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By William the KAtti & Team

Condenser : Diagram

Description : 1

The liquid mixture that is to be processed is known as the feed and this is introduced usually somewhere near the middle of the column to a tray known as the feed tray. The feed flows down the column where it is collected at the bottom in the reboiler. Heat is supplied to the reboiler to generate vapour. The vapour raised in the reboiler is reintroduced into the unit at the bottom of the column. The liquid removed from the reboiler is known as the bottoms product or simply, bottoms. The vapour moves up the column, and as it exits the top of the unit, it is cooled by a condenser.

Description : 2

The condensed liquid is stored in a holding vessel known as the reflux drum. Some of this liquid is recycled back to the top of the column and this is called the reflux. The condensed liquid that is removed from the system is known as the distillate or top product. Thus, there are internal flows of vapour and liquid within the column as well as external flows of feeds and product streams, into and out of the column.

Condenser : Zoomd

Hazop : 1
Description Guide Word Cause Consequence Action Required
Review the tube design data to understand the case of higher temperature excursions Provide condensate upstream of isolation valve and a warm up line Condenser Cooling Water system Temperature High High temperature excursion Tubes heat up, then cool and with possible breakage from thermal induced stresses

Condenser Suction system

Flow Regimes 2 Phase Flow

Condensate dropping out in the steam supply line

Slugging leading to piping system damage

Hazop : 2
Description Guide Word
Flow - High



Action Required

Condenser Ejector Supply

Loss of condensate flow to the ejector condenser

Full steam through the exhaust line to the vent. Potential for increased friction losses in the vent piping. Lose the steam condensate supply

Check the pressure drop in exhaust line to vent at full steam flow conditions to determine if overpressure of the ejector condenser shell can occur

Condenser vessel system

Low Level

Running the condensate system while shutdown

Add a line and valve from downstream to the condenser fill nozzle.