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PVRV Sizing Calculation - 10% Overpressure

PVRV sizing is based on API 2000 (6th Edition-Nov 2009), API 520 Part1(8thedition-Dec 2008) & Crosby Engineering Handbook (Valve Sizing and Selection)

D = Tank diameter H = Tank height C = Tank Total capacity Rf = Maximum filling rate Re = Maximum emptying rate Flash point of oil Specific Weight of Air Vapour Density of Fluid (V-Power) Design Ambient Temperature

= = = = = = = = =

30.00 22.00 15551 1200 1000 <-40 1.251 4 41

m m 3 m m / hr m / hr C kg/m
3 3 3

97659.5 bbl 7536 bbl/hr 6280 bbl/hr

kg/m3 C

Inbreathing of Air - Vacuum Relief


V1 = For oil movement
Refer Table A.1(Normal venting reguirements, pg 38, API 2000 )

= =

0.94 Re 940.00 Nm /hr


3

= =

5.6 Re 35168

SCFH of Air SCFH of Air

V2 = For thermal effect


Refer Table A.3 (Requirements for thermal venting, pg 39, API 2000)

1584.60

Nm3/hr

59063.8

SCFH of Air

Total normal venting capacity = Liquid movement (V1) + Thermal effect (V2) Vin = Total required inbreathing capacity = = V 1 + V2 2524.60 Nm3/hr = V 1 + V2 94231.8 SCFH of Air

Actual Volume of Air m/hr V1 = P0V0 / T0 T1 / P1

2742.52

m3/hr

Sizing of PVRV - Inbreathing


Area - A (mm2)
where, W - required capacity (kg/hr)

[ W * (TZ)] / ( C * K * P1 * Kb * M )

3430.8915 kg/hr

K - Effective coefficient of discharge K = 0.975

= = = = = = =

0.975

C - Coefficient (Table 7/8,pg 55 to 57, API 520 Part-1) Kb - Capacity correction factor M - Molecular weight of AIr (Table 7-7,pg 7-26, Crosby Engineering Handbook) T - Absolute temperature of the fluid (K)

0.0270 1

28.97 41 0C 314 K 102.425 kPa

P1 - Relieveing Pressure (kPa) = set pressure + overpressure + atmospheric pressure Set pressure = = = = 10.00 mbar 1 kPa 0.1 kPa 101.325 kPa

Over pressure (10%) Atm pressure Z - Compressibility factor

A - minimum required effective discharge area (m2)

= =

Area - A (mm2)
D Say d

= =
= =

2 4189.12 mm 73 mm

100 mm 4 inch

Outbreathing of Air - Pressure Relief


V3 = For oil movement
Refer Table A.1(Normal venting reguirements, pg 38, API 2000 )

= =

2.02 x Rf 2424.00 Nm3/hr

= =

12 Rf 90432

SCFH of Air SCFH of Air

V4 = For thermal effect


Refer Table A.3 (Requirements for thermal venting, pg 39, API 2000)

1584.60

Nm /hr

59063.8

SCFH of Air

Total normal venting capacity = Liquid movement (V1) + Thermal effect (V2) Vout = Total required outbreathing capacity = = = V 3 + V4 4008.60 4354.62 Nm /hr m /hr
3 3

V 3 + V4 149496 SCFH of Air

Actual Volume of Air M/hr V1 = P0V0 / T0 T1 / P1

Conversion of Air Volumetric Flow @Std to Vapor volumetric Flow @ Actual

Qactual,vap = Actual vapor flow (SCF) Qstd,vap = Vapor volumetric flow @ STD (SCFH) Qstd,air = Air Volumetric flow @ STD (SCFH) Tstd,vap = Vapour temperature @ STD Tactual.vap = Actual vapor temperature Pstd,vap = Vapor pressure @ STD Pactual,vap = Actual vapor pressure MWvap = Vapor molecular weight MWair = Air molecular weight

= = = = = = =

60 77 14.7 14.84 106 28.96 76893.5

F F Psia Psia

Qstd,Vap = Qstd,air SQRT[(Tstd,vap + 460) / (Tactual,vap+460)] / SQRT[MWvap / MWair] Qactual,vap = Qstd,vap [(Tactual,vap + 460) / (Tstd,vap + 460)] [Pstd,vap / Pactual,vap]

SCFH of Gasoline Vapour

78658.2

SCFH of Gasoline Vapour

Outbreathing of Gasoline Vapour - Pressure Relief


Qstd,vap Qactual,vap
Number of PVRV provided per tank Actual Vent Capacity for outbreathing of gasoline vapour(M3/hr) = = 76893.542 78658.243 SCFH of Gasoline Vapour CFH of Gasoline Vapour

= =

1 2227.4

m3/hr of Gasoline vapours

PVRV Maximum Capacity(m3/hr) PVRV Minimum Capacity(m3/hr)

= =

2227.4 222.7

m3/hr of Gasoline vapours

Sizing of PVRV - Out breathing


Area - A (mm2)
where, W - required capacity (kg/hr) K - Effective coefficient of discharge K = 0.975 C - Coefficient (Table 7/8,pg 55 to 57, API 520 Part-1) Kb - Capacity correction factor M - Molecular weight of Gasoline (Table 7-7,pg 7-26, Crosby Engineering Handbook) T - Absolute temperature of the fluid (K)

[ W * (TZ)] / ( C * K * P1 * Kb * M )

= = = = = = = =

8909.41 kg/hr 0.975 0.0239 1 106 41 0C 314 K 104.075 kPa

P1 - Relieveing Pressure (kPa) = set pressure + overpressure + atmospheric pressure Set pressure = = = = 25.00 mbar 2.5 kPa 0.25 kPa 101.325 kPa

Over pressure (10%) Atm pressure Z - Compressibility factor

A - minimum required effective discharge area (m2)

= =

Area - A (mm2)
D Say d

2 6322.83 mm 90 mm

= =

100 mm 4 inch