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Prelim 1 Math 294 Fall 2005

no calculators or notes
answer + reason = credit
there are 2 questions on each side of this page; 25 points each
there are some pieces of formulas and definitions on the bottom of the first side

   
1 2 t
1. Let A = and ~b = . Find all values of s and t so that the
3 s 9
system of equations A~x = ~b has

(a) (10 points) a unique solution,


(b) (8 points) infinitely many solutions,
(c) (7 points) no solutions.

 
1 1 1
2. Consider the matrix A = 1 2 2.
2 2 3

(a) (15 points) Find A−1 .


(b) (5 points) Use matrix multiplication to check that your answer is
correct.
(c) (5 points) Use your answer in (a) to solve the following system of
equations:

x1 + x2 + x3 = 1
x1 + 2x2 + 2x3 = 1
2x1 + 2x2 + 3x3 = 1

   
d −b cos θ − sin θ
1
, , {~x | A~x = ~0}, {A~x | ~x ∈ Rn }, [A | I],
ad−bc −c a sin θ cos θ
~x · ~y = |~x||~y | cos θ, “set of all linear combinations”, “closed under addi-
tion and scalar multiplication”.
3. (a) (10 points) Suppose that T : R3 → R4 is a linear transformation
with
     
  4   7   3
1 6 0 0 0 2
T 0 =   1 =   , and T 0 =   .
5 , T 7 0
0 0 1
1 0 0
 
x
Find a formula for T   y .
z
(b) (15 points) Suppose that S : R2 → R2 is the linear transforma-
tion obtained by first reflecting across the line x2 = x1 and then
reflecting across the x1 -axis. Find the matrix which represents S.

4. (a) (5 points) Find all real values of c so that the set


     
 3 1 0 
c, , 2 , 1
1 1 1
 

is a basis for R3 .
(5 points) For those values of c for which this is not a basis, de-
termine       
 3 1 0 
dim span c, , 2 , 1 
1 1 1
 

(5 points) and find a basis for the kernel of the matrix


 
3 1 0
c 2 1 .
1 1 1

(b) (10 points) Suppose that A is an n × n matrix. Show that the set
of ~x ∈ Rn such that A~x = ~x is always a subspace of Rn .