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Antennas for GSM System

Contents

Base station antenna specification and meanings Antenna types and trends

一、天线基本参数(Technical Data)

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电性能参数(Electrical properties) • • • • • • • • • • • • • Operation Frequency Band Input impedance VSWR Polarization Gain Radiation Pattern Horizontal/Vertical beamwidth Downtilt Front/back ratio Sidelobe suppression and null filling Power capability 3rd order Intermodulation Insulation(绝缘) 机械参数(Mechanical properties) • • • • • • • • • • Size Weight Radome material(天线材料) Appearance and color Working temperature Storage termperature Windload Connector types Package Size Lightening .

电性能参数 Electrical properties .

半波振子 (Dipoles) Wavelength 1/4 Wavelength 1/2 Wavelength 1/4 Wavelength 1/2 Wavelength Dipole 1800MHz :166mm 900MHz :333mm .

1个 dipole 接收功率(received power):1mW Multiple dipole matrix Received power:4 mW GAIN= 10log(4mW/1mW) = 6dBd .

Antenna (Overlook 全向阵列“Omnidirectional array” Received power:1mW 扇区天线“Sector antenna” Received power:8mW Gain=10log(8mW/1mW) = 9dBi .

工作频段(Frequency Range) • GSM 900 : 890-960MHz • GSM 1800 : 1710-1880MHz • GSM dual band : 890-960MHz & 1710-1880MHz • eg.824-960MHz,1710-1900MHz .

890 = 70MHz .Optimum 1/2 wavelength for dipole at 925MHz at 890 MHz at 960 MHz Antenna Dipole 工作带宽( BANDWIDTH )= 960 .

输入阻抗 (Impedance) • 50 Antenna Cable 50 ohms 50 ohms .

5) = 13dB VSWR (Voltage Standing Wave Ratio) .5 W Return Loss: 10log(10/0.5W 80 ohms 9.驻波比(VSWR) Forward: 10W 50 ohms Backward: 0.

VSWR1.5 =(VSWR-1)/(VSWR+1) RL=-20lg  .

极化方式(Polarization) Vertical Horizontal + 45degree slant .45degree slant .

V/H (Vertical/Horizontal) Slant (+/.45°) .

垂直线极化(Linear.vertical) 45双线极化(dual linear 45 slant) .

dBd and dBi Ideal radiating dot source (lossless radiator) 2.15dBi .15dB eg: Dipole 0dBd = 2.

5dbi • 4 The antenna Gain more than 20dbi only used for the road.• 1 From 0dBi to 20dBi used in locale •2 •3 0-8 dbi used indoor The OMNI antenna is from 9 to 12dbi. .5dbi to 18.the sectoring antenna used often the gain is from 15.

方向图(Pattern) .

10dB 60° (eg) Peak Peak .3dB .3dB 120° (eg) 10dB Beamwidth Peak .10dB Peak Peak .波束宽度(Beamwidth) 3dB Beamwidth Peak .

水平波瓣3dB宽度 (3dB Beam width Horizontal) .

Sectoring antenna:30°/65°/90°/105°/120°omni_antenna: 360° .

垂直波瓣3dB宽度 (3dB Beam width Vertical) sectoring antenna: omni antenna: .

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Downtilt No tilt Mechanical down tilt Electrical down tilt .

The theory of electrical down tilt .

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No downtilt Electrical down tilt Mechanical down tilt .

Electrical down tilt and mechanical down tilt .

前后比(Front to Back Ratio) Ratio of maximum mainlobe to maximum sidelobe 后向功率 Back power F/B = 10 log(FP/BP) typically : 25dB 前向功率 Front power .

旁瓣抑制与零点填充 (Upper Side lobes Suppression & Null Fill) .

旁瓣 (Sidelobes) Upper sidelobe suppression (dB) Lower sidelobe suppression (dB) .

Antenna 1/2 Clamp 7/16 Din Connector 1/2 Jumper Tower Top Amplifier 7/8“ Cable 7/8“ Cable Grounding Machine house 1/2“ Jumper EMP Grounding clip Grounding bar Cabinet .

THANKS .