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LIST OF ATTEMPTED QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

Which of the following are important considerations concerning activity times?

Correct Answer Activity time should be obtained from the person responsible for the completion of an activity , Activity time must be independent of any influence which the preceding or succeeding activity may have on it. , Activity time may assume that just the normal quantity of resources required to carry out the activity are available.

Your Answer

Activity time should be obtained from the person responsible for the completion of an activity , Activity time must be independent of any influence which the preceding or succeeding activity may have on it. , Activity time may assume that just the normal quantity of resources required to carry out the activity are available.

True/False

Question

Independent float either affects the float of preceding activities or that of succeeding activities.

Correct Answer False

Your Answer

False

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

Which of the following are assignable cause?

Correct Answer Large varaitions in hardness of material , Tool wear , Errors in setting

Your Answer

Large varaitions in hardness of material , Tool wear , Errors in setting

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

What is the reason of excessive friction between parts?

Correct Answer Improper or lack of lubrication

Your Answer

Improper or lack of lubrication

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

Which kind of labour force is required in case of Jobbing Production?

Correct Answer Highly Skilled

Your Answer

Highly Skilled

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

What is the location of lower control limit in the X bar-R control chart?

Correct Answer 3 standard deviations below central line

Your Answer

3 standard deviations below central line

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

Which photographic technique is used to record path of motions of the members of the body during method study?

Correct Answer Cyclograph

Your Answer

Cyclograph

Select The Blank

Question

The term company to produce.

emplies the foregone profit due to inability of

Correct Answer Opportunity cost

Your Answer

Opportunity cost

True/False

Question

Process Sheets for parts in batch production are not maintained as standard process sheet

Correct Answer False

Your Answer

False

Select The Blank

Question

In case of an OC curve, the risk of rejecting a good quality lot may vary between

Correct Answer 0.01 to 10%

Your Answer

0.01 to 10%

True/False

Question

Objective of Work Study is to improve Productivity

Correct Answer True

Your Answer

True

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

Which of the following are activities of corrective maintenance?

Correct Answer Overhauling , Emergency repairs , Modifications and improvements

Your Answer

Modifications and improvements , Overhauling , Emergency repairs

True/False

Question

Inspection Order can be a verbal order

Correct Answer True

Your Answer

True

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

Which kind of defect can be called as minor defect?

Correct Answer Which does not reduce the usability of the product for its intended use

Your Answer

Which does not reduce the usability of the product for its intended use

Select The Blank

Question

Capacity decisions have a direct influence on performance of production system in respect of

Correct Answer Delivery performance

Your Answer

Delivery performance

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

Which of the following is not the characteristic of Project Production?

Correct Answer Continuous flow of material , Highly mechanised material handling , Virtually zero manufacturing cycle time

Your Answer

Continuous flow of material , Highly mechanised material handling , Virtually zero manufacturing cycle time

Select The Blank

Question

The easiest way to bring the delayed job within the promised delivery time by using extra shift or weekly holiday is

Correct Answer Overtime working

Your Answer

Overtime working

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

Which of the following policies is advisable in case of low product variety and large volumes?

Correct Answer Low Skilled Labour & Special Purpose Machines

Your Answer

Low Skilled Labour & Special Purpose Machines

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

Major contributors in the development of Control Charts, Sampling plan are

Correct Answer F H Dodge , H G Roming , Walter Schewhart

Your Answer

F H Dodge , H G Roming , Walter Schewhart

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

Scale model used for layout analysis have following advantages

Correct Answer Nontechnical person finds it easy to comprehend , Ovehead facilities can be shown , Models can be shifted easily

Your Answer

Nontechnical person finds it easy to comprehend , Ovehead facilities can be shown , Models can be shifted easily

True/False

Question

A network can have more than one starting event but completion event must be only one.

Correct Answer False

Your Answer

False

True/False

Question

Since value of p can never be positive, hence" if LCLp works out to be positive, it is taken as zero."

Correct Answer False

Your Answer

False

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

Fixed position layout is adopted when

Correct Answer product is very heavy involving assembly of large number of parts

Your Answer

product is very heavy involving assembly of large number of parts

Select The Blank

Question

OC curve of ideal sampling plan suggests that all lots less than 3% defectives have the probability of acceptance of

Correct Answer One

Your Answer

One

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

What is the reason of fluctuations, if the control chart evaluates that the process is in a state of statistical control?

Correct Answer Random variability

Your Answer

Random variability

True/False

Question

Operation process charts though indicates the sequence of events but do not show movements.

Correct Answer True

Your Answer

True

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

Which kind of gauge consists of electrical contacts operating a series of colloured signal lamps which indicate whether the dimension is correct, oversize or undersize?

Correct Answer Multiple gauging

Your Answer

Multiple gauging

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

Which of the following are the objectives of a good maintenance system?

Correct Answer Minimisation of wear and tear of machines , Ensuring maximum plant availability , Elimination of unsafe conditions

Your Answer

Elimination of unsafe conditions , Minimisation of wear and tear of machines , Ensuring maximum plant availability

Select The Blank

Question

The

is the defect level for which lots are regarded as

bad lots.

Correct Answer Lot Tolerance Percentage Defective

Your Answer

Lot Tolerance Percentage Defective

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

What are the advantages of templates over diagrams?

Correct Answer Can be conveniently moved on the graph paper , Less laborious

 

,

Saves time

Your Answer

Can be conveniently moved on the graph paper , Less laborious

,

Saves time

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

Inadequate production capacity ultimately leads to

Correct Answer Poor Customer Service

Your Answer

Poor Customer Service

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

Inherent Safety' is one of the principle of good layout. In context of layout, this can be achieved by the following

Correct Answer Clear gangway, location of material and material handling system

Your Answer

Clear gangway, location of material and material handling system

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

What do you understand by the inspection conducted on all nonreworkable jobs prior to their movement to the scrap yard?

Correct Answer Salvage inspection

Your Answer

Salvage inspection

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

Which are major benefits of identifying the critical path?

Correct Answer It helps to identify the set of activities and events which are critical and as such must be carefully controlled and monitored , It identifies activities to be given preference in allocation of resources. , It helps to exercise "control by exception".

Your Answer

It helps to identify the set of activities and events which are critical and as such must be carefully controlled and monitored , It identifies activities to be given preference in allocation of resources. , It helps to exercise "control by exception".

Select The Blank

Question

An

history card is the record of all repairs,

replacements and engineering changes carried out in the equipment during it's period of service.

Correct Answer Equipment history card

Your Answer

Equipment history card

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

In an organization there may not be a formal PPC department if

Correct Answer Work is highly repetitive in nature , Planning activities are performed by the line staff , Number of workmen is not very large

Your Answer

Work is highly repetitive in nature , Planning activities are performed by the line staff , Number of workmen is not very large

Select The Blank

Question

The

are the definitions of the measurable as well as

nonmeasurable characteristics of the product.

Correct Answer Specifications

 

Your Answer

Specifications

True/False

Question

Lubrication survey should never be done for a new machine.

Correct Answer False

Your Answer

False

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

Which are three different bases to establish an activity time?

Correct Answer Past experience , Judgement , Historical data

Your Answer

Past experience , Judgement , Historical data

Match The Following

Question

Correct Answer

Your Answer

Information received

Taking dictation

Taking dictation

Change in physical characteristic

Punching

Punching

Addition

Assembly

Assembly

Consumption of physical effort

Lifting

Lifting

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

Components of Production Management include

Correct Answer Capacity Planning , Job Design , Production Planning

Your Answer

Capacity Planning , Job Design , Production Planning

Match The Following

Question

Correct Answer

Your Answer

Community Facilities

Educational facility

Educational facility

Proximity to market

Fragile product

Fragile product

Industrial and labour attitude

Productivity of labour

Productivity of labour

Legislation and taxation

Licenses

Licenses

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

How many of the following are types of specification?

Correct Answer Material specifications , Dimensional specifications , Performance specifications

Your Answer

Material specifications , Dimensional specifications , Performance specifications

True/False

Question

In case of forward pass computation, the earliest event time of a plain event equals the earliest event time of the preceding event plus duration of activity emanating from the preceding event.

Correct Answer True

Your Answer

True

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

What are the advantages of three dimensional models?

Correct Answer Even non-technical person can use it , Overhead facilities can be shown , Can be shifted easily and quickly

Your Answer

Even non-technical person can use it , Overhead facilities can be shown , Can be shifted easily and quickly

True/False

Question

Quality control determines what, when, and how much to inspect while inspection actually conducts examination of goods.

Correct Answer True

Your Answer

True

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

Following are some of the Principles of Management advocated by F W Taylor

Correct Answer Selection of best worker for each particular task , Division of work between worker and management , Training and development of the workmen

Your Answer

Selection of best worker for each particular task , Division of work between worker and management , Training and development of the workmen

POM1

LIST OF ATTEMPTED QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

True/False

Question

It pays in the long run to inform the customer regarding

expected delays in the deliveries.

Correct Answer Your Answer True

True

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question Correct Answer

Fixed position layout is adopted when product is very heavy involving assembly of large

number of parts Your Answer product is very heavy involving assembly of large number of parts

Select The Blank Question as bad lots. Correct Answer

The

is the defect level for which lots are regarded

Lot Tolerance Percentage Defective

Your Answer Lot Tolerance Percentage Defective

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question Correct Answer

Which are the advantages of suburban location? Avaialability of adequate land at lower cost , Both

skilled and unskilled labour can be available , Plant expansion is easier due to

less or no restriction for building and construction Your Answer Avaialability of adequate land at lower cost , Both skilled and unskilled labour can be available , Plant expansion is easier due to less or no restriction for building and construction

Select The Blank Question Correct Answer

One detachable ticket is prepared for each Operation

Your Answer Worker

Select The Blank Question Correct Answer

A good maintenance system is not a luxary but a Necessity

Your Answer Necessity

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question planning Correct Answer

Following are some of the factors which influence process

Order Quantity , Process capability of machine ,

Page 1

POM1

Delivery Dates Your Answer Order Quantity , Delivery Dates , Plant layout

True/False

Question

Availability of training schools, colleges and management

institutes reduces the company's internal training needs.

Correct Answer Your Answer False

True

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question Correct Answer Your Answer

Which of the following are examples of pure materials? Bakeries , Ice factories , Woolen Bakeries , Ice factories , Lime stone

Match The Following Question Correct Answer Your Answer

Emerson Efficiency Plan Wage Payment

Wage Payment

Craft

Facilities Planning

Production Scheduling

Work Sampling Machine utilization

Gantt Chart

Production Scheduling

Sampling Inspection

Charting technique

Match The Following Question Correct Answer Your Answer

Fixation of inventory level

Reorder level

Stock on hand

Symptom of ill planned purchasing

Factor influencing material planning

Over ordering

Lead time

Net requirement of material under MRP Stock on hand

Over ordering

Lead time

Price of material

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question a small network? Correct Answer

longest path. , Sum up the durations of activities along each path. , Enumerate

all paths in the network and list down activities on each path. Your Answer Compare the durations of all paths to identify the longest path. , Sum up the durations of activities along each path. , Enumerate all paths in the network and list down activities on each path.

Which of the following are steps to identify the critical path in

Compare the durations of all paths to identify the

Page 2

POM1

Select The Blank Question

In case of an OC curve, the risk of rejecting a good quality

lot may vary between

Correct Answer Your Answer

0.01 to 10% 0.01 to 10%

True/False

Question

Tool breakage has got nearly zero chances in case of eventual

breakdown. Correct Answer Your Answer False

False

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question Correct Answer Your Answer

Which are the three types of float? Total float , Independent float , Free float Total float , Dependent float , Free float

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question Correct Answer

Which of the following are major inputs to scheduling? Overlapping of operations , Effective Capacity per work

centre , Performance standards Your Answer Effective Capacity per work centre , Ratio of skilled to unskilled labour , Performance standards

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

Any premise in which persons are employed for purpose of

making any product/s is called

Correct Answer Your Answer Factory

Factory

Select The Blank Question

The

is the maximum percentage defective that for

the purpose of sampling inspection can be considered satisfactory as a process average.

Correct Answer

Your Answer Lot Tolerance Percentage Defective

Acceptable quality level

Select The Blank Question

The

is the maintenance work initiated on a result

of knowledge of the condition of an item from routine or continuous checking.

Correct Answer

Your Answer Overhauling

Condition monitoring

Page 3

Select The Blank Question

POM1

OC curve of ideal sampling plan suggests that all lots less than

3% defectives have the probability of acceptance of

Correct Answer Your Answer

One

One

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question Correct Answer

How to calculate activity cost slope?

Activity cost slope = ( Crash cost - Normal cost ) / (

Normal time - Crash time )

Your Answer

Activity cost slope = ( Normal cost - Crash cost ) / ( Normal

time - Crash time )

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question quality of design? Correct Answer

Resonable manufacturing time Your Answer Resonable cost , Resonable procurement time , Resonable manufacturing time

Which of the following are minimum requirement for a good

Resonable cost , Resonable procurement time ,

True/False

Question

In case of control chart, large smaples such as n=15 or 20

are used if the process standard deviation is small.

Correct Answer Your Answer True

False

Select The Blank Question

Production control work is

in case of floor

inspection as compared with the centralised inspection.

Correct Answer

Your Answer labourious

easier

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question Correct Answer

Your Answer Predetermination of manufacturing requirements

Production Planning includes Predetermination of manufacturing requirements

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

How does the control chart of statistical quality control helps

the operating personnel? Correct Answer

develops Your Answer Reduces chances of rejections

Identify the presence of an assignable cause before it

Page 4

POM1

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question Correct Answer

Your Answer Reduced salvage value of machine

What can be the worst effect due to excessive vibration?

Breakdown

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

What do you understand by the metallergical aspects of

product which forms the vital part of engineering function?

Correct Answer

Your Answer Performance specifications

Material specifications

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question Correct Answer

Your Answer Overloading of machines

Which of the following is a cause of plant breakdown? Overloading of machines

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

Which of the following possibilities can be explored by using

flow process chart? Correct Answer

operations with another , Reducing the distance traveled by the workmen or materials , Avoiding the waiting time and thereby reduce production losses Your Answer Reducing the distance traveled by the workmen or materials , Reducing rejections drastically , Avoiding the waiting time and thereby reduce production losses

Eliminating the operations or combining the

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question Correct Answer

Your Answer Process Planning

Material Planning is an integral part of Production Planning

True/False

Question

Dust gets mixed with lubricants, forms an abrasive substance

and causes pre-mature failure of machinery.

Correct Answer Your Answer True

True

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question method study? Correct Answer

Which of the following activities are used while recording for

Delay , Operation , Inspection

Your Answer Operation , Inspection , Production

True/False

Question

In case of centralised inspection, inspection rooms generally

Page 5

POM1

become bottleneck and cause delay in taking action regarding rejection or rework.

Correct Answer Your Answer True

Select The Blank Question

The

True

advocates maintenance procedures whereby the

condition of the plant is constantly watched through systematic inspection to

unearth unhealthy conditions and preventive

Correct Answer

Your Answer Preventive Maintenance

Preventive Maintenance

True/False

Question

The problems of congestion, bottlenecks and backtracking can

not be visualized by using templates and models.

Correct Answer Your Answer False

False

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

Correct Answer Your Answer Quality

Which varaible is taken along the abscissa or X axis?

Time

True/False

Question

Delay in completion of projects result in unwelcome additions

to the fixed manufacturing expenses.

Correct Answer Your Answer True

True

Select The Blank Question

The term

inability of company to produce.

emplies the foregone profit due to

Correct Answer

Your Answer Idle wages

Opportunity cost

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

Taxes / duties levied is one of the important determinant for

location decision as taxes/duties substantially influence

Correct Answer

Your Answer Order procurement

Product cost

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question Correct Answer

What are the uses of failure statistics analysis? To forecast the defect , To identify causes of major

repetative failures , To quantify the frequency of preventive inspection

Page 6

POM1

Your Answer To forecast the defect , To identify causes of major repetative failures , To quantify the frequency of preventive inspection

True/False Question Correct Answer

Shop order is one of the subsidiary order True

Your Answer True

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

Which of the following is the most popular technique for

Project Production? Correct Answer

PERT & CPM

Your Answer

PERT & CPM

Select The Blank Question

The

is the probability that a good lot will be

rejected by the sampling plan.

Correct Answer

Your Answer Lot Tolerance Percentage Defective

Producer's risk

True/False

Question

The component produced on completely automatic machines

may be subjected to sampling inspection while parts produced on

semi-automatic and completely manual operated machines require cent percent inspection.

Correct Answer Your Answer False

True

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

In an organization there may not be a formal PPC department

if

Correct Answer

Work is highly repetitive in nature , Planning

activities are performed by the line staff , Number of workmen is not very large Your Answer Work is highly repetitive in nature , Planning activities are performed by the line staff , Number of workmen is not very large

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

Which of the following factors play important role while

selecting or rejecting a particular site from legislation and taxation point of view?

Correct Answer

Labour laws , Building codes , Policies regarding issue

of licences Your Answer Labour laws , Policies regarding issue of licences , Productivity of labour

Page 7

POM1

POM2

LIST OF ATTEMPTED QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

True/False

Question

Cent percent inspection is required on WIP prior to the key,

critical or costly operation.

Correct Answer Your Answer True

True

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

Which of the following aspects are essential to ensure quality

of purchased items? Correct Answer

performance evaluation , Making sure that suppliers understand the requirements Your Answer Vendor performance evaluation , Making sure that suppliers understand the requirements , Defining right quality for the job

Defining right quality for the job , Vendor

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

Any premise in which persons are employed for purpose of

making any product/s is called

Correct Answer Your Answer Factory

Factory

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question Correct Answer

Your Answer Project Evaluation & Review Technique

Which of the following technique is event oriented ? Project Evaluation & Review Technique

Select The Blank Question Correct Answer

Work study is also called Time and Motion

Your Answer Time and Motion

study

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

Which of the following concepts must be understood for the

achievement of quality? Correct Answer

of design Your Answer Quality of conformance , Quality of design

Quality of conformance , Purpose of product , Quality

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question alternative layouts Correct Answer supervision

Following are some of the factors considered for evaluation of

Flow of Material , Equipment utilization , Ease of

Page 1

POM2

Your Answer Flow of Material , Equipment utilization , Ease of supervision

Match The Following Question Correct Answer Your Answer

Toung

Sweet

Sweet

Eye

Crack

Crack

Nose

Burnout Burnout

Ear

Impact Impact

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question activity times? Correct Answer

responsible for the completion of an activity , Activity time must be independent of any influence which the preceding or succeeding activity may have on it. , Activity time may assume that just the normal quantity of resources required to carry out the activity are available. Your Answer Activity time should be obtained from the person responsible for the completion of an activity , Activity time must be independent of any influence which the preceding or succeeding activity may have on it. , Activity time may assume that just the normal quantity of resources required to carry out the activity are available.

Which of the following are important considerations concerning

Activity time should be obtained from the person

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question method study? Correct Answer

Audit on savings Your Answer Monitoring and control , Performance appraisal , Audit on savings

Which are the subtasks of the maintenance phase of the

Monitoring and control , Performance appraisal ,

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

Which of the following are characteristics of an operating

characteristics curve? Correct Answer

Level Your Answer Producer risk , Consumer Risk , Acceptable Quality Level

Producer risk , Consumer Risk , Acceptable Quality

Select The Blank Question

The

breakdowns usually cost more, partly due to

damage done to the adjustment components and partly due to emergency actions.

Page 2

Correct Answer Your Answer Partial

POM2

Unexpected

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question prepared? Correct Answer

preparation Your Answer Inventory investment will increase

Why stores issue order should not be issued as soon as it is

Material may or may not be available at the time of

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question Correct Answer

Your Answer Tight

What is the nature of the sampling plan for critical defects? Tight

Select The Blank Question

In case of an OC curve, the risk of rejecting a good quality

lot may vary between Correct Answer

0.01 to 10%

Your Answer

0.01 to 10%

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

Plant layout facilitates processing of products in most effective

manner through the following

Correct Answer

Shortest possible distance , Shortest processing time ,

Minimum movement Your Answer Shortest possible distance , Shortest processing time , Minimum movement

True/False

Question

After goods have been manufactured, route sheets and

operation layouts should not be collected back.

Correct Answer Your Answer False

False

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question Correct Answer

Process planning is the process of establishing shortest and most economic path of

production Your Answer establishing shortest and most economic path of production

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

The process of changing inputs into outputs thereby adding

some value to entity can be defined as

Correct Answer

Operation

Page 3

Your Answer Operation

Select The Blank Question

The

POM2

is specified to indicate the maximum

permissible variability in the dimensions product or parts.

Correct Answer

Your Answer Tolerance

Tolerance

Select The Blank Question

Goods after final inspection should accompany

to

enable dispatch department to identify and draw correct reference.

Correct Answer

Your Answer Forwarding note

Forwarding note

Select The Blank Question

The

includes preventive maintenance activities whose

needs are identified through inspection which requires stoppage of machines.

Correct Answer

Your Answer Shutdown Maintenance

Shutdown Maintenance

True/False

Question

A load chart specifies the work to be carried out by each

person of company during shift hours.

Correct Answer Your Answer True

False

Select The Blank Question

The easiest way to bring the delayed job within the promised

delivery time by using extra shift or weekly holiday is

Correct Answer

Your Answer Overtime working

Overtime working

True/False

Question

Under MRP system for common items order for procurement

is placed based on requirement for each product

Correct Answer Your Answer True

False

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

What do you understand by the extent the products

manufactured conforms to the laid down design?

Correct Answer

Your Answer Quality of conformance

Quality of conformance

Page 4

Select The Blank Question

The

POM2

is necessary when the job requires detailed of

one or more of the job characteristics with the help of special equipment which is not available at the producing company.

Correct Answer Your Answer

Inspection order

Job card

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question standard? Correct Answer

Which of the following are the basic requirements of quality

Deifinite , Undesrstandable , Economically viable

Your Answer Deifinite , Undesrstandable , Economically viable

True/False

Question

In case of forward pass computation, the earliest event time

of the first event is zero. Correct Answer Your Answer True

True

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question off inspection? Correct Answer

errors in tooling , Due to wrong machine set up

Which kind of possible defectives can be reduced due to first

Due to mistakes in reading blue prints , Due to

Your Answer

Due to mistakes in reading blue prints , Due to errors in

tooling , Due to wrong machine set up , Due to purposely done mistakes by unsatisfied worker

True/False

Question

A sampling plan which perfectly discriminates will have

vertical OC curve. Correct Answer Your Answer True

True

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

Which of the following is a part of preparing manufacturing

order set as a primary function of dispatching?

Correct Answer

Operational layouts , Move orders , Pre-filled stores

issue orders Your Answer Operational layouts , Rejection reports , Move orders , Pre-filled stores issue orders

Select The Blank Question

An

history card is the record of all repairs,

replacements and engineering changes carried out in the equipment during it's period of service.

Page 5

POM2

Correct Answer

Your Answer Equipment history card

Equipment history card

True/False Question Correct Answer

Specifications is the basic tool of inspection. True

Your Answer True

Match The Following Question Correct Answer Your Answer

Forcasting requirement for indirect material

technique

Economic order quantity

Past consumption analysis

Inventory control by classification ABC Analysis

ABC Analysis

Structure of the product BOM

BOM

Material Planning for dependent demand MRP

MRP

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

The document raised by PPC which authorises different

functions to take action as per instruction is called

Correct Answer

Your Answer Job Instructions

Work Order

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question Correct Answer

Your Answer Shop Supervisor

Who prepares the daily production report? Shop Supervisor

True/False

Question

A lot declared rejected in sampling inspection should not be

inspected 100% in any case.

Correct Answer Your Answer True

False

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

How is the probability of acceptance in case of Acceptable

Quality Level (AQL )? Correct Answer Your Answer Average

Very high

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Page 6

Question of work? Correct Answer

POM2

Which are the different methods of recording actual progress

Display boards , Progress cards , Network updating

Your Answer Display boards , Progress cards , Network updating

True/False

Question

The dispatching function is of very importance in flow and

mass production units.

Correct Answer Your Answer True

False

True/False

Question

Proper care and storage is not an essential part of a well

planned lubrication system.

Correct Answer Your Answer False

False

Select The Blank Question

The

pertain to the climatic conditions which the

component , product or material should withstand.

Correct Answer

Your Answer Environmental specifications

Environmental specifications

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

Which of the following is the most popular technique for

Project Production?

Correct Answer Your Answer

PERT & CPM PERT & CPM

Select The Blank Question functions such as Correct Answer

Production Planning is a centralised activity which includes

Scheduling

Your Answer Scheduling

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question Correct Answer

Your Answer Fulkerson's Rule

Which rule is used for numbering of events? Fulkerson's Rule

Page 7

ASSIGNMENT

POM3

Q.1) What is “Operations Management”? What are the objectives of Operations Management? Enlist key elements of Operations Management.

Answer.1)

An operation may be defined “as the process of changing inputs into outputs

thereby adding value to some entity”.Right quality, right quantity, right time

and right price are the four basic requirements of

such they determine the extent of customer satisfaction. And if these can be

provided at a minimum cost, then the value of goods produced or services rendered increases. Thus the objectives of production management are “to produce goods and services of the right quality, in the right quantities, according to the time schedule and a minimum cost”.

the customers and as

Objectives of production management may be amplified as under:

• Producing the right kind of goods and services that satisfy customers’ needs (effectiveness objective).

• Maximizing output of goods and services with minimum resource inputs (efficiency objective).

• Ensuring that goods and services produced conform to pre-set quality specifications (quality objective).

• Minimizing throughput-time- the time that elapses in the conversion

process- by reducing delays, waiting time and idle time (lead time objective).

• Maximizing utilization of manpower, machines, etc. (Capacity utilization objective).

• Minimizing cost of producing goods or rendering a service (Cost objective).

Key elements of Operations Management

1. Product selection and design

The right kind of products and good designs of the products are crucial for the success of an organizing. A wrong selection of the product and/or poor design of the products can render the company’s operation ineffective and non-competitive. Products/services, therefore, must be chosen after detailed evaluation of the product/services alternatives in conformity with the organization’s objectives. Techniques like value engineering may be employed in creating alternate designs, which are free from unnecessary features and meet the intended functions at the lowest cost.

2. Process selection and planning

Page 1

POM3

Selection of the optimal “conversion system” is as important as choice of products/services and their design. Process selection decisions include decisions concerning choice of technology, Equipment, machines, material handling systems, mechanization and automation. Process planning involves detailing of processes if resource conversion required and their sequence.

3 Facilities (Plant) location

Plant location decisions are strategic decisions and once plant is set up at a location, it is comparatively immobile and can be shifted later only at a considerable cost and interruption of production. Although problem of location choice does not fall within preview the production function and it occurs infrequently, yet it is of crucial importance because of its major effect on the performance of every department including production. Therefore, it is important to choose the right location, which will minimize total “delivered customer” cost (Production and distribution cost). Locational decisions involve evaluation of locational alternatives against multiplicity of relevant factors considering their relative importance to the organization and selecting those, which are operationally advantageous to the organization.

4. Facilities (Plant) layout and materials handling

Plant layout is concerned with relative location of one department (Work centre) with another in order to facilitate material flow and processing of a product in the most efficient manner through the shortest possible time. A good layout reduces material handling cost, eliminates delays and congestion, improves co-ordination, provide good housekeeping etc. while a poor layout results in congestion, waste, frustration, inefficiency and loss of profit.

5. Capacity Planning

Capacity planning concerns determination and acquisition of productive resource to ensure that their availability matches the demand. Capacity decisions have a direct Influence on performance of production system in respect of both resource productivity and customer service (i.e. delivery performance). Excess capacity results in low resource productivity while inadequate capacity leads to poor customer service. Capacity planning decisions can be short-term decisions. Long-term capacity planning decisions concern expansion/contraction of major facilities required in the conversion process, economics of multiple shift operation, development of vendors for major components etc. Short term capacity planning decisions concern issues like overtime working, sub-contracting, shift adjustments etc. Break even analysis is a valuable tool for capacity planning.

6. Production Planning and Control (PPC)

Production planning is the system for specifying the production procedure to obtain the desired output in a given time at optimum cost in conformance with specified standard of quality, and control is essential to ensure that

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manufacturing takes place in the manner stated in the plan.

7. Inventory control

Inventory control deals with determination of optimal inventory levels of raw materials, components, parts, tools; finished goods, spares and supplies to ensure their availability with minimum capital lock up. Material requirement planning (MRP) and just-in-Time (JIT) are the latest techniques that can help the firm to reduce inventory.

8. Quality assurance and control

Quality is an important aspect of production system and it must ensure that services and products produced by the company conform to the declared quality standards at the minimum cost A total quality assurance system includes such aspects as setting standards of quality, inspection of purchased and sub-contracted parts, control of quality during manufacture and inspection of finished product including performance testing etc.

9. Work study and job design

Work-study, also called time and motion study, is concerned with improvement of productivity in the existing jobs and the maximization of productivity in the design of new jobs. Two principal component of work-study are:

(i)

Method study

(ii)

Work measurement

Method study has been defined (BS 3138) as the systematic recording and

critical

means of developing and applying easier and more effective methods and reducing costs. Method study when applied to production methods yields one or more of the following benefits:

examination of the existing and proposed ways of doing work, as a

Improved work environment

Improved facility layout

Better utilization of facilities

Greater safety

Lesser materials handling

Smooth production flow

Lower work-in-process

Higher earnings for the workmen

10.

Maintenance and replacement

Maintenance and replacement involve selection of optimal maintenance Preventive and/or breakdown) policy to ensure higher equipment availability at minimum maintenance and repair cost. Preventive maintenance, which includes

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preventive inspection, planned lubrication, periodic cleaning and upkeep, planned replacement of parts, condition monitoring of the equipment and machines, etc. is most appropriate for critical machines.

11. Cost reduction and cost control

Effective production management must ensure minimum cost of production and in this context cost reduction and cost control acquires significant importance. There are large number of tools and techniques available that can help to make a heavy dent on the production cost.

Q.2) What is batch Production? What are its key characteristics? Compare these characteristics with those of project production.

Answer.2)

Batch production is characterized by the manufacture of a limited number of a product (but many such quantities of different products)

produced at periodic intervals

(or finished parts) awaiting sales (or withdrawal for assembly). Typical examples of batch production are: process industries such as pharmaceuticals, paints, chemicals; medium and heavy engineering industry engaged in the manufacture of electric motors, switch gears, heavy motor vehicles, internal combustion engines; manufacture of ready made garments; manufacture of assembly shops such as machine tools; sub contractors which take on machining of batches of components to the drawings of a large manufacture etc.

and stocked in warehouses as finished goods

Characteristics of batch production

(a) Short runs:

Short production runs and frequent changes of set also characterize batch production up. The equipment and the assembly set up is used for a limited number of parts or assemblies and is then changed to make a different product. The production is generally made to stock.

(b) Skilled labour in specific trades:

The labour force is expected to posses skill in one specific manufacturing process, Turning, milling, drilling, welding, grinding, hobbing, fitting etc.

The operator may perform simpler machine set-ups but the separate machine tool setter performs those involving complex operations.

(c) Supervision to possess knowledge of a specific process

The supervision has considerable knowledge of a specific process. Supervisor in the grinding section for example, may not expert in turning and drilling work but s expected to possess a find of knowledge of different types of grinding operations.

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Similarly a supervisor in the gear shop is expected to have sound knowledge in working of different types of gear cutting machines.

(d) Limited span of control:

The amount of supervision required in batch production is lower than

that of jobbing production. The ration of direct workmen to supervisors is

more or less a function of batch size.

the ratio of direct workers to supervisors, and vice versa. This is because smaller lots require each supervisor to spend a great deal of his time in allocating new work, giving instructions, follow up on the shop floor for proper movement of materials from and to the machines, identifying delays and interruptions, and arranging, in consultation with planning, work load in his section to keep his men busy.

The smaller the batches, the lower are

(e) General purpose machines and process type of layout Plant and equipment is procured and arranged to obtain maximum flexibility. General purpose machines and handling equipment capable of performing variety of operations with minimum set –up times are installed in lieu of variety of products. The machines are arranged to give process layout-layout by function. Similar machines capable of doing similar types of operations are grouped together and kept at one place. Presses for example, are put together and kept at one place milling machines are placed together at another place, drilling machines are kept at the third place, gear cutting machines are located at the fourth place and so on. Each Group of machines is usually designated as a work centre or a section or a shop.

(f) Manual materials handling:

Materials handling in batch production as compared to jobbing production are small. Individual components and parts are placed in trolleys and trays and are transported as unit loads. Materials handling may be mechanized by deploying power driven trucks.

(g) Manufacturing cycle time affected due to queues:

The manufacture cycle time is comparatively smaller than jobbing production but is much more than mass and flow production. The batches of work tend to queue up at different machines due to differing cycles times, batch sizes and sequence of operations.

(h) Large work-in-progress:

Work in progress is comparatively large due to varying work content of different components, imbalance in manufacturing times, formation of queues between the machines.

(i) Flexibility of production schedules:

Disruptions due to machine breakdown or absenteeism do not seriously affect production as job can be shifted to another machine or another operator from another machine can be shifted.

(j) Need to have production planning and control:

Functions of production planning and control in a batch production unit are more complex than those in jobbing production or mass and flow production:

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• Materials control and tools control functions are important. Some kind of replenishment system needs to be used to ensure routine replenishment

• Detailed operational layout and route sheets are prepared for each part of the product.

• Loading and scheduling needs to be more detailed and more

sophisticated since every machine requires to be individually scheduled.

• Progressing function is very important to collect information on

progress of work. A separate progress card needs to be maintained to record progress of each component.

• Expediting is generally necessary since quite often jobs, due to imbalances in work content, tend to lag behind

Q.3) (a) Why are locational decisions important? What factors should be taken into account while deciding location of a unit to manufacture washing machines?

Answer.3a)

Locational decisions generally arise when:

• A new manufacturing (or servicing) unit is to be set up.

• Existing plant operations are difficult to expand due to poor selection of site earlier.

• The growth of the business makes it advisable to establish additional facilities in new territories.

• There is emergence of new social (chronic labour problems) political

(political instability or economic conditions that suggest a change in the location of the existing plant.

• The product development has over weighted the advantages of the

existing plant.

• The changes in the industrial Policy of the Government, favoring

decentralizing and dispersal of industries to achieve overall development of the country, do not permit expansion of the existing plant

FACTORS GOVERNING PLANT LOCATION

Plant location studies are conducted in three phases:

(i)

General territory selection

(ii)

Community selection, and

(iii)

Site selection

1.

Proximity to market:

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Every company is in business to market and it can survive only if their product reaches the consumers on time and at the competitive price. The ratio of selling costs to sales generally increases with distance. Therefore, in the choice of location o the plant, the factor of “proximity to the market” is given the highest priority. Locating a plant nearer to the market is preferred if:

• The product is fragile.

• The product is susceptible to spoilage.

• The promptness of service is required.

• The product is relatively inexpensive and transportation costs add significantly to the cost.

Bread, soap factories, etc. require the market to be nearby. If factory cannot

be started in Bombay, it may be started in Thane, Kalyan or Poona.

product is exported, location near ports is desirable. This is particularly important for producers who sell bulky commodities, which incur high transportation costs

If the

Nearness to market not only lowers transportation costs but also gives many other benefits namely:

• A good many administrative problems, which cause perpetual headaches and add to costs, are avoided.

• Liaison with dealers or whole sellers can be maintained economically and easily

• Other costs such as commission to middlemen, which at times run as high as 20 to 50 percent can be reduced significantly.

• Customer’s accounts do not remain outstanding for settlement. This

recovery is easy and less time saving which itself reduces selling costs.

2. Proximity to source of raw materials:

Since raw materials usually constitute 50 to 60 percent of the total product cost, it is important that the firm gets its requirements of raw materials at the right time and at the reasonable price for which the plant must be located in the neighborhood of some source which can meet the raw materials requirement of the unit “Proximity to supply of raw materials” factor assumes still greater importance if raw materials are of perishable nature or if they are expensive to transport, or if their weight is substantially reduced by processing.

Proximity to sources of raw materials is equally important for small units. This is because usually small units are not considered important customers.

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They get least priority and in the event of scarcity are the one to be struck

off first from the list.

extent thus depends on their follow up and personal visits to the supplier’s plant which is possible only if the buyer’s plant is close by.

The availability of materials to small units to a large

3. Infrastructural facilities:

Infrastructural facilities consider availability of utilities like power water, disposal of waste etc. These form the life-blood of many types of industries without which there facilities may come to a stand still. Underestimating the need of any one of the utilities can be extremely costly and inconvenient.

Certain industries, for example, aluminium, steel, etc are power intensive and must be located close to the sites of power generation failing which the shortage of, or increase in cost of generating power may spell problems for their survival.

Similarly, chemical process industries like paper and pulp, cement, steel, sugar laundries, metal plating, food preparation etc. requires perennial source of water. Mineral content of water may also be an important factor. Treatment of water is an expense to be considered while comparing economics of different locations.

Drainage facilities are important for process industries otherwise disposal of process waster can create lot of difficulties.

4. Transport facilities:

Transportation cost to the value added is a key determinant of the plant location. The structure of the transportation cost depends on (i) Characteristics of the commodity (ii) average distance of shipment (iii) medium of shipment: rail, road, and air sea.

The need for transport arises because raw materials and fuel are to be moved to factory site and finished goods are to be transported from factory to markets. Other things being equal since transport cost has a major effect on product cost, the regions well served by transport facilities are most suitable for industrial locations.

5. Labour and wages:

Plant location should be such that required labour is easily available in the neighbourhood. Importing labour from outside is usually costly and it causes lot of administrative problems. Availability of required labour locally is better since problem of arranging accommodation and other related problems do not arise. Since normally workers with specific skills are required, some sort of training facility should also be available in the neighborhood. Skilled employees are easily available if ITI’s, or Engineering colleges are there in the neighbourhood.

6. Legislation and taxation:

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The policies of the state Government and Local Bodies relating to issue of licenses, building codes, labour laws, etc. are the factors in selecting/rejecting a particular community/site.

In order to disperse industries and ensure balanced economic growth, both Central and State government offer a package of incentives for setting up industries in particular locations. Exemption from excise duty, sales tax and octroi, soft loans from financial institutions, subsidy in electricity charges, etc. are some of the incentives offered.

Since taxes and duties levied by the State Government and Local bodies substantially influence product cost, the incidence of such taxes/levies must be taken into account while selecting a community/site.

7. Climatic conditions:

Climatic factors may not have a major influence these days because of modern air conditioning facilities available today. However, it may be important factor for certain industries like textile mills, which require high humidity.

8. Industrial and labour attitudes:

Community attitudes towards supporting hostile trade union activities are an

important factor. Locating facilities in a certain region/community may not be desirable as frequent labour problems and interruptions are harmful to the

plant in the long run.

government towards labour activities also influences selection of the site for

the plant.

Political situation in the state and attitude of the

9. Safety requirement:

Safety factor may be important for certain industries such as:

- Nuclear power plants

- Explosive factories

Location of such industries close to border areas is undesirable.

10. Community facilities (or social infrastructure):

Community facilities imply accommodation, educational, entertainment and transport facilities.

Accommodation is needed unless the employees are local residents. Accommodation should be easily available, comparatively cheap and near some public transport stop. The locational area should be fully developed, be accessible by road and should have a convenient and efficient public transport system operating between the area and the township to enable employees, officials, customers and suppliers to make easy trips for their work

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11. Community attitudes:

Community attitudes towards work (i.e. whether the people in the location are hard working or otherwise) as well as their attitudes towards the incoming entrepreneurs (helpful and cooperative or otherwise) can make or mar an industry. Locational decisions, therefore, must take such factors also into account particularly while setting up labour intensive units.

12. Supporting industries and services:

Locational factors should also include proximity of services needed by the firm. A firm desirous of getting some or all parts made from outside or some of the operations done from outside must see that such sub-contractors are located in the neighbourhood. Getting a job done from units located at far off places will mean not only additional transportation cost but also time

consuming and costly.

work done by them cannot be exercised.

Also if units are too far off, the control on quality of

13. Suitability of the land:

Site selection should also take into account topography and soil structure of the land. The soil structure must be capable of bearing loads of foundations. Though modern building techniques can overcome the limitations of the soil, but if considerable improvement is required then selection of a low cost and may ultimately turn out to be expensive.

14. Availability and cost of the land:

Site size (Plot size) must be large enough to accommodate the present

production facilities, parking and access facilities but also leave sufficient room

for future expansion.

As a general rule, a site five times the actual plant size

is considered minimum for all these things including future expansion.

ECONOMY SURVEY OF THE SITE SELECTION:

An ideal location is one where the cost of obtaining materials and processing them into finished product plus the cost of distributing the finished product to customers is minimum.

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One of the most commonly used approaches consists of following steps:

Step 1: Prepare a list of all relevant factors.

Step 2: Estimate expenses on materials, transport, wages, power etc for each location on each of the above factors.

Step 3: Collect data on intangible factors like community facilities, community attitudes etc.

Step 4: Analyse the tangible data for each location and calculate rate of return on investment.

Step 5: Select provisionally a locational based on financial data.

Step 6: Compare the intangible data for the different locations and select the

optimal location considering

intangible data.

Q.3) (b) What are objectives of a good layout? Discuss any six principles of a good layout?

Answer.3)(b)

OBJECTIVE OF A GOOD PLANT LAYOUT

Only through an efficient layout, the organization can attain the following objectives:

(i)

Economy in handling of materials, work-in-process and finished goods.

(ii)

Minimization of product delays.

(iii)

Lesser work-in-progress and minimum manufacturing cycle time.

(iv)

Efficient utilization of available space.

(v)

Easy supervision and better production control.

(vi)

Greater flexibility for changes in product design and for future

expansion.

(vii) Better working conditions by eliminating causes of excessive noise,

objectionable odor smoke etc.

PRINCIPLES OF A GOOD LAYOUT

(i) Overall integration of factors:

A good layout is one that integrates men, materials, machines and supporting activities and others in a way that the best compromise is obtained

No layout can satisfy each and every principle of a good layout. Some

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criterion may conflict with some other criterion and as a result no layout can be ideal it has to integrate all factors into the best possible compromise.

(ii) Minimum movement:

A good layout is one that permits the minimum movement between the

operations.

The plant and machinery in case of product layout and departments

case of process layout should be arranged as per sequence of operations of

most of the products.

in

? Since straight line is the shortest distance between any two points,

men and materials as far as possible should be made to move along the straight path

A door may be made in a wall or a hole may be drilled in a ceiling if that

eliminates or reduces material handling in place of stairs or a distant door.

(iii) Uni-direction flow:

A good layout is one that makes the materials move only in the forward

direction, towards stage of completion, with any backtracking.

? Since straight line is the shortest distance between any two, points,

materials as far as possible should be made to move on the principle of straight line flow. And when straight line flow is not possible, other flows like U-shaped flow, circular flow or zig zag flow may be adopted, but the layout may ensure that materials move in the forward direction (Fig 4.1)

?

To ensure forward flow, equipment if necessary may be duplicated.

(iv)

Effective use of available space:

A good layout is one that makes effective use of available space both horizontal

and vertical

• Backtracking and duplicated movements consume more time, involve

un-necessary materials handling, add to cost and lead to inefficiency.

• Raw materials, work-in-progress and finished goods should be piled

vertically one above another rather than being strewn on the floor.

• Pallets or equivalents should be made use of to pile up several layers one above another

• Area below the work tables or in the cupboards built into the wall are welcome since they reduce requirement of space

(v) Maximum visibility:

A good layout is one that makes men, machines and materials ready observable

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at all

times.

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• All departments should be smoothly integrated, convenient to service and easy to supervise

• Every piece of positioning or screening or partitioning should be scrutinized and carefully planned.

• Special cupboards, enclosures, offices, partitions etc. should be avoided except when their utility is established beyond doubt.

(vi) Maximum accessibility:

A good layout is one that makes all servicing and maintenance point readily

accessible.

• Machines should be kept sufficiently apart and with reasonable

clearance from The wall so that lubrication, adjustment and replacement of belts, removal of parts at the time of repairs etc can be done conveniently by the maintenance staff.

Area in front of electrical panels and fire extinguishers should be kept free from obstructions.

Q.4) How does production planning differ from production control? What are the key functions of production planning and control?

Answer.4)

Production planning versus production control.

Planning (Planning the work)

Planning involves collection and maintenance of data regarding time standards, materials and their specifications, machines and their quantities, tools and their process capabilities, drawings and operational layouts etc.

Control (Working the Plan)

Planning is seeing that requirements tool, machines, men, instructions, authorization and the like-will be available at the right time and in the right quantities and are of proper quality.

Planning involves preparations of load charts and fitting various work orders into uncommitted time available on the company’s facilities (men or machines).

Planning involves preparation of all necessary forms and paper work.

Planning involves designing suitable feed back as to what may happen.

Planning involves forwarding thinking regarding the remedial action to be taken

if the job falls behind schedule.

Planning therefore is a centralized

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Activity (in the office) and includes such functions as materials control, tools control, process planning and scheduling. Control involves dissemination of data preparation of reports regarding output, machine and labour efficiency, percent defectives etc.

Control is seeing the requirements are actually made available at the right place and in the right quantities.

Control involves actual seeing that the jobs are started and completed as per schedule prepared by the scheduling cell of the PPC.

Control involves actual issue of forms and paper work.

Control involves keeping track of what is happening and collecting information as to what has happened.

Control involves suggesting remedial action when the job is falling behind schedule.

Control is thus a diffused activity (in the shops) and includes functions such as dispatching, progressing and expediting.

FUNCTIONS OF PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL:

Production planning and control is normally assigned two sets of functions:

(I)Regular functions and (ii) Optional functions.

(i) Regular functions are those, which are generally assigned to PPC in

most of the organizations through the importance of the function, may vary from industry to industry.

(ii) Optional functions are those, which may be assigned to PPC depending

upon policy of the management of the firm.

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Common (or Regular Functions)

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Optional Functions

Order Preparation includes activities like making of work orders, converting work orders to shop orders, preparing auxiliary orders and releasing such orders to those concerned to authorize their activities

Materials control concerns preparations of materials estimates, indenting non-stock materials, ascertaining availability of materials purchased to stock, continual follow-up with purchase and stores for timely receipt of materials, and advising stores to allocate required quantities or available materials (alternatively on their receipt) against specific shop orders.

Process planning or Routing concerns fixation of method of manufacture:

operations and their sequence, machine tool for each operation, jigs and fixtures, measuring instruments and gauges etc. to enable shops to produce goods of the right quality at the lowest cost.

Tools control concerns preparations of estimates of cutting tools (Standards as week As non-standards tools), gauges and measuring instruments, jigs and fixtures etc indenting non-stick tooling: follow up with tool room for timely manufacture of jigs and fixtures; periodical replenishment of worn-out-non-consumable tooling (e.g. work arbors, collets, copying masters, Allen keys, spanners, etc.

Scheduling concerns preparation of machine loads, fixation of calendar dates of various operations to be performed on a job, coordination with sales to confirm delivery dates of new items and periodical preparation of dispatch schedules of regular items.

Dispatching concerns preparation and distribution of shop orders and manufacturing instructions to the concerned department as their authority to perform the work according to the predetermined schedule.

Progressing concerns collection of data from manufacturing shops, recording of progress of work, and comparing progress against the plan.

Expediting concerns intensive progress chasing to identify delays and interruptions which may hold up production, devising cures from time to time to keep rate of production in line with the schedule, communicating possible failure in delivery commitments to Sales Department.

Cost Estimation concerns preparations of Preproduction cost estimates to be used by sales department for quotation purposes (Alternatively this may be assigned to Costing Department Or Industrial Engineering Department)

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Work measurement concern fixation of time to be allowed to a qualified workman to carry out a specific task, under specified conditions and at the defined level of performance. Work measurement employs scientific, well-known techniques like time study, work sampling standard data, production study, analytical estimating etc. (Alternatively, work measurement function may be assigned to Industrial Engineering department. Sub-Contract concerns offloading of certain work on outside vendors for economic reasons or to augment the existing manufacturing facilities (Sub-contract work alternatively) be handled by Materials/purchase Department)

Capacity planning concerns estimation of requirements of men and machines as the basis of decision making to meet the firm’s increased volume of business (Some companies prefer to assign this function to Engineering department.

Demand forecasting concerns making projection of company’s product market. Though, long term forecasts are given by Sales Department but short term forecasts required for materials planning, machine loading, sub contracting etc may be prepared by PPC department

Q.12 (a) What is critical path? What does it signify? How is it identified?

Answer.2)(a)

Critical path analysis, an important aid to planning, scheduling and coordinating the activities if large scale projects. Is a synthesis of two independent techniques: Programme Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT) and Critical Path Method (CPM). Though the two techniques were developed independently, they are only superficially different. The two method have many features in common and are now combined into a technique called Critical Path Analysis (CPA) or Network Analysis.

There are three basic different between a PERT network and CPM network:

• PERT is event oriented while CPM is activity oriented (i.e. PERT

prepares network from events while CPM builds if from activities)

• PERT provides for an allowance for uncertainty while CPM does not (i.e.

PERT makes three time estimates for each activity while CPM makes one time estimate)

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• Activity time in CPM technique are related to costs while it is not so in PERT since it is event oriented

Significance of critical path

Critical path analysis offers several advantages. It

(i) Forces through pre-planning. Each and every activity compromising

the project is identified and recorded. Nothing is left to memory or chance

which prevents crises in scheduling

(ii) Increases coordination of tasks as technological relationship between

the activities suggests which activities can run simultaneously and which should

succeed others.

(iii) Helps computations of different project duration’s for different level of

resources and thereby select a plan that minimizes total project cost.

(iv)

Indicates optimal start and finish times of each activity of the project.

(v)

Defines areas of responsibility of different departmental heads for

timely execution of the project.

(vi) Facilitates progress reporting and limits unnecessary discussion at the

progress meetings.

(vii)

Identifies troubles spot often in advance and apply remedial measures.

(viii)

Enables the plan to be revised in accordance with changes/changing

circumstances.

(ix) Helps to exercise “control by exception” and prevents cost overruns.

A Project comprises a series of activities and the identification of the individual

activities requires knowledge and experience of the men responsible for the

planning of the project. Even the preliminaries-mere listing of the activities-make the operating personnel:

• Think of details about the project well in advance.

• Observe critically the way in which the various activities interact or compete for scarce resources

• Improve upon the original plans even before network is formally drawn and analyzed.

A project, therefore, must be torn into a set of identifiable activities. There

are no set rules but general guidelines are as under:

• An activity should represent the smallest unit of the operation or set of operations over which management desires control.

• An activity should represent an operation or set of operations, which

can be performed

skill. For example in construction project, plumbing is considered as one activity while wiring can be considered as another activity since the first activity requires plumbers and the second activity needs electricians.

using a particular kind of equipment or a special

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Q.12) (b)

POM3

Activity Optimistic

 

Most Likely

Pessimistic

1-2

02

03

10

1-3

02

04

06

1-4

02

06

10

2-5

01

01

01

3-5

04

05

12

4-5

02

03

04

4-6

02

05

08

5-6

03

05

13

Answer:

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(a) Expected time of an activity can be obtained from the three time estimates using the formula:

te = a + 4m +b

 

6

 

where

a

=

Optimistic time

 

m

=

most likely time

b

=

pessimistic time

For activity (1-2)

 

a

=

2

m

=

3

b

=

10

 

te

=

2

+ 4

x

3 + 10

 

6

 

te

=

24

=

4

 

6

Expected times of all activities of the network, calculated on above lines, are tabulated below.

Activity Three time estimates

Expected time

1-2

02-03-10

4

1-3

02-04-06

4

1-4

02-06-10

6

2-5

01-01-01

1

3-5

04-05-12

6

4-5

02-03-04

3

4-6

02-05-08

5

5-6

03-05-13

6

5

6

3

6

4

6

4

1

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Critical path is 1-3,3-5,5-6 and the duration for the project is 16 weeks

(4+6+6)

Variance is

Vi

=

(b –a) X (b – a)

 

6

6

V1-3

=

4

 

9

V3-5

=

16

 

9

V5-6

=

25

9

V

=

V1-3 + V3-5 + V5-6

V

=

5

Standard deviation Z

?

=

= 19 -16

?5

2.236

= 1.34

T - Tcp

=

3

The approximate probability value when Z = 1.34 is 0.9099

?The probability of completion of critical path by the schedule time of 19 weeks = 91%

Q.5) What is preventive maintenance? Why it is better than Breakdown Maintenance? What are the key activities of Preventive Maintenance?

Answer.5)

Preventive maintenance anticipates failures and adopts necessary actions to check failures before they occur. It includes activities like inspection, lubrication cleaning and unkeeps, minor adjustments and replacements found

necessary at the time of inspection etc. Preventive maintenance can be either:

running

maintenance or “shut down maintenance”. Running maintenance

includes

maintenance activities (e.g. minor adjustments

In machines

revealed through inspections, lubrication, cleaning and unkeep etc.) Which are

carried out when the machine is still running. Shutdown maintenance includes

preventive maintenance activities such as minor component replacement whose needs are identified through inspections, which require stoppage of Machines.

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Preventive inspection is one of the key activities of preventive maintenance

which

listen (ear), Touch (hand, leg, body) smell (nose) and taste (tongue) – but the trend is Changing towards use of condition monitoring instruments. Such maintenance. Practice is known as predictive maintenance or condition based maintenance.

is usually performed by making use of human senses – watch) eye),

Q.10) (a) What are X-R Charts? How are they made and used in controlling a process?

Answer.10)

X-R chart is a pair of chart consisting of a average (called X chart) and a range Chart (called R chart) placed one below another on a piece of graph paper. The X chart is used to control the mean value of the characteristic an R-chart is used to restrict the range of variations in the values. X-R charts

are drawn when the characteristics are measurable. Each chart consists of three values: a central line, upper control limit and lower control limit. The central line represents the arithmetic average of the sample means which equals the mean of the population, u. The upper and lower control limits are located at three standard deviation on either side of the central line. Samples of fixed size are drawn at regular intervals and measurements are

taken.

in their respective X

The spread of sample points in the charts is studied to decide the remedial

action (if any) to be taken.

The X chart analyses whether or not the mean of

the quality Characteristics is within control while R-chart analyses whether or not the variability is within control.

The samples wise values of the mean and range are plotted

and R charts.

STEPS TO PREPARE X-R CHART

A pre-requisite to the preparation of the chart is the decision on the following aspects:

• Quality Characteristics refer to the property of the product, which is

to be assessed. The quality characteristics must be capable of being measured. In case of more than quality characteristics, separate chart is made for each quality characteristic.

• Sample size refers to number of pieces comprising each sample.

Sample size is an important decision. It is a common practice to use sample

of n = 4 or 5 to have low appraisal cost.

20 are used if the process standard deviation is large.

• Sample Population refers to the number of samples to be collected to construct a control chart. The number of samples must be sufficient.

Usually, 20 samples each of size 4 or 5 are enough to have good estimates of the process average (X) and dispersion (R).

• Time Interval measures the time gap between consecutive samples.

Time interval, as a genera rule, should be proportional to the average frequency of out-of-control conditions. It is a fairly complex decision since a number of factors such as cost economy, susceptibility of the process to

Large samples such as n = 15 or

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disturbances; convenience of the inspector etc. requires to be considered.

The making of X-R Charts involves the following Steps:

Step 1: Collect Data

(a) Collect sufficient samples spread over a reasonable period. Each

sample must be of equal size.

(b) Measure each component comprising the sample for the given quality

characteristic

(c) Record individual measurements on a work data sheet.

Step 2: Calculate mean (X) and Range (R) of each sample

A

sample and is

Obtained by totaling the individual measurements of the units comprising the sample and dividing the total by the sample size (number of units in each sample)

B The range, which is written as R, is obtained as the difference between

the highest and the lowest measurement of a sample.

C The values of X and R are recorded sample wise either on the extreme

right of the individual measurements on the data sheet or in a separate table.

The mean which is written as X (X bar) is average of each

Step 3: Calculate grand Average (X) and mean Range (R)

A

The grand average, which is written as, X (X double bar) is the

average

of the sample averages and is obtained by dividing the total of the

averages of all the samples by the total number of samples.

B The mean range, which is written as, R (R bar) is the average of the

ranges and is obtained by dividing the total of the ranges of the samples by the total number of samples.

Step 4: Set up Control chart for the average

A Set up a control chart with the central line drawn at X (X double

bar), upper control limit located X + A2R (R bar) and the lower control limit set up at X-A2R.

B

Plot the averages to see whether the process was under control when

samples

were drawn.

C

If all points fall within the control limits, the process is said to be

under control

D If process is not under control (indicated by some points falling

outside the control limits), eliminate points outside the control limits and compute new trial control limits for the remaining points.

E Repeat step 4 (d) until all points fall within the control limits

F Control limits in a particular situation should be revised from time to

time as additional data is accumulated.

Step 5: Calculate control limits of the range chart

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A The control chart for range chart is set up with central line as R,

upper control limit (UCLR) located at D4R above the central line and lower control limit (LCL) at D3R below the central line

B Plot the value of the range of each sample.

C If all points fall within the control limits no modification is necessary

unless it is desired to reduce the process dispersion

D if range chart exhibits lack of control indicated by some points falling

outside the control limits, eliminate those points out of control and compute

new trial control limits

E Repeat step 5 (d) until all points fall within the control limits.

F Control limits in a practical situation should be revised time to time

as additional data

is accumulated.

Step 6: Use control chart

A Collect samples of fixed size at specified intervals of time.

B Measure each unit of the sample for the quality characteristics,

calculate mean and the range of each sample.

C

Plot the values of X and R of each sample in their respective

charts

D

Study the trend of the points to interpret and suggest

remedial

action

Q10 (b) ABC company produces a solvent, which must contain 3 percent of alcohol. It tries to maintain the actual percentage at 3 + 0.3 percent. It tests hourly in samples of five. The following table shows the results of last five samples. Set up a control chart for mean and examine whether the process is under control.

A) Solution:

(i)

Collect data

(ii)

Calculate mean (X bar) and range(R bar)

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Sample No.

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Arithmetic Mean (X bar) Range(R)

1

2.92

0.3

2

2.98

0.1

3

3.06

0.1

4

3

0

5

3

0.2

(iii)

Calculate grand average and the mean range

X(X bar)

=

2.92 + 2.98 + 3.06 + 3 + 3

 

5

 

=

2.992

R

=

0.3 + 0.1 + 0.1 + 0 + 0.2

 

5

 

=

0.14

(iv)

Set Up control chart for the average

 

Central Line = CLx = X(X bar)

=

2.992

Upper Control Limit

=

UCLx = X (X bar) + A2.R(R bar)

= 2.992 + 0.5768 x 0.14

 

= 3.476

Lower Control Limit

=

UCLx = X (X bar) - A2.R(R bar)

=

2.992 - 0.5768 x 0.14

=

2.507

(v)

Set up a range chart

Central line CLR

=

R(R bar)

=

0.14

Lower control limit bar)

=

LCLR

=

D3.R (R

 

=

0 x 0.14

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POM3

 

=

0

Lower control limit bar)

=

UCLR

=

D4.R (R

=

2.114 x 0.14

=

0.29596

Q.6) What is method study? Describe the procedural steps to develop easier and effective methods.

Answer.6)

Method study is the systematic recording and critical examination of existing and proposed ways of doing work, as a means of developing and applying easier and more effective methods and reducing costs.

Method study is an organized approach and its investigation rests on the following six basic steps outlined in the block diagram

• Select

• Record

• Examine the recorded facts critically but impartially.

• Develop the most economical method commensurate with plant Requirements

• Install

• Maintain the new method.

the work to be analyzed.

all facts relating to the existing method.

the new method as standard practice.

Selection of the job

Selections of the jobs to be studied for methods improvement by the method study practioner is a managerial responsibility and it (selection) may be based on economic technical or human consideration. Economic consideration justifies selection based on the economic worth (i.e. money saving potential) of the job. Technical consideration identifies jobs, which require studies to overcome manufacturing difficulties (excessive rejection, relaxation in prefixed performance standards, inability if the shops to stick to specified machining parameters such as speeds, feeds, depth of cut etc., inconsistent quality etc.) Human consideration in job selection is usually given weightage while introducing method study practices for the first time.

Recording of facts

Systematic recording is the most crucial step in method improvement. Since recording by long hand (or by descriptive method) has its limitations, it is not recommended for use in method study. Instead, five symbols and eight charting conventions are used to record facts relating to the job under study.

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Five typical symbols are O, ||, ?, D and V and eight charting conventions concern composition of the chart, reject, rework, repletion, change of state, introducing of new material, combined events and numbering of events. The document on which details of the process are recorded by the above referred symbols and conventions is called chart. There are four basic types of chart:

(i) operation process chart (ii) Flow process chart (iii) multiple activity charts and (iv) two handed process chart.

Besides charts, two types of diagrams-flow diagram and string diagram are drawn when recording details of an existing layout. Travel chart is another typical chart, which is used to record frequency of movements (weight x distance) between work centres/departments.

Repetitive short cycle operation which involves quick hand/feel motions (i.e. microscopic motions) may be studied with micro motion study. Glibreth, founder father of micro motion study, also developed photographic techniques called cyclograph and chronocylegraph to record path of the motions of the members of the body.

Critical examination

Critical examination aims to analyze the facts critically and thereby give rise to alternatives, which form the basis of selection and development of easier, and effective methods.

Critical examination is conducted through a systematic and methodical questioning process. Each activity recorded on the chart, whether it relates to processing or inspection, or material handling, or to any other aspect, is picked up one at a time and is examined minutely. The questioning process is considered under five major heads, namely the purpose, the place, the sequence, the person and the means. These five aspects in critical examination are referred to as five governing considerations.

Development and selection:

Development and selection stage concerns short listing of ideas generated at the critical examination stage, testing each short listed idea for its technical and economic feasibility, and making selection among the alternatives wherever choice exists. To develop ideas and to ascertain their technical and economical feasibility, the method study practioner needs to solicit the cooperation of personnel from different departments of the company. Various techniques available for the development and selection purpose are: cost benefit analysis, break even analysis, investment analysis and critical path analysis.

Installation

‘Installation’ (or implementation) of the proposed method involves preparation of project report on recommendations making oral presentation to the top

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management, securing approval of the decision maker, assisting line management during implementation, arranging training of workmen, and getting jobs (operations) retime after implementation, arranging training of workmen, and getting jobs (operations) retimed after implementation.

Maintenance

“ Maintenance” phase is the follow up phase after implementation, which serves as a monitoring and control mechanism. It helps to ensure that the revised methods are set into concrete and workmen do not revert back to old methods. It also provides an opportunity to the practitioner to assess the effectiveness of the approach followed by him and makes changes in the methodology (if required).

Q.9) (a) What desirable conditions need to be present to be present to guarantee success of an incentive scheme?

Answer.9)

A good wage incentive plan should have the following characteristics.

• Administrative simplicity:

The incentive system should be simple and must be easily understood by the workers and their representatives. An incentives scheme, which can be understood, only by engineers and mathematicians or a scheme which involves the use of complex formulate or references and cross-references is sure to fail. The incentive scheme should be such that workmen can calculate their own earnings easily and quickly.

• Minimum clerical work:

The system should fit into existing system of production and cost control. It

should not involve any significant addition to the clerical work.

• Maximum coverage:

The system should cover as many workmen as possible. A scheme if applied to

a few workmen creates a demoralizing effect on the morale of those not

covered by the scheme.

• Direct

Incentive payments should increase at least in direct proportion to the increase in output by the operator. There are two reasons:

Firstly because it is more difficult to producer extra units and secondly because saving in the overheads are far greater at higher levels of production.

• Period of Payment

The period of payment should be as short as possible

• Adequate guaranteed minimum hourly rate

The scheme must ensure adequate guaranteed minimum hourly rate to all

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incentive workers regardless of their output. Such an hourly guaranteed rate is normally referred to as the guaranteed base rate. The guaranteed base rate must be realistic and should be at least equal to the hourly rate payable to a non-incentive worker doing similar job in the industry. Incentive earnings of the workers should never be regarded as a substitute for poor wages.

• Accurate and yet attainable performance standards

Performance standards should be set through systematic work measurement studies. The experts to that there is no dispute or malpractice and yet the standards are attainable so that a worker working at normal pace can attain them should base the standards of measurement on the assessment.

Further the incentive plan should be such that it provides an opportunity to all average workers to earn reasonable earnings.

• Consistency of the standards

Standards once fixed should not be changed unless there is a permanent change in methods, or change in equipment, or change in material and plan should provide for the provisions to modify the performance standards.

• Inbuilt check on process rejections

A good incentive scheme should exercise a check on the operator against achieving higher bonus by poor workmanship. Payment should be made only for pieces declared acceptable by the inspection department and a workman constantly producing substandard pieces should be liable for disciplinary action.

• Payment of partially completed jobs

The problem of payment for the incomplete work arises only in case of long cycle jobs. Situations do arise when the jobs are of very long cycle duration

and cannot be finished within the bonus period. Similarly, a semi-finished job may require to be handed over by one operator to another at the end of shift,

or prior to having a holiday.

assessment of work done by the workmen on the same job will be carried out

and how disputes arising out of such assessment would be resolved.

The scheme should clearly spell out as how

• Payment of Idle Time

Adequate safeguards must be provided to compensate the operator for the time lost due to reasons beyond his control. A good incentive scheme should ensure that an operator does not suffer financial loss for reasons attributable to the managerial weakness, e.g.: lack of material due to bad buying, breakdowns of the machines due to poor maintenance practices, non-availability of work etc. Thus an operator rendered idle because of factors attributable to the management should be given a lieu bonus.

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• Safeguards

The scheme should be fair not only to the employees but also to the employer.

Safeguarding clauses as under should be incorporated to protect.

a. Management’s right to change a standard when there are changes in

methods. Materials and machines

b. Management’s right to withdraw or discontinue temporarily a scheme

during bad period.

c. Management’s right to initiate disciplinary action against operators who

continually produce sub-standard articles.

d. Management’s right to initiate disciplinary action against employees

who, time and again, do not achieve minimum standard of production even in

the presence of fair and accurate standards.

e. Management’s right to initiate disciplinary action against employees

who, time and again are found using speeds and feeds higher than those recommended in the process sheet (or operational layouts)

• Maximum ceiling on the earnings

The system should have built-in-control against higher earnings beyond a certain limit. Firstly, the system should discourage workers to work beyond a certain limit otherwise too attractive an incentive scheme may induce the worker to work more and more and thereby adversely affect his health. Secondly, the system should ensure that in case of loose standards the company does not lose financially.

• Consistency of Plan

The plan should be consistent over a period of time. Frequent changes in the

plan make it’s functioning difficult. Faith in plan is lost if there are frequent

revisions.

• Acceptance of Labour Body

The scheme should finally have acceptance of the labour body. The body of workers’ representatives to prevent any misunderstanding and ill-feeling later on must accept the basic incentive plan and its provisions.

• Continuous Use

The scheme should be in continuous use. The temporary use of the scheme in good times and its discontinuation in bad times makes it’s functioning difficult.

• Define End Results

The plan must result in reduction in per unit labor cost.

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Q 13)

Answer 13)

i) Average Cycle time

=

0.22 + 0.24 + 0.28 + 0.26 + 0.25

 

5

 

=

0.25

Normal Time

=

Observed time x Rating

 

100

= 0.25 x 80

100

= 0.2

Similarly, average cycle time and normal time for all the elements are calculated and tabulated as below

Element Avg. cycle time Rating

Normal time

A 0.25

80

0.2

B 0.15

100

0.15

C 0.35

120

0.42

D 0.102

90

0.0918

E 0.12

100

0.12

Total Normal time

=

0.2 + 0.15 + 0.42 + 0.0918 +

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0.12

POM3

Total Normal time

 

=

0.9818

ii)

Relaxation Allowance

=

15

x

0.9818

 

100

=

0.1473

 

Contingency Allowance

=

5

x

0.9818

 

100

 

?Standard time

=

0.0491

Normal time + Relaxation Allowance + Contingency Allowance

= 0.9818 + 0.1473 + 0.0491

?Standard time

=

1.1782

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LIST OF ATTEMPTED QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

Which of the following aspects are essential to ensure quality

of purchased items? Correct Answer

performance evaluation , Making sure that suppliers understand the requirements Your Answer Defining right quality for the job , Vendor performance evaluation , Making sure that suppliers understand the requirements

Defining right quality for the job , Vendor

Select The Blank Question

The

breakdowns usually cost more, partly due to

damage done to the adjustment components and partly due to emergency actions.

Correct Answer

Your Answer Unexpected

Unexpected

True/False

Question

After goods have been manufactured, route sheets and

operation layouts should not be collected back.

Correct Answer Your Answer False

False

True/False

Question

In case of centralised inspection, inspection rooms generally

become bottleneck and cause delay in taking action regarding rejection or rework.

Correct Answer Your Answer True

True

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question following type Correct Answer

MRP is based on the concept of inventory demand which is of

Dependent and independent

Your Answer Dependent and independent

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

Any premise in which persons are employed for purpose of

making any product/s is called

Correct Answer Your Answer Factory

Factory

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Page 1

POM4

Question Correct Answer

Your Answer Capacity Planning , Job Design , Production Planning

Components of Production Management include Capacity Planning , Job Design , Production Planning

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

Which of the following is the criteria for the percentage

defectives in the zone of the indecision?

Lots having the percentage defective more than AQL

but less than LPTD Your Answer Lots having the percentage defective more than AQL but less than LPTD

Correct Answer

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

Which of the following are examples of addition during

recording for method study?

Correct Answer

Your Answer Brazing , Welding , Riveting

Brazing , Welding , Riveting

Select The Blank Question

The easiest way to bring the delayed job within the promised

delivery time by using extra shift or weekly holiday is

Correct Answer

Your Answer Overtime working

Overtime working

Select The Blank Question

An Ideal OC curve is

shaped curve that accpets all

the lots with quality equal to or better than AQL .

Correct Answer

Your Answer Rectangular

Rectangular

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

Which of the following causes can be responsible for derailing

the production schedule in a factory?

Correct Answer

Errors in drawings , Delay in receipt of material

from vendor , Excessive absenteeism Your Answer Errors in drawings , Delay in receipt of material from vendor , Excessive absenteeism

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question

Which of the following situations demand the economic

consideration while selecting a job for method study?

Correct Answer

Unorderly movement of men and materials , Excessive

process defectives , Too many suggestions received for improvement from a department or section Your Answer Unorderly movement of men and materials , Excessive process defectives , Inconsistent quality

Page 2

True/False

Question

POM4

During set up of X bar-R control chart, control limts should

be practically revised from time to time as additional data is accumulated.

Correct Answer Your Answer False

True

Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

Question standard? Correct Answer

Which of the following are the basic requirements of quality

Deifinite , Undesrstandable , Economically viable

Your Answer Absolute uniformity , Undesrstandable , Economically viable

Match The Following Question Correct Answer Your Answer

Toung

Sweet

Sweet

Eye

Crack

Crack

Nose

Burnout Burnout

Ear

Impact Roughness

Select The Blank Question as bad lots. Correct Answer

The

is the defect level for which lots are regarded

Lot Tolerance Percentage Defective

Your Answer Acceptable quality level

True/False

Question

Floor inspection delays the identification of faults which can

not be rectified immediately before large lots are spoiled.

Correct Answer Your Answer False

False

True/False

Question

Cent percent inspection is required on WIP prior to the key,

critical or costly operation.

Correct Answer Your Answer True

True

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

The document which incorporates details of process planning

Page 3

for a job is called Correct Answer

POM4

Route Sheet

Your Answer Route Sheet

True/False

Question

Repetitive movements between work stations which are difficult

to be traced on string diagrams can be conveniently shown on flow diagrams.

Correct Answer Your Answer True

False

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

Which of the following is the most popular technique for

Project Production? Correct Answer

PERT & CPM

Your Answer

PERT & CPM

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question

Technique of Value Engineering can be effectively employed in

design of a product to Correct Answer

To meet the intended function at lowest cost

Your Answer To meet the intended function at lowest cost

Multiple Choice Single Answer

Question Correct Answer

Your Answer Breakdown