Sie sind auf Seite 1von 107

Created by Pavan Page 1 of 107

Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Reports:

In ABAP, there are total of 7 types of reports. They are:

• Classical
• Interactive
• Logical Database
• ABAP query
• ALV Reports (ALV stands for ABAP List Viewer)
• Report Writer/Report Painter
• Views (There are different types of views also)

Classical Reports

These are the simplest reports. Programmers learn this one first. It is just an output
of data using the Write statement inside a loop.

• Classical reports are normal reports. These reports are not having any sub
reports. IT IS HAVING ONLY ONE SCREEN/LIST FOR OUTPUT.

Events In Classical Reports.

• INTIALIZATION: This event triggers before selection screen display.


• AT-SELECTION-SCREEN: This event triggers after processing user input
still selection screen is in active mode.
• START OF SELECTION: Start of selection screen triggers after processing
selection screen.

END-OF-SELECTION: It is for Logical Database Reporting.

Event blocks are introduced by an event keyword. They end when the next
processing block begins. The following processing block can either be an event
block or another processing block allowed in this context – for example, a
subroutine or a dialog module. Event keywords have the same name as the events
to which they react.
Created by Pavan Page 2 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Syntax:

DATA:...

INITIALIZATION.
...

AT SELECTION-SCREEN.
...

START-OF-SELECTION.
...

GET spfli...
..

...

END-OF-SELECTION.
...

FORM...
...
ENDFORM.

The sequence in which the processing blocks occur in the program is irrelevant.
The actual processing sequence is determined by the external events. However, to
make your programs easier to understand, you should include the event blocks in
your program in approximately the same order in which they will be called by the
system. Subroutines should be placed at the end of the program.

With only two exceptions (AT SELECTION-SCREEN and GET), event blocks
have no local data area. All declarative statements in event blocks are handled
with the global data declarations in the program. You should therefore include all
of your declarations at the start of the program.

Statements that are not assigned to a processing block are never executed. In
executable programs, all non-declarative statements between the REPORT or
PROGRAM statement and the first processing block are assigned to the default
event START-OF-SELECTION. if a program does not contain an explicit
Created by Pavan Page 3 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

START-OF-SELECTION event block, these statements form the entire


START-OF-SELECTION block. If a program contains an explicitly defined
START-OF-SELECTION event block, these statements are inserted at the
beginning of this event block. If a program does not contain any explicit event
blocks, all non-declarative statements form the processing block START-OF-
SELECTION.

In ABAP Editor initial


screen give your program
name and then press F5 or
click on Create
Created by Pavan Page 4 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Fill all the attributes &


then save it
Created by Pavan Page 5 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Here Goes your coding check for


inconsistencies and then activate it
Created by Pavan Page 6 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Report ZCLASSICAL *
*& *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& *
*& *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*

REPORT ZCLASSICAL .
TABLES: vbak,vbap.
DATA: v_flag TYPE i.

******INTERNAL TABLE USED TO HOLD DATA TEMPORARILY

DATA: BEGIN OF it_salesorder OCCURS 0,

kunnr LIKE vbak-kunnr, " Sold To Party.


vbeln LIKE vbak-vbeln, " Sales Document Number.
posnr LIKE vbap-posnr, " Sales Document Item.
matnr LIKE vbap-matnr, " Material Number.
bstnk LIKE vbak-bstnk, " Customer purchase order number.
bstdk LIKE vbak-bstdk, " Customer purchase order date.
kwmeng LIKE vbap-kwmeng, " Cumulative order quantity.
netpr LIKE vbap-netpr, " Net price.
netwr LIKE vbap-netwr, " Net value of the order item.

END OF it_salesorder.

***********INPUT THE DATA USING SELECT OPTIONS

SELECT-OPTIONS: s_kunnr FOR vbak-kunnr, " Sold To Party.


s_vbeln FOR vbak-vbeln. " Sales Document Number.

**********INITIALIZATION

INITIALIZATION.
PERFORM initialization.

*********FETCH THE DATA FROM TABLES AND PLACE THEM IN INTERNAL TABLE
START-OF-SELECTION.
PERFORM fetch_data.

**********DISPLAYING THE DATA FROM INTERNAL TABLE


END-OF-SELECTION.

**********PAGE HEADINGS
PERFORM Page_headings.
PERFORM display_data.

*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Form initialization
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
* text
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
* --> p1 text
* <-- p2 text
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
FORM initialization .
Created by Pavan Page 7 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

s_kunnr-sign = 'I'.
s_kunnr-option = 'BT'.
s_kunnr-low = '1033'.
s_kunnr-high = '1390'.
APPEND s_kunnr.

s_vbeln-sign = 'I'.
s_vbeln-option = 'BT'.
s_vbeln-low = '4969'.
s_vbeln-high = '5000'.
APPEND s_vbeln.

ENDFORM. " initialization


*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Form fetch_data
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
* text
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
* --> p1 text
* <-- p2 text
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
FORM fetch_data .

REFRESH it_salesorder.
CLEAR it_salesorder.
SELECT kunnr
vbak~vbeln
posnr
matnr
bstnk
bstdk
kwmeng
netpr
vbap~netwr
FROM vbak
INNER JOIN vbap ON vbak~vbeln = vbap~vbeln
INTO TABLE IT_SALESORDER
WHERE kunnr IN s_kunnr
AND vbak~vbeln IN s_vbeln.

ENDFORM. " fetch_data


*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Form display_data
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
* text
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
* --> p1 text
* <-- p2 text
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
FORM display_data .

SORT it_salesorder BY kunnr vbeln.

LOOP AT it_salesorder.

AT NEW vbeln.
format color 3 on. " COLOR START
WRITE: / 'CUSTOMER:',it_salesorder-kunnr.
format reset. "COLOR END
ULINE.
format color 4 on inverse on. "COLOR START
Created by Pavan Page 8 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

WRITE:/ 'VBELN', "COLOR END


20 'POSNR',
35 'MATNR',
50 'BSTNK',
70 'BSTDK',
85 'KWMENG',
106 'NETPR',
121 'NETWR'.
format reset.
format color 4 on.
WRITE: / it_salesorder-vbeln.
format reset.
ENDAT.

format color 5 on inverse on.


WRITE: /20 it_salesorder-posnr,
35 it_salesorder-matnr,
50 it_salesorder-bstnk,
70 it_salesorder-bstdk,
85 it_salesorder-kwmeng LEFT-JUSTIFIED,
101 it_salesorder-netpr,
109 it_salesorder-netwr.
format reset.

AT END OF vbeln.
SKIP 2.
ENDAT.

ENDLOOP.

ENDFORM. " display_data


*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Form page_headings
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
* text
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
* --> p1 text
* <-- p2 text
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
FORM page_headings .
format color 7 on inverse on.
WRITE:/40 'SALES ORDER DOCUMENT FOR A GIVEN CUSTOMER'.
SKIP.
WRITE:/ 'DATE:',sy-datum, 100 'TIME:',sy-uzeit.
format reset.
SKIP 2.
ENDFORM. " page_headings
Created by Pavan Page 9 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com
Created by Pavan Page 10 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Interactive Reports:
In simple Interactive reports are nothing but which were user interface the name
itself signifies that it interacts with the users

A classical non-interactive report consists of one program that creates a single list.
Instead of one extensive and detailed list, with interactive reporting you create
basic list from which the user can call detailed information by positioning the
cursor and entering commands. Interactive reporting thus reduces information
retrieval to the data actually required.

Uses of interactive reporting:


The user can actively control data retrieval and display during the session. Instead
of an extensive and detailed list, you create a basic list with condensed information
from which the user can switch to detailed displays by positioning the cursor and
entering commands. The detailed information appears in secondary lists.

Secondary list:
It allows you to enhance the information presented in the basic list. The user can,
for example, select a line of the basic list for which he wants to see more detailed
information. You display these details on a secondary list. Secondary lists may
either overlay the basic list completely or you can display them in an extra
window on the screen. The secondary lists can themselves be interactive again.

To prevent the user from selecting invalid lines, ABAP/4 offers several
possibilities. At the end of the processing block END-OF-SELECTION, delete the
contents of one or more fields you previously stored for valid lines using the HIDE
statement. At the event AT LINE-SELECTION, check whether the work area is
initial or whether the HIDE statement stored field contents there. After processing
the secondary list, clear the work area again. This prevents the user from trying to
create further secondary lists from the secondary list displayed.
Created by Pavan Page 11 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

System fields for secondary lists:

SY-LSIND Index of the list created during the current event (basic list = 0)

SY-LISTI Index of the list level from which the event was triggered.

SY-LILLI Absolute number of the line from which the event was triggered.

SY-LISEL Contents of the line from which the event was triggered.

SY-CUROW Position of the line in the window from which the event was
triggered (counting starts with 1)

SY-CUCOL Position of the column in the window from which the event was
triggered (counting starts with 2).

SY-CPAGE Page number of the first displayed page of the list from which the
event was triggered.

SY-STARO Number of the first line of the first page displayed of the list from
which the event was triggered (counting starts with 1). Possibly, a page header
occupies this line.

SY-STACO Number of the first column displayed in the list from which the event
was triggered (counting starts with 1).

SY-UCOMM Function code that triggered the event.

SY-PFKEY Status of the displayed list.

Events for Interactive Reporting:

AT LINE-SELECTION Moment at which the user selects a line by double


clicking on it or by positioning the cursor on it and pressing F2.

AT USER-COMMAND Moment at which the user presses a function key.

TOP-OF-PAGE DURING Moment during list processing of a

LINE-SELECTION secondary list at which a new page starts.


Created by Pavan Page 12 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

AT PF-FUNCTION KEY function key from F5 to F12 to perform interactive


action on the list.
Created by Pavan Page 13 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com
Created by Pavan Page 14 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Report ZSIMPLE_INTERACTIVE *
*& *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& *
*& *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*

REPORT ZSIMPLE_INTERACTIVE .

TABLES: MARA,MARC,MARD.

SELECT-OPTIONS: SMATNR FOR MARA-MATNR.

***********************************************************
* INITIALIZATION.
***********************************************************

INITIALIZATION.

SMATNR-LOW = '1300-1400'.
SMATNR-HIGH = '1300-2000'.
SMATNR-SIGN = 'I'.
SMATNR-OPTION = 'BT'.

APPEND SMATNR.

***********************************************************
* START-OF-SELECTION.
***********************************************************

START-OF-SELECTION.

WRITE:/10 'MATERIAL NO',25 'PLANT LOCATION',45 'STORAGE LOCATION'.

ULINE.

SELECT * FROM MARA WHERE MATNR IN SMATNR.

WRITE:/10 MARA-MATNR,30 MARA-MBRSH,50 MARA-MTART.

HIDE MARA-MBRSH.

ENDSELECT.

***********************************************************
* AT LINE-SELECTION.
***********************************************************

AT LINE-SELECTION.

IF SY-LSIND EQ 1.

SELECT * FROM MARC WHERE MATNR EQ MARA-MATNR.

WRITE:/ MARC-MATNR,MARC-WERKS.

HIDE MARC-MATNR.

ENDSELECT.
ENDIF.
Created by Pavan Page 15 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

IF SY-LSIND EQ 2.

SELECT * FROM MARD WHERE WERKS EQ MARC-WERKS.

WRITE:/10 MARD-MATNR, 25 MARD-WERKS,45 MARD-LGORT.

HIDE MARD-MATNR.

ENDSELECT.
ENDIF.

***********************************************************
* TOP-OF-PAGE DURING LINE-SELECTION.
***********************************************************

TOP-OF-PAGE DURING LINE-SELECTION.

IF SY-LSIND EQ 1.

WRITE:/1 'MATERIAL NO',15 'PLANT LOCATION'.

ULINE.

ENDIF.

TOP-OF-PAGE DURING LINE-SELECTION.

IF SY-LSIND EQ 2.

WRITE:/10 'MATERIAL NO',25 'PLANT LOCATION',45 'STORAGE LOCATION'.

ENDIF.

************************************************************************
Created by Pavan Page 16 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

The AT LINE-SELECTION event is triggered by double-clicking on the output


value to get the drilldown report.

First create two tables for this report

How to create Table?


Created by Pavan Page 17 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com
Created by Pavan Page 18 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Maintain Delivery Class & Table View


Maintenance
Created by Pavan Page 19 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Check Primary Key


Created by Pavan Page 20 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Create Data element


Created by Pavan Page 21 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com
Created by Pavan Page 22 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Create Domain
Created by Pavan Page 23 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Fill all the Attributes and save it


and activate it
Created by Pavan Page 24 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Maintain technical settings


Created by Pavan Page 25 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Check for inconsistencies and then


activate it

In the same way create another table ZCOMP_DETAILS for company details and
save details in that tables from Utilities  Table Contents  Create Entries
Or from Table Maintenance Generator. Check my another document for that
Created by Pavan Page 26 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com
Created by Pavan Page 27 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Message Class:

This messages which we will set here will be displayed while executing a report.
We can set up 4 kind of messages.

1. S- status Message. (Will appear green in status bar)

2. E-Error message. (Will appear red in status bar)

3. W-Warning message. (Will appear yellow in the status bar)

4. I-Information message (will appear as information box)

Creating Message Class:

After creating your report then it will directly shows your report name as

REPORT ZSMALL_INTERACTIVE_REPORT.

Now to create a message class you have first declare your message class at the
start of the report as

REPORT ZSMALL_INTERACTIVE_REPORT MESSAGE-ID ZPA1.

Here ZPA1 is message class. Now double click on ZPA1


Created by Pavan Page 28 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com
Created by Pavan Page 29 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com
Created by Pavan Page 30 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com
Created by Pavan Page 31 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com
Created by Pavan Page 32 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com
Created by Pavan Page 33 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com
Created by Pavan Page 34 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

In your report to call a table or to declare a table the syntax is


Tables: zemp_details1.

To declare an internal table this is the syntax


Data: itab like zemp_details1 occurs 0 with header line.

In internal table we declare in two types


1) Internal Table manipulations
2) with Header line &
3) without header line

Syntax for Table Manipulations:

1. READ:

READ TABLE <itab> WITH KEY < fieldname = ‘’>.

2. INSERT:

INSERT <itab> index <sy-tabix>.

3. MODIFY:

MODIFY <itab> index <sy-tabix>

4. DESCRIBE:

DESCRIBE TABLE <itab> lines <var1> OCCURS <var2>.

5. APPEND:

APPEND <itab>.

6. CLEAR

CLEAR <itab>.

7. REFRESH

REFRESH <itab>.
Created by Pavan Page 35 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Sample report for Internal Table with header manipulation:

*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Report ZITAB_WITH_HEADER_MANIPULATION *
*& *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& *
*& *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*

REPORT ZITAB_WITH_HEADER_MANIPULATION .

DATA: BEGIN OF ITAB OCCURS 0,


BOOKNO(4) TYPE N,
BOOKNAME(5) TYPE C,
BOOKADD(10) TYPE C,
END OF ITAB.
ITAB-BOOKNO = '1234'.
ITAB-BOOKNAME = 'SAP'.
ITAB-BOOKADD = 'KOTI'.
APPEND ITAB.
CLEAR ITAB.
ITAB-BOOKNO = '1235'.
ITAB-BOOKNAME = 'ABAP'.
ITAB-BOOKADD = 'PUNJAGUTTA'.
APPEND ITAB.
CLEAR ITAB.
ITAB-BOOKNO = '1236'.
ITAB-BOOKNAME = 'ERP'.
ITAB-BOOKADD = 'BEGUMPET'.
APPEND ITAB.
CLEAR ITAB.
LOOP AT ITAB.
WRITE:/ ITAB-BOOKNO,ITAB-BOOKNAME,ITAB-BOOKADD.
ENDLOOP.
SKIP 2.
READ TABLE ITAB WITH KEY BOOKNO = '1235'.
WRITE:/ ITAB-BOOKNO,ITAB-BOOKNAME,ITAB-BOOKADD.
SKIP 2.
READ TABLE ITAB INDEX 3.
WRITE:/ ITAB-BOOKNO,ITAB-BOOKNAME,ITAB-BOOKADD.
SKIP 2.
ITAB-BOOKNO = '9876'.
ITAB-BOOKNAME = 'XI'.
ITAB-BOOKADD = 'CHENNAI'.
INSERT ITAB INDEX 2.
LOOP AT ITAB.
WRITE:/ ITAB-BOOKNO,ITAB-BOOKNAME,ITAB-BOOKADD.
ENDLOOP.
SKIP 2.
ITAB-BOOKNO = '4567'.
ITAB-BOOKNAME = 'BASIS'.
ITAB-BOOKADD = 'SR NAGAR'.
MODIFY ITAB INDEX 2.
LOOP AT ITAB.
WRITE:/ ITAB-BOOKNO,ITAB-BOOKNAME,ITAB-BOOKADD.
ENDLOOP.
SKIP 2.
Created by Pavan Page 36 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

DELETE ITAB INDEX 2.


LOOP AT ITAB.
WRITE:/ ITAB-BOOKNO,ITAB-BOOKNAME,ITAB-BOOKADD.
ENDLOOP.
SKIP 2.
CLEAR ITAB.
WRITE:/ ITAB-BOOKNO,ITAB-BOOKNAME,ITAB-BOOKADD.
SKIP 2.
FREE ITAB.
WRITE:/ ITAB-BOOKNO,ITAB-BOOKNAME,ITAB-BOOKADD.
SKIP 2.
REFRESH ITAB.
LOOP AT ITAB.
WRITE:/ ITAB-BOOKNO,ITAB-BOOKNAME,ITAB-BOOKADD.
ENDLOOP.
Created by Pavan Page 37 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Sample report for Internal Table without header:


*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Report ZITAB_WITHOUT_HEADER *
*& *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& *
*& *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*

REPORT ZITAB_WITHOUT_HEADER .
DATA: BEGIN OF HEADER,
BOOKNO(4) TYPE N,
BOOKNAME(5) TYPE C,
BOOKADD(10) TYPE C,
END OF HEADER.
DATA: BODY LIKE HEADER OCCURS 0.
HEADER-BOOKNO = '1209'.
HEADER-BOOKNAME = 'SAP'.
HEADER-BOOKADD = 'HYD'.
APPEND HEADER TO BODY.
CLEAR HEADER.
HEADER-BOOKNO = '1235'.
HEADER-BOOKNAME = 'ABAP'.
HEADER-BOOKADD = 'PUNJAGUTTA'.
APPEND HEADER TO BODY.
CLEAR HEADER.
HEADER-BOOKNO = '1236'.
HEADER-BOOKNAME = 'ERP'.
HEADER-BOOKADD = 'KOTI'.
APPEND HEADER TO BODY.
CLEAR HEADER.
LOOP AT BODY INTO HEADER.
WRITE:/ HEADER-BOOKNO,HEADER-BOOKNAME,HEADER-BOOKADD.
ENDLOOP.
Created by Pavan Page 38 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Sample report for Internal Table with header:

*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Report ZITAB_WITH_HEADER *
*& *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& *
*& *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*

REPORT ZITAB_WITH_HEADER .

DATA: BEGIN OF ITAB OCCURS 0,


BOOKNO(4) TYPE N,
BOOKNAME(10) TYPE C,
BOOKADD(15) TYPE C,
END OF ITAB.
ITAB-BOOKNO = '1216'.
ITAB-BOOKNAME = 'SAP'.
ITAB-BOOKADD = 'GANDHINAGAR'.
APPEND ITAB.
CLEAR ITAB.
ITAB-BOOKNO = '1209'.
ITAB-BOOKNAME = 'PAVAN-ABAP'.
ITAB-BOOKADD = 'GANDHINAGAR'.
APPEND ITAB.
CLEAR ITAB.
ITAB-BOOKNO = '1236'.
ITAB-BOOKNAME = 'ERP'.
ITAB-BOOKADD = 'HYD'.
APPEND ITAB.
CLEAR ITAB.
LOOP AT ITAB.
WRITE:/ ITAB-BOOKNO,ITAB-BOOKNAME,ITAB-BOOKADD.
ENDLOOP.
SKIP 2.
READ TABLE ITAB WITH KEY BOOKNO = '1235'.
WRITE:/ ITAB-BOOKNO,ITAB-BOOKNAME,ITAB-BOOKADD.
SKIP 2.
READ TABLE ITAB INDEX 3.
WRITE:/ ITAB-BOOKNO,ITAB-BOOKNAME,ITAB-BOOKADD.
SKIP 2.
ITAB-BOOKNO = '9876'.
ITAB-BOOKNAME = 'HR'.
ITAB-BOOKADD = 'PUNJAGUTTA'.
INSERT ITAB INDEX 2.
LOOP AT ITAB.
WRITE:/ ITAB-BOOKNO,ITAB-BOOKNAME,ITAB-BOOKADD.
ENDLOOP.
SKIP 2.
ITAB-BOOKNO = '4567'.
ITAB-BOOKNAME = 'BASIS'.
ITAB-BOOKADD = 'KOTI'.
MODIFY ITAB INDEX 2.
LOOP AT ITAB.
WRITE:/ ITAB-BOOKNO,ITAB-BOOKNAME,ITAB-BOOKADD.
ENDLOOP.
SKIP 2.
DELETE ITAB INDEX 2.
LOOP AT ITAB.
WRITE:/ ITAB-BOOKNO,ITAB-BOOKNAME,ITAB-BOOKADD.
Created by Pavan Page 39 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

ENDLOOP.
SKIP 2.
CLEAR ITAB.
WRITE:/ ITAB-BOOKNO,ITAB-BOOKNAME,ITAB-BOOKADD.
SKIP 2.
FREE ITAB.
WRITE:/ ITAB-BOOKNO,ITAB-BOOKNAME,ITAB-BOOKADD.
SKIP 2.
REFRESH ITAB.
LOOP AT ITAB.
WRITE:/ ITAB-BOOKNO,ITAB-BOOKNAME,ITAB-BOOKADD.
ENDLOOP.

Initialization event is to set the initial values for the output that we get for the
report.

Low value – here refers to the low value for the primary key.
High value – here refers to the highest value u need.
Sign – can be either ‘Inclusive’ or ‘exclusive’.
Option – can be ‘BT (between), GT(greater than), LT( lesser than).

Now after declaring your internal table declare these values in your report

SELECT-OPTIONS: EMP_NO FOR ZEMP_DETAILS1-EMPNO.

INITIALIZATION.

EMP_NO-LOW = '1000'.
EMP_NO-HIGH = '4000'.
EMP_NO-SIGN = 'I'. “ HERE ‘I’ REPRESENTS INTEGER
EMP_NO-OPTION = 'BT'.
APPEND EMP_NO.
CLEAR EMP_NO.

AT SELECTION-SCREEN is used to check the validity of the user input values


by setting the messages in the Message Class.

AT SELECTION-SCREEN.

IF EMP_NO-LOW < '1000'.


MESSAGE S000(ZPA1).
ELSEIF EMP_NO-HIGH > '4000'.
MESSAGE S001.
ENDIF.
Created by Pavan Page 40 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

START-OF SELECTION event where exactly we use the SQL statements to


retrieve the output from the database table.

START-OF-SELECTION.
SELECT * FROM ZEMP_DETAILS1 INTO TABLE ITAB WHERE EMPNO IN EMP_NO.
WRITE:/5 SY-ULINE(35).
LOOP AT ITAB.
WRITE:/5 SY-VLINE, 6 ITAB-EMPNO, 17 SY-VLINE,18 ITAB-EMPNAME,28 SY-VLINE
, 39 SY-VLINE.

ENDLOOP.

To get the output in the table format we use 2 system variables such as SY-
ULINE to draw the horizontal line and SY-VLINE to draw the vertical line.
To get the header at the top of every page we use TOP-OF-PAGE event .

TOP-OF-PAGE.
WRITE:/5 SY-ULINE(35).
WRITE:/5 SY-VLINE,6 'EMPNO',17 SY-VLINE,18 'EMPNAME',28 SY-VLINE,
39 SY-VLINE.
WRITE:/5 SY-ULINE(35).

In order to set the LINE-SIZE and the LINE-COUNT ,

REPORT ZSMALL_INTERACTIVE_REPORT MESSAGE-ID ZPA1 LINE-SIZE 255

we need to declare In the first line of the program and at the end of each and every
page we can set the page no by using the END-OF PAGE event and at the end of
selection we can set some message telling that the output is closed in the END-
OF-SELECTION event.

END-OF-PAGE.
WRITE:/5 SY-ULINE(35).
WRITE:/ 'THE PAGE NO IS',SY-PAGNO.
END-OF-SELECTION.
WRITE:/ 'THE RECORD IS CLOSED'.

Up to here what we have performed is Classical report the events upto here same
as interactive

Some of the interactive events are:

1. At line Selection

2. At PFn.
Created by Pavan Page 41 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

3. At User-command.
AT LINE-SELECTION event is triggered by double-clicking on the output value
to get the drilldown report.

AT LINE-SELECTION.
IF SY-LSIND = 1.
SELECT * FROM ZEMP_DETAILS1 INTO TABLE ITAB WHERE EMPNO = ITAB-EMPNO.
LOOP AT ITAB.
WRITE:/5 SY-VLINE,6 ITAB-EMPNO,17 SY-VLINE,18 ITAB-EMPNAME,28 SY-VLINE,
39 SY-VLINE.
ENDLOOP.
WRITE:/5 SY-ULINE(35).
ELSEIF SY-LSIND = 2.
SELECT * FROM ZCOMP_DETAILS INTO TABLE JTAB.
LOOP AT JTAB.
WRITE:/5 SY-VLINE,6 JTAB-COMP_NO,17 SY-VLINE,18 JTAB-COMP_NAME,28
SY-VLINE,
39 SY-VLINE.
ENDLOOP.
WRITE:/5 SY-ULINE(35).
ENDIF.

Complete Coding for Interactive report


*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Report ZSMALL_INTERACTIVE_REPORT *
*& *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& *
*& *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*

REPORT ZSMALL_INTERACTIVE_REPORT MESSAGE-ID ZPA1 LINE-SIZE 255


LINE-COUNT 10(2).

Tables: zemp_details1, zcomp_details.

Data: itab like zemp_details1 occurs 0 with header line.


Data: Jtab like zCOMP_details occurs 0 with header line.

SELECT-OPTIONS: EMP_NO FOR ZEMP_DETAILS1-EMPNO.

INITIALIZATION.

EMP_NO-LOW = '1000'.
EMP_NO-HIGH = '4000'.
EMP_NO-SIGN = 'I'.
EMP_NO-OPTION = 'BT'.
APPEND EMP_NO.
CLEAR EMP_NO.

AT SELECTION-SCREEN.

IF EMP_NO-LOW < '1000'.


MESSAGE S000(ZPA1).
ELSEIF EMP_NO-HIGH > '4000'.
MESSAGE S001.
ENDIF.

START-OF-SELECTION.
Created by Pavan Page 42 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

SELECT * FROM ZEMP_DETAILS1 INTO TABLE ITAB WHERE EMPNO IN EMP_NO.


WRITE:/5 SY-ULINE(35).

LOOP AT ITAB.
WRITE:/5 SY-VLINE, 6 ITAB-EMPNO, 17 SY-VLINE,18 ITAB-EMPNAME,28 SY-VLINE
, 39 SY-VLINE.

ENDLOOP.

TOP-OF-PAGE.
WRITE:/5 SY-ULINE(35).
WRITE:/5 SY-VLINE,6 'EMPNO',17 SY-VLINE,18 'EMPNAME',28 SY-VLINE,
39 SY-VLINE.
WRITE:/5 SY-ULINE(35).

END-OF-PAGE.
WRITE:/5 SY-ULINE(35).
WRITE:/ 'THE PAGE NO IS',SY-PAGNO.
END-OF-SELECTION.
WRITE:/ 'THE RECORD IS CLOSED'.

AT LINE-SELECTION.
IF SY-LSIND = 1.
SELECT * FROM ZEMP_DETAILS1 INTO TABLE ITAB WHERE EMPNO = ITAB-EMPNO.
LOOP AT ITAB.
WRITE:/5 SY-VLINE,6 ITAB-EMPNO,17 SY-VLINE,18 ITAB-EMPNAME,28 SY-VLINE,
39 SY-VLINE.
ENDLOOP.
WRITE:/5 SY-ULINE(35).
ELSEIF SY-LSIND = 2.
SELECT * FROM ZCOMP_DETAILS INTO TABLE JTAB.
LOOP AT JTAB.
WRITE:/5 SY-VLINE,6 JTAB-COMP_NO,17 SY-VLINE,18 JTAB-COMP_NAME,28
SY-VLINE,
39 SY-VLINE.
ENDLOOP.
WRITE:/5 SY-ULINE(35).
ENDIF.

After executing this report if you click on the output any name or number
then it will take you to the another line for which you have defined coding as
above

AT PF ’n’ event is triggered by clicking on the function key assigned at the n


value wherein n can vary from 5 to 9.
If we go to se41, we can get menus, items and different function keys, which we
are using for secondary list in interactive report.

AT PF7.
Created by Pavan Page 43 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Now to set an PF-STATUS we have to go to Menu Painter (Se41). This Pf status


is for GUI. Goto se 41 and create a menu list or just follow this

In your program write the following code

SET PF-STATUS 'ZPA1_MENU'.

And now double click on ZPA1_MENU


Created by Pavan Page 44 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Fill all the necessary fields and


then press enter
Created by Pavan Page 45 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Click on this to expand the menu


bar options
Created by Pavan Page 46 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Give any name to your object and


double click on the same line
Created by Pavan Page 47 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

In the application tool bar it provides option in output such as open, back, exit,
folder etc,

Fill your required option here so that it


will be displayed in the output and then
press enter
Created by Pavan Page 48 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Select Static or Dynamic text and then


press enter
Created by Pavan Page 49 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Give your Function Text and in the


icon name press F4 and select relevant
icon to be displayed at output
Created by Pavan Page 50 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com
Created by Pavan Page 51 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com
Created by Pavan Page 52 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

You have to assign any function


keys to the object for which u
have created and then press enter
Created by Pavan Page 53 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com
Created by Pavan Page 54 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Here you can see your added function keys


or else you can add from here also
Created by Pavan Page 55 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Complete code of present report

*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Report ZSMALL_INTERACTIVE_REPORT *
*& *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& *
*& *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*

REPORT ZSMALL_INTERACTIVE_REPORT MESSAGE-ID ZPA1 LINE-SIZE 255


LINE-COUNT 10(2).

Tables: zemp_details1, zcomp_details.

Data: itab like zemp_details1 occurs 0 with header line.


Data: Jtab like zCOMP_details occurs 0 with header line.

SELECT-OPTIONS: EMP_NO FOR ZEMP_DETAILS1-EMPNO.

SET PF-STATUS 'ZPA1_MENU'.

INITIALIZATION.

EMP_NO-LOW = '1000'.
EMP_NO-HIGH = '4000'.
EMP_NO-SIGN = 'I'.
EMP_NO-OPTION = 'BT'.
APPEND EMP_NO.

CLEAR EMP_NO.

AT SELECTION-SCREEN.
IF EMP_NO-LOW < '1000'.
MESSAGE S000(ZPA1).
ELSEIF EMP_NO-HIGH > '4000'.
MESSAGE S001.
ENDIF.

START-OF-SELECTION.

SELECT * FROM ZEMP_DETAILS1 INTO TABLE ITAB WHERE EMPNO IN EMP_NO.

LOOP AT ITAB.
WRITE:/5 SY-VLINE,6 ITAB-EMPNO,17 SY-VLINE,18 ITAB-EMPNAME,28 SY-VLINE,
39 SY-VLINE.
HIDE: ITAB-EMPNO.
ENDLOOP.

WRITE:/5 SY-ULINE(35).

TOP-OF-PAGE.

WRITE:/5 SY-ULINE(35).
WRITE:/5 SY-VLINE,6 'EMPNO',17 SY-VLINE,18 'EMPNAME',28 SY-VLINE,
39 SY-VLINE.
WRITE:/5 SY-ULINE(35).
END-OF-PAGE.

WRITE:/5 SY-ULINE(35).
Created by Pavan Page 56 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

WRITE:/ 'THE PAGE NO IS',SY-PAGNO.

END-OF-SELECTION.

WRITE:/ 'THE RECORD IS CLOSED'.

AT LINE-SELECTION.

IF SY-LSIND = 1.
SELECT * FROM ZEMP_DETAILS1 INTO TABLE ITAB WHERE EMPNO = ITAB-EMPNO.

LOOP AT ITAB.
WRITE:/5 SY-VLINE,6 ITAB-EMPNO,17 SY-VLINE,18 ITAB-EMPNAME,28 SY-VLINE,
39 SY-VLINE.
ENDLOOP.

WRITE:/5 SY-ULINE(35).
ELSEIF SY-LSIND = 2.

SELECT * FROM ZCOMP_DETAILS INTO TABLE JTAB.

LOOP AT JTAB.
WRITE:/5 SY-VLINE,6 JTAB-COMP_NO,17 SY-VLINE,18 JTAB-COMP_NAME,28
SY-VLINE,
39 SY-VLINE.

ENDLOOP.

WRITE:/5 SY-ULINE(35).

ENDIF.

AT PF7.

IF SY-LSIND = 1.

SELECT * FROM ZEMP_DETAILS1 INTO TABLE ITAB WHERE EMPNO = ITAB-EMPNO.

LOOP AT ITAB.
WRITE:/5 SY-VLINE,6 ITAB-EMPNO,17 SY-VLINE,18 ITAB-EMPNAME,28 SY-VLINE,
39 SY-VLINE.
ENDLOOP.

WRITE:/5 SY-ULINE(35).

ELSEIF SY-LSIND = 2.

SELECT * FROM ZCOMP_DETAILS INTO TABLE JTAB.

LOOP AT JTAB.
WRITE:/5 SY-VLINE,6 JTAB-COMP_NO,17 SY-VLINE,18 JTAB-COMP_NAME,28
SY-VLINE,
39 SY-VLINE.
ENDLOOP.

WRITE:/5 SY-ULINE(35).

ENDIF.

AT USER-COMMAND.

IF SY-UCOMM = '0001'.
Created by Pavan Page 57 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

IF SY-LSIND = 1.

SELECT * FROM ZEMP_DETAILS1 INTO TABLE ITAB WHERE EMPNO = ITAB-EMPNO.

LOOP AT ITAB.

WRITE:/5 SY-VLINE,6 ITAB-EMPNO,17 SY-VLINE,18 ITAB-EMPNAME,28 SY-VLINE,

39 SY-VLINE.

ENDLOOP.

WRITE:/5 SY-ULINE(35).

ELSEIF SY-LSIND = 2.

SELECT * FROM ZCOMP_DETAILS INTO TABLE JTAB.

LOOP AT JTAB.
WRITE:/5 SY-VLINE,6 JTAB-COMP_NO,17 SY-VLINE,18 JTAB-COMP_NAME,28
SY-VLINE,
39 SY-VLINE.
ENDLOOP.

WRITE:/5 SY-ULINE(35).

ENDIF.

ENDIF.
Created by Pavan Page 58 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Logical Data Base Builder:

A logical database is a special ABAP/4 program which combines the contents of


certain database tables. You can link a logical database to an ABAP/4 report
program as an attribute. The logical database then supplies the report program
with a set of hierarchically structured table lines which can be taken from different
database tables.

If you need to find the logical database for a table name, you can used SE36 -
Logical Database Builder.

Steps:-

Go to transaction SE36

Click Extras -> Table usage

Supply the Table name and hit enter.

A Display Logical Database will be shown on a pop-up window.

More Information from help.sap.com

Logical databases are special ABAP programs that retrieve data and make it
available to application programs. The most common use of logical databases is
still to read data from database tables and linking them to executable ABAP
programs while setting the program contents. You edit logical databases using the
Logical Database Builder in the ABAP Workbench.

However, since Release 4.5A, it has also been possible to call logical databases
independently of this tool using the function module LDB_PROCESS. This allows
you to call several logical databases from any ABAP program, nested in any way.
It is also possible to call a logical database more than once in a program, if it has
been programmed to allow this. This is particularly useful for executable
programs, allowing them to use more than one logical database and process a
database more than once.

Logical databases contain Open SQL statements that read data from the database.
You do not therefore need to use SQL in your own programs. The logical database
reads the program, stores them in the program if necessary, and then passes them
Created by Pavan Page 59 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

line by line to the application program or the function module LDB_PROCESS


using an interface work area.

Views of Data in Logical Databases

Logical databases provide a particular view of database tables. It is appropriate to


use logical databases if the database tables you want to read correspond largely to
the structure of the logical database and where the flow of the system program
(select - read - process - display) meets the requirements of the application.

The data structure in a logical database is hierarchical. Many tables in the R/3
System are linked to each other using foreign key relationships. Some of these
dependencies form tree-like hierarchical structures. Logical databases read data
from database tables that are part of these structures.
Created by Pavan Page 60 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

A logical database can read the lines of these tables one after the other into an
executable program in a sequence which is normally defined by the hierarchical
structure. The term logical database is sometimes used to mean not only the
program itself, but also the data that it can procure.

Tasks of Logical Databases

Logical databases serve mainly to reuse predefined functionality for reading data
from database tables, but they can also be programmed for other tasks. To keep the
application logic of application programs free from technical details, logical
databases can perform the following tasks:

· Reading the same data for several programs.

The individual programs do not then need to know the exact structure of the
relevant database tables (and especially not their foreign key relationships).
Instead, they can rely on the logical database to read the database entries in the
right order during the GET event.

· Defining the same user interface for several programs.

Logical databases have a built-in selection screen. Therefore, all of the programs
that use the logical database have the same user interface.

· Central authorization checks

Authorization checks for central and sensitive data can be programmed centrally
in the database to prevent them from being bypassed by simple application
programs.

· Improving Performance

If you want to improve response times, logical databases permit you to take a
number of measures to achieve this (for example, using joins instead of nested
SELECT statements). These become immediately effective in all of the
application programs concerned and save you from having to modify their source
code.
Created by Pavan Page 61 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Goto Tcode SE36 to create logical Data base


Created by Pavan Page 62 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Give your short description and


then press enter
Created by Pavan Page 63 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Give your table name


here

Give the text same as in


declared in your table

Again Declare your Table


here
Created by Pavan Page 64 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Give the second node which should be hierarchically under the root node and enter
the short description with the database table Name
Created by Pavan Page 65 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Give your second table name and the short text


should be same as declared in your table for
this particular table
Created by Pavan Page 66 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Select your table and then click on


Selections Button
Created by Pavan Page 67 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com
Created by Pavan Page 68 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com
Created by Pavan Page 69 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com
Created by Pavan Page 70 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Now uncomment your select-options and give any name for your select option
Created by Pavan Page 71 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

This is our complete code after uncommenting few lines

SELECT-OPTIONS : empno FOR ZEMP_DETAILS1-EMPNO.

* Parameter for search pattern selection (Type SY-LDB_SP):


* PARAMETERS p_sp AS SEARCH PATTERN FOR TABLE
ZEMP_DETAILS1.

SELECT-OPTIONS : compno FOR ZCOMP_DETAILS-COMP_NO.

* Enable DYNAMIC SELECTIONS for selected nodes :


SELECTION-SCREEN DYNAMIC SELECTIONS FOR TABLE
ZEMP_DETAILS1.
SELECTION-SCREEN DYNAMIC SELECTIONS FOR TABLE
ZCOMP_DETAILS.

* Enable FIELD SELECTION for selected nodes :


Created by Pavan Page 72 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Now go back to your initial screen and select your table and then Select Source
code
Created by Pavan Page 73 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Now double click on TOP Include which is used for Header.


Created by Pavan Page 74 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Now check whether the tables you have defined are uncommented or not??
Created by Pavan Page 75 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Now go back to your Program screen and double click on Routines


Created by Pavan Page 76 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Now click on the include

Double click on top include


BASEN001 for emp details
table here my table is
ZEMP_DETAILS1
Created by Pavan Page 77 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Now uncomment the SQL statement and enter the field and the database table
name according to the logical database builder.
Created by Pavan Page 78 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Now go back to includes screen and in the same way as done above for employee
details now double click on Company details and uncomment the SQL statements
then SAVE, CHECK and ACTIVATE the screen.

Click BACK and SAVE, CHECK & ACTIVATE the screen until u reach the
main screen and SAVE the logical database.

Thus the logical database is constructed.

In order to generate the query report, first construct the logical database and
generation of query report is as follows.

The transaction codes used in Query reports are:


1. SQ01 – For creating Query.
2. SQ02 – For creating Infoset.
3. SQ03 – For creating User.

First u need to create the USER and generate the INFOSET, in turn can produce
the Query report.
Created by Pavan Page 79 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Infoset:
An SAP Infoset (formerly known as a Functional Area) is crucial for ABAP query
usage (in SAP versions 4.6A - onward).

The reason for Info Sets being important is because many R/3 clients find
themselves faced with how to develop useful reports from an application using
20k+ tables. In addition, many clients desire to use third-party reporting tools; i.e.,
Crystal Reports. In this article, we will look at what an R/3 Infoset and how they
relate to Crystal Reports.
1. Knowledge learned in this article can be put to use when:
2. Users require an understanding of how InfoSets are used within SAP R/3
3. Users require an understanding of the various methods of developing
InfoSets
4. Users require an understanding of how InfoSets are used in concert with
Crystal Reports.

Report developers cannot be expected to cull through the thousands of tables and
fields R/3 presents - even from a single logical database. Therefore, some form of
technical shortcut is beneficial. InfoSets, when used with ABAP queries are an
example of an available shortcut. At its simplest definition, an InfoSet determines
which tables and/or fields within a table, queries may reference. To accomplish
this, InfoSets are typically based upon table joins or logical databases (LDBs).
Therefore, an Infoset is, for lack of a better term, a form of Ubber View (Super
View).
Created by Pavan Page 80 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Go to Transaction Code SQ01.

Now follow this path Environment  Usergroups


Created by Pavan Page 81 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Give your Query name and Click on create button

Click on Create
Button
Created by Pavan Page 82 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Save or press Enter


Created by Pavan Page 83 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Go back to User Group initial screen and then click on Assign users and InfoSets

Click on Assign users


& InfoSets
Created by Pavan Page 84 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Assign any user existing in


SAP and press enter
Created by Pavan Page 85 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Now go back to your user screen from there follow this menu path

Environment  InfoSets
Or go to Tcode SQ02
Created by Pavan Page 86 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com
Created by Pavan Page 87 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Give your InfoSet query name and


press Create button
Created by Pavan Page 88 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Give your InfoSet name

Select a logical data base


by pressing F4
Created by Pavan Page 89 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

This is the logical database


which we had created in SE36
Created by Pavan Page 90 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com
Created by Pavan Page 91 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

You can drag & drop your


fields on to the screen save it
and come back to main screen
Created by Pavan Page 92 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Now in SQ03 assign your Infoset


which u had created just above
Created by Pavan Page 93 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Select your infoset query


and then save it

Now to create Query goto USER screen and click on the


ENVIRONMENT  QUERIES
and the Query name and click on the CREATE button. It will ask for infoset.
Choose the corresponding Infoset.
Created by Pavan Page 94 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com
Created by Pavan Page 95 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com
Created by Pavan Page 96 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Select your infoset


Created by Pavan Page 97 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Now on the left hand side u can find the fields in the dictionary and on the right
hand side the field required for the Query report. Drag and drop the field you want
for the Query report and click on the GENERATE button.
Created by Pavan Page 98 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

After selecting your fields click on


generate
Created by Pavan Page 99 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

In the Tcode SQ03 enter your


title

Select ABAP List


Created by Pavan Page 100 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Click on Next screen


Created by Pavan Page 101 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Check the Tables for which u


want to make a query
Created by Pavan Page 102 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Click on Next screen


Created by Pavan Page 103 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Select the fields and click


next screen

ABAP/4 Query can generate the following 3 simple reports:

Basic List: It is the simple reports.


Statistics: Reports with statistical functions like Average, Percentages.
Ranked Lists: For analytical reports. - For creating a ABAP/4 Query,
programmer has to create user group and a functional group. Functional group can
be created using with or without logical database table. Finally, assign user group
to functional group. Finally, create a query on the functional group generated.
Created by Pavan Page 104 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

Click on Basic List

Now select the data fields that you want to appear in the query report and click on
the SAVE button. Then Click on the TEST button.
Created by Pavan Page 105 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

The fields which u have


selected will be displayed
here

Select the fields which u want to


display in the output
Created by Pavan Page 106 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com

In Logical data base(SE36) maintain all fields


Such as Selection Texts, Documentation and then in query report SQ01 execute
your report

Execute the report


Created by Pavan Page 107 of 107
Mail: Praveen.srrec@gmail.com