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Screen velocity calculation ( average 0.6m/s) 1.

designing and determining width and height based on known flow (Q) 2. calculating the amount of bar screens needed, 3. calculating the crossing velocity (Vb) and check it with rules of thumbs 4. computing the headloss Calculation Suppose we want to design a mechanical screen, and we are supplied with area for intake 10m3. The boss gives 10 meter in length for intake, that would make 1 m2 for the cross section or Width (W) and height (H). After we search throughout catalogs, local company and internet, we are interested to purchase a bar screen with 10 mm thick and the openings are 30 mm wide. If we want the approaching velocity is 0.6 m/s, then compute the velocity of water accross the bar screens and calculate the headloss. Suppose the flow is 0.5 m3/sec, design the dimension of intake and determine the amount of bar screens. Oke, so we have Q (flow), 0.5 m3/sec and we have 10 m in length (L). We want the approaching velocity is 0.6 m/s, which means : Q = A x V ; Q is flow (m3/sec), A is cross section (m2 and V is velocity (m2/sec) In this case, V is Va, that makes Q = A x Va 0.5 m3/sec = A x 0.6 m/sec; A = 0.83 m2 We have found the cross section area, now lets assume the width and height. Suppose we want the ratio of W and H is 2:1, thus W = 2H W x H = 2H x H = 0.83 m2; H = 0.64 ~ 0.65 m, and we finally obtain W = 1.3 m With bar thick 0.1 cm (0.001 m)and openings between bars are 0.3 cm (0.003 m), find out how many bars needed to fill the canal. The formula is {(0.003+0.001) x t} + 0.003 = 1.3 m (W), t = 324.25 ~ 325 bar screens. Okay, now its time to check the velocity accross the bar screens. AaVa = AbVb Aa = cross section of canal = 0.83 m2 Va = approaching velocity = 0.6 m/sec Ab = openings between bar racks = {(0.003 m x 325 bar screens) + 0.003 m} x 0.65 m = 0.635 m2 Vb = Velocity of water accross in between bar screens, m/sec 0.83 m2 x 0.6 m/sec = 0.635 m2 x Vb

Vb = 0.78 ~ 0.8 m/sec, which is in the range of 0.6-0.9 m/sec. Its time to calculate the headloss based on the formula above. HL = (0.82 - 0.62)/(2 x 9.81 x 0.7) = 0.02 m = 2 cm Calculation Summary So we have obtained several points from calculation above, 1