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L Lab - Es stablishing a Co onsole Session S w with Ter ra Term

T Topology

O Objectives
Part 1: Ac ccess a Cisc co Switch thr rough the Se erial Console e Port Connect to a Cisco o switch using g a serial cons sole cable. Estab blish a console e session using a terminal emulator, su uch as Tera T Term.

Part 2: Di isplay and Configure Bas sic Device Settings Use show s commands to display y device settings. Config gure the clock k on the switc ch.

Part 3: (O Optional) Acc cess a Cisco o Router Usin ng a Mini-US B Console C Cable Note: Use ers on Netlab or other remote access eq quipment sho ould complete e only Part 2.

B Backgroun nd / Scenar rio


Various models m of Cisc co routers and d switches are used in netw tworks of all ty ypes. These d devices are m managed using a lo ocal console connection c or a remote con nnection. Nea arly all Cisco d devices have a serial cons sole port to which you y can conne ect. Some ne ewer models, such as the 1 1941 Integrate ed Services R Router (ISR) G G2 used in this lab, also have a USB console e port. In this lab b, you will lear rn how to access a Cisco device d via a d direct local co nnection to th he console po ort, using a terminal emulation pr rogram, Tera Term. You will w also learn how to config gure the seria al port settings s for the Tera Term m console con nnection. Afte er you have es stablished a c console connection with th he Cisco devic ce, you can displa ay or configur re device settings. You will only display settings and configure the e clock with th his lab. Note: The e routers used d with CCNA hands-on lab bs are Cisco 1 1941 ISRs wit th Cisco IOS Release 15.2 2(4)M3 (universal lk9 image). The switches used u are Cisc co Catalyst 29 960s with Cisc co IOS Relea ase 15.0(2) (la anbasek9 image). Other O routers, switches, and d Cisco IOS versions v can be used. Dep pending on the model and Cisco IOS versio on, the comm mands availab ble and output t produced m ight vary from m what is show wn in the labs s. Refer to the Rou uter Interface Summary Ta able at the end of the lab fo or the correct t interface ide entifiers. Note: Make sure that the switch and d router have been erased d and have no o startup conf figuration. If y you are unsure, co ontact your in nstructor.

R Required Resources R
1 Rou uter (Cisco 19 941 with Cisco o IOS softwar re, release 15 5.2(4)M3 univ versal image o or comparable) 1 Switch (Cisco 29 960 with Cisco o IOS Release 15.0(2) lanb basek9 image e or compara able) 1 PC (Windows 7, Vista, or XP with w terminal emulation pro ogram, such as Tera Term m) Rollov 45 console po ver (DB-9 to RJ-45) R console cable to co onfigure the sw witch or route er via the RJ-4 ort Mini-U USB cable to configure the e router via the USB conso ole port

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L Lab - Establis shing a Cons sole Session n with Tera Term T

P Part 1: Access A a Cisco Sw witch thro ough the Serial Co onsole Po ort
You will connect a PC to a Cisco sw witch using a rollover r conso ole cable. Thiis connection will allow you u to access the command line interface (CLI) and display settings or configure the switch.

S Step 1: Con nnect a Cisc co switch and a computer using a r rollover con nsole cable.
a. Connect the rollove er console ca able to the RJ-45 console p port of the sw witch. b. Connect the other cable end to the serial CO OM port on the e computer. Note: Serial COM ports are no longer availab ble on most c computers tod day. A USB-to o-DB9 adapte er can be used with the rollov ver console cable c for cons sole connectio on between th he computer a and a Cisco d device. These e USB-to-DB9 9 adapters ca an be purchas sed at any co mputer electr ronics store. Note: If using a US SB-to-DB9 ad dapter to conn nect to the CO OM port, you may be requi ired to install a driver for the e adapter pro ovided by the manufacturer r on your com mputer. To det termine the C COM port use ed by the adapt ter, please se ee Part 3 Step p 4. The corre ect COM port number is req quired to connect to the Cisco IOS device e using a term minal emulato or in Step 2. c. Powe er up the Cisco o switch and computer if th hese devices are not alrea ady on.

S Step 2: Con nfigure Tera a Term to es stablish a console c ses ssion with th he switch.
Tera Term m is a termina al emulation program. p This program allo ows you to access the term minal output of the switch. It also a allows yo ou to configur re the switch. te Tera Term a. Start Tera T Term by y clicking the Windows Sta art button loc cated in the ta ask bar. Locat m under All Pr rograms. Note: If the program is not insta alled on the sy ystem, Tera T Term can be d downloaded f from the follow wing link by selecting Tera Term T : http:// /logmett.com/ /index.php?/download/free e-downloads.h html

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L Lab - Establis shing a Cons sole Session n with Tera Term T b. In the e New Connec ction dialog box, click the Serial S radio b button. Verify that the corre ect COM port is select ted and click OK to continu ue.

c.

From the Tera Term Setup men nu, choose the Serial port t to verify th he serial settings. The defa ault param meters for the console port t are 9600 bau ud, 8 data bits s, no parity, 1 stop bit, and d no flow cont trol. The Tera Term T default settings matc ch the console e port settings s for commun nications with h the Cisco IO OS switch.

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L Lab - Establis shing a Cons sole Session n with Tera Term T d. When n you can see e the terminal output, you are a ready to c configure a Ci isco switch. T The following console example displays the t terminal output o of the switch s while it t is loading.

P Part 2: Display D an nd Config gure Basic Device e Settings s


In this sec ction, you are introduced to o the user and d privileged e executive mod des. You will determine the e Internetwo ork Operating g System (IOS S) version, dis splay the cloc ck settings, an nd configure t the clock on t the switch.

S Step 1: Display the sw witch IOS im mage version.


a. After the t switch ha as completed its startup pro ocess, the fol lowing messa age displays. Enter n to co ontinue. Would d you like e to enter the initi ial configu uration di ialog? [yes s/no]: n Note: If you do not t see the abov ve message, please conta act your instru uctor to reset y your switch to o the initial configuration n. b. While e you are in th he user EXEC C mode, displa ay the IOS ve ersion for your switch. Switc ch> show version v
Cisco o IOS Softwa are, C2960 Software (C C2960-LANBA ASEK9-M), Ve ersion 15.0(2)SE, RELE EASE SOFTW WARE (fc1) Techn nical Suppor rt: http:// /www.cisco.c com/techsup pport Copyr right (c) 19 986-2012 by y Cisco Syst tems, Inc. Compi iled Sat 28-Jul-12 00:29 by prod_ _rel_team p is C2960 boot loader ROM: Bootstrap program LDR: C2960 Boot B Loader r (C2960-HBO OOT-M) Vers ion 12.2(53 3r)SEY3, RELEASE SOFTW WARE BOOTL (fc1) ) ch uptime is s 2 minutes s Switc Syste em returned to ROM by power-on Syste em image fil le is "flas sh://c2960-l lanbasek9-m mz.150-2.SE. .bin" <outp put omitted> >

Which h IOS image version v is cur rrently in use by your switc ch?

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L Lab - Establis shing a Cons sole Session n with Tera Term T

S Step 2: Con nfigure the clock.


As you lea arn more abo out networking g, you will see e that configu uring the corre ect time on a Cisco switch can be helpful wh hen you are tr roubleshootin ng problems. The T following g steps manua ally configure the internal c clock of the switch h. a. Displa ay the current t clock setting gs. Switc ch> show clock c
*00:3 30:05.261 UT TC Mon Mar 1 1993

b. The clock c setting is s changed in the privileged d EXEC mode e. Enter the p privileged EXE EC mode by t typing enabl le at the user r EXEC mode e prompt. Switc ch> enable e c. Config gure the clock k setting. The e question ma ark (?) provide es help and a allows you to d determine the e expec cted input for configuring th he current tim me, date, and year. Press E Enter to comp plete the clock k config guration. Switc ch# clock set ?
hh: :mm:ss Curr rent Time

Switc ch# clock set 15:08: :00 ?


<1-31> MON NTH Day of f the month h Month of the yea ar

Switc ch# clock set 15:08: :00 Oct 26 6 ?


<19 993-2035> Year Y

Switc ch# clock set 15:08: :00 Oct 26 6 2012


Switc ch# *Oct 26 15:08:00 0.000: %SYS S-6-CLOCKUPD DATE: Syste em clock has s been updated from 00 0:31:43 UTC Mon M Mar 1 19 993 to 15:0 08:00 UTC Fr ri Oct 26 2 012, config gured from console by conso ole.

d. Enter the show clo ock command d to verify tha at the clock se etting was updated. ch# show clock c Switc
15:08 8:07.205 UTC C Fri Oct 26 2 2012

P Part 3: (O Optional) ) Access a Cisco Router R Using a Mini-USB C Console C Cable


If you are using a Cisco o 1941 router r or other Cisc co IOS device es with a mini-USB consol le port, you ca an access the device e console por rt using a mini-USB cable connected c to the USB port t on your com mputer. Note: The e mini-USB co onsole cable is the same ty ype of mini-U USB cables th at are used w with other elec ctronics devices, such s as USB hard drives, USB U printers, or USB hubs s. These mini-USB cables can be purch hased through Cisco C Systems s, Inc. or othe er third-party vendors. v Plea ase verify that t you are usin ng a mini-USB B cable, not a micr ro-USB cable, to connect to t the mini-US SB console po ort on a Cisco o IOS device. .

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L Lab - Establis shing a Cons sole Session n with Tera Term T Note: You u must use either the USB port or the RJ-45 R port, an d not both sim multaneously. When the U USB port is used, it takes priority y over the RJ-45 console port p used in P Part 1.

S Step 1: Set up the phy ysical conne ection with a mini-USB B cable.
a. Connect the mini-U USB cable to the mini-USB B console port rt of the router r. b. Connect the other cable end to a USB port on o the comput ter. c. Powe er up the Cisco o router and computer, c if these devices s are not alrea ady on.

S Step 2: Ver rify that the USB conso ole is ready.


If you are using a Micro osoft Window ws-based PC and a the USB console port LED indicato or (labeled EN N) does not turn green, please install the Cis sco USB cons sole driver. For a Microsoft Window ws-based PC connecting to a Cisco IOS S device with a USB cable e, a USB drive er must be installe ed prior to use e. The driver can be found on www.cisc co.com with th he related Cis sco IOS devic ce. The USB drive er can be dow wnloaded from m the following g link: http://www w.cisco.com/c cisco/software e/release.htm ml?mdfid=2827 774238&flowid=714&softw wareid=28285 55122&rel ease=3.1& &relind=AVAI ILABLE&rellif fecycle=&relty ype=latest Note: You u must have a valid Cisco Connection Online O (CCO) account to download this file. Note: This s link is relate ed to the Cisc co 1941 router; however, th he USB conso ole driver is n not Cisco IOS S devicemodel spe ecific. This US SB console driver only wor rks with Cisco o routers and switches. Th he computer r requires a reboot after finishing th he installation of the USB driver. d

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L Lab - Establis shing a Cons sole Session n with Tera Term T Note: Afte er the files are e extracted, th he folder cont tains instructiions for installation and rem moval and ne ecessary drivers for r different ope erating system ms and architectures. Plea ase choose th he appropriate e version for y your system. When the e LED indicato or for the USB B console por rt has turned g green, the US SB console po ort is ready fo or access.

S Step 3: (Op ptional) Ena able the COM M port for the Window ws 7 PC.
If you are using a Micro osoft Window ws 7 PC, you may m need to p perform the fo ollowing steps to enable th he COM port: a. Click the Windows s Start icon to o access the Control Pane el. b. Open the Device Manager M . c. Click the Ports (CO OM & LPT) tr ree link to exp pand it. The C Cisco Virtual Comm Port00 icon displa ays with a yellow w exclamation n point attache ed.

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L Lab - Establis shing a Cons sole Session n with Tera Term T d. To res solve the issu ue, right-click the Cisco Virtual Comm Port00 icon a and choose U Update Drive er Softw ware. e. Choose Browse my m computer r for driver so oftware.

f.

Choose Let me pic ck from a lis st of device drivers d on my y computer a and click Nex xt.

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L Lab - Establis shing a Cons sole Session n with Tera Term T g. Choose the Cisco Serial driver r and click Next.

d driver is installed successfully. Ta ake note of th he port numbe er assigned a at the top of th he h. The device windo ow. In this sam mple, COM 6 is used for co ommunication n with the rou uter. Click Clo ose.

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L Lab - Establis shing a Cons sole Session n with Tera Term T

S Step 4: (Op ptional) Dete ermine the COM port number. n


a. If you need to dete ermine the CO OM port numb ber, open the Control Pan nel and select t the Device M Manager. Searc ch for the Por rts (COM & LPT) L heading, expand it, an nd determine the COM por rt number cur rrently in use. In this example, Cisco Ser rial (COM 6) was w selected for connectio on to the router because a Cisco USB console c drive er is in use. If you use a rollover console e cable, or an adapter from m a different manufacturer, the naming conve ention reflects s this informa ation.

b. Open Tera Term. Click C the Serial radio butto on and choose e Port COM6 6: Cisco Serial (COM 6). T This port should now be ava ailable for com mmunication with w the route er. Click OK.

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Lab - Establishing a Console Session with Tera Term

Reflection
1. How do you prevent unauthorized personnel from accessing your Cisco device through the console port?

2. What are the advantages and disadvantages of using the serial console connection as compared to the USB console connection to a Cisco router or switch?

Router Interface Summary Table


Router Interface Summary Router Model 1800 1900 2801 2811 2900 Ethernet Interface #1 Fast Ethernet 0/0 (F0/0) Gigabit Ethernet 0/0 (G0/0) Fast Ethernet 0/0 (F0/0) Fast Ethernet 0/0 (F0/0) Gigabit Ethernet 0/0 (G0/0) Ethernet Interface #2 Fast Ethernet 0/1 (F0/1) Gigabit Ethernet 0/1 (G0/1) Fast Ethernet 0/1 (F0/1) Fast Ethernet 0/1 (F0/1) Gigabit Ethernet 0/1 (G0/1) Serial Interface #1 Serial 0/0/0 (S0/0/0) Serial 0/0/0 (S0/0/0) Serial 0/1/0 (S0/1/0) Serial 0/0/0 (S0/0/0) Serial 0/0/0 (S0/0/0) Serial Interface #2 Serial 0/0/1 (S0/0/1) Serial 0/0/1 (S0/0/1) Serial 0/1/1 (S0/1/1) Serial 0/0/1 (S0/0/1) Serial 0/0/1 (S0/0/1)

Note: To find out how the router is configured, look at the interfaces to identify the type of router and how many interfaces the router has. There is no way to effectively list all the combinations of configurations for each router class. This table includes identifiers for the possible combinations of Ethernet and Serial interfaces in the device. The table does not include any other type of interface, even though a specific router may contain one. An example of this might be an ISDN BRI interface. The string in parenthesis is the legal abbreviation that can be used in Cisco IOS commands to represent the interface.

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