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Chapter 12: Legalities, Releases, Copyright, Forums

Professional Terms:
o Release: A grant of permission that is commonly provided in written form with the o o o o o

o o o o

signatures of all the people involved. Property release: A signed document that grants a video team permission to shoot on private property. Public property: Property that is owned by local, state, or national government organizations. Private property: Property that is owned by an individual or a private organization. Talent release: A document that gives video producers permission to photograph the talent and/or use audio of the talents voice. Passive talent release: A document that serves as a general notice indicating that, from time to time, organizations outside the school may request permission to video record inside the school building. Copyright Law: Set of laws that protect the creators of original materials from having their materials and creative work used without proper permission and compensation. Fair Use: A section of the Copyright Law that provides guidelines for the limited use of copyrighted materials without obtaining permission from the copyright holders. Transformative use: Using a work (image or other material) for an entirely different purpose than what it was originally intended and created to use. Trademark Law: A set of laws that protects a companys brand identification in an effort to avoid confusion in the marketplace. Public domain: A status designation applied to the material that is no longer copyrighted due to the passage of time or when rights are relinquished by the copyright holder. Public forum: An environment or location, typically public property or media, where an individual can stand and publicly speak their mind.

o Limited public forum: Public property or media that is made available for a specific

use.
o Non-public forum: Either public or private or media that is not typically used or

made available for public expression.

Objectives:
After reading this chapter, you will be able to: o Identify the different types of releases used in broadcast journalism and television production, and explain purpose of each. o Recognize the differences between public and private property. o Explain how Copyright Law applies in broadcast productions. o Recognize how educational Fair Use applies in the classroom. o Illustrate transformative use of material. o Identify the criteria for public domain status. o Summarize the characteristics of each type of public forum. o Explain how the First Amendment applies in the organization and operation of a broadcast journalism. Explain how the First Amendment applies in the organization and operation of a broadcast journalism coarse.

Review Questions:
o Public property is owned by the local, state, or national government, and private property is owned by an individual or a private organization. o It gives video producers permission to photograph the talent and/or to use audio of the talents voice, and should be obtained for all the talent in every production. o It serves as a notice given to all parents indication that, from time to time, organizations outside the school system may request permission to video record inside the school building. o There is a common belief that Fair Use allows any a copyrighted material to be legally used in or duplicated for any school or classroom purpose. o There could end up being product placement issues, or the company whose logo or symbol was used could possibly sue.

o An example could be a painting of a woman in a dress inspired by Van Goghs starry night. o When its copyright date runs out. o A public forum is an environment or location, typically public property or media, where an individual can stand and publicly speak their mind. A limited public forum is public property or media that is made available for a specific use. A non-public forum is either public or private or media that is not typically used or made available for public expression. o A teacher has to instruct and direct the people under them, just as a director has to.

Chapter Outline:
o Releases
1. Property Release 2. Talent Release

o Copyright
1. Logos 2. Pictures from Other Media 3. Music

o Public Domain o Public Forums and Broadcast Journalism Courses


1. 2. 3. 4. Public Forum Limited Public Forum Non-Public Forum In the Classroom