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Mi-famed, Self-effulgent, 'OmnisMMt, All-mighty Dic&to. all the worlds might that take Him high above so that
perceive

Him-

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ii

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are fleeing groups along with nights all world* of the Itlnpinatof t thp sight of the Rising Sun, 2 as thieves flee at the sight of poliee.

The

stellar

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Look how

dmne knowledge
ai!

are,

the objects of the

Thou,

Surya,

journeys* t
liftest

the pith
'

Thy none could traverse; Thou by abyss of sorrow and suffering to the seekers of delivera0cc Tttou art
illominest all the worlds,

Illl

and

IC1

(by The*
;-

bodies shice in the night)

O..
:
-

Thy resplendent

rays'!

v >

v\

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As those Maruts perceive, as these mortals behold and as those you celestial beings see, O Surya, Bhagavan!

Thou
tpi

risest

in

front

as

if

Thou appearest

exclusively

for each.

'

'.^

--r
:

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""i

'oo^o

i>r*

esS)

Soo sSaoes

^>o

n
eo

O Thou
ivils!

All-purifier!

That

light

(fe;as)

all mishaps and Thine which Thou with of

Ditpeller of

iilluxninett

all this

world of

living'

beings

is

worthy of

pur praise.

II

Al!

SSK^O(6 Tfo

fc"33

/onrne>esl along the infinite days and nights by Thy movtraent and nating all the animate woild,

OSun! Thou

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CM

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O Thou Self effulgent All illumiaator Thy seven steeds (se^en kinds of beams) shining' with lustrous hair take tfaee seated IE the chariot to Thy journey's end, 8
!

s&ot

tf-sfr'tfrfw

I
~

fhtl

&e?-dr*tftf&utxc

is

That Bhagavan Surya, the All-Iespirer, His lustrous chariot which His seven holy, benevolent, willing mares strap 9 themselves and do out allow it to be depressed.
Behold!
arriving at His Sanctuary seated im

II

10

ofHisSayujya (at-ont-raeHt) by evef tSainking of Bim v Him* and by by extolling Him, by offering oblations for the unto' 'Sinless, Lustrous, Him, sifrendering everything M0st~eminent the in .of 'Benefactors the Foremost Goda,
Supreme Being, Surya' Bhagavan.

May we who adore Him obtain

the sublime fruition

26

IT

Ihou O
radiance! rising

Surya,

resplendent
1

with all-favourable

now

"aid

we pray Thee
external;.

destroy

ascending the heaven straight.; all our maladies internal and


11

^tf -00^0026
eo

to86oaJ,
0*)

IS

The green
green,

skin diseases of mine

place in parrots
12

starlings green

and palmyrahs green so that they

may

not torment me,

n
II

W
all those maladies that harm Quelling by His power is now rising. To avenge of son Snrya, Adili, me, this 13 concern. not my them is, therefore,

nn
n

shining rays this the heaven, th optical sphere has arisen-Surya. pervading all that moves of the Soml earth and the mid-refion Is of all. or stands still and the Cause

As an embodiment of
;

all

28

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Ai (1} \ /

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(i)

-a>Sb

This

ur Lord, Surja, like one attached


after the

to

his

fair beloved, is

IJshas

runmog when human beings

most charming and


I

offer oblations

bright to their duities

for fulfilment

of their desires.

now

praise that

Love-

Incarnate for the good of alL

(2)Al

ec3SSn&
15
(ii) Desiring all good I extel Him, the Lovc-Incaraate, who, like one attached to his beloved, follows the beautiful Ushts when householders desiring 'to procure sums for the worship of their deities start with ploughs

and other implements of agriculture-

15

n
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Possessing the nature of absorbing water, multicoloured, benevolent, worthy of praise, carrying to the goal, these rays (steeds) of. the sun, behold, have already
(i)

reached the skies permeating heaven and earth.

ft

||

16

(ii)

Green,

shooting,

steeds (rays) of the Sun ched the skies and are


salutations,

benevolent and laudable which deserve praise, have reamarching- forward receiving our

i
"SsSSgo

^S^ggo ^o^gSf^

9p$eo
II
17
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SSTS

ro

suspends in the middle all the the Lord of the Day withdraws His rays. This reveals His supremacy and sovereignty. Seeing Him unleash His steeds the watchful night (having secured foothold) spreads and confuses the world with extreme darknessj

Indeed,

the world

woik

the

moment

TT

-5-'*&g'"si^6'c^dtS.

18

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*~L

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cOo^ig

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O
o
^k^
ff-iO

0i

Ye shining

rays

of the

Sua

who

art

spreading

hither and thither, save us now ai this time of the rise of Thy Lord by annihilating our dark sins May Mitra, Vanma and Aditi, Sindhu Earth and Dyuloka also grant

us this our prayer.

n
re

n
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9 i

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20

ritftf

oOPOiO

err<v>

?Sar55e7

20

That One Reality the sages speak of in many ways. They speak of Him as 'Hahendra', the Lord of Splendour, &s' Mitra the Lord of Ahas; as 'Varuna' the favourite of
c
9 ,

with spreading nature; as 'Garuda' of fine wings; as 'Lightmpg' the cause of rain etc,, as *Yama' the Dictator and as Mnila* the wandtrer of skies, They say of Bhagavan Surya as the One not different from the
Yamini;
as 'Agni'

Supreme Brahman attributing Omnipresence,


i

20

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.move

The vapourising rays of the Sun shoat to the skies, fill the dark clouds with water; when these return from the orbit of the Sun all the earth becomes
in order,
"
'

drenched without delay.

\,

21

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22 ~

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Dyuloka;

This moving Sabio.ur, Sucya, residet in the glowing He bcomes Vayu i the sky; He invites deities to receive oblations;. He. becomes the Vedic Fire; like a Guest He becomes worshipful; He becomes the ordinary household fire for cooking land other purposes; He resides in men in the form of vital energy; as QM Image of Eealiiy He resides in noblest places; He dwells in Eternal Truth; He becomes Lightning in the sky and submarine fire in watet; He dominates all that radiates; unlike Indra and others He doth not conceal "Himself; He (the crux and constttniaation of all knowledge) alone is the-SopfieBr liahman presenting Himself in the. East. ........... ....... 22 5
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Ail

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Jytf^y &
oo

28

OThou,
become

Surya,

when
like

the

demon Eahu

with

his

shade eclipses Thee,


so distressed
their places.

animate beings all the worlds and confused as not to know


23

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24

At

24
*

O
shouldst
sinless

while we prostrate to The, if Thou commend us ta Mitra and Varuna a pure and we really become so* O Boon-giver by praising Rising Sun
1
1
'

Thee we become dear;

.,,..

.,.

:..

-.
.

.....24

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XSagvSs

ii
'Yj*
.

25

For the sake of humaw beiogs the Lord Svrya, sheds of Day He His vast and Innnmetable rays; in the form' He derives all Brahma from appears as Npndual Being; adoration our still more be shall He by agency. Exalted 25 and
supplication.

n
^T

?.)

ef variegated with Thy praiseworthy and swift steeds (rays) us to Mitta, Varuna commend Thee entreat we colours, ^ Aryama and Agni as sinless.

Thou Most Eminent Surya I appearing before us


!

S6

n
n

ii

v^

let by

Thy commandment

truthful Agni, Vamna and Mitra give us hoards wealth, medicine and other objects of and

and

Surya,

th

rcdetming
of'

and being pleased


all

worship
let

praise,
fulfil

with our adoration

them

our desires,

27

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n

28

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28

Behold there that Gem of all gods, laudable Worldthe most Impartial, the E.lighten.r of Agni, Mnra and Varuna, Sclf-lumiuous One that rolls up all groups of darkness as if they were skin bundles and thft Lcrd wfco ordains all the mnltitwde of beiogi. 28
spectator

rt
o

n
es^r'TT^O

n
i

(jfrtS&ST

S5a* ^^

29

1*

29

He who wakes up men and


this

sends them

to work*

(water), desirous of moving this side and wheel of His chariot tugged by the gren that the only

Giver of

life

steeds

yoked together,

is

now

rising.

29

n
i

n
i

n
i
n

ni

30

May

Surya

who

rises

pensing evenly light jive us oir wants-

to

all

before us every morning disaccept eur invocations and

88

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ass^Z-

kastfaj^ dr^
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tfr^sL. e5"t$

tfsS

n
C

n
n
3

Tr

Ai

This golden

inspiration
all

omr

sins

Diadem of the sky, Surya, by who men conduct themselves and who wipes o we see speeding onward shining from afar,

Att

10

85

o
SB
all beings are us born by the swift before arisen to see often, behold, has

That pleasing Image which

radiant sieeds,

n
3

i
3

e-aM

the seven green self-strong Beafing on their heads worlds that Lord of all the all sister mares present before seated in the that ii movable and immovable, Surya,
all. chariot for the well-being of

II

*
tfestftfNgo
a

II

I
tfetetf'
?

cu****

May we

pass

on a hundred autumns seeing

thatj

pure lustrous optical sphere f the Sun beneficent to Gods arising each morn and may we live a hundred autumns. 35

n
n

ii
o

All

86
Surely, in might tft thoi unequalled; Thou unsurpassed; in vigour, valour and Thou peerless; Thy greatness, Sun of Aditi
art

in strength
vitality art
!

is
I

proclaimed. This

is

truth not a praise

My Lord

thereby 36

41

'

87

Who amongst Gods


than Thee, ofallasuras,

are mwe 'powerful and Lord? Thou art their Counsellor. Destroyer Thou Surya, who. can dare stand against

my might?
n
' '

37

i
.

i
x$t&"&
55SKT
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^tSg sS^eoiSg
ii
S5v "I

^"^ro dSS

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n
?6crT3r^d^

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38

te.

^
r&So^

v.

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rf^er^8o

_ duties of worship
Ae Most
mtt
rises

ye mortals

Divine, for the welfare of the deities, the Perceiwr of ther Gods, the off-spring of the and VarunaUltra, 3S tolourful sky aad the Awakener of all universe6-

wake up, perform sacrifices, conduct and prayer^ and praise of the Lord, the Supreme Clairvoyant, the one who
I

41

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n ^g" ^
5

Ail

^^^
May
Eternal
night,
etc.)

^i&cTr-ab
is

tfS^XSoo.
aacl
rest,

that Satyokti (that

whereffom

this earth

sprout, wherein all wherefrom the water (life)

tanned Truth, Real, and heaven* day the worlds move and
ipriags
all

and

this

our Lewi
Jl

Surya, emerges

evr protect us by

means.

<

y*

LJ

SRf-

S>o438c

eeS Th^ A 1 chariot the Asm (demon) dare not face Thee, When Jy Thy luminary light fades into the waters, Thou risest witfc
'

rhtThou,

,'

better splendour to

woive our

praises.
*'

'

Z
Hn

I
stf

H
jjo

ii

n
Co5\

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41

prated BS from maladies^ bad dreams, want f sacrificial fire and mil of evil, by that tight (tejas) of Whine by which Thou 41 drivest all darkness and animate the worlds.
!

We pray Whet O Lot d

IT

i.,

Sao

pray Thee watch and let I0dra and ether austerities without anger our ways of tacrificc. wtoJJiagTbce,
tiotis

Surya !

1 hou
Thy

condeseefidest to receive the


devotees,

offered by

we

0r

pcept

44

Let heaven, earth, Maruts, Varuna and Indra hear our prayers and praises; may we, who se@ Thee, live long in peace and plenty till old and in the end attain immor43 tality, O Aryaman (Lord of Heroes).
-

n n

n
i
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.****.

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Axr5e

Enjoying the purity of heart, clear vision, and good free from all ills, ailments and evils, may we, O Thoti, Most-esteemed Friend, live long worshipping Thee, Surya, who rise very naorning. 44
posterity,

Surya, the Eye of the world ! Bless us with long, Thee each day rising majestically above the fathomless 'deep shining with resplendent rays that bring happiness to the eyes of those that see. 45
life

to perceive

n
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green-rayed .Surya, .by Thy light ail tbe world wakes, works (in the day) and rests in. the 'night*. Grant Thy presence each day to ms, the sinless* for
.

Thou

well-being,

6-B

4g

ni
n
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t

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vmr ^^f ^w

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47
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ej

O Surya, obtain happiness coldness and heat, Give us lhat light, day, rays, revered wealth which brings happiaess in home or abroad*
Maywe
s

by Thy grace,

from

n
n>di55

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48
Thou, O Divine Beings By out Lord's ment give happiness to our men and cattle (bipeds quadrupeds) food, drink, strenghtb and all other enjoyments sought; pray dispel all sins and ills of ours* 48
!

47

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33crSr*Z-

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eSatfbv^c&ll

sfcSS

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<a

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f the world! Gods! If ever deed rouse yu to anger > and word ow acts of thought, from our Lord, Surya,command tcansmitf *he same by 49 harm. us to those that do

O ThoB

Benefactors

k X

tf
^w^

of Dyuloka give, may troubles the dwellers of all, Bbagal Surya, the lospirer let Agni protect and mid-regum of the dbpel all dangers earthus from the disasters of

'

From

J Jf

n
n
Sf
6

i
tfBtftfotfo

n
SBJjoSJa

^eJor 08

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eawar^S

^Kxr^ecc^

51

O Thou, All-impelling Surya! Thy light alone deserves hundreds of thousands of sacrifices^ Be pleased with
our prayers and protect us, Lord, arrows our enemies dart on us.

from

the piercing
51

Aa

o
52

May the shining Savita, the AlUnspirer, Parvata, the friend of Indra, the Ruler of Gods, and the all-creator Brahma grant us powerful vision and protect 52

n
"

ii
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i
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fa

9
;
i

If
that light to Most-gracious Fatter ! that enable us to perceive clearly all mmrellons Objects of the world; give Thy brilliance to omr bdis S3 alio,

Grant us

Our eyes

II

activities,

the Witness Exclusively perceiving Thee, enemie. (ezteraal oar all d restraining

of

internal)

may we

obtain Higher Knowledge.

80

II

II

o
55

May Surya

mankind by bestowing

shining in ever so many ways bringing up rain and other essentials through

the impulse ofVayu, accept this unsullied life*

Soma Nectar and

grant

us!

5$
II

II

Behpld there that Solar Globe which the ethereal sky bears, resplendent a extremely mighty, powerful and the one that gives the desired food, rising in the East with that Imperishable Marvel our Lord, Swjra, 'tte destroyer of all dark personalities, enemies thieves, and demons. 55
-

i
o^ ()

& jfeSo

Stf Odfcrf

VJ

no

This Surya, tbe Enlightentr of this Universe^ the


Dispeller of darkness (and gloom) sheds on all sides the ever anew and powerful rays of His light that is said to be

superb,

most magnanimous, eminent, wielding

all

and illuminating

moon and

other planets.

wealth 57

8
of Hetvemi Surya, become Thou the Jewel thai is all of activities, cause the is that brilliance that clouds all holds that heavy beneficent to the Shining Ones, 5S and that which sustains all -being*.

53
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ii
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fc

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59

This Lord of the Day, the swift-mover, resplecdent with His natural beauty, ascending the Mount of Sunrise, speedily pervades first the earth, then the DyuSoka and

afterwards the heavens.

59

H
60

Al

S^fcosfen
c
f

"fc

60
This Light qf our Lord, Surya, alon fills the sky; the cause of respiration in all our bodies and the source of day and night. That is how our this

jit is

Saviour,

Foremost of the
heavens*

greatest,

Savita,

excels all,

adomng

the

60

n
L.

i
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i
I

61

oi

dtfitf pc

61
periods, The thirty divisions of time (columns, of oui Lord organs) in the day get illumined by the light in Ms praise Surya and any chanting then of Vedic hymns 61 or prayer or worship reach Him uninterrupted

True imagination (samkalpa): were torn of d true word (vak- tatyam) daf Greater; from them proceeded
and from
tfcese the

deep sea aad the tky.

^&

-sSsStfi-

II

63

oJ

After the sky, months, seasons and other periods

of

This Srahnoa is, therefore, omnipotent* Creating all the universe with time He per63 vades all. He is its Lord.

time came into existence.

n
5T"

That Faramatma, the Creator of all worlds recreates Moon, Heaven, Earth and the Mid-region in tte ensuing kaipa even as He did in the preceeding one*

55

n
ii

ii

n
i
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65

to

from Westward, Savita, from Savita, (the Upholder of Eastward, (the Life-giver) and Savita, (the Supreme from Northward, heatcns) ws long life and giving from Southward, protect Guard)

May

Savita, (the laipirer)

satisfying all our wants.


1

;!Ji

OmTat Sat

jj,

cJ

OoO

"WiF'

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