaay. Kripaya dheeray bolay.

Apnay aap lijiye/kijiye. Mera pranam kahiyega. Atchhi salah kay liye aapka dhanyavaad. Kripadrishti kay liye bahut bahut dhanyavaad. Maaf kijiyega, main late hoon. Mujhay bada dukh hai. (dukhad samachar sunkar) Asuvidha kay liye maaf karey. Maaf kijiye, mujhe thoday samay kay liye jana hai. Maaf kijiye(Mahoday/Mahodaya/Ms Anu), parantu mujhay lagta hai kee aap galat hai. Maaf kijiye, kya yaha seat khaali hai? Maaf kijiye, kya yaha aapki chhatri hai? Maaf kijiye, Hanuman mandir kahaan hai? Maaf kijiye, aapkay kaam main badha daali. Mujhay kehnay ki ijajat dey. Is samasya ko suljhanay ki mujhay ijajat dey. Aapka swagat hai. Mujhay aapkay bhai kay baaray main sunkar bahut dukh hua. Kya main andar aa sakta hoon? Haan, aa jaiye. Badi khushi sey. Avashya. Aapki mehmaannavaji ka shukriya. Aapki mehmaannavaji ka bahut bahut shukriya. Main aapka bahut abhari hoon. Main aapka bahut abhari hounga. Main samay par nahi aa sakaa isliye maafi mangta hoon. Meri aur sey maafi mang lijiyega. Kripaya aaraam mehsoos kijiye. Jara dhyaan dijiye. Jara mujhay bolnay dey ya dengay?

Sentence Please tell me about your sickness. Please move your car a bit. Please speak slowly. Please help yourself. Kindly convey my regards. Thanks for your good advice. Thank you very much for the favour. Sorry, I am late. I am very sorry. (on hearing sad news) Sorry for the inconvenience. Excuse me, I am to go for a while. Excuse me (Sir/Madam/Ms Anu), but I think you are wrong. Excuse me, is this seat empty? Excuse me, is this your umbrella? Excuse me, where is Hanuman temple? Sorry to have disturbed you. Allow me to say. Allow me to solve this problem. You are welcome. I am very sorry to hear about your brother. May I come in, please? Yes, please come in. With great pleasure. Off course. Thanks for your hospitality. Thank you very much for your hospitality. I am very grateful to you. I shall be very grateful to you. I am sorry. I could not make it in time. Please convey my appologies. Please be comfortable. Please pay attention. OR May I have your attention, please? Will you please permit me to

Kripaya aaraam sey baithiye. Aapsey milkar khushi hui. Aasha hai aap majay main hai. Vishwaas hai kee aapki sehat atchhi hai. Kripaya mujhay bhi kuchh samay dijiye. Vakya

speak? Please make yourself comfortable. Glad to meet you. Hope you are enjoying yourself/yourselves. Trust that you are in good health. Please give some time to me also. Sentence

Maaf kijiye, main aapko nahi jaanta. Sorry, I do not know you. Ladka vyast dukaandar ka dhyan akarshit kartay Boy addresses to buzy huay kehta hai>> Maaf kijiyega, kya aapkay paas shopkeeper >> Excuse me, do Jetter pen hai? you have Jetter Pen? Shopkeeper >> Sorry, we do not Dukaandar >> Maaf kijiye, hum nahi rakhtay hai. keep. Dukaandar >> Avashya, hamaray paas hai. Shopkeeper >> Sure. We have. Boy >> Please give me three Ladka >> Mujhay teen pen dijiye. pen. Shopkeeper >> Please give Dukaandar >> Khullay paisay dijiyega. change. Ladka >> Maaf kijiyega, meray paas change nahi Boy >> Sorry, I do not have hai. change. Shopkeeper >> Does not matter. Dukaandar >> Koi baat nahi. 50 ka note dijiyega Please give fifty rupee note. Ladka >> Theek hai. Yaha lijiye. Boy >> Fine. Here it is. Dukaandar >> Dhanyavaad. Shopkeeper >> Thank you. Boy >> Welcome or You are Ladka >> Swagat hai ya Aapka swagat hai. welcome..

Anu to Manu: > >Main kehta hoon rooko! Manu to Anu: > >Kya baat hai? Anu to Manu: > >Tumhari car kay baray main batana chahta hoon. Manu to Anu: > >Kya hua?

Anu to Manu: > >I say, stop. Manu to Anu: > >OK. What is the matter.? Anu to Manu: > >I want to tell you about your car. Manu to Anu: > >What happened?

Anu to Manu: > >Kuchh nahi. Mainay note Anu to Manu: > >Nothing. I just kiya ki tumhari car parking lane main nahi observed that it is not parked in khadi hai. parking lane. Manu to Anu: > >Oh no. Iska matlab mainay galti kee. Manu to Anu: > >Oh No. It means that I did a mistake.

Anu to Manu: > >Haan. Tumnay kee. Anu to Manu: > >Yep. You did. Jaldi apni car ko parking lane main khada Immediately park your car in parking karo anyatha fine lag jayega. lane otherwise you will be fined. Manu to Anu: > >Atchhi baat hai. Aur iskay liye dhanyavaad. Anu to Manu: > >Tumhara swagat hai. Anu to Manu: > >Main market ja raha hoon. Kya tum saath chalogay? Manu to Anu: > >Nahi. Abhi main vyast hoon. Anu to Manu: > >Tum kab free ho jaogay? Manu to Anu: > >Adhey ghantay baad main tumharay saath chal sakta hoon. Anu to Manu: > >Theek. Tub hum computer market bhi jayengay. Manu to Anu: > >Yaha bahoot door hai. Anu to Manu: > >Koi baat nahi. Sham ko hamaray paas koi aur kaam nahi hai. Manu to Anu: > >Theek hai. Ab mujhay kaam karnay do. Anu to Manu: > >Theek! Manu to Anu: > >Fine. And thanks for it. Anu to Manu: > >you're welcome. Anu to Manu: > >I am going to Market. Will you accompany me? Manu to Anu: > >No. I am busy at the moment. Anu to Manu: > >When will you become free? Manu to Anu: > >After half an hour, I can accompany you. Anu to Manu: > >OK. Then we shall go to Computer Market also. Manu to Anu: > >It's quite far. Anu to Manu: > >No problem. We have no other business in the evening. Manu to Anu: > >OK. Now you let me complete my work. Anu to Manu: > >Okay!

Present Indefinite Tense


Vakya Surya paschim main doobta hai. Kya surya paschim main doobta hai? Haan, surya paschim main doobta hai. (Haan, doobta hai.) Nahi, suraya paschim main nahi doobta hai. (Nahi, nahi doobta hai.) Logo ko chhota bhaashan pasand aata hai. Kya logo ko choota bhaashan pasand aata hai? Sentence The Sun sets in the west. Does the sun set in the west? Yes, the sun sets in the west. (Yes, it does.) No, the sun does not set in the west. (No, it doesn't.) People like a short speech. Do people like a short speech?

Haan, logo ko chhota bhaashan pasand Yes, people lika a short speech. (Yes, aata hai.(Haan, aata hai.) they do.) Nahi, logo ko chhota bhaashan pasand nahi aata hai.(Nahi, nahi pasand aata hai) Ab hamaray dadaji sab kuchh bhool jaatay hai. No, people do not like a short speech. (No, they don't.) Now our grandfather forgets every thing.

Kya ab hamaray dadaji sab kuchh bhool Does now our grandfather forget every jaatay hai? thing? Nahi, ab hamaray dadaji sab kuchh nahi No, now our grandfather does not forget bhooltay hai. (Nahi, nahi bhooltay hai.) every thing. (No, he doesn't.) Haan, ab hamaray dadaji sab kuchh bhool jaatay hai. (Haan, bhool jaatay hai.) Pakshi roj subah chehchahaatay hai. Kya pakshi roj subah chehchahaatay hai? Haan, pakshi roj subah chehchahaatay hai. (Haan, chehchahaatay hai.) Nahi, pakshi roj subah nahi chehchahaatay hai. (Nahi, nahi chehchehaatay hai.) Laalchi log apni ijjat kho detay hai. Kya laalchi log apni ijjat kho detay hai? Yes, now our grandfather forgets every thing. (Yes, he does.) Birds chip daily in the morning. Birds do not chirp in the morning daily. Yes, birds chirp in the morning daily. (Yes, they do.) No, birds do not chirp daily in the morning. (No, they dont) Greedy persons lose their reputation. Do greedy persons lose their reputation?

Haan, laalchi log apni ijjat kho detay hai. Yes, greedy persons lose their (Haan, kho detay hai.) reputation. (Yes, they do.) Nahi, laalchi log apni ijjat nahi khotay No, greedy persons do not lose their

hai. (Nahi, nahi khotay hai.) Vakya Main teen bajay Jaipur ja raha hoon. Kya tum bhi Jaipur ja rahay jo? Vaha USA janay ka prayaas kar raha hai. Meri peeth main dard ho raha hai. Uska pura sharir dukh raha hai. Tumharay haath bahut thanday lag rahay hai. Meri ghadi peechay ja rahi hai. Paani tapak raha hai. Mareej kee haalat sudhar rahi hai. Main tumsay baat kar raha hoon.

reputation.(No, they don't.) Sentence I am going to Jaipur at 3 o'clock. Are you also going to Jaipur? He is trying to go to USA. My back is aching. His full body is aching. Your hands are feeling very cold. My watch is losing time. Water is leaking. Mareej is imporving. I am speaking/talking to you.

Tum atchhi tarah bartaav nahi kar rahay You are not behaving properly. ho. Meray pitaji Hridaya kay baaray main chinta kar rahay hai. Vaha bukhaar sey pidit hai. Uski sthiti kharaab ho rahi hai. Vey sab picture dekh rahay hai. Picture samay barbaad karti hai. Nahi, hamesha aisa nahi hai. Vey sab English seekhnay kay liye English picture dekh rahay hai. Vaha kataar main khada hai. My father is worrying about Hridaya. She is suffering from fever. Her condition is worsening. They all are watching movie. Picture wastes time. No, always it Is not like that. They all are watching English movie to learn English. He is standing In the queue.

Mujhay picture dekhna pasand nahi hai. I do not like to watch movie.

Vaha khidki khulnay ka intejaar kar raha He is waiting for the window to open. hai. Kya karamchaari time par aa raha hai? Main nahi jaanta hoon. Lagta hai koi khidki khol raha hai. Mujhay andaaja hai vaha karamachari nahi hai. Meray dost ka bhai us karamchaari ka boss hai. Aaj vaha bhi late hai. Is the employee coming on time? I do not know. It seems, someone is opening the window. I guess, he is not the employee. Brother of my friend is boss of the employee. Today he is also late.

Aajkal karamchaari kaam chori kartay hai. Tum ekdum theek ho. Tum ekdum theek boltay ho. Paristhitiya teji sey badal rahi hai. Hum samay kay saath nahi chal paa rahay hai. Kya yaha bag aapka hai? Haan, yaha mera hee bag hai. Aap isko ek taraf rakho. Yaha meray peron main lag raha hai. Yaha behti nadi hai. Meray betay ko nadi kinaray baithna bahut atchha lagta hai.

Now-a-days employees shirk from work. You are absolutely right. You speak absolutely correct. Situations are changing fast. We are not matching with the time. Is this your bag? Yes, this bag is mine only. Please keep it aside. It is hitting my leg. This is a running river. My son likes very much to sit on the bank of river.

Amavasya kay din log pavitra nadi main People dips in holy rever on Amavasya. dubki lagaatay hai. Mr Gopal Krishan Navratna PSU kay General Manager hai. Unmay atchhi prashasnik khubia hai. Unmay aur bhi doosri kai khubia hai. Mr Gopal Krishan is a General Manager of Navratna PSU. He has got good administrative skills. He has many other qualities also.

Bharat apni sthiti din pratidin majboot kar India is improving its position day by raha hai. day. Hum bhi din pratidin vakaas kar rahay hai. akya Mainay saaray paath seekh liye hai. Usnay koi paath yaad nahi kiye hai. Main khana bana chuki hoon. We are also developing day by day. Sentence I have learnt all lessons. He has not learnt any lesson. I have cooked the food.

Vaha pehlay hee picture dekh chuka hai. He has already seen the movie. School ka programme khatam ho chuka School function has been over. hai. Usay uska beta mil gaya hai. She has got his son. Police nay uskay betay ko apradhiyo sey Police has rescued his son from the chuda liya hai. criminals. Maha mela shuru ho chuka hai. Seema apni davaai ley chuki hai. Usnay apnay potay kaa naam chun liya hai. Dulhan beauty parlour sey pandaal kee Mega mela has started. Seema has taken her medicine. He has chosen the name of his grandson. The bride has left towards Pandaal from

aur ravaana ho chuki hai. Baarat abhi nahi aayee hai. Bahut saaray dulhan kay rishtaydaar khana bhi kha chukay hai. Dulhan kee maa bahut khush hai.

beauti parlour. Baraat has not come yet/yet not come. Many relatives of the bride has also taken the food. Mother of the bride is very happy.

Usnay bahut mehangi saree pahan rakhi She has put on a very costly saree. hai. Dulhan kay pitaji thoday chintit dikh rahay hai. Dulhan nay baraat sey pehlay pandaal main pravesh kar liya hai. Dulhan ki saheliyo nay usay ghera hua hai. Log lagbhag sabhi snacks ka anand ley rahay hai. Kya kisi golgappay ka counter band ho gaya hai? Nahi, aisee shaadi main yaha sambhav nahi hai. Kya dulha doctor hai? Grishm ritu is baar jaldi aa gayee hai. Kya Ramesh nay apnay papa sey nahi puchha hai? Aajkal vaha bahut badal gaya hai. Usnay neyee car khareedi hai. Teacher nay Harsh ko computer lab istemaal karnay kee anumati dee hai. Usay jhukaam ho gaya hai. Kya vaha meri salaah samajh gaya hai. Mujhay raastay main ek ghadi mili hai. Kuttay nay usay phir kaat liya hai. Hamaary colony main kuttay ek bahut badi samasya hai. Hum iska hal dhoondh rahay hai. Father of the bride is looking little worried. The bride has entered the pandaal before baraat. Friends of bride have encircled her. People are enjoying almost all the snacks. Has any counter of golgappa closed? No, in such marriages, it is not possible. Is the Groom a doctor? Summer has come early this year. Has Ramesh not asked from his father? Now-a-days, he has changed a lot. He has bought a new car. Teacher has permitted Harsh to use computer lab. He has got a cold. Has he understood my advice. I have found a watch on the way. Dog has bitten him again. Dogs are a big problem in our colony. We are searching its solution.

Har doosray din vey ek aadmi ko kat-tay On every second day they bite a man. hai. Kuttay ki kaat ka illaaj bhi bahut dardnaak hai. Kya tum Kashmir pahunch gaye ho? Treatment of dog-bite is also painful. Have you reached Kashmir?

Vaha school sey bus abhi aaya hai. Mainay tumhaari shifarish kar dee hai. Meray boss nay dus kaam mujhay bata diye hai. Kya tumhari patni car chalati hai? Vaha car chalati hai aur vaha to tractor bhi chala chuki hai. Kya tumnay apna steering bhi uskay haath main dey rakha hai? Kya yaha bhi koi puchhnay kee baat hai?

He has just come from school. I have recommended you. My boss has advised me ten jobs. Does your wife drive a car? She drives a car and she has driven even tractor also. Have you given your steering also in her hand? Is this a matter to ask?

Hamari aapas main bahut atchhi samajh We have very good understanding hai aur ek doosray ka pura samman between us and we give full respect to kartay hai. each other. Atchhi samajh khushhaal shadishuda jindagi ka mantra hai. Chaddha uncle bahut khushkismat hai. Chaddha uncle apni shaadi ki 55vee varshgaanth mana chukay hai. Chadhha aunty is umra main bhi bahut swadist pakoray banati hai. Vey Jaipur main 25 saal se jyada rahay hai (abhi bhi rah rahay hai) Good understanding is the mantra of happy married life. Chadhha uncle is very lucky. Chadhha uncle has celebrated his 55th Wedding Anniversary. Chadhha aunty, at this age also, cooks very tasty pakoras. They have lived in Jaipur for more than 25 years. (still they are living)

Uncle aur aunty, dono nay sabki madad Both Uncle and aunty have helped all. kee hai. Padosiyo nay bhi unko pura sahyog diya Neighbours have also given full support hai. to them. Hum unki atchhi sehat ki kamna kartay hai. Vakya Tumhari patni tumhay do ghantay sey phone kar rahi hai. Main phichlay do ghantay sey car chala raha hoon. Reema Budhvaar sey safar kar rahi hai. Hamaray ghar main do din sey paani nahi aa raha hai. We wish for their good health. Sentence Your wife has been ringing you up for two hours. I have been driving car for the last two hours. Reema has been travelling since Wednesday. Water has not been coming in our house for two days.

Ghaziabad main Shanivaar sey light nahi Electricity (light) has not been coming in aa rahi hai. Ghaziabad since Saturday. Kya gaay subah sey ghas nahi char rahi Has the cow not been grazing the grass

hai? Bimaar bachhay kuchh dino sey atchhi tarah khana nahi kha rahay hai. Meri Dadi 15 dino sey peeth dard kee davaayee ley rahi hai. Kya paani kaafi der sey ubal raha hai? Dhobi 4 bajay sey press kar raha hai. Kya kal sey Ajmer main bhi barsaat ho rahi hai? Haan, ho to rahi hai par rook rook kar. Vaha dus saal sey Kumbh kay melay main jaa rahi hai. Vaha 12 bajay sey line may khada hai. Kya tum do ghantay sey bhashan nahi dey rahay ho? Shararti bacchay usay do ghantay sey tung kar rahay hai. Seema do din sey ek kitaab likh rahi hai. Mujhay 9 bajay sey neend aa rahi hai.

since morning? Sick children have not been taking food for the last few days. My grandmother has been taking medicine for backache for 15 days. Has the water been boiling for long? The washerman has been ironing the clothes since 4 o'clock. Has it been raining in Ajmer also since yesterday? Yes, it has been, but not continuously. She has been going to Kumbh mela for ten years. He has been standing in the queue since 12 o'clock. Have you not been delivering the speech for two hours? Naughty boys have been harassing him for two hours. Seema has been writing a book for two days. I have been feeling sleepy since 9 o'clock.

Kya teen bajay sey pankha bekaar main Has the fan not been running nahi chal raha hai? unncessarily since three o'clock. Band kamray main policy uski pitaayee kar rahi hai. The police is beating him in closed room.

Kya Main teen saal sey pratham rehnay Have I not been trying to remain first for ki chesta nahi kar raha hoon? three years? Main teen maheenay sey pradhaan mantri sey milnay ka prayaas kar raha hoon. Main bus stop kay najdeek khada hoon aur tumhara intejaar kar raha hoon. High Barland kee bus 50 minute sey nahi aayee hai. Ek car nay ek kaalay kuttay to mar diya hai. I have been trying to meet the Prime Minister for three months. I am standing near bus stop and waiting for you. Bus of High Barland has not come for 50 minutes. One car has killed a black dog.

Ab cheelay bhi aakash main mandra rahi Now eagles are also hovering in the sky. hai. Mainay subah ki flight miss kar dee hai. I have missed my morning flight.

Mujhay hospital doctor sey milnay jaana I am to go to Hospital to meet the hai. doctor. Doctor meray dost ko bachaanay ka pura prayas kar raha hai. Mera dost teen saal sey lagataar yaha aa raha hai. Vaha ek atchha business man hai. Vaha apni aayu sey chota lagta hai. Aaj vaha hospital main jindgi kee ladaayee lad raha hai. Meray doosray dost ka divaala nikal gaya hai. Ab uski koi sahayta nahi kar raha hai. Meray dost kay pitaji uski madad ko aagay aaye hai. Kya yaha samay meray liye bhi atchha nahi hai? The doctor is making all efforts to save my friend. My friend has been coming here for three years. He is a good businessman. He looks small of his age. Today he is fighting for life in the hospital. My another friend has become bankrupt. No one is helping him now. My friend's father has come forward for his help. Is this time not good for me also?

Mera business kai saalo sey atchha chal My bussiness has been running good raha hai. for many years. Meray mata-pita ab is sansaar main nahi My mother and father are no more hai. under the sun. Unhonay hamay sacchay dil sey aashirvaad diya hai. Hamaray paas apna makaan hai. Hamaara parivaar khulay dimaag vala hai. Hum har saal Mata Vaishno Devi jaatay hai. Lagta hai ki meri bus aa rahi hai. They have blessed us from the core of their heart. We have our own house. We are broad-minded family. We go to Mata Vaishno Devi every year. It seems that my bus is coming.

Yaha bus ekdum nischit jagah par rookti Here bus stops exactly at the fixed hai. place. Kya Delhi main aisa sambhav hai? Nahi, yaha sambhav nahi hai. Dono jagah ki apni apni atchhayee aur buraayee hai. Hum viksit desh aur vikaas-sheel desh kay beech main tulna kar rahay hai. Hammari samasya hai jansankhya. Hamay iska hal dhondhna hai. Is is possible in Delhi? No, it isn't./ No, it is not possible. Both places have their own merits & demerits. We are comparing between developed country and developing country. Our problem is population We are to find out it's solution.

Ab main bus sey nichay utar raha hoon. Now I am getting down from the bus.

Vakya Main kal bajaar gaya tha. Vaha mere ghar aaj aaya. Mainay apna khnan 3 bajay ley liya hai. Ram nay jhootho ko sajaa dee.

Sentence I went to market yesterday. He came to my house today. I took my meal at 3 o'clock. Ram punished the liars.

Police nay curfew kay doraan ghar main Police issued strict orders to remain at rehnay ka sakht aadesh diya. home during curfew. Chor unky crockery bhi tod gaye. Teacher nay bachho ko naitikta kee kahaniya sunaayee. Thieves broke their crockery also. Teachers taught moral stories to children.

Ladko nay stage par apni shaaririk takat Boys showed their phisical strength on ka pradarshan kiya. stage. Ladkiyo nay shastriya nritya ka pradarshan kiya. Sabhi ladkiyo nay vidaayee kay din saree pehni. Sabhi ladko nay vidaayee kay din suit pehna. Girls showed classical dance on stage. All girls wore saree on the day of farewell. All boys put on suits on the day of farewell.

Us din adhyapako aur vidharthiyo nay ek Students and teachers took lunch saath dopahar ka bhojan kiya. together on the day. Vaha beemar tha. Usnay mujhay apni pustak nahi dee. Unhonay koi shor nahi machaya. Kya mainay tumhara paksh nahi liya? Kya kuttay nay usay kaat liya? Mera betay nay tumharay betay ko nahi mara. Mera beta teen bajay market gaya tha. Avyan daud main pratham aaya. Usnay mombatti bujhaayee. Hridya ko naukri sanyog sey nahi mili. Kya Kritika nay jhooth apni mummy sey jhooth nahi bola? Vaha keechad main muh kay bul gira. Usnay kisi ko maaf nahi kiya. Vaha mujhay parso nahi milee. Tumnay galat baat kahee. Usay apni maa ka school aana pasand He was sick. He did not give me his book. They did not make any noise. Did I not favour you? Did the dog bite him? My son did not beat your son. My son went to market at 3 o'clock. Avyan came first in the race. He blew out the candle. Hridaya did not get the job by chance. Did Kritika not lie to her mother? He fell on his face in the mud. She did not forgive anyone. She did not see me day before yesterday. You spoke wrong. She did not like mother to come to

nahi aaya. Mainay kal Heena sey is baaray main baat nahi kee. Heena nay Geeta ko sab bataa diya. Ek samay kee baat hai, ek raja tha. Raja babut buddhiman than. Ek din usnay apna bhesh chhipaya aur city main gaya. Uska vafadaar naukar aur driver uskay saath thay. Logo nay unhay nahi pehchana. Usnay aphni aankho sey apnay logo ki dayneeya haalat dekhi. Vaha chintit hua. Aglay din usnay sabhi adhikaariyo ko kaaran bataanay ka aadesh diya. Raja ko apnay sabhi adhikaariyo main bhrastachaar kay baaray main maalum hua. Raja nay sabhi bhrastachaari adhikaariyo to sakht dund diya. Isnay kaam kiya aur log khush huay. Ab raja bhi khush tha. Hamay bhi aisay raja kee jaroorat hai. Kya tumnay kal ka akhbaar padha? Nahi, main to bus yunhee puchh raha hoon. Kya tumnay apni shakal dekhi hai? Tum bahut sundar lag rahay ho. Kya tumnay uski shikaayat kar dee? Mainay aphni salaah dey dee. Mainay kal kuchh vakya English main bolay. Mainay apnay shikshak aur sabhi ko iskay liye dhanyavaad diya. Meray shikshak nay meray ganbhir

school. I did not speak Heena about this yestderay. Heena told everything to Geeta. Once upon a time, there was a king. Raja was very intelligent. One day he disguised himself and went to the city. His faithful servant and driver were with him. People did not recognize them. He saw himself the pity condition of his people. He became worred. Next day he ordered his officers to explain the reasons. The king came to know about corruption among his officers. The king gave severe punishment to all corrupt officers. This worked and people became happy. Now the king was also happy. We also need such a King. Did you read yesterday's newspaper.

Bhrastachaar din pratidin badh raha hai. Corruption is increasing day by day.

Kya main roj akhbaar nahi padhta hoon? Do I not read newspaper daily? No, I am just asking. Have you seen your face? You are looking very handsome. Did you complain about him? I gave my advice. I spoke few sentences in English yesterday. I thanked my tutor and all for it. My tutor gave credit to my sincere

Mainay teen bajay apni shakal dekhi hai. I sam my face at 3 o'clock.

prayaso ko iska shrey diya.

efforts.

Situation
You and your friends are on the way home after school. In an exam today, you made a very silly mistake and now you are just talking about it all the way. Your friends talk to you: Are you still fretting over that?

Explanation
Fret about/over something To fret over something means to be irritated, disturbed, or be anxious continuously about something.

Examples

Dont fret over these small details Theres no point in fretting about things you cant change.

Situation
You are in an interview and the employer first wants to know about the education youve received so far. He says: Lets start off with a few questions about your educational background.

Explanation
Start off (with something) To start off means to begin, to make the first step in an activity. Educational background It means where you have gone to school and how well you did. Greetings

Hello! How \are you? Fine, thank you. How are \you? Hi! How are you \doing? Fine, thanks. And /you? Hello, Maria! Nice to \see you. Hi, Rita! Nice to see \you. Hi, Tom! Good to \see you again. Hello, Jim! It's good to see \you.

Hey, Mike! How's it going? (informal) Good morning, Anna. Good afternoon, Mike. Good morning, madam. Good evening, sir. Morning, Jim. Evening, Betty. (informal) How do you do? (formal)

General Conversation and Discussion


Asking for an opinion

What do you think about it? What do you think? What is your opinion? What is your point of view? What is your attitude to this problem? Alex, would you like to say something about it?
Giving an opinion

I think that (we should consult a specialist.) In my opinion, (we need a detailed plan of actions.) In my view, (it's a difficult task.) The way I see it, (it might be difficult to realize at the moment.) As far as I know, (it could be very expensive.) As far as I'm concerned, (time is the biggest problem.) As for me, (I'm not ready to speak to the boss about it.) This is a crazy idea, if you ask me.
Adding information

In addition to that, (we don't have

enough people for this work.) I'd like to add that (we will need new equipment for this project.) What's more, (this office is too small for all of us.) Besides, (there might be travel expenses.) Also, (we will need extra cash for food and other daily expenses.)
Making a suggestion

I suggest (getting a bank loan.) Why don't we (get a bank loan?) How about (using our out-of-town laboratory for this project?) We could (rent some equipment instead of buying it.) You could (publish an article about the project in a local newspaper.) Wouldn't it be a good idea to (start a fund-raising campaign?) Let's (ask James for help.)
Asking to explain

I'm afraid I don't understand. Could you explain it, please? Would you mind explaining it in detail? Why? Why not?
Asking for clarification

I'd like to know (where you are planning to sell the product.) What do you mean by saying that (we don't have enough people?) Do you mean that (we should hire someone to manage the project?) What are you trying to say?
Explaining and clarifying

I mean that (we will have to move to a different office and hire more people.) What I am trying to say is that (we don't have enough money for this project.) What I wanted to say was that (we

could use volunteers.) In other words, (we are not ready yet.) You misunderstood. Let me explain.
Asking for agreement

Do you agree? Right? / Is that right? Wouldn't you agree with that? / Don't you agree with that?
Agreeing

I agree. I agree with you on this. I agree with Alexander. I agree completely. / I couldn't agree more. That's true. / That's right. You are right. Right. Of course. / Certainly. / Sure. Exactly. I think so. I suppose so.
Disagreeing

That's not exactly true. I'm afraid I don't see it that way. Not really. I'm sorry, but it's not quite right. I'm afraid I disagree. I'm afraid I can't agree with that. I don't really agree with you on that. To tell (you) the truth, I have a different opinion. Basically, I understand what you mean, but I think your conclusions are wrong.
Understanding

I I I I

understand. got it. see what you mean. see your point.

When you don't know the answer

I don't know. I have no idea.

I'm afraid I couldn't say. I wish I knew. Don't ask me.


Doubt

I'm not (quite) sure about it. Maybe, but I'm not sure. I'm not sure that I agree with your argument. I have to think about it. I have mixed feelings about it. Are you sure that this information is correct / accurate?
Disbelief

It can't be true! I can't believe it. I don't believe it. Are you serious? / You must be joking.
Approval

I think that it is a great idea. It's great! / That's great! / Great! It's very good! / Very good! It's a good point. You did a great job.
Disapproval

I don't like this idea. I'm against this plan. I don't think it will work. It's too expensive. It will take too much time. It's too time-consuming.
Asking to repeat

Could you repeat what you just said? Can you repeat it, please? What did you say? Sorry? / Beg your pardon?
Interrupting the speaker

I'm sorry to interrupt you, but (could you repeat the address, please?) Excuse me for interrupting you, but (I

don't think this information is relevant to the subject of our discussion.) I'm sorry for the interruption. Phrases for Certain Situations
Saying hello

Hello! How ARE you? Fine, thank you. How are YOU? Hello! How are you doing? Fine, thanks. And you? Hi! I'm glad to SEE you. Hello! I'm glad to see YOU. Hello! It's nice to MEET you. Hello! It's nice to meet YOU. Good morning. Good afternoon. Good evening.
Saying good-bye

Good-bye! Bye! It was nice seeing you. Keep in touch. Take care now. See you tomorrow. See you. Good night.
Holiday greetings

Merry Christmas! The same to you. Happy New Year! The same to you. Have a nice holiday! The same to you. Have a nice holiday! You too.
Birthday greetings

Happy birthday! Thank you. Happy birthday to you! Many happy returns of the day! Love and best wishes for a happy birthday!
Congratulations

Congratulations! Your new book is great! Congratulations on your new book!

I'd like to congratulate you. Your test paper is the best in the class. My congratulations! Your results are excellent. Let me congratulate you on your excellent results.
Wishing luck

Good luck! / Good luck to you! Good luck with your new project! I wish you luck in your ventures! I wish you luck on your trip to the north. I'll keep my fingers crossed for you. I wish you luck and all the best. I wish you the best of everything in your life.
Proposing a toast

I'd like to propose a toast (to the host, to the health of the family, to our guest of honor). Here's to you! Here's to your health! / To your health! / Your health! Here's to our hostess! Here's to our friends! To absent friends! Cheers!
Condolences

I'm very sorry to hear about your nephew's accident. Is there anything I can do to help? Please accept my sincere sympathy in your great loss. My deepest sympathy in your sorrow.
Agreeing, accepting

Yes. OK. / All right. Sure. / Of course. / Certainly. No problem. With pleasure. That's a great idea. That's right. / That's true.

I agree. / I agree completely.


Disagreeing

No. Of course not. I don't think so. It's not a bad idea, but maybe some other time. That's not exactly true. I'm afraid I don't agree.
Asking for help

Excuse me, could you help me? Would you mind helping me? Excuse me, I need some help. Can you help me, please? Could you do me a favor?
Offering help

Can I help you? Do you need some help? Is there anything I can do? How can I help?
Saying thank you

Thank you. Thank you very much. I really appreciate it. / I really appreciate your help. You've been a great help.
Responding to thanks

You are welcome. Don't mention it. Any time. That's all right. / It's all right. That's OK. / It's OK.
Apologizing

I'm sorry. / Sorry. I'm sorry I'm late. I'm sorry I said it. I didn't mean it. Excuse me. I'd like to apologize for losing your book. Please forgive me.

Responses to apologies

That's all right. / It's all right. That's OK. / It's OK. Don't worry about it. Never mind. Don't mention it.
Attracting attention

Excuse me, (is this Maple Street?) Excuse me, sir / madam / miss, (could you help me?) Hey!
Asking to repeat

Excuse me? / I beg your pardon? / Sorry? What did you say? I'm afraid I haven't heard what you said. Could you repeat it, please?
Asking to explain

I'm afraid I don't understand. Could you explain it, please? How do you explain it? What does this word mean?
Saying that you understand

I understand. / I understood. I got it. I see. I see what you mean. It's clear now.
Saying that you don't know

I don't know. I'm afraid I couldn't say. I have no idea. I wish I knew.
Requests

Would you mind speaking less loudly? Oh, I'm sorry. Could you lend me fifty dollars till Friday, please? I'm afraid I can't.

Could I borrow your pen for a minute? Sure. Here it is.


Asking for permission

Would you mind if I borrowed your calculator? Of course not. May I come in? / Can I come in? Sure. Could I use your telephone, please? Certainly.
Asking to hurry

Could you do it a little faster, please? Hurry up! Come on! Show some speed, will you?
Asking to stop

That will do. / That will be enough. / That's enough. Please stop shouting. (stop talking, crying, reading, etc.) Stop it, please. Will you please stop for a minute? Wait! / Wait a minute. Hold it.
Asking to stop because you don't like what someone is doing

Stop it right now! That's enough! / Enough is enough! That's it! Cut it out! (slang) Stop bothering me!
Warning

Watch out! / Look out! Watch out for that bus! Watch your step. Watch those stairs. Watch your tongue. / Watch your mouth. / Watch your language. Be careful. Careful! Behind you!

Giving advice

You should read this book. You should see a doctor. You'd better stay in bed for a couple of days. If I were you, I'd go to Spain.
Giving a compliment

You look great. / You look wonderful. That's a great suit! / What a lovely suit! I like your new hair style. You have a very nice house. You speak English very well.
Responding to a compliment

Thank you very much. Thank you, you are very kind.
Making a suggestion

Let's go for a walk in the park. Let's listen to some music. How about a walk in the park? How about some music? Why don't we go to a concert?
Accepting a suggestion

That's a great idea. I'd love to. With pleasure. Sure.


Declining a suggestion

I'm afraid I can't. I have to study. I'd like to, but I'm busy. I wish I could. / I wish I could but I really can't. It's not a bad idea, but maybe some other time. Listening: On the Telephone Audio On the Telephone

Audio by Barry, LibriVox.org 00:01:11


Conversation 1

ABC Travel. May I help you? Hello. May I speak to Mr. Brown, please? This is Tom Reed calling. I'm sorry, Mr. Brown isn't here right now. Would you like to leave a message? Yes, please. Could you ask him to call me? My number is 555-3456. Of course. I'll give him your message. Thank you very much. Good-bye!
Conversation 2

Hello? Hello. Can I speak to Mike, please? Mike? There's no one by the name Mike here. What number are you calling? Is this 555-1207? No, it isn't. You have the wrong number. Oh, I'm sorry.
Conversation 3

Hello. Is Alex there, please? Speaking. Hi, Alex! This is Tom. How are you? Fine, thanks. And you? Fine, thank you. Listen, we're having a picnic on Sunday. Would you like to join us? I'd love to, but I have a test on Monday and I have to study.

At a Restaurant
Breakfast

I'd like orange juice, hot rolls with butter and honey, and black coffee, please. Corn flakes with milk, please. And a cup of coffee with cream and sugar. I'd like grapefruit juice, bacon and eggs, and coffee with cream, no sugar, please. I'll have orange juice, cheese omelette, toast, strawberry jam, and tea with lemon. I'll have pancakes with maple syrup, please, and a glass of milk.
Lunch

I'd like a hamburger, French fries, coleslaw, and a mug of beer, please. I'll have a ham sandwich, potato salad, and coffee with milk, please. Home-made pizza with mushrooms, please, and a bottle of mineral water. I'll take tomato juice, chicken, green salad with olive oil, a piece of apple pie, and a cup of green tea, please. A bowl of mushroom soup, please, chicken salad, and a cup of black coffee.
Dinner

We'd like a table for two, please. I have reserved a table for four people for seven o'clock. My name is Peter Belov. Where is the menu, please? What do you recommend? What wine do you recommend? What is today's special? What are you going to have, Anna? Are you ready to order, sir? Yes, please. I'll have a glass of white wine, garlic bread, roast beef with

baked potato and green peas, and chocolate ice cream for dessert. And coffee, please. I'd like a cup of onion soup, grilled salmon, steamed vegetables, and coffee to follow. No dessert, thank you. I'll have a glass of house wine, Greek salad, chicken breast with mushroom sauce, mint tea, and a piece of honey cake. I'd like shrimp cocktail, turkey with new potatoes, and Caesar salad. And a bottle of beer, please.
Waiter's questions and your answers

Are you ready to order? May I take your order? Yes, please. Just a minute, please. Would you like a drink? / Would you like something to drink? / Something to drink? A glass of red wine, please. A glass of mineral water, please. No, thank you. Would you like some coffee? Yes, please. How would you like your coffee? A little milk, but no sugar. With cream and sugar, please. Black, please. Cappuccino, please. How would you like your tea? With lemon, please. How would you like your eggs? Scrambled, please. Sunny side up, please. Hard-boiled. Soft-boiled. How would you like your steak? Well done, please. Medium rare, please.

Rare, please. What (salad) dressing would you like? French dressing, please. Italian dressing, please. Russian, please. Mayonnaise, please. Olive oil, please. No dressing. What bread would you like? What do you have? White, whole-wheat, rye. Rye bread, please.
Complaining

Waiter, we ordered well-done chops, and these are rare. Waiter, I ordered chocolate ice cream, and you brought vanilla. Waiter! I've been waiting for my order for almost an hour already! Can I see the manager, please?
Paying

Waiter! The check, please. Waiter, I think the check is incorrect. I didn't order sponge cake. The food was delicious. Thank you very much. Here. Keep the change. (Names of main food products and expressions of quantity used with food products are listed in Food Products Short List in the section Vocabulary.)

At a Hotel I'm going to visit Chicago next month. Could you recommend a good hotel? I'd like to stay at a quiet inexpensive hotel not far from the center. I would like to stay at a large modern hotel downtown.

Reserving a room on the phone

The Rose Hotel. May I help you? Hello! I'd like to reserve a single room for six days starting on May sixth. I'd like to reserve a double room. I'd like to reserve a small suite. I'd like a room with a bed for a child. I'd like a room facing the park / overlooking the river. I'd like a room with a view of the lake. My name is Anton Ross, with double S. Would you like a smoking or nonsmoking room, Mr. Ross? Non-smoking, please. Yes, we'll have a non-smoking single room available on May sixth. What is the rate for a single room? It's $70 a night plus tax. / It's seventy dollars a night plus tax. Great. Please reserve a single room for me. All right. We'll have the room for you on May sixth. Thank you very much.
Checking in at the hotel

Front desk / Reception desk Hello! My name is Anton Ross. I have a reservation for a single room. I'd like to check in. Yes, Mr. Ross. How many nights are you going to stay? Six nights. I'm going to leave on May twelfth. Do you have a credit card? Here it is. Please fill out the registration form. Here you are. Here's your key. Room 735 on the seventh floor. Enjoy your stay. Thank you.

If you don't have a reservation

Hello! Do you have any vacancies? I need a single room for three days. I'm afraid we don't have any vacancies. / I'm sorry. We are fully booked. Is there another hotel near here that might have vacant rooms? Try the Oak Hotel across the street. They might be able to offer something. Hello! I need a single room for three days. Do you have a reservation? I'm afraid I don't. Let me check whether we have any vacancies. We don't have any single rooms today, but there's a double room available. What is the daily rate for a double room? It's $98 per night plus tax. / It's ninety-eight dollars per night plus tax. Is breakfast included? Yes. / Yes, it is. Can I see the room? Certainly. The bellboy / bellhop / bellman will show you the room. All right, I'll take this room. Do you have a credit card? I'll pay cash. Then you have to pay in advance. All right.
Other questions about a hotel room

Does the room have a shower / a bath? Does the room have air conditioning? Is there a safe deposit box in the room? Is there television in the room? Is there a telephone in the room? Are local calls free?
Asking about hotel services

Is there a restaurant in the hotel?

When is breakfast served? Breakfast is served from 7:00 to 10:00. Can I get Internet access in the hotel? Where can I send a fax? Is there a business center in the hotel? When does the business center open? When does it close? Is there a fitness center / a health club in the hotel? Does the hotel have a gym? Is there an exercise room / a workout room in the hotel? Is the use of the fitness machines free of charge? Is there a swimming pool in the hotel? Until when is the swimming pool open? Does the hotel have any facilities for children? Is there a playroom for children in the hotel? What facilities for the handicapped does the hotel have? Are pets allowed in the hotel? Does the hotel offer any excursions around the city? Does the hotel provide a shuttle bus to the airport? Do I need to reserve a seat on the bus in advance? The bus for the airport leaves from the hotel entrance every two hours. Advance reservation of the seats is required.
Communication with the front desk clerk

(On the phone from the room or in person.) Front desk. Can I help you? Hello! This is Room 814. There is no hot water in my room. Could you send someone up to fix it? There are no towels / soap / shampoo / toilet paper in the bathroom. Can you send them up, please?

The bathroom light / the TV / the heating / the air conditioner in my room doesn't work. There is no stationery / TV program / Room Service menu in my room. Can you give me a wake-up call at 7:00 a.m., please? How do I get to the airport / to the center / to the photo exhibition from the hotel? Could you call a taxi for me, please? Could you recommend good toy stores and gift shops not far from here? Could you reserve a table for dinner for me, please? I'd like a table for four people for 7:00 p.m. Is there a laundromat near the hotel? I feel sick. Is there a doctor in the hotel? Could you find a doctor for me, please? Room 506. The key, please. Are there any messages for me, please?
Asking to deliver food to your room

Room Service. May I help you? Hello! Could you send breakfast to Room 465, please? I'd like orange juice, hot rolls with butter and honey, and black coffee. Hello! This is Room 374. I'd like to order a bowl of hot tomato soup, a cheese sandwich, and green tea with lemon, please.
Talking to the chambermaid

Hello! I'd like to press these trousers. Where can I find an iron? You can use an iron in the valet service room. It's next to the freight elevator. I'd like to have these shirts washed and pressed and this suit cleaned as soon as possible. Fill out laundry and dry cleaning slips,

and I'll take the shirts and the suit to the laundry and dry cleaning service. They will be ready today in the evening. Thank you very much.
Checking out

Prepare my bill, please. I'm leaving tomorrow morning. What is the hotel's check-out time? Check-out time is 12:00 noon. Can I leave my luggage / baggage at the hotel for a couple of hours after I check out? Yes, certainly. Hello, I'd like to check out. My name is Alexander Belkin, Room 432. Here's your bill, sir. Three hundred seventy-six dollars. Here you are. Thank you very much. You are welcome. Have a nice day!

Idioms, can you guess their meanings? (Answers below)

1. A penny for your thoughts 2. Add insult to injury 3. A hot potato 4. Once in a blue moon 5. Caught between two stools 6. See eye to eye 7. Hear it on the grapevine 8. Miss the boat 9. Kill two birds with one stone 10. On the ball 11. Cut corners 12. To hear something straight from the horse's mouth 13. Costs an arm and a leg 14. The last straw

15. Take what someone says with a pinch of salt 16. Sit on the fence 17. The best of both worlds 18. Put wool over other people's eyes 19. Feeling a bit under the weather 20. Speak of the devil! Meanings 1. This idiom is used as a way of asking someone what they are thinking about. 2. When people add insult to injury, they make a bad situation even worse. 3. This idiom is used to speak of an issue (especially in current affairs) which many people are talking about. 4. This is used when something happens very rarely. 5. When someone finds it difficult to choose between two alternatives. 6. This idiom is used to say that two (or more people) agree on something. 7. This means to hear a rumour' about something or someone. 8. This idiom is used to say that someone missed his or her chance at something. 9. This means to do two things at the same time'. 10. When someone understands the situation well. 11. When something is done badly to save money. For example, when someone buys products that are cheap but not of good quality. 12. To hear something from the authoritative source. 13. When something is very expensive. 14. The final problem in a series of problems. 15. This means not to take what someone says too seriously. There is a big possibility that what he/she says is only partly true. 16. This is used when someone does not want to choose or make a decision. 17. All the advantages. 18. This means to deceive someone into thinking well of them. 19. Feeling slightly ill. 20. This expression is used when the person you have just been talking about arrives. I'm going to grab a bite to eat You are talking casually to someone and want to tell them that you're going to eat something. You want it to sound very quick and casual. Let me jump in the shower and... You're telling a friend or casual acquaintance that you're going to take a shower before going somewhere. You want it to sound quick and casual. take someone out to eat

This describes going with someone to a restaurant to eat. It sometimes suggests that you are going to pay for the meal. take in a movie This describes going to a movie theater to watch a movie in a light, casual, unplanned way. Shoot me an email You are asking a friend or coworker to send an email message to you but want to express that it can be a very simple, quick message and not something formal or complicated.

Conversations on the phone.... o o o o o o o o o


You're so difficult to get through to! I kept getting a busy signal. Is your phone out of order? My telephone was disconnected. We seem to have a bad connection on this phone. Would you care to leave a message? He's out to lunch? Would you like to leave a message? Let me get back to you in a few minutes. I've put him on hold. GO GO GO GO GO GO GO GO GO

Telephone Service... o I'd like to get telephone service. o I'd like to have a phone installed. o I'd like to have my phone disconnected. Expressions about eating and food... o o o o o o o o o o
Lesson Here are some common english everyday expressions: It's none of your business Been there, done that!

GO GO GO

It tastes stale! I couldn't help it. They were so good! How do you want your beef? Make it small, please. I want it to be very, very lean. How often do you eat out? I'd like to reserve a table for dinner. It's on me. It's my treat. A drink to you and your future wife!

GO GO GO GO GO GO GO GO GO GO

sleep in not to go there my sympathies munch I can't stand Tell me about it! hassle pissed off pay compliments dining out acquaintance apparel Talk about real problems! break into run out of thoughtful draw the line pass away postpone put off put up with flattered taxes fee installments faint lame excuse never mind ring a bell shake strike no kidding hate [something] with a passion no wonder

Daily Routine English Sentences:


Attend to your work. See him off at the station. Speak the truth, dont lie. Try this coat on. Work whole heartedly. Keep away from drinking. Talk politely. Reply by return post. Check the accounts. Sip the hot tea slowly. Parking is not allowed here. Squeeze two oranges. Keep to the left. Mend your ways. Draw the curtain. Take him round the city. Bring the guest in. Keep pace with me.

Put the child to sleep. Keep everything ready. Walk cautiously. Come afterwards. Dont say like that. Be careful about your work. Do your own work. Note this down. Come back soon. Come and see me again. Have patience. Respect your elders. You stay there. Hope for good times. Take care of the baby. Go yourself. Be ready.

Common English Phrases


English Greetings Hi! Good morning! Good evening! Welcome! (to greet someone) How are you? Im fine, thanks! And you? Good/ So-So. Thank you (very much)! Youre welcome! (for thank you) Hey! Friend! I missed you so much! Whats new?

Common Urdu Phrases


Urdu Greetings: Salam! ! ! /

Salam Alekum/Subha Ba-khair! Salam Alekum Khush Aamdeed Kya Hal Hai?

Main Theek Hun, Shukriya! Aur Aap?

Accha/Kuch Theek

/ !

Bahut Bahut Shukriya! Koi Baat Nahin Dost Suno!

Mujhe Aap Ki Bahut Kami Mehsoos Huwi! ! Koi Nai Khabar?

Common English Phrases


Nothing much Good night! See you later! Good bye!

Common Urdu Phrases


Koi Nai Khabar Nahi ! /

Salam Walekum/Shab Bakhair! Phir Milaiyin ge! Khuda Hafiz! !

Asking for Help and Directions


Im lost Can I help you?

Common Urdu Phrases


Mai Kho Gya Hun

Kya Main Aapki Madat Kar Sakta Hun? Kya Aap Meri Madat Kar Sakte Hain? Bathroom/Dawa Khana Khan Hai? Sidhe Jakar Dain/Bain Murh Jaiye

Can you help me?

Where is the (bathroom/ pharmacy)?

Go straight! then turn left/ right! Im looking for john. One moment please! Hold on please! (phone) How much is this? Excuse me ! (to ask for something) Excuse me! ( to pass by) Come with me!

Main Jon Ko Dhuund Raha Hoon

Barae Meherbani Kuch Deyr Intizar Kijiye ! Barae Meherbani Hold Kijiye Yeh Kitne Ka Hai?

Maazirat Chahta Hoon /Zara Sunye! / Maaf Karna! !

Mere Saath Aaiye

How to Introduce Yourself


Do you speak (English/ Urdu)?

Common Urdu Phrases


Kya Aap Angrezi/Urdu Bool Sakte Hain /

How to Introduce Yourself


Just a little. Whats your name? My name is Mr/ Mrs./ Miss Nice to meet you! Youre very kind! Where are you from? Im from (the U.S/ Pakistan) Im (American) Where do you live? I live in (the U.S/ Pakistan) Sirf Thori Si

Common Urdu Phrases


Aap Ka Naam Kya Hai? Mera Naam.. Hey

/ / !

Mohtaram/ Mohtarmah/Anisa Aap Se Milker Khushi Huwi! Aap Bahut Meherban Hain

Aap Ka Taaluq Kahan Se Hai?

Mera Taaluq Amrika/Pakistan Se Hai / Mein Amriki Hoon

Aap Kahan Rahte Hain

Main Amrika/Pakistan Main Rahta Hoon / Kya Aap Ko Yahan Achchha Laga? Pakistan Bahut Achchha Mulk Hai Aap Kya Kam Karte Hain? Mein Mutarjim/Tajir Hoon

Did you like it here?

Pakistan is a wonderful country What do you do for a living? I work as a (translator/ businessman) I like Urdu Ive been learning Urdu for 1 month Oh! Thats good! How old are you? Im (twenty, thirty) years old.

Mujhe Urdu Achchhi Lagti Hai

Mein Eik Mahine Se Urdu Seekh Raha Hoon Wah Bahut Achchha! Aap Ki Umar Kitni Hai? ! /

Main Bees/Tees Saal Ka Hoon

How to Introduce Yourself


I have to go I will be right back!

Common Urdu Phrases


Mujhe Jana Hai !

Main Foran Wapas Aaon ga!

Wish Someone Something


Good luck! Happy birthday! Happy new year! Merry Christmas! Congratulations! Enjoy! (for meals) Id like to visit Pakistan one day Say hi to John for me Bless you (when sneezing) Good night and sweet dreams!

Common Urdu Phrases


Allah Ka Fazal Ho Salgirah Mubarak Naya Saal Mubarak Krismas Mubarak Mubarak ! ! ! ! !

Maze Karein

Mai Eik Din Pakistan Jana Chahta Hun Jon Ko Mera Salam Kehna Allah Rahm Kare

Shab Bakhair Aur Suhane Khuwab

Solving a Misunderstanding
Im Sorry! (if you dont hear something) Sorry (for a mistake) No Problem! Can You Say It Again?

Common Urdu Phrases


Maazrat Chahta Hun Maaf Karna !

Koi Baat Nahi!

Kya App Ise Dobarah Keh Sakte Hain? Kya Aap Ahistah Keh Saktay Hein? Barae Mihr bani Likhye! !

Can You Speak Slowly? Write It Down Please!

How to Introduce Yourself


I Dont Understand! I Dont Know! I Have No Idea. Whats That Called In Urdu?

Common Urdu Phrases


Main Samjah Nahi! Mujhe Nahi Malum! Mujhe Andazah Nahi ! !

Use Urdu Main Kya Kehte Hain?

What Does gato Mean In English?

Angrezi Main Lingua Kise Kehte Hain?

How Do You Say Please In Urdu? What Is This? My Urdu is bad. I need to practice my Urdu Dont worry!

AapPliiz Ko Urdu Main Kya Kehte Hain? Yeh Kya Hai?

Meri Urdu Kharab Hai.

Mujhe Urdu Ki Mashq Karni Chahiye Pareshan Nahi Hon! !

Urdu Expressions and Words


Good/ Bad/ So-So. Big/ Small Today/ Now Tomorrow/ Yesterday Yes/ No Here you go! (when giving something) Do you like it? I really like it!

Common Urdu Phrases


Achchha/ Bura/ Mamuli sa, Thori Thori / / Bara/ Chota Aaj/ Abhi /

/ /

Kal(Aney wala )/ Kal(Gurzra huwa) Haan/ Nahi Yeh Lijiye /

Kya Yeh Aap Ko Pasand Aya? Mujhe Yeh Bahut Pasand Aya!

How to Introduce Yourself


Im hungry/ thirsty.

Common Urdu Phrases


Mujhe Bhuk/Piyas Lagrahi Hai /

In The Morning/ Evening/ At Night. This/ That. Here/There Me/ You. Him/ Her. Really! Look! Hurry up! What? Where? What time is it? Its 10 oclock. 07:30pm. Give me this! I love you!

Subah Main/ Shaam Main/Raat Main / Subah Main/ Shaam Main/Raat Main

/ /

Main/ Aap. Usay -Larkey Ko/ Usey- Larki Ko / / Sach Main! Dekho! !

! !

Jaldi Karo!

Kya? Kidher?

Abhi Kya Waqt Huwa Hai?

Subah ke 10. Raat ke 7.30 Baje Hain Mujhe Yeh Dijiye/Dena! ! / !

Mai Aap Se Mohabbat Karta Hun! Meri Tabiyat Kharab Lag Rahi He

I feel sick.

I need a doctor One, Two, Three Four, Five, Six Seven, Eight, Nine, Ten

Mujhe Tabeeb/Daktar Ki Zururat He! / Eik, Do, Tin

Char, Panch, Che

Saat, Aath, Nau, Das

Some important everyday phrases in English

1. "How are you?" is a little formal. People will often say the more informal: "How're you doing?" "How's it going?" or "How's everything?" They all mean pretty much the same thing really; the speaker wants to know if you're OK. You might also hear "What's happening?" or "What's up?" These questions are asking you about your activities now "What are you doing?" 2. "Thank you." Of course that's fine, but people will usually say "Thanks." You may also hear "Cheers," or "Ta" (especially in British English). 3. "Gonna," "wanna," "coulda," "shoulda," "woulda," etc. Sometimes you will come across these in spoken English. They are shortened forms of "going to," "want to," "could have," "should have" and "would have." They can cause a lot of confusion among learners so listen out for them. Again, they are very informal. 4. "Have a nice day!" I love this phrase. It's a kind of nice, happy way of saying goodbye to someone and is often used if you don't know someone very well. You will also hear the more informal expressions, "see ya!" (see you), "take care," "later," and "bye bye" as often as "Goodbye." 5. "Cool" is probably the most used word in the English language. If you can start using this naturally in your English speech you know you are making progress towards sounding like a native English speaker! Obviously these are all pretty general phrases and words but there are many more that are used in particular situations.

How can you start to increase your usage of natural English phrases?
The most important thing is to listen. Listen to conversations between other people, listen to dialogue in movies, listen to radio talk shows. etc.

A practical tip if you are living in a non-English speaking country:


Put yourself a target for each movie/radio talk show you watch or listen to. For example:

Put a target of learning one or two new useful phrases on the next English speaking movie you watch. Then, during the movie, remind yourself to put attention on the speech of the characters. Spot a phrase that is commonly used in the movie, and is also new to you. Write it down. Clarify fully what it means. Use it a few times in sentences of your own. And try to include it in your following English writing/speaking. Learn some new phrases on the next movie!

This can be a great way to learn new phrases because you catch them in "real" life situations. You get to see and note down how it is used. This can be very helpful. If you hear a phrase and you aren't sure if it is formal, informal, or slang, the best thing to do is either to ask someone you trust, or check in a good dictionary. Many good dictionaries will tell you how formal a word or expression is. If the word is a swear word, the dictionary should tell you. It may have the abbreviation vulg (for "vulgar") next to the definition. You certainly don't want to start using swear words in a formal situation, so it's good to be careful! There are so many useful everyday phrases in English that no single article will be able to help you with all of them, so just listen and practice when you can.

Overview and definitions


Direct speech means to say exactly what someone else said. It is usually put inside quotation marks (". . .").

I have the package.

He says, "I have the package."

Reported speech (also called indirect speech) means to say what someone else said, without actually quoting them. Meaning, you don't necessarily use their own words. You don't use quotation marks with reported speech.

I have the package.

He says he has the package.

Reporting verbs
To report what someone said we usually use verbs such as: Say, tell, ask, explain, request, etc.

For example:

She says we should go. They told us to bring our stuff. He asked them the time. I explained her the rules.

The word THAT


The word THAT can be used after reporting verbs to begin the statement. But remember it is optional. You can use it or leave it out, as you prefer.

For example:

She says they are full = She says that they are full I told them we could help = I told them that we could help I suggest we start = I suggest that we start

How to report
When you quote what someone else has said (direct speech) it's very simple: nothing changes and you put the statement between quotation marks. But when you report a statement (tell it in your own words), there are obviously some necessary changes.

Reported speech changes


Pronouns
If there are any pronouns present, you may have to change them. Examples for when and how to change pronouns:

Direct speech She says, "I like ice-cream." They say, "you are right." He says, "My name is Gary."

Reported speech She says she likes ice-cream. They say we are right. He says his name is Gary.

Third person singular verbs

Verbs in the third person singular form usually get an S in the end: I cook => He cooks We talk => She talks You have => It has I am => He is So when reporting speech we must apply this rule. Examples for when and how to change verbs:

Direct speech He says, "I work every day." She says, "I am a big girl." Bonnie says, "I have a question."

Reported speech He says he works every day. She says she is a big girl. Bonnie says she has a question.

Place and time expressions


In many cases, when you report someone speech you are in a different place, and almost always in different point of time (we usually report in the present what someone told us before, in the past). So we need to change the place and time expressions accordingly.

Examples for when and how to change place and time expressions:

Direct speech She said, "I work here."

Reported speech She said she worked there.

They said, "we are eating now." You said, "she sings today." He said, "I will come tomorrow."

They said they were eating then. You said she sang that day. He said he would come the following day.

A list of common place and time expressions


this these here now today yesterday a week ago / last week last month next year in three years that those there then / at the time that day / yesterday the day before / the previous day a week before / the previous week the month before / the previous month the following year three years from then

Note: with these things, always use your common sense. If you are reporting something that someone said ten minutes ago, and your location is still the same, and the time frame is still the same, then don't change these place and time expressions. For example:

Direct speech Ten minutes ago you said,

Reported speech Ten minutes ago you said

"we stay here today."

we stayed here today.

Tense backshift
Backshift is the changing of a tense when reporting what someone said. When reporting what somebody said in the past, the tenses of the verbs in the reported statement go one step backwards.

I am sorry.

He said he was sorry.

Here are some more examples:

Direct speech You said, "we are late." They said, "we have plans." He said, "I work hard." She said, "I drink water."

Reported speech You said we were late. They said they had plans. He said he worked hard. She said she drank water.

Here is how the tense backshift works:

Direct speech

Reported speech

Simple present He said, "I eat cheese."

Simple past He said he ate cheese.

Present progressive He said, "I am eating cheese."

Past progressive He said he was eating cheese.

Present perfect He said, "I have eaten cheese."

Past perfect He said he had eaten cheese.

Present perfect progressive He said, "I have been eating cheese."

Past perfect progressive He said he had been eating cheese.

Simple past He said, "I ate cheese."

Past perfect He said he had eaten cheese.

Past progressive He said, "I was eating cheese."

Past perfect progressive He said he had been eating cheese.

Past perfect

Past perfect (no change) He said he had eaten cheese.

He said, "I had eaten cheese."

Past perfect progressive He said, "I had been eating cheese."

Past perfect progressive (no change) He said he had been eating cheese.

The backshift also works on certain modal verbs:

Direct speech Will She said, "I will eat cheese."

Reported speech Would She said she would eat cheese.

Can She said, "I can eat cheese."

Could She said she could eat cheese.

Must She said, "I must eat cheese."

Had to She said she had to eat cheese.

Shall She said, "I shall eat cheese."

Should She said she should eat cheese.

May She said, "I may eat cheese."

Might She said she might eat cheese.

There is NO CHANGE in the following modal verbs:

Direct speech

Reported speech

Would She said, "I would eat cheese." She said she would eat cheese.

Could She said, "I could eat cheese." She said she could eat cheese.

Should She said, "I should eat cheese." She said she should eat cheese.

Might She said, "I might eat cheese." She said she might eat cheese.

Ought to She said, "I ought to eat cheese." She said she ought to eat cheese.

No tense backshift
When the reporting verb is in the simple past tense, the verbs in the reported statement usually go one step backwards. However, if you are reporting facts or something that is still true, you can keep the verbs in the present:

Direct speech

Reported speech You said the earth is round. OR You said the earth was round. I said Rome is in Italy. OR I said Rome was in Italy. She said people sleep at night. OR She said people slept at night.

You said, "the Earth is round."

I said, "Rome is in Italy."

She said, "people sleep at night."

Also, if the reporting verb is in the simple present, present perfect, orfuture, then there is no tense backshift:

Direct speech You say, "I jog daily." You have said, "I jog daily." You will say, "I jog daily."

Reported speech You say you jog daily. You have said you jog daily. You will say you jog daily.

Reporting questions
When reporting a question, you should also change the question into an indirect question. In other words, you need to change this sentence so that it is a normal positive sentence, not a question. You can use the words if or whether for YES / NO questions.

Direct speech She asked, "Are you well?" "Where do you live?" he asked me. "Why don't we meet?" she asked me. I asked, "How does she make them?" They asked, "where is the mall?"

Reported speech She asked if I was well. He asked me where I lived. She asked me why we didn't meet. I asked how she made them. They asked where the mall is.

Reporting orders and requests


When reporting an order or request we change them into an infinitive.

Direct speech "Go home," she told me. "Start talking," he told us. "Stop right there," they ordered us. "Could you please open the door?"

Reported speech She told me to go home. He told us to start talking. They ordered us to stop right there. She asked me to open the door.

she asked me. "Don't shout," I asked. I asked not to shout.