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1 ESL Acronyms and Terms Amy Reese January 4, 2014 ESL 1: Introduction to ESL ESL (English as a Second Language)

) This acronym is used to refer to a program of instruction designed to support ELL students. ELL (English Language Learner) This acronym is used to describe students whose native language is not English, who are in many stages of acquiring English, and who need various levels of language support and development in order to become fully proficient in English. LEP (Limited English Proficient) An acronym used to define a student who is not fully English proficient according to state standards and assessments. PHLOTE (Primary Home Language Other Than English) A student is considered PHLOTE if he/she speaks a language other than English or the adults in the childs home speak a language other than English. HLS (Home Language Survey) This acronym refers to a form that every student or parent of a student must complete at the time of school enrollment. L1 (Language 1) This term refers to a students native language. L2 (Language 2) This term refers to the language a student is acquiring in addition to their native language. Migrant A person who moves from one place to another, especially to find work.

2 Immigrant This term is used to describe a person who comes to a country to take up permanent residence. WIDA (World-Class Instruction Design and Assessment) An educational consortium of state departments of education that designs and implements proficiency standards and assessments for K-12 students who are ELLs. ACCESS for ELLS (Assessing Comprehension and Communication in English State to State for English Language Learners) This is a large- scale test that first addresses the English language development standards that form the core of the WIDA consortiums approach to instructing and testing ELLs. W-APT (WIDA-ACCESS Placement Test) A test used for initial identification of LEP students. TESOL (Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages) A term that describes teachers of ELLs and also was commonly known as TEFL and TESL. AMAO (Annual Measurable Achievement Objectives) The accountability measure related to the ACCESS for ELLs assessment. Two types categorize this measure: progress and proficiency. SLA (Second Language Acquisition) The learning of a non-native language sometime after learning a native language has begun. This occurs in the context in which that language is spoken. An example is native Spanish speakers learning English in the United States. SIOP (Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol) This acronym refers to an approach for teaching content to ELLs in strategic ways that make the subject matter concepts comprehensible while promoting the students English language development.

3 SDAIE (Specially Designed Academic Instruction in English) Also known as Sheltered English, This term is used to describe a teaching approach intended for teaching various academic content. This approach uses the English language for students who are learning English. It also requires that the student possess intermediate fluency in English as well as mastery in native language. CALLA (Cognitive Academic Instruction in English) This is an acronym describing a language teaching approach based on explicit teaching of learning strategies. BICS (Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills) This acronym describes the language skills needed in social situations. The day-today language needed to interact socially with people. These skills usually develop within 6 months to 2 years after arrival in to the United States. CALP (Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency) The acronym that describes the formal academic learning that includes listening, speaking, reading, and writing about subject area content material. This proficiency is essential for students to succeed in school. Students need time and support for proficiency which may take 5-7 years.