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# BND TechSource

## Chain & Sprocket Simulation

using
CATIA V5 DMU Kinematics
(Revised 27SEP09)

## Website = http://bndtechsource.ucoz.com Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 The following licenses are required to
simulate Chain & Sprocket movement with
CATIA V5 DMU Kinematics:

##  Digital Mockup + DMU Kinematics

 Mechanical Design + Part Design
 Mechanical Design + Assembly Design

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 The end result we are trying to achieve is
to simulate the movement of a bicycle
chain around the sprockets.

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 There are certain known values when
19 T

40 T
11 T

11 T
Drive Sprocket

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 Known values:
 Sprocket sizes (number of teeth)
 Sprocket placement (center to center)
 Total Number of Links (106)
 These values will help set up the
Sprocket Center Curve.

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 To accurately simulate the chain movement around
the sprockets, you must first understand the
chordal relationship of the Link to the Sprocket.

## Each Link moves around the Sprocket with a fixed length.

This is the Chord of the Angular rotation of the Sprocket.

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 The Chord length is not the same as the Arc length.

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 Time for some trigonometry...
12.7 Ex. 40T Drive Sprocket:

## 6.35 360O /40 = 9O

Chord Length = 12.7
Sin-1 (6.35/x) = 4.5O
9O x = (6.35/sin4.5O)
x = 80.934mm
4.5O
Circ = 2ππR = 508.523mm
Arc Length =
x 508.523/40 = 12.713066
Sprkt Ctr Curve =
106*12.713066 = 1347.585mm

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 Now we have the information to proceed.
R38.58
R80.934

Length= 1347.585

R22.539

R22.539

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 Here are the Joints and Commands to run the
Simulation (Laws come later).

Sprockets

Sprockets

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 The Gear Joints for the Sprockets will begin with
the normal ratio (ex. 40T/19T=2.105).

19T
40T Drive
Sprocket
Sprocket

11T
Sprocket

11T
Sprocket

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
Outer). These two links will run along the Sprocket
Center Curve and the Sprocket Tracking Curve.

## Sprocket Center Curve

Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09
BND TechSource
 There will be four Joints in the Link Shuttle .
2) Slide-Curve Joint
Tracking Curve
• Sprocket
Tracking Curve

## 1) Point-Curve Joint 3) Point-Curve Joint

• Point on • Point on
• Sprocket • Sprocket
Center Curve Center Curve
4) Revolute Joint

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 Check Sprocket tooth-to-tooth centerline
dimensions.
This dimension should
be exactly the same as

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 Check Link roller-to-roller centerline dimensions
This dimension should
be exactly the same as
the Sprocket dimension.

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 Check Drive Sprocket tooth centerline to the
Sprocket Center Curve.

They should
intersect exactly.

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 Check Link roller centerline to the Sprocket Center
Curve.

They should
intersect exactly.

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 Create a Law Sketch 954x954 (106x9O).
This Law will be
applied to the Drive
Chain Sprocket for
rotation angle.

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 Apply the Law to the Gear Command.
c) Pick the
Law Sketch.

a) Double pick
the Command.

d) Pick OK.

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 Apply a Formula to the Shuttle Command.

## a) Double pick c) Hold cursor

the Command. over Formula.

## b) Right click inside the

Command value box.

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 Apply a Formula to the Shuttle Command (cont’d).
1344.896mm+’Chain 2\Commands\Chain Wheel Rotation\Angle1’*80.93389225mm

The start point of the Sprocket Center Curve a) Type this value with
is 1344.896 from the Link Shuttle Point. mm followed by +

## b) Pick the Drive

Sprocket Command.

## c) Double pick this d) Type the Radius

text to place it into value followed by mm.
the Formula. e) Pick Ok.

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 Apply a Formula to the Shuttle Command (cont’d).

Syntax Warning.

## -Do not be alarmed.

-It is telling you that you must be precise when converting angular
measurement to length measurement.
-This is why it is important to add the mm to your Formula. Else it
will assume meters!

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 Run the Kinematic with Laws.
Pick Simulation
with Laws Icon.

## When you run the simulation,

where they began.

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 Return the Kinematic Simulation to the beginning.
If you toggle
between the start
and the end, the
appear not to
move.

## Return the Kinematic

Simulation to the beginning

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 Check the Links as they travel across the other
Sprockets. (19T Sprocket shown)
There may be an angular
meets the Sprocket tooth.

## This problem is easily

corrected by using the
compass, while current in
the CatProduct, to rotate
the Sprocket to the
correct position. 0.557 deg

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 A different challenge arises as you rotate the
Sprocket further around.
This means the Sprocket is
Notice the angle is closing
rotating faster than the
as you rotate.

0.202 deg

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 A different challenge arises as you rotate the
Sprocket further around.
The reason for this is the
Notice the angle is closing
as you rotate.
Sprocket results in a
larger Arc Length.

0.202 deg

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 Time for some more trigonometry...
12.7 Ex. 19T Drive Sprocket:

## 6.35 360O /19 = 18.947O

Chord Length = 12.7
Sin-1 (6.35/x) = 9.4735O
18.947O x = (6.35/sin9.4735O)
x = 38.58mm
9.4735O
Circ = 2ππR = 242.403mm
Arc Length =
x 242.403/19 = 12.75805

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
To correct the problem of different Arc Lengths, simply
divide the Drive Sprocket Arc Length by the 19T Sprocket Arc
length, then multiply the current Gear Ratio by that value.

12.713/12.758 = .996472801
Current Gear Ratio =
40/19 = 2.105263158
New Gear Ratio =
2.105263158* .996472801 = 2.097837476

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource

12.713/12.758 = .996472801
Double pick the Current Gear Ratio =
Gear Joint to 40/19 = 2.105263158
edit the ratio. New Gear Ratio =
2.105263158* .996472801 = 2.097837476

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 Congratulations!! Now the real work begins...

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 Complete the chain with all 106 Links!

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 Complete the chain with all 106 Links!
Here is where
we left off.

## Each new Link will have two joints.

1) Point-Curve Joint
• Sprocket Center Curve
2) Revolute Joint

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 Complete the chain with all 106 Links!

you will get to.
Good Luck!

## Prepared by: Bill Harbin –Technical Director 27-Sep-09

BND TechSource
 Conclusion:
This explanation of how we created our
bicycle chain simulation put together at the
request of our users.