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Classification of Animals

Classifying Living Things


We put livings things into two large groups:

EVS-Class V Classification of Animals

Animals
Animals are spilt into two major groups:

EVS-Class V Classification of Animals

Vertebrates
These are animals with a backbone. There are five groups of vertebrates: Fish Amphibians Reptiles Birds Mammals
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Fish
Are cold-blooded. Live in water Lay eggs Have a moist skin covered in scales. Breathe through gills.

EVS-Class V Classification of Animals

Amphibians
Are cold-blooded. Lay eggs. Have a smooth, moist skin. Are able to live on land as well as in the water.

EVS-Class V Classification of Animals

Reptiles
Are cold-blooded. Lay eggs. Have a dry skin covered with scales.

EVS-Class V Classification of Animals

Birds
Have feathers and hollow bones Lay hard shelled eggs Warm blooded

EVS-Class V Classification of Animals

Mammals
Have hair and produce milk Give birth to live offspring Warm blooded

EVS-Class V Classification of Animals

Check your understanding


To which class of vertebrates do the given animals belong?
A B

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Invertebrates
These are animals without a backbone They breathe through their skin and reproduce by laying eggs. There are three broad groups of invertebrates Worms Molluscs Arthropods

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Worms
Have round or flat bodies Generally have bodies divided into segments Breathe through their skin

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Molluscs
Crawl on a single fleshy pad. Breathe through their skin Can have a shell

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Arthropods
Have lots of legs and segmented bodies. There are four group of arthropods: Spiders Centipedes & Millipedes Crustaceans Insects

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Spiders
Have four pairs of legs. Have bodies divided into two sections

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Centipedes & Millipedes


Have long thin bodies and pairs of legs on each of their many body sections

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Crustacean
Have five-seven pairs of legs Bodies covered in shell

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Insects
Have three pairs of legs Bodies divided into three sections Often have wings

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Invertebrates

Worms

Molluscs

Arthropods

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Check your understanding


A

Classify the animals as vertebrates and invertebrates. B

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