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# PVRV Sizing Calculation - 10% Overpressure

PVRV sizing is based on API 2000 (6th Edition-Nov 2009), API 520 Part1(8thedition-Dec 2008) & Crosby Engineering Handbook (Valve Sizing and Selection)

D = Tank diameter H = Tank height C = Tank Total capacity Rf = Maximum filling rate Re = Maximum emptying rate Flash point of oil Specific Weight of Air Vapour Density of Fluid (V-Power) Design Ambient Temperature

= = = = = = = = =

## 30.00 22.00 15551 1200 1000 <-40 1.251 4 41

m m 3 m m / hr m / hr C kg/m
3 3 3

kg/m3 C

## Inbreathing of Air - Vacuum Relief

V1 = For oil movement
Refer Table A.1(Normal venting reguirements, pg 38, API 2000 )

= =

3

= =

5.6 Re 35168

## V2 = For thermal effect

Refer Table A.3 (Requirements for thermal venting, pg 39, API 2000)

1584.60

Nm3/hr

59063.8

SCFH of Air

Total normal venting capacity = Liquid movement (V1) + Thermal effect (V2) Vin = Total required inbreathing capacity = = V 1 + V2 2524.60 Nm3/hr = V 1 + V2 94231.8 SCFH of Air

2742.52

m3/hr

## Sizing of PVRV - Inbreathing

Area - A (mm2)
where, W - required capacity (kg/hr)

[ W * (TZ)] / ( C * K * P1 * Kb * M )

3430.8915 kg/hr

## K - Effective coefficient of discharge K = 0.975

= = = = = = =

0.975

C - Coefficient (Table 7/8,pg 55 to 57, API 520 Part-1) Kb - Capacity correction factor M - Molecular weight of AIr (Table 7-7,pg 7-26, Crosby Engineering Handbook) T - Absolute temperature of the fluid (K)

0.0270 1

## 28.97 41 0C 314 K 102.425 kPa

P1 - Relieveing Pressure (kPa) = set pressure + overpressure + atmospheric pressure Set pressure = = = = 10.00 mbar 1 kPa 0.1 kPa 101.325 kPa

## A - minimum required effective discharge area (m2)

= =

Area - A (mm2)
D Say d

= =
= =

2 4189.12 mm 73 mm

100 mm 4 inch

## Outbreathing of Air - Pressure Relief

V3 = For oil movement
Refer Table A.1(Normal venting reguirements, pg 38, API 2000 )

= =

= =

12 Rf 90432

## V4 = For thermal effect

Refer Table A.3 (Requirements for thermal venting, pg 39, API 2000)

1584.60

Nm /hr

59063.8

SCFH of Air

Total normal venting capacity = Liquid movement (V1) + Thermal effect (V2) Vout = Total required outbreathing capacity = = = V 3 + V4 4008.60 4354.62 Nm /hr m /hr
3 3

## Conversion of Air Volumetric Flow @Std to Vapor volumetric Flow @ Actual

Qactual,vap = Actual vapor flow (SCF) Qstd,vap = Vapor volumetric flow @ STD (SCFH) Qstd,air = Air Volumetric flow @ STD (SCFH) Tstd,vap = Vapour temperature @ STD Tactual.vap = Actual vapor temperature Pstd,vap = Vapor pressure @ STD Pactual,vap = Actual vapor pressure MWvap = Vapor molecular weight MWair = Air molecular weight

= = = = = = =

## 60 77 14.7 14.84 106 28.96 76893.5

F F Psia Psia

Qstd,Vap = Qstd,air SQRT[(Tstd,vap + 460) / (Tactual,vap+460)] / SQRT[MWvap / MWair] Qactual,vap = Qstd,vap [(Tactual,vap + 460) / (Tstd,vap + 460)] [Pstd,vap / Pactual,vap]

78658.2

## Outbreathing of Gasoline Vapour - Pressure Relief

Qstd,vap Qactual,vap
Number of PVRV provided per tank Actual Vent Capacity for outbreathing of gasoline vapour(M3/hr) = = 76893.542 78658.243 SCFH of Gasoline Vapour CFH of Gasoline Vapour

= =

1 2227.4

= =

2227.4 222.7

## Sizing of PVRV - Out breathing

Area - A (mm2)
where, W - required capacity (kg/hr) K - Effective coefficient of discharge K = 0.975 C - Coefficient (Table 7/8,pg 55 to 57, API 520 Part-1) Kb - Capacity correction factor M - Molecular weight of Gasoline (Table 7-7,pg 7-26, Crosby Engineering Handbook) T - Absolute temperature of the fluid (K)

[ W * (TZ)] / ( C * K * P1 * Kb * M )

= = = = = = = =

## 8909.41 kg/hr 0.975 0.0239 1 106 41 0C 314 K 104.075 kPa

P1 - Relieveing Pressure (kPa) = set pressure + overpressure + atmospheric pressure Set pressure = = = = 25.00 mbar 2.5 kPa 0.25 kPa 101.325 kPa

## A - minimum required effective discharge area (m2)

= =

Area - A (mm2)
D Say d

2 6322.83 mm 90 mm

= =

100 mm 4 inch