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Appendix 1 Approximate Values of Physical Constants

Constant Speed of light Planck's constant Reduced Planck's constant Avogadro's number Boltzmann's constant Electron charge Electron mass Electron charge to mass ratio Neutron mass Proton mass Gravitational constant Acceleration of gravity Stefan-Boltzmann constant Fine structure constant Bohr radius Classical electron radius Electron Compton wavelength Bohr magneton Rydberg constant Universal gas constant Josephson constant Permittivity of free space
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Symbol

SI

CGS

Some Astronomical Data


Mass of the Sun Radius of the Sun Average Distance between the Earth and the Sun Average Radius of the Earth Mass of the Earth Average Velocity of the Earth in Orbit about the Sun Average Distance between the Earth and the Moon

Other Commonly Used Units

Appendix 2 Conversion Table from Rationalized MKSA to Gaussian Units


Physical Quantities Charge Charge Density Current Electric Field Potential (Voltage) Magnetic Flux Magnetic Induction Magnetic Field Inductance Capacitance Resistance Conductivity ampere volt/m volt weber tesla ampere-turn/m henry farad
ohm cm

Rationalized MKSA coulomb

Conversion Coefficients

Gaussian
esu

esu/sec statvolt/cm statvolt

gauss oersted

sec/cm

mho/m

Appendix 3 Vector Identities

Vector Formulas
in Spherical and Cylindrical Coordinates
Spherical Coordinates

Transformation of Coordinates

Transformation of Differentials

Square of the Element of Length

Transformation of the Coordinates of a Vector

Divergence

Curl

Gradient

Laplacian

Cylindrical Coordinates

Transformation of Coordinates

Transformation of Differentials

Square of the Element of Length

Transformation of the Coordinates of a Vector

Divergence

Curl

Gradient

Laplacian

Appendix 4 Legendre Polynomials

Rodrigues Formula

Spherical Harmonics