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A Nice Citizen

Abraham Lincoln, Former President of USA In the poem, written in the form of a letter, Lincoln is telling his sons teacher how to make his son a nice citizen. As Lincoln himself says, it is a big order but the teacher should do what he can. Through this poem, Lincoln talks about the importance of a teacher in the character-formation of a student. His son has to learn that all men are not good and honest. The teacher has to teach him that life is a mixture of good and bad things. There are scoundrels and heroes; there are selsh politicians and dedicated leaders; and there are enemies and true friends. The teacher should keep the boy away from envy and teach him the secret of quiet laughter. His son should learn that bullies are the easiest to defeat. The teacher should teach him the wonder of books. He should give him quiet time to think about the mysteries and wonders of nature--the birds in the sky, the bees in the sun and the owers on a green hillside. The teacher should teach him that it is more honourable to fail than cheat. He should have faith in his own ideas, even if all the people tell him that his ideas are wrong. The teacher should teach him to be gentle with gentle people and tough with tough people. He should be taught to listen to all men, but he should learn to dierentiate truth from falsehood. He should learn to treat sadness and happiness equally. Teach him to sell his physical and mental abilities at the highest price. But he should never sell his heart and soul. He should be treated gently, but he should not be pampered too much because, like steel becomes strong only when it is put in re, a man becomes strong only when he faces diculties. Lincoln says that he knows that he has given the teacher a big task. But the teacher should do what he can do. Lincoln says his son is a ne fellow and he hopes he will turn to be a nice citizen with the learning he is going to receive.

Middle Age
Kamala Das Kamala Dass Middle Age is a touching poem about the agonies of a middle-aged mother. It is written in a sad and nostalgic tone. It reveals how deeply painful it can be when you are neglected by your own children when they grow up. The speaker of the poem is a middle-aged mother. She thinks about her adolescent son who has come out of the protection of her care and love. Like a buttery, he wants to y out into the open world. Now he doesnt want her except for serving him tea and pressing his clothes. He has also begun to be very rude and serious. She remembers the nice games they used to play when he was younger. She used to write in golden ink, a squirrels invitation to the jungle feast and give it to him. Now the son has no time for games like that. But the mother still needs him badly. When left alone she touches his books and weeps secretly. She hopes that the happy days will
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come back. But the son shatters all her hopes. He turns round in disgust saying, You have lived in a dreamworld all your life. It is time to wake up, mother. The poem conveys all the loneliness, pain and agony of middle age. It also sheds some light into the lack of love in human relationships. In this selsh world she is not just one depressed mother, but a representative of all mothers.

The Patriot

Robert Browning Robert Brownings The Patriot is a brilliant piece of dramatic verse. It deals with the meaninglessness of public opinion and hero-worship. It reminds us that the same people who lift us up to the skies will also pull us down into the ditch. The speaker of the poem is a patriot. He thinks of his glorious past. A year ago he was given a grand welcome on his arrival at the town. People had thrown roses and myrtle in his path. The church-spires were decorated with bright ags. The house-roofs were full of people who wanted to have a look at him. Bells rang to announce the patriots arrival. The celebration and madness exceeded all limits. People were even ready to catch the sun for him. But everything has changed now. He is being treated like a traitor. The patriot is being taken to the scaold for all his misdeeds. But what wrong he did, nobody knows. There is nobody on the house-tops now. Everyone knows that today, the best of the sights is at the foot of the scaold. He is going in the rain with his wrists tied behind. People are throwing stones at him and his forehead is bleeding. What an ill fate to a man who spent all his life for his countrymen! Even in the midst of tragedy, the poem ends quite optimistically. Death is not the end of everything. The patriot hopes that since he did not receive his reward in this world, he will be rewarded in the other world. He feels safe in the hands of God. Thus the poem also becomes an expression of Brownings optimistic philosophy of life. God is in His heaven and all is well with the world.

Oh Public Performance
Richard Wright On the rst day of school, I became the laughing stock of my class. The teacher told me to write my name on the blackboard. I knew how to write my name. But when I stood in front of the class, I froze and I couldnt write a single letter. The teacher prompted (helped) again. One of the students giggled(laughed). I couldnt even lift my hand. The teacher came near me and asked my name. I told my name. She smiled at me and placed her hand on my shoulder with love. She told me to spell my name. I spelled my name correctly. But when I tried to write my name on the blackboard, I felt nervous again. The students started laughing together. I became sad and depressed. I returned to my seat and sat there. Why did my classmates laugh at me? Was it because of the color of my skin? Was it because Im an Afro-American? I dont know. All I know is that I felt a paralysing fear
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when I stood in front of the class.

Lets Respond to Indias Call

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, Former President of India Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam has three visions for India - Freedom, Development and Self Esteem. India got its freedom through several centuries of struggle with many foreign countries. Many countries have attacked India. But India has not attacked a single nation. So we must protect our freedom. We Indians consider our country a developing nation. We must look at ourselves as a developed nation. Our nation has made many achievements to make us proud. India is one of the top ve countries of the world in terms of GDP. We have to understand our real potential and work on them to realize our dream of making India a developed nation. Dr. Kalams third vision of India is that India must stand up to the world with selfesteem. We must become strong as a nation in terms of military power and economic power. We dont recognize our own strengths. We have made excellent achievements in a number of elds like space research and agriculture. But still, our media is only interested in negative stories of death, crime, terrorism and sickness. Once a 14 year old girl told Dr Kalam that she dreamed of living in a developed India. It is our duty to build a developed India for children like her. For that, we must stop nding fault with others and start working together to make India developed. We simply expect that the government will take care of all developmental activities. But in fact, if the government has to change, our own attitude has to change. We must start cleaning up this garbage ourselves. There is no point in locking up in our homes expecting someone else to do the cleaning. Like Abraham Lincoln said, we must not ask what our country has done for us, but ask what we can do for our country

Goldmine of Indian Health Traditions


India has several medical systems like Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha. There are also folkstreams of medicines practised by tribals and certain familes. Some tribal communities of India have knowledge about the medicinal properties of 9000 species of plants. These systems should be validated through advanced scientic methods. Ayurveda is in fact based on rational and scientic principles. It follows highly developed methodologies and concepts on health and ill health. But due to the inuence of modern medicine and the eects of globalisation and commercialisation, our old medical systems like Ayurveda and Siddha have been forgotten. We must take these health traditions of the people and give them back to the people. We must not let foreign companies patent our herbs like neem and turmeric, which we have been using for centuries as medicine.
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We must also standardize the Ayurvedic and Siddha medicines. If each company makes the medicines in their own ways, it would lead to confusion. We must also stop people who try to make money by selling fake herbal remedies. Sometimes, we must also modify the traditional medical systems to suit modern lifestyle. If we can popularize systems like Ayurveda, Siddha and Yunani among todays young generation, we can save those systems from being forgotten.

Dreams of a Girl
Kalpana Chawla was born on July 1, 1961 in a middle class family in Haryana. Her family migrated from Pakistan and settled in Haryana. Through hard work, intelligence and self-condence, she became the rst Indian woman to travel to space. When Kalpana decided to join the Punjab Engineering College to study Aerospace Engineering, her father and the college ocials tried to discourage her because she was a woman. At college, she was the only girl to learn Aeronautical Engineering. She had great will power. She asked herself, If the girls can do it, why cant I?. After completing her course, she wanted to go to America for higher studies. To make money, she decided to work as a lecturer in her college. When her family realized that her decision was strong, they gave her permission to go to America. There, she got a doctoral degree in Aerospace Engineering and became an aeronaut or space traveller. Her rst ight to space was on space shuttle Columbia in 1997. She was killed in 2003 in a tragic accident, when her shuttle exploded in mid-air. She was returning from space after her second space-ight. But her achievements, her great mental strength and will power continue to inspire thousands of women across the world.

An Irish Rose
by A J Cronin The narrator of the story went to Ireland to work there as a doctor. There, at Loughran Street in Dublin, she met a poor girl, Rose Donegan. She was a 14-year-old girl with deep blue eyes. Though she was quite young and poor, she looked very serious and brave. Her mother had died 8 months before and her father, Danny, was a drunkard. She had to take care of her 9-month-old brother Michael and the other three little children. At home, she did all the cooking and cleaning and made sure that the children got enough food. The narrator felt pity for Rose and brought her a new pair of dress. But she pawned it to buy milk for little Michael. Then the narrator went to Father Walsh and made arrangements to send Rose away to a farm owned by the Carrols. Living there, she could regain her health. But she agreed to go only when they let her take Michael also. Rose lived happily at the farmhouse and often wrote letters to the narrator. The Carrols liked little Michael and wanted to adopt him. Their father Danny readily agreed because he thought the Carrols would look after Michael very well. As Rose had no other choice, she too agreed. She went home and tried to forget the pain of separation. When the narrator visited her one day, he saw her crying. She comforted herself
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saying, Well, its for his own good. One morning, a letter arrived at Roses home saying Michael was down with pneumonia. She rushed at once to the Carrols farm and took care of Michael. Under her love and care, Michael soon recovered from the disease. But Rose caught the disease and nally died.

The World Renowned Nose


Vaikom Muhammed Basheer An ordinary kitchen workers life became extraordinary when his nose started growing in length. Before that, he was an unknown kitchen worker and he only wanted to eat, sleep and inhale a lot of snu. His nose grew longer, and reached the level of his navel. Still, he did not care about it because he could still inhale snu without any diculty. But he was dismissed from his job at the kitchen. No one, no political party came forward questioning this injustice. The long-nosed one soon became a celebrity. Photographers and news reporters came to see him. Some of his fans even stole things from his house. Soon he had no money to even buy snu. His mother started driving people away from his hut. Then they tried to bribe the mother to let them see the long nose. His income grew day by day and he became a millionaire in six years. He became a celebrity. He acted in three lms including The Human Submarine. Poets wrote epic poes about him. Whenever something important happened, the newspapers published his comments. He started commenting about everything in the world. The government awarded him the title, Chief among the Long-nosed Ones. Dierent political parties wanted him to join their parties. He appointed two attractive women as secretaries. Both of them loved him. Both of them wanted him to join her own party. When he said nothing, one of them made a comment that the long-nosed one has cheated the people and that the long nose is made of rubber. A big controversy followed. The people blamed the goverment and the President. The political parties demanded that the ministry must resign. Protests and strikes broke out. At last the President arrested the long-nosed one and took him into custody. The people were still not happy. They burned police stations and destroyed government buildings. There were communal riots and many people died. The President invited expert doctors from 48 countries to the Presidential palace. They surrounded the long-nosed one. One of the doctors took a needle and punctured the tip of his nose. A drop of blood appeared. Thus the controversy was settled. They announced that the long nose was indeed real and not made of rubber. Now the people were happy. One of the secretaries came up to him and kissed him on the nose. People shouted slogans praising him and his party. The President nominated the long-nosed one as a Member of the Parliament. The other political parties formed a United Front to protest against this. The controversies and agitations over the silly long nose continued forever.
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The story is a satire on the tendency of the public to create big controversies out of unimportant things. The political parties take advantage of this only to catch the attention of the people. Even the President gives awards and titles to the long-nosed one to make the people happy and to be in the news. Through the story, Basheer is making fun of this attitude of the people and those in power.

The Open Window


Saki Framton Nuttel is a young man who is recovering from a nervous breakdown. He went to stay in the countryside to cure his depression. His sister had given him some letters of introduction to a few people in the village. One of them was Mrs Sappleton. Framton visited Mrs Sappleton with the letter. Vera, the niece of Mrs Sappleton, came down and talked with Framton. She told Framton that Mrs Sappleton was a widow. Three years ago, her husband went hunting with her two brothers and a dog. They never returned. They were drowned in a bog and their bodies were never recovered. She told that her aunt still believed that they would return some day. So she always kept the French window of the drawing room open for them to enter. Looking at the open window, Framton felt a little scared. Soon, Mrs Sappleton came down and started talking with him. She told Framton that her husband and two brothers will return from hunting any moment. She continued talking about hunting. Framton was so scared that he wanted to change the subject. After some time, he saw three men and a dog walking from a distance towards the house. He was horried. He was sure that it was the ghosts of the dead husband and brothers, returning with guns and the dog. He grabbed his hat and stick and ran out of the house. He almost collided with a cyclist on the road. Mr Sappleton walked into the house and asked his wife about the man who ran out of the house. She said she had no idea what was wrong with him. Vera said that their dog might have been scared him. She was playing a trick on poor Framton Nuttel. Mr Sappleton had not died and had indeed gone for hunting that morning. She lied to Framton to make a fool out of him. Such adventures were her speciality.

The King who Limped


Monica Thorne This one-act play is a satire on the sycophancy shown by the ocials of a Kings palace. Sycophants try to win the favour of inuential people through sweet talk. In the play, a new King is about to come to the royal court for the rst time. The Prime Minister, Chancellor, Courtier and two Ladies-in-waiting are waiting for the King. They are anxious to know what kind of a person the new King is. At last the King comes wearing a funny bowler hat and walks with a pronounced limp. He brought with him, two quarelling neighbours and a dog. The Prime Minister and
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the Chancellor asked the king why he had brought the two neighbours. The king said that they were ghting and he brought them to the court to solve their problem. They asked the king why he was wearing a funny hat. He answered that it was to protect him from the sun. Everybody in the court, except the First Lady and the Courtier, started to imitate the King. The Prime Minister and the Chancellor wore bowler hats and started walking with a limp. The Second Lady also seemed to have a limp. Only the First Lady and the Courtier behaved normally. The King asked the Prime Minister and the Chancellor to solve the dispute between the neighbours. They said that both of them must be put to prison for quarelling. The Courtier said that he would listen to what they had to say. The King agreed and asked them why they were quarelling. Both of them claimed that the dog was his. The Courtier suggested that the King should keep the dog. The First Lady asked the King to divide the dog into two halves and give one part to each of them. The King asked the two neighbours whether they were willing to cut the dog into two. The rst neighbour readily agreed and the second neighbour disagreed. Now the King realized that the second neighbour, who did not want to kill the dog, was the real owner of the dog. The rst neighbour was sent to prison and the second was sent away with the dog. The Chancellor commented that the old King would have punished both the neighbours and the dog for creating nuisance. The new King became very serious. He got up from the throne and threw away his bowler hat. He walked normally towards the Chancellor, without limping. He scolded the Prime Minister and the Chancellor for lying to him and for behaving like sycophants. The Courtier was made the new Prime Minister and the First Lady was made the new Chief- Lady in Waiting.

On Viewing the Television


David Considine Points: Television and video can be used to develop a new kind of literacy - visual literacy. Television is a unique medium. It has a language of its own. But what we see need not be the reality. Visuals are created with an interest behind them. So, when we watch a TV programme, we must learn to: 1) Understand the internal content of the programme. 2) Understand why certain structural elements like visual styles, camera angles or shots were used. 3) Recognize what external factors shaped the programme. Think about who owns the media and who controls it. 4) Compare what you see with the reality. Think about whether they are showing you the truth. 5) Think about the impact of the programme and respond to what you see.
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Interview: Adoor Gopalakrishnan


Points: I reached the Pune lm institute by accident. After completing the course, I wanted to become a lmmaker. I went to lm festivals and watched a lot of movies. I had no money to make movies in the beginning. I had to wait for 7 years to make Swayamvaram. During those days, I launched a lm society movement. In Elipathayam, I cast Janardhanan Nair, my friend, for the role of Unni because we had worked together in theatre and because he had big bulging eyes. In the beginning, I gave him only liquid food and starved him to make him look like Unni. Film making is a process of self-discovery, you learn more about life as you make more movies. There are certain autobiographical elements in all my movies. The hero of the movie Anantharam is both an extrovert and an introvert, just like me. I take something from my life and make it universal, so that everyone can understand it. Sometimes people dont watch my movies because I try to communicate with them on my own terms. I believe in their intelligence; so I believe they can follow what I show on screen. I dont use symbols in my movies. Using symbols to represent something is too direct. I try to make people experience something through visuals and sounds. Advertisements and television has changed peoples expectations. Everything is fast and smooth in TV and ads. It reduces the attention span of viewers. But I make movies in my own style. I never show violence on screen. I hate violence. Im too soft even to watch bloodshed on the screen.

The Making of a lm

Satyajit Ray (Director of Pather Panchali) Points: There are three phases in lm-making: 1) The rst phase is writing the scenario (screen play). The scenario is the basic structure of a lm. The director, actors and other artists depend on it to make a lm come alive. Even if a screenplay is good, poor direction can ruin the lm. 2) The second phase is selecting the shooting location, casting appropriate actors, building the set and shooting the whole movie. From this stage we depend on machines and technicians to record images and sound. 3) In the third phase all the shots are taken and pieced together in the correct order. This is called Editing. Background music and sound is added at this stage and the movie is complete. A movie is made up of many scenes and shots joined together. Dierent angles and viewpoints are used in each shot. These choices dene the language of cinema. This system of breaking up a scene into shots is unique to cinema. The director decides how to shoot a scene based on his style and artistic purpose. The same scene in a story will appear dierent on screen if shot by dierent directors.
(Refer the text for the screenplay of Pather Panchali and the excerpt from the novel.)

The story of Satyajit Rays movie Pather Panchali was taken from a novel written by the
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Bengali novelist Bibuthibhusan. There is a scene towards the end of the story, when the father Harihar learns about Durgas death. Harihar returns from town with toys for Apu and a saree for Durga. He does not know that Durga has died. So he wonders why his wife Sarbajaya is silent. He calls out to Durga. She does not come out. Sarbajaya tells Harihar that Durga is no more. In Satyajit Rays screenplay, Sarbajaya does not speak at all. She lies crying on the oor and shakes her head. Harihar grasps the situation through her reaction. Shehnai is played in the background to bring out the emotion. Satyajit Ray has treated the situation in a dierent way.

Making of the Kid Charlie Chaplin


Charlie Chaplin was going through a dicult phase of his career after his marriage. He used to visit the Orpheum to pass his time. After a dance show, a little 4-year-old boy came onto the stage and performed a few numbers. The audience enjoyed it. The little boys name was Jackie Coogan. A week later, someone told Chaplin that the boy was signed up for acting in a movie by Roscole Arbuckle. Suddenly a ood of ideas lled Chaplins mind. He could have used Jackie Coogan! Luckily, he found out that it was not Jackie Coogan, but his father who had been cast in the movie. Thus, the story of the movie The Kid formed in Chaplins mind with Jackie Coogan playing the role of the orphan. The boy had an engaging personality that could win anyones heart. He could apply emotion to his actions and give actions to emotions. It came to him naturally, and could repeat it without losing the spontaneity. There is a scene in the movie where he is about to throw a stone at a window. When a policeman sees this, he throws the stone away playfully and runs o. Chaplin explained the actions of this scene. Jackie understood the emotions and acted it out perfectly. In another scene, Chaplin wanted to make Jackie cry when the ocials in the movie take the little kid to the workhouse. Chaplin tried narrating horror stories. It did not work. Jackie was still in a very happy mood. In the end, Jackies father told him that he would really take him away to the workhouse. Jackie immediately started yelling and the scene was shot. The greatest achievement of the movie was that it mixed slapstick comedy with sentiments. But the movie still worked well with the audience. It proved Chaplins belief that if the artist truly believed in the characters and situations he created, the audience too would believe it.

The Lottery Ticket


Anton Chekhov

Ivan Dmitritch is a middle class man who lives with his family. He is happy with his life as he sits on the sofa reading the paper. His wife is clearing the dishes. She asks her husband to check the lottery numbers. He asks her what is her number. She tells him that the ticket number is 9499 and the series is 26.
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Ivan notices that the rst number is indeed 9499. He drops the paper and it falls on his knees. He begins daydreaming about winning the seventy-ve thousand. He and his wife both begin daydreaming about what they would do with the money. They spend the next few minutes dreaming about a new house and traveling to France or India. Both the husband and wife begin making plans for spending the money. Both the husband and wife are so excited at the thought of winning all the money. Then Ivan begins thinking about the possibility of his wife traveling with him. He realizes that she would be a nuisance and she wouldnt let him spend the money as he liked. After all, the lottery ticket was hers, not his. He begins to hate the idea that she actually owns all the money. Likewise, the wife begins to think that her husband will ask for her money. She begins to hate him for desiring all her money. Ivan Dmitritch thinks about all their relatives who would come begging for their money. Even before the couple knows whether they have won the money, they lose their peace of mind, thinking about how to spend it. Finally, the husband looks to see if the number is 26. It is not. It is 46. The couple did not win. Immediately, the husband and wife begin to come back down to earth: Hatred and hope both disappeared at once, and it began immediately to seem to Ivan Dmitritch and his wife that their rooms were dark and small and low-pitched, that the supper they had been eating was not doing them good, but lying heavy on their stomachs, that the evenings were long and wearisome...

The Dear Departed Stanley Houghton


Mrs. Amelia Slater is dressed in black and demands her husband Henry and her daughter Victoria to be in black dresses as a symbol of mourning. Mrs. Slater thinks that her father Abel Merryweather is dead. She immediately starts dividing the properties of her father before her sister and husband, Elizabeth Jordan and Ben Jordan, comes. Mrs. Slater takes her fathers slippers and asks her husband Henry to wear it. Then she shifts the clock in his room to the ground oor. Then they bring down Abels bureau to the drawing room. After all arrangement and shifting, her sister Mrs. Jordan and her husband Ben Jordan arrive there for Mr. Abels mourning. They sit down to drink tea before seeing their fathers dead body and they start to discuss the division of their fathers property. Mrs. Jordan asks her sister about the new bureau and clock. Mrs. Slater tells her that it was gifted to her before his death. Then they quarrel about who will get his golden watch. They also wonder whether he paid his insurance premium before dying. They plan to check the bureau for the insurance receipt, so Victoria goes to take the bureaus key from Grandfathers room. She comes back telling that he is alive and that he is coming down. So, Abel was not dead and was only sleeping. He comes down and asks them about their black dress and the shifted things. Mrs.
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Jordan explains to him all what happened. Then Abel realizes that his daughters were only interested in his money. He announces that he is going to marry a woman who will take care him up to the end. He then says that he has decided to give all his property to his new wife and to go to St. Philips church to marry Mrs John Shorrocks who keeps the Ring OBells. He thanks Mrs. Slater for shifting the bureau down because it will be easy for him to carry it to Ring-O-Bells, his new home.

Sample answers
1. Prepare a write up on the Inuence of Media in the Modern Society.
Media plays the role of an eye-opener in our society. In a democratic country, various media like newspapers, television, radio and numerous web sites on the internet play a vital role in creating, moulding and reecting public opinion. It touches almost every aspect of our public life. Media plays a very important role in enlightening and educating people. It plays a major role in awakening people against many evils in the society. Media can create scientic temperament among the students. It has exposed a number of corrupt practices and hidden deals thereby putting a check on the corruption in the society. It serves as a bridge between the government and the people. The media has a major role in promoting communal harmony. It can also inculcate patrotism, nationalism and love for the country. Media inuences the society in a negative way also. The vulgarity displayed in the advertisements, serials and music vidoes should be checked. This inuences the young generation a lot. There is an increasing tendency to project trivial things and fashions of the rich and advertise a consumeristic life style beyond the reach of the majority. One may conclude that media plays a great role in nation building. The owners and managers must realise their responsibility towards the society and aim to provide information that is clean and reliable. The media should act as the watch dog of a free society.

2. Imagine that you are a teacher. Communicate Lincolns views to your students in the form a speech.
Dear students, Recently I read a letter written by Abraham Lincoln. I would like to share the content of the letter with you. Lincoln is asking his sons teacher to do certain things which will make his son a nice citizen. His son should be able to understand that he is living in a society which is a mixture of good and bad people. He can see around him dedicated leaders and also selsh politicians. As a boy he should cultivate reading habit but at the same time he should be able to spend time to enjoy the beauty of nature. He should know that it is far more honourable to fail than to attain success in a foul way. He should have his own views about life and he should not be just an imitator of the crowd. Let him be a good listener. He should be able to lter what is good. He should learn to be an optimist and should not be envious of others success. He should know that there is nothing wrong in shedding tears. Allow him to use his intellectual and physical abilities to its maximum so that he can be wealthy. But he should never sell his conscience. Let him face problems from his childhood onwards because by facing bitter exeriences one can attain success in life. This letter by Abraham Lincoln is really a praiseworthy one. As students, if you follow his words, you can also be very nice citizens.
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Thank you

3) Imagine that the local Grama Panchayat has decided to cut down the trees in your school campus. You are the Secretary of your school nature club and you want to protest against the felling of the trees. Write a letter to the Editor of a prominent daily expressing your views in about 80 words. Letter to the Editor Sir,
Sub: To highlight the felling of the trees in my school compound. This letter is to focus your attention on a matter of great importance. The local Grama Panchayat has decided to cut down the trees in my school campus. As you know, my school is situated in the middle of the town. The trees are the green lungs which give fresh air to the students of my school. Most of the students and teachers are against the decision to cut down the trees. We have petitioned many authorities to stall the decision of the Grama Panchayat. We havent heard from any of them till now. I suspect that many vested interests are involved in the decision to cut down the trees. Only pressure from the highest quarters will force them to rethink their decision. So I request your kind self to highlight these facts in your newspaper. Yours Faithfully, Secretary Nature Club

4) The news struck me like fork lightning. My God Why didnt I think of that ? Of course, he would be marvellous in lms. Imagine that Charlie Chaplin wrote his diary that night. What would be his feelings ? Write the diary entry.
4 January, 2014 Oh ! How unfortunate I am! The news is really shocking. Why didnt I think of that before? I could have done wonders by making the little boy Jackie Coogan act in my lms. Its really unbelievable that I missed the chance. Arbuckle is so fortunate. Jack will be his lucky star. I am sure that his lms will be blockbusters. No use in weeping over a lost cause. Arbuckle has signed him up and probably has ideas similar to mine. I should plan something else and be more careful in future. How can I forget Jackies sweet face. He is a marvellous boy.

5) Given below are some of the points raised by a group to support the topic Reality Show- A Boon or Bane. Write four points against the topic. For 1. Develops self condence 2. Removes stage fear 3. Improves talents 4. Develops competitive spirit
Ans. Against 1. A waste of time 2. Creates stress and tension in contestants 3. Creates unhealthy competition among the contestants 4. A waste of money 5. Younsters try to imitate what they see on the screen
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