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WRC 107 Help

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WRC107 Convention
Select this radio button if you would like to input local forces and moments in the traditional WRC107 convention. You can choose between the WRC convention system or the global coordinates to define the vessel, nozzle and the loads. Both conventions allow you to enter the loads in categories such as sustained, occasional and will compare the respective stress intensities to their allowables if at least sustained loadings are entered. User should also specify the vessel allowables. When you toggle between the 2 convention system, the program will attempt to convert the loads from one system to another.

Input Loads
The following figure illustrates the WRC-107 convention system for a cylinder,

P VC VL MC ML MT

- Radial Load - Circumferential Shear load - Longitudinal Shear load - Circumferential Moment - Longitudinal Moment - Torsional Moment

In the WRC-107 convention the 3 forces P, VC and VL and the 3 moments MC, ML and MT, are defined with respect to the vessel and the nozzle orientation. So, it does not matter if the vessel is vertical or horizontal the loads are still the same. That is benefit of this system. The following figure illustrates the WRC-107 convention for a sphere,

P V1 V2 M1 M2 MT

- Radial Load - Shear load from points B to A - Shear load from points D to C - Moment from points A to B - Moment from points D to C - Torsional Moment

For information on the global coordinate system click here. Forces and Moments (SUS, EXP, OCC) Enter the value of nozzle forces or Moments acting on the nozzle or the attachment. Three loading sets may be included in these calculations. Enter the loads according to each category shown on the screen, where

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11/26/2011

WRC 107 Help

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SUS - Primary Loads (typically Weight+Pressure+Forces) EXP - Secondary Loads (Thermal Expansion) OCC - Occasional Loads (typically Wind, Seismic) When performing a finite element analysis then the loads can be entered in following categories: Sustained, Operating and Occasional.

Include Pressure Thrust Back to Top


Leave this field unchecked if the user DOES NOT want to include the pressure thrust force in the nozzle axial loading. Otherwise check this field. More information on pressure thrust is available in the article in July 2001 COADE Newsletter.

Use Division 2 Stress Indices Back to Top


Check this field to include the pressure stress indices described in ASME Sec. VIII Div. 2 Table AD-560.7. This value should only be used if user intends to perform a fatigue analysis. ASME VIII Div.2 paragraph AD-160 should be checked to see if the fatigue effect needs to be considered. These factors are used for estimating the peak stress intensity due to internal pressure. While, the peak stress intensity due to external loads is accounted by including the WRC 107 SIF (Kn and Kb factors). More details are available in the user guide and in the article in June 2000 COADE Newsletter.
Please note that the program currently DOES NOT perform the complete fatigue analysis per Section VIII Div.2 Appendix 4 & 5 rules. Instead the value of peak stress intensity is reported which can be used by the user to perform fatigue effect comparisons.

Use WRC 368 Back to Top


Check here to compute pressure Stresses (in Shell and Nozzle) per WRC-368. WRC-368 provides a method for calculating the stresses in cylinder to cylinder intersection (such as cylinder-nozzle), due to internal pressure and the pressure thrust loading. Utilizing WRC 368 along with WRC 107/297 is not very accurate for calculating the combined stress from pressure and external loads. So, this option will only be active when the attachment type is round and when no external loads are specified. More information on WRC-368, pressure thrust is available in the article in July 2001 COADE Newsletter.

Use Kn and Kb Back to Top


Check this field to include the WRC107 Stress Concentrations (Kn & Kb). The program will estimate and use the stress concentration factors Kn and Kb per Appendix B of the WRC-107 Bulletin. Leave this field unchecked for normal analysis (Elastic analysis). And DO NOT include the next field "Pressure Stress Indices Per Div. 2". This value should only be used if user intends to perform a fatigue analysis. ASME VIII Div.2 paragraph AD-160 should be checked to see if the fatigue effect needs to be considered. These factors are used for estimating the peak stress intensity due to external loads. Peak stress intensity due to internal pressure is accounted by including the Pressure Stress Indices. More details are available in the user guide and in the article in June 2000 COADE Newsletter.

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11/26/2011

WRC 107 Help

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Please note that the program currently DOES NOT perform the complete fatigue analysis per Section VIII Div.2 Appendix 4 & 5 rules. Instead the value of peak stress intensity is reported which can be used by the user to perform fatigue effect comparison.

Occasional Pressure Difference Back to Top


Enter DIFFERENCE between the peak pressure of the system and the system design pressure. It shall always be a positive (or 0) entry. The additional thrust load due to this pressure difference will also be accounted for in the nozzle radial loading if the user checked the box for "Include Pressure Thrust". This entry will be superimposed onto the system design pressure to evaluate the primary membrane stress due to occasional loads.
This value is only used if the user is performing the WRC 107 analysis.

mk:@MSITStore:C:\Program%20Files\Intergraph%20CAS\PVElite%202011\help\in...

11/26/2011