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2004 2005 2007

C l i c ko nt i t l et ov i e ws c h e m T H EI T A I P UH V D CS C H E M E

B e t w e e n : P o w e rC o . :

F o zd oI g u a ua tt h eb o r d e ro fB r a z i la n dP a r a g u a yt oS a oP a u l o , B r a z i l F u r n a sC e n t r a i sE l t r i c a sS . A .B r a z i l

M a n u f a c t u r e r :A S E AP r o m o nH V D Cc o n s o r t i u m ,f o r m e db yA S E AS w e d e n ,A S E AE l t r i c a s L t d a ,B r a z i la n dP r o m o nE n g e n h a r i aS . A .B r a z i l C o m m i s s i o n e d : B i p o l e1 .1 .s t a g e : 3 0 0k V ,1 5 7 5M Wi nJ u l y 1 9 8 4 2 .s t a g e :+3 0 0 k V , 2 3 6 2 . 5M Wi nA p r i l 1 9 8 5 -6 0 0k V 3 .s t a g e : 6 0 0k V ,3 1 5 0M Wi nM a y 1 9 8 6 4 . s t a g e : 3 0 0k V ,1 5 7 5M W {c o m m i s s i o n e d B i p o l e2 . 5 . s t a g e :+3 0 0k V ,2 3 6 2 , 5M W {a tt h e -6 0 0k V {s a m et i m eb y 6 . s t a g e : 6 0 0k V ,3 1 5 0M W {A u g u s t ,1 9 8 7 M a i np u r p o s e : B u l kp o w e rs u p p l yf r o mt h eg r e a tH y d r oP o w e rs t a t i o n( 1 2 6 0 0 M W )a tF o zd oI g u a ot ot h eS oP a u l oi n d u s t r i a la r e a .T h ep o w e ri s g e n e r a t e db y1 8h y d r og e n e r a t o r s ,n i n eo ft h e ma r ed e s i g n e df o r6 0 H zw i t hac a p a c i t yo f7 6 5M V A ,P . F .=0 , 9 5a n dt h eo t h e rn i n ea r e d e s i g n e d f o r 5 0 H z w i t h a c a p a c i t y o f 8 2 3 M V A , P . F . = 0 , 8 5 s u p p l y i n gt h eH V D Cs y s t e m . T h eH V D Cs y s t e mc o n s i s t so ft w ob i p o l a rt r a n s m i s s i o ns y s t e m s ,e a c h o n ed e s i g n e df o r3 1 5 0M Wa t 6 0 0k VD . C .a n d2 6 2 5A . o v e r l o a dc a p a c i t y : 5s e g .-3 2 6 0A m p . 2 0s e g .-3 0 0 0A m p . A . C .n e t w o r k s : 2 4s i n g l et h r e ep h a s ew i n d i n gc o n v e r t e rt r a n s f o r m e r sa r eu s e da t e a c h t e r m i n a l w h i c h m e a n s t h r e e t r a n s f o r m e r s / 1 2 p u l s e u n i t , f o r m i n gf o u rc o n v e r t e r sp e rb i p o l e . F o zd oI g u a u :5 0H z ,3 1 4M V A 5 0 0 / _3k V + 2 0x1 , 2 5%k V -6 m i n .s h o r tc i r c u i tc a p a c i t y :1 6 3 7 3M V A

M a i nd a t a :

S a oR o g u e :6 0H z ,3 0 0M V A 3 4 5 / 3k V + 2 0x1 , 2 5%k V -6
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THE ITAIPU HVDC SCHEME

m i n .s h o r tc i r c u i tc a p a c i t y :7 8 0 0M V A( l i g h tr o a d ) S y n c h r o n o u s C o m p e n s a t o r : S a oR o q u e-4x3 3 0M V A r A Cf i l t e r s : H a r m o n i cf i l t e r sa r ep r o v i d e da tt h e5 0H za n d6 0H zs i d e .S h u n t c a p a c i t o rb a n ko n l ya tt h e6 0H zs i d e

5 0H zS i d e-F O ZD OI G U A C U A CF I L T E R S T Y P E 1 2 H A R M O N I C 3 / 5 . 1 1 / 1 3 .H P 1 A , H P 1 B 1 1 / 1 3 .H P 2 M V A r 3 4 9 . 0 2 8 0 . 3 U N I T S 2 3 T O T A L 6 9 8 . 0 8 4 0 . 0

T Y P E1 C O M P O N . 3 / 5 1 1 / 1 3 H P 1 A C 1 ( F ) 0 . 8 1 4 1 . 6 9 1 0 . 9 1 6 L 1 ( m H ) 8 3 0 . 0 4 1 . 9 5 1 9 . 8 6 C 2 ( F ) 2 . 9 8 6 4 9 . 1 5 L 2 ( m H ) 2 2 6 . 6 1 . 4 4 R ( o h m s ) 2 9 3 0 . 0 0 . 4 4 4 1 0 6 0 . 0 M V A r 7 0 1 3 4 . 3 7 2

T Y P E2 H P 1 B 1 1 / 1 3 H P 2 0 . 9 2 9 1 . 6 9 1 1 . 8 5 8 7 . 7 1 5 4 1 . 9 5 9 . 4 1 4 9 . 1 5 1 . 4 4 3 0 5 . 0 0 . 4 4 4 1 7 0 . 0 7 2 . 7 1 3 4 . 3 1 4 6 . 0

6 0H zS i d e-S A OR O Q U E A CF I L T E R S H A R M O N I C 1 1 .1 3 1 1 .1 3 .3 / 5 3 / 5 .H P 2 H P 1 H P 2 M V A r 2 2 0 . 8 2 7 9 . 8 2 9 6 . 0 2 3 7 . 0 2 9 6 . 3 U N I T S 3 1 1 4 1 T O T A L 6 6 2 . 4 2 7 9 . 8 2 9 6 . 0 9 4 8 . 0 2 9 6 . 3

C O M P O N . 3 / 5 1 1 1 3 C 1 ( F ) 1 . 1 6 0 2 . 4 1 7 2 . 4 6 8 L 1 ( m H ) 4 0 5 . 0 2 4 . 0 6 1 6 . 8 7 R ( o h m s ) 2 5 0 0 3 9 9 0 3 3 0 0 C 2 ( F ) 4 . 2 8 1 L 2 ( m H ) 1 1 0 . 1 M V A r 5 9 . 0 1 0 9 . 4 1 1 1 . 4

H P 1 5 . 2 7 3 2 . 3 1 8 4 6 . 7 6 2 3 7 . 0

H P 2 6 . 5 9 1 2 . 3 1 8 4 6 . 7 6 2 9 6 . 3
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THE ITAIPU HVDC SCHEME

S h u n tc a p a c i t o rb a n k : 2x2 9 4 , 0M V A r ,6 , 4 5F H V D CS y s t e m : R o u t el e n g t h : B i p o l e1( S o u t hL i n e ) :8 0 7k m B i p o l e2( N o r t hL i n e ) :8 1 8k m O v e r h e a dl i n e s : 2A C o n d u c t o r s :4x6 8 9m m C S R( 1 2 7 2M C M ) S h i e l d i n g : 7s t r a n d ,g a l v a n i z e ds t e e lw i r e9 . 5 m m ) L i n et o w e r s :2 3%a r es e l f s u p p o r t e da n d7 7%a r eg u y e dl a t t i c e s t e e ls t r u c t u r e s T h et w ob i p o l a rl i n es y s t e m sa r es e p a r a t e d1 0k mf r o me a c ho t h e r a sam i n i m u m . E l e c t r o d e s : T h ee l e c t r o d es w i t c h i n gh o u s e sa r es i t u a t e df a rf r o mt h es t a t i o n s : F o zd oI g u a u :B i p o l e1 :1 5 , 5k m B i p o l e2 :1 6k m S a nR o q u e : B i p o l e1 :6 7 , 2k m B i p o l e2 :6 6k m

2 c o n d u c t o r st y p e :2x6 8 9m m ,1 2 7 2M C M

D . C .F i l t e r s :

H V D CV a l v e s :T h e I t a i p u H V D C S y s t e m u s e st h y r i s t o r v a l v e s , i n d o o r t y p e , w a t e r c o o l e da n di s o l a t e db ya i r .M e c h a n i c a l l y ,t h ev a l v e sa r eb u i l tu p a sq u a d r u p l e v a l v e sf o r m i n gac o n v e r t e r .O n es i n g l ev a l v ei sm a d e u p o f 8 t h y r i s t o r m o d u l e s s e r i e s c o n n e c t e d , c o n t a i n i n g 1 2 t h y r i s t o r sw i t hv o l t a g ed i v i d e r sa n dc o n t r o lc i r c u i t s .

R e f e r e n c e s:

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S y s t e mc o r r e s p o n d e n t: M rA n t o n i oJ o oD I R E N E S u p e r i n t e n d e n c i ad eT r a n s m i s s a o F u r n a sC e n t r a i sE l e t r i c a sS . A . R e a lG r a n d e z a2 1 9 ,S a l a1 2 0 6 ,B l o c oA 2 2 2 8 3R I OD EJ A N E I R OR J B R A Z I L T e l e x: 0 2 12 12 1 1 6 6/2 1 2 3 9 T e l e p h o n e:( 5 5 )0 2 15 3 63 1 1 2 e x t .5 6 1 5o r5 7 0 1 T e l e f a x: ( 5 5 )2 4 65 3 8 9 2 2 67 0 0 5

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